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require File.dirname(__FILE__) + '/tag_helper'
module ActionView
module Helpers
# Provides a set of helpers for calling Javascript functions and, most importantly, to call remote methods using what has
# been labelled Ajax[http://www.adaptivepath.com/publications/essays/archives/000385.php]. This means that you can call
# actions in your controllers without reloading the page, but still update certain parts of it using injections into the
# DOM. The common use case is having a form that adds a new element to a list without reloading the page.
#
# To be able to use the Javascript helpers, you must either call <%= define_javascript_functions %> (which returns all
# the Javascript support functions in a <script> block) or reference the Javascript library using
# <%= javascript_include_tag "prototype" %> (which looks for the library in /javascripts/prototype.js). The latter is
# recommended as the browser can then cache the library instead of fetching all the functions anew on every request.
module JavascriptHelper
unless const_defined? :CALLBACKS
CALLBACKS = [:uninitialized, :loading, :loaded, :interactive, :complete]
JAVASCRIPT_PATH = File.join(File.dirname(__FILE__), 'javascripts')
end
# Returns a link that'll trigger a javascript +function+ using the
# onclick handler and return false after the fact.
#
# Examples:
# link_to_function "Greeting", "alert('Hello world!')"
# link_to_function(image_tag("delete"), "if confirm('Really?'){ do_delete(); }")
def link_to_function(name, function, html_options = {})
content_tag(
"a", name,
html_options.symbolize_keys.merge(:href => "#", :onclick => "#{function}; return false;")
)
end
# Returns a link to a remote action defined by <tt>options[:url]</tt>
# (using the url_for format) that's called in the background using
# XMLHttpRequest. The result of that request can then be inserted into a
# DOM object whose id can be specified with <tt>options[:update]</tt>.
# Usually, the result would be a partial prepared by the controller with
# either render_partial or render_partial_collection.
#
# Examples:
# link_to_remote "Delete this post", :update => "posts", :url => { :action => "destroy", :id => post.id }
# link_to_remote(image_tag("refresh"), :update => "emails", :url => { :action => "list_emails" })
#
# By default, these remote requests are processed asynchronous during
# which various callbacks can be triggered (for progress indicators and
# the likes).
#
# Example:
# link_to_remote word,
# :url => { :action => "undo", :n => word_counter },
# :complete => "undoRequestCompleted(request)"
#
# The callbacks that may be specified are:
#
# <tt>:loading</tt>:: Called when the remote document is being
# loaded with data by the browser.
# <tt>:loaded</tt>:: Called when the browser has finished loading
# the remote document.
# <tt>:interactive</tt>:: Called when the user can interact with the
# remote document, even though it has not
# finished loading.
# <tt>:complete</tt>:: Called when the XMLHttpRequest is complete.
#
# If you for some reason or another need synchronous processing (that'll
# block the browser while the request is happening), you can specify
# <tt>options[:type] = :synchronous</tt>.
def link_to_remote(name, options = {}, html_options = {})
link_to_function(name, remote_function(options), html_options)
end
# Returns a form tag that will submit using XMLHttpRequest in the background instead of the regular
# reloading POST arrangement. Even though it's using Javascript to serialize the form elements, the form submission
# will work just like a regular submission as viewed by the receiving side (all elements available in @params).
# The options for specifying the target with :url and defining callbacks is the same as link_to_remote.
def form_remote_tag(options = {})
options[:form] = true
options[:html] ||= { }
options[:html][:onsubmit] = "#{remote_function(options)}; return false;"
tag("form", options[:html], true)
end
def remote_function(options) #:nodoc: for now
javascript_options = options_for_ajax(options)
function = options[:update] ?
"new Ajax.Updater('#{options[:update]}', " :
"new Ajax.Request("
function << "'#{url_for(options[:url])}'"
function << ", #{javascript_options})"
function = "#{options[:before]}; #{function}" if options[:before]
function = "#{function}; #{options[:after]}" if options[:after]
function = "if (#{options[:condition]}) { #{function}; }" if options[:condition]
return function
end
# Includes the Action Pack Javascript library inside a single <script>
# tag.
#
# Note: The recommended approach is to copy the contents of
# lib/action_view/helpers/javascripts/ into your application's
# public/javascripts/ directory, and use +javascript_include_tag+ to
# create remote <script> links.
def define_javascript_functions
javascript = '<script type="text/javascript">'
Dir.glob(File.join(JAVASCRIPT_PATH, '*')).each do |filename|
javascript << "\n" << IO.read(filename)
end
javascript << '</script>'
end
# Observes the field with the DOM ID specified by +field_id+ and makes
# an Ajax when its contents have changed.
#
# Required +options+ are:
# <tt>:frequency</tt>:: The frequency (in seconds) at which changes to
# this field will be detected.
# <tt>:url</tt>:: +url_for+-style options for the action to call
# when the field has changed.
#
# Additional options are:
# <tt>:update</tt>:: Specifies the DOM ID of the element whose
# innerHTML should be updated with the
# XMLHttpRequest response text.
# <tt>:with</tt>:: A Javascript expression specifying the
# parameters for the XMLHttpRequest. This defaults
# to 'value', which in the evaluated context
# refers to the new field value.
#
# Additionally, you may specify any of the options documented in
# +link_to_remote.
def observe_field(field_id, options = {})
build_observer('Form.Element.Observer', field_id, options)
end
# Like +observe_field+, but operates on an entire form identified by the
# DOM ID +form_id+. +options+ are the same as +observe_field+, except
# the default value of the <tt>:with</tt> option evaluates to the
# serialized (request string) value of the form.
def observe_form(form_id, options = {})
build_observer('Form.Observer', form_id, options)
end
private
def escape_javascript(javascript)
(javascript || '').gsub('"', '\"')
end
def options_for_ajax(options)
js_options = build_callbacks(options)
js_options['asynchronous'] = options[:type] != :synchronous
js_options['method'] = options[:method] if options[:method]
if options[:form]
js_options['parameters'] = 'Form.serialize(this)'
elsif options[:with]
js_options['parameters'] = options[:with]
end
'{' + js_options.map {|k, v| "#{k}:#{v}"}.join(', ') + '}'
end
def build_observer(klass, name, options = {})
options[:with] ||= 'value' if options[:update]
callback = remote_function(options)
javascript = '<script type="text/javascript">'
javascript << "new #{klass}('#{name}', "
javascript << "#{options[:frequency]}, function(element, value) {"
javascript << "#{callback}})</script>"
end
def build_callbacks(options)
CALLBACKS.inject({}) do |callbacks, callback|
if options[callback]
name = 'on' + callback.to_s.capitalize
code = escape_javascript(options[callback])
callbacks[name] = "function(request){#{code}}"
end
callbacks
end
end
end
end
end
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