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# frozen_string_literal: true
require "rack/session/abstract/id"
require "active_support/core_ext/hash/conversions"
require "active_support/core_ext/object/to_query"
require "active_support/core_ext/module/anonymous"
require "active_support/core_ext/module/redefine_method"
require "active_support/core_ext/hash/keys"
require "active_support/testing/constant_lookup"
require "action_controller/template_assertions"
require "rails-dom-testing"
module ActionController
class Metal
include Testing::Functional
end
module Live
# Disable controller / rendering threads in tests. User tests can access
# the database on the main thread, so they could open a txn, then the
# controller thread will open a new connection and try to access data
# that's only visible to the main thread's txn. This is the problem in #23483.
silence_redefinition_of_method :new_controller_thread
def new_controller_thread # :nodoc:
yield
end
end
# ActionController::TestCase will be deprecated and moved to a gem in the future.
# Please use ActionDispatch::IntegrationTest going forward.
class TestRequest < ActionDispatch::TestRequest #:nodoc:
DEFAULT_ENV = ActionDispatch::TestRequest::DEFAULT_ENV.dup
DEFAULT_ENV.delete "PATH_INFO"
def self.new_session
TestSession.new
end
attr_reader :controller_class
# Create a new test request with default `env` values.
def self.create(controller_class)
env = {}
env = Rails.application.env_config.merge(env) if defined?(Rails.application) && Rails.application
env["rack.request.cookie_hash"] = {}.with_indifferent_access
new(default_env.merge(env), new_session, controller_class)
end
def self.default_env
DEFAULT_ENV
end
private_class_method :default_env
def initialize(env, session, controller_class)
super(env)
self.session = session
self.session_options = TestSession::DEFAULT_OPTIONS.dup
@controller_class = controller_class
@custom_param_parsers = {
xml: lambda { |raw_post| Hash.from_xml(raw_post)["hash"] }
}
end
def query_string=(string)
set_header Rack::QUERY_STRING, string
end
def content_type=(type)
set_header "CONTENT_TYPE", type
end
def assign_parameters(routes, controller_path, action, parameters, generated_path, query_string_keys)
non_path_parameters = {}
path_parameters = {}
parameters.each do |key, value|
if query_string_keys.include?(key)
non_path_parameters[key] = value
else
if value.is_a?(Array)
value = value.map(&:to_param)
else
value = value.to_param
end
path_parameters[key] = value
end
end
if get?
if query_string.blank?
self.query_string = non_path_parameters.to_query
end
else
if ENCODER.should_multipart?(non_path_parameters)
self.content_type = ENCODER.content_type
data = ENCODER.build_multipart non_path_parameters
else
fetch_header("CONTENT_TYPE") do |k|
set_header k, "application/x-www-form-urlencoded"
end
case content_mime_type.to_sym
when nil
raise "Unknown Content-Type: #{content_type}"
when :json
data = ActiveSupport::JSON.encode(non_path_parameters)
when :xml
data = non_path_parameters.to_xml
when :url_encoded_form
data = non_path_parameters.to_query
else
@custom_param_parsers[content_mime_type.symbol] = ->(_) { non_path_parameters }
data = non_path_parameters.to_query
end
end
data_stream = StringIO.new(data)
set_header "CONTENT_LENGTH", data_stream.length.to_s
set_header "rack.input", data_stream
end
fetch_header("PATH_INFO") do |k|
set_header k, generated_path
end
path_parameters[:controller] = controller_path
path_parameters[:action] = action
self.path_parameters = path_parameters
end
ENCODER = Class.new do
include Rack::Test::Utils
def should_multipart?(params)
# FIXME: lifted from Rack-Test. We should push this separation upstream.
multipart = false
query = lambda { |value|
case value
when Array
value.each(&query)
when Hash
value.values.each(&query)
when Rack::Test::UploadedFile
multipart = true
end
}
params.values.each(&query)
multipart
end
public :build_multipart
def content_type
"multipart/form-data; boundary=#{Rack::Test::MULTIPART_BOUNDARY}"
end
end.new
private
def params_parsers
super.merge @custom_param_parsers
end
end
class LiveTestResponse < Live::Response
# Was the response successful?
alias_method :success?, :successful?
# Was the URL not found?
alias_method :missing?, :not_found?
# Was there a server-side error?
alias_method :error?, :server_error?
end
# Methods #destroy and #load! are overridden to avoid calling methods on the
# @store object, which does not exist for the TestSession class.
class TestSession < Rack::Session::Abstract::SessionHash #:nodoc:
DEFAULT_OPTIONS = Rack::Session::Abstract::Persisted::DEFAULT_OPTIONS
def initialize(session = {})
super(nil, nil)
@id = SecureRandom.hex(16)
@data = stringify_keys(session)
@loaded = true
end
def exists?
true
end
def keys
@data.keys
end
def values
@data.values
end
def destroy
clear
end
def fetch(key, *args, &block)
@data.fetch(key.to_s, *args, &block)
end
private
def load!
@id
end
end
# Superclass for ActionController functional tests. Functional tests allow you to
# test a single controller action per test method.
#
# == Use integration style controller tests over functional style controller tests.
#
# Rails discourages the use of functional tests in favor of integration tests
# (use ActionDispatch::IntegrationTest).
#
# New Rails applications no longer generate functional style controller tests and they should
# only be used for backward compatibility. Integration style controller tests perform actual
# requests, whereas functional style controller tests merely simulate a request. Besides,
# integration tests are as fast as functional tests and provide lot of helpers such as +as+,
# +parsed_body+ for effective testing of controller actions including even API endpoints.
#
# == Basic example
#
# Functional tests are written as follows:
# 1. First, one uses the +get+, +post+, +patch+, +put+, +delete+ or +head+ method to simulate
# an HTTP request.
# 2. Then, one asserts whether the current state is as expected. "State" can be anything:
# the controller's HTTP response, the database contents, etc.
#
# For example:
#
# class BooksControllerTest < ActionController::TestCase
# def test_create
# # Simulate a POST response with the given HTTP parameters.
# post(:create, params: { book: { title: "Love Hina" }})
#
# # Asserts that the controller tried to redirect us to
# # the created book's URI.
# assert_response :found
#
# # Asserts that the controller really put the book in the database.
# assert_not_nil Book.find_by(title: "Love Hina")
# end
# end
#
# You can also send a real document in the simulated HTTP request.
#
# def test_create
# json = {book: { title: "Love Hina" }}.to_json
# post :create, body: json
# end
#
# == Special instance variables
#
# ActionController::TestCase will also automatically provide the following instance
# variables for use in the tests:
#
# <b>@controller</b>::
# The controller instance that will be tested.
# <b>@request</b>::
# An ActionController::TestRequest, representing the current HTTP
# request. You can modify this object before sending the HTTP request. For example,
# you might want to set some session properties before sending a GET request.
# <b>@response</b>::
# An ActionDispatch::TestResponse object, representing the response
# of the last HTTP response. In the above example, <tt>@response</tt> becomes valid
# after calling +post+. If the various assert methods are not sufficient, then you
# may use this object to inspect the HTTP response in detail.
#
# == Controller is automatically inferred
#
# ActionController::TestCase will automatically infer the controller under test
# from the test class name. If the controller cannot be inferred from the test
# class name, you can explicitly set it with +tests+.
#
# class SpecialEdgeCaseWidgetsControllerTest < ActionController::TestCase
# tests WidgetController
# end
#
# == \Testing controller internals
#
# In addition to these specific assertions, you also have easy access to various collections that the regular test/unit assertions
# can be used against. These collections are:
#
# * session: Objects being saved in the session.
# * flash: The flash objects currently in the session.
# * cookies: \Cookies being sent to the user on this request.
#
# These collections can be used just like any other hash:
#
# assert_equal "Dave", cookies[:name] # makes sure that a cookie called :name was set as "Dave"
# assert flash.empty? # makes sure that there's nothing in the flash
#
# On top of the collections, you have the complete URL that a given action redirected to available in <tt>redirect_to_url</tt>.
#
# For redirects within the same controller, you can even call follow_redirect and the redirect will be followed, triggering another
# action call which can then be asserted against.
#
# == Manipulating session and cookie variables
#
# Sometimes you need to set up the session and cookie variables for a test.
# To do this just assign a value to the session or cookie collection:
#
# session[:key] = "value"
# cookies[:key] = "value"
#
# To clear the cookies for a test just clear the cookie collection:
#
# cookies.clear
#
# == \Testing named routes
#
# If you're using named routes, they can be easily tested using the original named routes' methods straight in the test case.
#
# assert_redirected_to page_url(title: 'foo')
class TestCase < ActiveSupport::TestCase
module Behavior
extend ActiveSupport::Concern
include ActionDispatch::TestProcess
include ActiveSupport::Testing::ConstantLookup
include Rails::Dom::Testing::Assertions
attr_reader :response, :request
module ClassMethods
# Sets the controller class name. Useful if the name can't be inferred from test class.
# Normalizes +controller_class+ before using.
#
# tests WidgetController
# tests :widget
# tests 'widget'
def tests(controller_class)
case controller_class
when String, Symbol
self.controller_class = "#{controller_class.to_s.camelize}Controller".constantize
when Class
self.controller_class = controller_class
else
raise ArgumentError, "controller class must be a String, Symbol, or Class"
end
end
def controller_class=(new_class)
self._controller_class = new_class
end
def controller_class
if current_controller_class = _controller_class
current_controller_class
else
self.controller_class = determine_default_controller_class(name)
end
end
def determine_default_controller_class(name)
determine_constant_from_test_name(name) do |constant|
Class === constant && constant < ActionController::Metal
end
end
end
# Simulate a GET request with the given parameters.
#
# - +action+: The controller action to call.
# - +params+: The hash with HTTP parameters that you want to pass. This may be +nil+.
# - +body+: The request body with a string that is appropriately encoded
# (<tt>application/x-www-form-urlencoded</tt> or <tt>multipart/form-data</tt>).
# - +session+: A hash of parameters to store in the session. This may be +nil+.
# - +flash+: A hash of parameters to store in the flash. This may be +nil+.
#
# You can also simulate POST, PATCH, PUT, DELETE, and HEAD requests with
# +post+, +patch+, +put+, +delete+, and +head+.
# Example sending parameters, session and setting a flash message:
#
# get :show,
# params: { id: 7 },
# session: { user_id: 1 },
# flash: { notice: 'This is flash message' }
#
# Note that the request method is not verified. The different methods are
# available to make the tests more expressive.
def get(action, **args)
res = process(action, method: "GET", **args)
cookies.update res.cookies
res
end
# Simulate a POST request with the given parameters and set/volley the response.
# See +get+ for more details.
def post(action, **args)
process(action, method: "POST", **args)
end
# Simulate a PATCH request with the given parameters and set/volley the response.
# See +get+ for more details.
def patch(action, **args)
process(action, method: "PATCH", **args)
end
# Simulate a PUT request with the given parameters and set/volley the response.
# See +get+ for more details.
def put(action, **args)
process(action, method: "PUT", **args)
end
# Simulate a DELETE request with the given parameters and set/volley the response.
# See +get+ for more details.
def delete(action, **args)
process(action, method: "DELETE", **args)
end
# Simulate a HEAD request with the given parameters and set/volley the response.
# See +get+ for more details.
def head(action, **args)
process(action, method: "HEAD", **args)
end
# Simulate an HTTP request to +action+ by specifying request method,
# parameters and set/volley the response.
#
# - +action+: The controller action to call.
# - +method+: Request method used to send the HTTP request. Possible values
# are +GET+, +POST+, +PATCH+, +PUT+, +DELETE+, +HEAD+. Defaults to +GET+. Can be a symbol.
# - +params+: The hash with HTTP parameters that you want to pass. This may be +nil+.
# - +body+: The request body with a string that is appropriately encoded
# (<tt>application/x-www-form-urlencoded</tt> or <tt>multipart/form-data</tt>).
# - +session+: A hash of parameters to store in the session. This may be +nil+.
# - +flash+: A hash of parameters to store in the flash. This may be +nil+.
# - +format+: Request format. Defaults to +nil+. Can be string or symbol.
# - +as+: Content type. Defaults to +nil+. Must be a symbol that corresponds
# to a mime type.
#
# Example calling +create+ action and sending two params:
#
# process :create,
# method: 'POST',
# params: {
# user: { name: 'Gaurish Sharma', email: 'user@example.com' }
# },
# session: { user_id: 1 },
# flash: { notice: 'This is flash message' }
#
# To simulate +GET+, +POST+, +PATCH+, +PUT+, +DELETE+ and +HEAD+ requests
# prefer using #get, #post, #patch, #put, #delete and #head methods
# respectively which will make tests more expressive.
#
# Note that the request method is not verified.
def process(action, method: "GET", params: nil, session: nil, body: nil, flash: {}, format: nil, xhr: false, as: nil)
check_required_ivars
http_method = method.to_s.upcase
@html_document = nil
cookies.update(@request.cookies)
cookies.update_cookies_from_jar
@request.set_header "HTTP_COOKIE", cookies.to_header
@request.delete_header "action_dispatch.cookies"
@request = TestRequest.new scrub_env!(@request.env), @request.session, @controller.class
@response = build_response @response_klass
@response.request = @request
@controller.recycle!
if body
@request.set_header "RAW_POST_DATA", body
end
@request.set_header "REQUEST_METHOD", http_method
if as
@request.content_type = Mime[as].to_s
format ||= as
end
parameters = (params || {}).symbolize_keys
if format
parameters[:format] = format
end
generated_extras = @routes.generate_extras(parameters.merge(controller: controller_class_name, action: action.to_s))
generated_path = generated_path(generated_extras)
query_string_keys = query_parameter_names(generated_extras)
@request.assign_parameters(@routes, controller_class_name, action.to_s, parameters, generated_path, query_string_keys)
@request.session.update(session) if session
@request.flash.update(flash || {})
if xhr
@request.set_header "HTTP_X_REQUESTED_WITH", "XMLHttpRequest"
@request.fetch_header("HTTP_ACCEPT") do |k|
@request.set_header k, [Mime[:js], Mime[:html], Mime[:xml], "text/xml", "*/*"].join(", ")
end
end
@request.fetch_header("SCRIPT_NAME") do |k|
@request.set_header k, @controller.config.relative_url_root
end
begin
@controller.recycle!
@controller.dispatch(action, @request, @response)
ensure
@request = @controller.request
@response = @controller.response
if @request.have_cookie_jar?
unless @request.cookie_jar.committed?
@request.cookie_jar.write(@response)
cookies.update(@request.cookie_jar.instance_variable_get(:@cookies))
end
end
@response.prepare!
if flash_value = @request.flash.to_session_value
@request.session["flash"] = flash_value
else
@request.session.delete("flash")
end
if xhr
@request.delete_header "HTTP_X_REQUESTED_WITH"
@request.delete_header "HTTP_ACCEPT"
end
@request.query_string = ""
@response.sent!
end
@response
end
def controller_class_name
@controller.class.anonymous? ? "anonymous" : @controller.class.controller_path
end
def generated_path(generated_extras)
generated_extras[0]
end
def query_parameter_names(generated_extras)
generated_extras[1] + [:controller, :action]
end
def setup_controller_request_and_response
@controller = nil unless defined? @controller
@response_klass = ActionDispatch::TestResponse
if klass = self.class.controller_class
if klass < ActionController::Live
@response_klass = LiveTestResponse
end
unless @controller
begin
@controller = klass.new
rescue
warn "could not construct controller #{klass}" if $VERBOSE
end
end
end
@request = TestRequest.create(@controller.class)
@response = build_response @response_klass
@response.request = @request
if @controller
@controller.request = @request
@controller.params = {}
end
end
def build_response(klass)
klass.create
end
included do
include ActionController::TemplateAssertions
include ActionDispatch::Assertions
class_attribute :_controller_class
setup :setup_controller_request_and_response
ActiveSupport.run_load_hooks(:action_controller_test_case, self)
end
private
def scrub_env!(env)
env.delete_if { |k, v| k =~ /^(action_dispatch|rack)\.request/ }
env.delete_if { |k, v| k =~ /^action_dispatch\.rescue/ }
env.delete "action_dispatch.request.query_parameters"
env.delete "action_dispatch.request.request_parameters"
env["rack.input"] = StringIO.new
env.delete "CONTENT_LENGTH"
env.delete "RAW_POST_DATA"
env
end
def document_root_element
html_document.root
end
def check_required_ivars
# Sanity check for required instance variables so we can give an
# understandable error message.
[:@routes, :@controller, :@request, :@response].each do |iv_name|
if !instance_variable_defined?(iv_name) || instance_variable_get(iv_name).nil?
raise "#{iv_name} is nil: make sure you set it in your test's setup method."
end
end
end
end
include Behavior
end
end