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@serhiy-storchaka @ezio-melotti @pitrou @birkenfeld @invalid-email-address @brettcannon @benjaminp @methane @vstinner @rhettinger @loewis @tiran
"""Implementation of JSONDecoder
"""
import re
from json import scanner
try:
from _json import scanstring as c_scanstring
except ImportError:
c_scanstring = None
__all__ = ['JSONDecoder', 'JSONDecodeError']
FLAGS = re.VERBOSE | re.MULTILINE | re.DOTALL
NaN = float('nan')
PosInf = float('inf')
NegInf = float('-inf')
class JSONDecodeError(ValueError):
"""Subclass of ValueError with the following additional properties:
msg: The unformatted error message
doc: The JSON document being parsed
pos: The start index of doc where parsing failed
lineno: The line corresponding to pos
colno: The column corresponding to pos
"""
# Note that this exception is used from _json
def __init__(self, msg, doc, pos):
lineno = doc.count('\n', 0, pos) + 1
colno = pos - doc.rfind('\n', 0, pos)
errmsg = '%s: line %d column %d (char %d)' % (msg, lineno, colno, pos)
ValueError.__init__(self, errmsg)
self.msg = msg
self.doc = doc
self.pos = pos
self.lineno = lineno
self.colno = colno
def __reduce__(self):
return self.__class__, (self.msg, self.doc, self.pos)
_CONSTANTS = {
'-Infinity': NegInf,
'Infinity': PosInf,
'NaN': NaN,
}
STRINGCHUNK = re.compile(r'(.*?)(["\\\x00-\x1f])', FLAGS)
BACKSLASH = {
'"': '"', '\\': '\\', '/': '/',
'b': '\b', 'f': '\f', 'n': '\n', 'r': '\r', 't': '\t',
}
def _decode_uXXXX(s, pos):
esc = s[pos + 1:pos + 5]
if len(esc) == 4 and esc[1] not in 'xX':
try:
return int(esc, 16)
except ValueError:
pass
msg = "Invalid \\uXXXX escape"
raise JSONDecodeError(msg, s, pos)
def py_scanstring(s, end, strict=True,
_b=BACKSLASH, _m=STRINGCHUNK.match):
"""Scan the string s for a JSON string. End is the index of the
character in s after the quote that started the JSON string.
Unescapes all valid JSON string escape sequences and raises ValueError
on attempt to decode an invalid string. If strict is False then literal
control characters are allowed in the string.
Returns a tuple of the decoded string and the index of the character in s
after the end quote."""
chunks = []
_append = chunks.append
begin = end - 1
while 1:
chunk = _m(s, end)
if chunk is None:
raise JSONDecodeError("Unterminated string starting at", s, begin)
end = chunk.end()
content, terminator = chunk.groups()
# Content is contains zero or more unescaped string characters
if content:
_append(content)
# Terminator is the end of string, a literal control character,
# or a backslash denoting that an escape sequence follows
if terminator == '"':
break
elif terminator != '\\':
if strict:
#msg = "Invalid control character %r at" % (terminator,)
msg = "Invalid control character {0!r} at".format(terminator)
raise JSONDecodeError(msg, s, end)
else:
_append(terminator)
continue
try:
esc = s[end]
except IndexError:
raise JSONDecodeError("Unterminated string starting at",
s, begin) from None
# If not a unicode escape sequence, must be in the lookup table
if esc != 'u':
try:
char = _b[esc]
except KeyError:
msg = "Invalid \\escape: {0!r}".format(esc)
raise JSONDecodeError(msg, s, end)
end += 1
else:
uni = _decode_uXXXX(s, end)
end += 5
if 0xd800 <= uni <= 0xdbff and s[end:end + 2] == '\\u':
uni2 = _decode_uXXXX(s, end + 1)
if 0xdc00 <= uni2 <= 0xdfff:
uni = 0x10000 + (((uni - 0xd800) << 10) | (uni2 - 0xdc00))
end += 6
char = chr(uni)
_append(char)
return ''.join(chunks), end
# Use speedup if available
scanstring = c_scanstring or py_scanstring
WHITESPACE = re.compile(r'[ \t\n\r]*', FLAGS)
WHITESPACE_STR = ' \t\n\r'
def JSONObject(s_and_end, strict, scan_once, object_hook, object_pairs_hook,
memo=None, _w=WHITESPACE.match, _ws=WHITESPACE_STR):
s, end = s_and_end
pairs = []
pairs_append = pairs.append
# Backwards compatibility
if memo is None:
memo = {}
memo_get = memo.setdefault
# Use a slice to prevent IndexError from being raised, the following
# check will raise a more specific ValueError if the string is empty
nextchar = s[end:end + 1]
# Normally we expect nextchar == '"'
if nextchar != '"':
if nextchar in _ws:
end = _w(s, end).end()
nextchar = s[end:end + 1]
# Trivial empty object
if nextchar == '}':
if object_pairs_hook is not None:
result = object_pairs_hook(pairs)
return result, end + 1
pairs = {}
if object_hook is not None:
pairs = object_hook(pairs)
return pairs, end + 1
elif nextchar != '"':
raise JSONDecodeError(
"Expecting property name enclosed in double quotes", s, end)
end += 1
while True:
key, end = scanstring(s, end, strict)
key = memo_get(key, key)
# To skip some function call overhead we optimize the fast paths where
# the JSON key separator is ": " or just ":".
if s[end:end + 1] != ':':
end = _w(s, end).end()
if s[end:end + 1] != ':':
raise JSONDecodeError("Expecting ':' delimiter", s, end)
end += 1
try:
if s[end] in _ws:
end += 1
if s[end] in _ws:
end = _w(s, end + 1).end()
except IndexError:
pass
try:
value, end = scan_once(s, end)
except StopIteration as err:
raise JSONDecodeError("Expecting value", s, err.value) from None
pairs_append((key, value))
try:
nextchar = s[end]
if nextchar in _ws:
end = _w(s, end + 1).end()
nextchar = s[end]
except IndexError:
nextchar = ''
end += 1
if nextchar == '}':
break
elif nextchar != ',':
raise JSONDecodeError("Expecting ',' delimiter", s, end - 1)
end = _w(s, end).end()
nextchar = s[end:end + 1]
end += 1
if nextchar != '"':
raise JSONDecodeError(
"Expecting property name enclosed in double quotes", s, end - 1)
if object_pairs_hook is not None:
result = object_pairs_hook(pairs)
return result, end
pairs = dict(pairs)
if object_hook is not None:
pairs = object_hook(pairs)
return pairs, end
def JSONArray(s_and_end, scan_once, _w=WHITESPACE.match, _ws=WHITESPACE_STR):
s, end = s_and_end
values = []
nextchar = s[end:end + 1]
if nextchar in _ws:
end = _w(s, end + 1).end()
nextchar = s[end:end + 1]
# Look-ahead for trivial empty array
if nextchar == ']':
return values, end + 1
_append = values.append
while True:
try:
value, end = scan_once(s, end)
except StopIteration as err:
raise JSONDecodeError("Expecting value", s, err.value) from None
_append(value)
nextchar = s[end:end + 1]
if nextchar in _ws:
end = _w(s, end + 1).end()
nextchar = s[end:end + 1]
end += 1
if nextchar == ']':
break
elif nextchar != ',':
raise JSONDecodeError("Expecting ',' delimiter", s, end - 1)
try:
if s[end] in _ws:
end += 1
if s[end] in _ws:
end = _w(s, end + 1).end()
except IndexError:
pass
return values, end
class JSONDecoder(object):
"""Simple JSON <http://json.org> decoder
Performs the following translations in decoding by default:
+---------------+-------------------+
| JSON | Python |
+===============+===================+
| object | dict |
+---------------+-------------------+
| array | list |
+---------------+-------------------+
| string | str |
+---------------+-------------------+
| number (int) | int |
+---------------+-------------------+
| number (real) | float |
+---------------+-------------------+
| true | True |
+---------------+-------------------+
| false | False |
+---------------+-------------------+
| null | None |
+---------------+-------------------+
It also understands ``NaN``, ``Infinity``, and ``-Infinity`` as
their corresponding ``float`` values, which is outside the JSON spec.
"""
def __init__(self, *, object_hook=None, parse_float=None,
parse_int=None, parse_constant=None, strict=True,
object_pairs_hook=None):
"""``object_hook``, if specified, will be called with the result
of every JSON object decoded and its return value will be used in
place of the given ``dict``. This can be used to provide custom
deserializations (e.g. to support JSON-RPC class hinting).
``object_pairs_hook``, if specified will be called with the result of
every JSON object decoded with an ordered list of pairs. The return
value of ``object_pairs_hook`` will be used instead of the ``dict``.
This feature can be used to implement custom decoders.
If ``object_hook`` is also defined, the ``object_pairs_hook`` takes
priority.
``parse_float``, if specified, will be called with the string
of every JSON float to be decoded. By default this is equivalent to
float(num_str). This can be used to use another datatype or parser
for JSON floats (e.g. decimal.Decimal).
``parse_int``, if specified, will be called with the string
of every JSON int to be decoded. By default this is equivalent to
int(num_str). This can be used to use another datatype or parser
for JSON integers (e.g. float).
``parse_constant``, if specified, will be called with one of the
following strings: -Infinity, Infinity, NaN.
This can be used to raise an exception if invalid JSON numbers
are encountered.
If ``strict`` is false (true is the default), then control
characters will be allowed inside strings. Control characters in
this context are those with character codes in the 0-31 range,
including ``'\\t'`` (tab), ``'\\n'``, ``'\\r'`` and ``'\\0'``.
"""
self.object_hook = object_hook
self.parse_float = parse_float or float
self.parse_int = parse_int or int
self.parse_constant = parse_constant or _CONSTANTS.__getitem__
self.strict = strict
self.object_pairs_hook = object_pairs_hook
self.parse_object = JSONObject
self.parse_array = JSONArray
self.parse_string = scanstring
self.memo = {}
self.scan_once = scanner.make_scanner(self)
def decode(self, s, _w=WHITESPACE.match):
"""Return the Python representation of ``s`` (a ``str`` instance
containing a JSON document).
"""
obj, end = self.raw_decode(s, idx=_w(s, 0).end())
end = _w(s, end).end()
if end != len(s):
raise JSONDecodeError("Extra data", s, end)
return obj
def raw_decode(self, s, idx=0):
"""Decode a JSON document from ``s`` (a ``str`` beginning with
a JSON document) and return a 2-tuple of the Python
representation and the index in ``s`` where the document ended.
This can be used to decode a JSON document from a string that may
have extraneous data at the end.
"""
try:
obj, end = self.scan_once(s, idx)
except StopIteration as err:
raise JSONDecodeError("Expecting value", s, err.value) from None
return obj, end