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All new code must follow the following coding guidelines.
If you make changes in a file that still uses another coding style, make sure that you follow these guidelines for your changes.
For programming languages other than C++ (e.g. JavaScript) used in this repository and submodules, unless otherwise specified, coding guidelines listed here applies as much as possible.

Note 1: I will not take your head if you forget and use another style. However, most probably the request will be delayed until you fix your coding style.
Note 2: You can use the uncrustify program/tool to clean up any source file. Use it with the uncrustify.cfg configuration file found in the root folder.
Note 3: There is also a style for QtCreator but it doesn't cover all cases. In QtCreator Tools->Options...->C++->Code Style->Import... and choose the codingStyleQtCreator.xml file found in the root folder.

Table Of Contents


1. New lines & curly braces

a. Function blocks, class/struct definitions, namespaces

int myFunction(int a)
{
    // code
}

void myFunction() {} // empty body

MyClass::MyClass(int *parent)
    : m_parent(parent)
{
    // initialize
}

int MyClass::myMethod(int a)
{
    // code
}

class MyOtherClass
{
public:
    // code

protected:
    // code

private:
    // code
};

namespace Name
{
    // code
}

// Lambdas
[](int arg1, int arg2) -> bool { return arg1 < arg2; }

[this](int arg)
{
    this->acc += arg;
}

b. Other code blocks

if (condition) {
    // code
}

for (int a = 0; a < b; ++b) {
    // code
}

switch (a) {
case 1:
    // blah
case 2:
    // blah
default:
    // blah
}

c. Blocks in switch's case labels

switch (var) {
case 1: {
        // declare local variables
        // code
    }
    break;
case 2: {
        // declare local variables
        // code
    }
    break;
default:
    // code
}

d. If-else statements

The else if/else must be on their own lines:

if (condition) {
    // code
}
else if (condition) {
    // code
}
else {
    // code
}

e. Single statement if blocks

Most single statement if blocks should look like this:

if (condition)
    a = a + b;

One acceptable exception to this can be return, break or continue statements, provided that the test condition isn't very long and its body statement occupies only one line. However you can still choose to use the first rule.

if (a > 0) return;

while (p) {
    // ...
    if (!b) continue;
}

f. Acceptable conditions to omit braces

When the conditional statement in if/else has only one line and its body occupy only one line, this also applies to loops statements.
Notice that for a series of if - else branches, if one branch needs braces then all branches must add braces.

if (a < b)  // conditional statement
    do(a);  // body

if (a < b)
    do(a);
else if (a > b)
    do(b);
else
    do(c);

if (a < b) {
    do(a);
}
else if (a > b) {  // curly braces required here, then all branches should also add them
    do(b);
    do(d);
}
else {
    do(c);
}

g. Brace enclosed initializers

Unlike single-line functions, you must not insert spaces between the brackets and concluded expressions.
But you must insert a space between the variable name and initializer.

Class obj {}; // empty
Class obj {expr};
Class obj {expr1, /*...,*/ exprN};
QVariantMap map {{"key1", 5}, {"key2", 10}};

2. Indentation

4 spaces.

3. File encoding and line endings

UTF-8 and Unix-like line ending (LF). Unless some platform specific files need other encodings/line endings.

4. Initialization lists

Initialization lists should be vertical. This will allow for more easily readable diffs. The initialization colon should be indented and in its own line along with first argument. The rest of the arguments should be indented too and have the comma prepended.

myClass::myClass(int a, int b, int c, int d)
    : m_a(a)
    , m_b(b)
    , m_c(c)
    , m_d(d)
{
    // code
}

5. Enums

Enums should be vertical. This will allow for more easily readable diffs. The members should be indented.

enum Days
{
    Monday,
    Tuesday,
    Wednesday,
    Thursday,
    Friday,
    Saturday,
    Sunday
};

6. Names

All names should be camelCased.

a. Type names and namespaces

Type names and namespaces start with Upper case letter (except POD types).

class ClassName {};

struct StructName {};

enum EnumName {};

typedef QList<ClassName> SomeList;

namespace NamespaceName
{
}

b. Variable names

Variable names start with lower case letter.

int myVar;

c. Private member variable names

Private member variable names start with lower case letter and should have m_ prefix.

class MyClass
{
    int m_myVar;
}

7. Header inclusion order

The headers should be placed in the following group order:

  1. Module header (in .cpp)
  2. C++ Standard Library headers
  3. System headers
  4. Boost library headers
  5. Libtorrent headers
  6. Qt headers
  7. qBittorrent's own headers, starting from the base headers.

The headers should be ordered alphabetically within each group.
If there are conditionals for the same header group, then put them at the bottom of the respective group.
If there are conditionals that contain headers from several different header groups, then put them above the "qBittorrent's own headers" group.

One exception is the header containing the library version (for example, QtGlobal), this particular header isn't constrained by the aforementioned order.

Example:

// file: examplewidget.cpp

// Module header
#include "examplewidget.h"

// exceptions, headers containing version number
#include <boost/version.hpp>
#include <libtorrent/version.hpp>
#include <QtGlobal>

// C++ Standard Library headers
#include <cstdio>

#ifdef Q_OS_WIN  // conditional
#include <cmath>
#endif

// System headers
#ifdef Q_OS_WIN
#include <Windows.h>
#endif

// Boost library headers
#include <boost/circular_buffer.hpp>

// Libtorrent headers
#include <libtorrent/session.hpp>

// Qt headers
#include <QString>
#include <QUrl>

#ifdef Q_OS_MAC  // conditional
#include <QFont>
#endif

// conditional that contains headers from several different header groups
#if LIBTORRENT_VERSION_NUM >= 10100
#include <memory>
#include <QElapsedTimer>
#endif

// qBittorrent's own headers
#include "base/bittorrent/infohash.h"
#include "anothermodule.h"
#include "ui_examplewidget.h"

8. Include guard

#pragma once should be used instead of "include guard" in new code:

// examplewidget.h

#pragma once

#include <QWidget>

class ExampleWidget : public QWidget
{
    // (some code omitted)
};

9. Misc

  • Line breaks for long lines with operation:
a += "b"
  + "c"
  + "d";
  • auto keyword

We allow the use of the auto keyword only where it is strictly necessary (for example, to declare a lambda object, etc.), or where it enhances the readability of the code. Declarations for which one can gather enough information about the object interface (type) from its name or the usage pattern (an iterator or a loop variable are good examples of clear patterns) or the right part of the expression nicely fit here.

When weighing whether to use an auto-typed variable please think about potential reviewers of your code, who will read it as a plain diff (on github.com, for instance). Please make sure that such reviewers can understand the code completely and without excessive effort.

Some valid use cases:

template <typename List>
void doSomethingWithList(const List &list)
{
    foreach (const auto &item, list) {
        // we don't know item type here so we use 'auto' keyword
        // do something with item
    }
}

for (auto it = container.begin(), end = container.end(); it != end; ++it) {
    // we don't need to know the exact iterator type,
    // because all iterators have the same interface
}

auto spinBox = static_cast<QSpinBox*>(sender());
// we know the variable type based on the right-hand expression
  • Notice the spaces in the following specific situations:
// Before and after the assignment and other binary (and ternary) operators there should be a space
// There should not be a space between increment/decrement and its operand
a += 20;
a = (b <= MAX_B ? b : MAX_B);
++a;
--b;

for (int a = 0; a < b; ++b) {
}

// Range-based for loop, spaces before and after the colon
for (auto i : container) {
}

// Derived class, spaces before and after the colon
class Derived : public Base
{
};
  • Prefer pre-increment, pre-decrement operators
++i, --j;  // Yes
i++, j--;  // No
  • private/public/protected must not be indented

  • Preprocessor commands must go at line start

  • Method definitions aren't allowed in header files

10. Git commit message

  1. Limit the subject line to 50 characters. Subject should contain only the very essence of the changes (you should avoid extra details and internals)
  2. Separate subject from body with a blank line
  3. Capitalize the subject line
  4. Do not end the subject line with a period
  5. Use the imperative mood in the subject line (it's like you're ordering the program to do something (e.g. "Don't create temporary substrings")
  6. Wrap the body at 72 characters
  7. Use the body to explain what and why vs. how
  8. If commit fixes a reported issue, mention it in the message body (e.g. Closes #4134.)

11. Not covered above

If something isn't covered above, just follow the same style the file you are editing has.
This guide is not exhaustive and the style for a particular piece of code not specified here will be determined by project members on code review.