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require 'stringio'
require 'uri'
require 'active_support/core_ext/kernel/singleton_class'
require 'active_support/core_ext/object/try'
require 'active_support/core_ext/string/strip'
require 'rack/test'
require 'minitest'
module ActionDispatch
module Integration #:nodoc:
module RequestHelpers
# Performs a GET request with the given parameters.
#
# - +path+: The URI (as a String) on which you want to perform a GET
# request.
# - +params+: The HTTP parameters that you want to pass. This may
# be +nil+,
# a Hash, or a String that is appropriately encoded
# (<tt>application/x-www-form-urlencoded</tt> or
# <tt>multipart/form-data</tt>).
# - +headers+: Additional headers to pass, as a Hash. The headers will be
# merged into the Rack env hash.
# - +env+: Additional env to pass, as a Hash. The headers will be
# merged into the Rack env hash.
#
# This method returns a Response object, which one can use to
# inspect the details of the response. Furthermore, if this method was
# called from an ActionDispatch::IntegrationTest object, then that
# object's <tt>@response</tt> instance variable will point to the same
# response object.
#
# You can also perform POST, PATCH, PUT, DELETE, and HEAD requests with
# +#post+, +#patch+, +#put+, +#delete+, and +#head+.
#
# Example:
#
# get '/feed', params: { since: 201501011400 }
# post '/profile', headers: { "X-Test-Header" => "testvalue" }
def get(path, *args)
process_with_kwargs(:get, path, *args)
end
# Performs a POST request with the given parameters. See +#get+ for more
# details.
def post(path, *args)
process_with_kwargs(:post, path, *args)
end
# Performs a PATCH request with the given parameters. See +#get+ for more
# details.
def patch(path, *args)
process_with_kwargs(:patch, path, *args)
end
# Performs a PUT request with the given parameters. See +#get+ for more
# details.
def put(path, *args)
process_with_kwargs(:put, path, *args)
end
# Performs a DELETE request with the given parameters. See +#get+ for
# more details.
def delete(path, *args)
process_with_kwargs(:delete, path, *args)
end
# Performs a HEAD request with the given parameters. See +#get+ for more
# details.
def head(path, *args)
process_with_kwargs(:head, path, *args)
end
# Performs an XMLHttpRequest request with the given parameters, mirroring
# a request from the Prototype library.
#
# The request_method is +:get+, +:post+, +:patch+, +:put+, +:delete+ or
# +:head+; the parameters are +nil+, a hash, or a url-encoded or multipart
# string; the headers are a hash.
#
# Example:
#
# xhr :get, '/feed', params: { since: 201501011400 }
def xml_http_request(request_method, path, *args)
if kwarg_request?(*args)
params, headers, env = args.first.values_at(:params, :headers, :env)
else
params = args[0]
headers = args[1]
env = {}
if params.present? || headers.present?
non_kwarg_request_warning
end
end
ActiveSupport::Deprecation.warn(<<-MSG.strip_heredoc)
xhr and xml_http_request methods are deprecated in favor of
`get "/posts", xhr: true` and `post "/posts/1", xhr: true`
MSG
process(request_method, path, params: params, headers: headers, xhr: true)
end
alias xhr :xml_http_request
# Follow a single redirect response. If the last response was not a
# redirect, an exception will be raised. Otherwise, the redirect is
# performed on the location header.
def follow_redirect!
raise "not a redirect! #{status} #{status_message}" unless redirect?
get(response.location)
status
end
# Performs a request using the specified method, following any subsequent
# redirect. Note that the redirects are followed until the response is
# not a redirect--this means you may run into an infinite loop if your
# redirect loops back to itself.
#
# Example:
#
# request_via_redirect :post, '/welcome',
# params: { ref_id: 14 },
# headers: { "X-Test-Header" => "testvalue" }
def request_via_redirect(http_method, path, *args)
process_with_kwargs(http_method, path, *args)
follow_redirect! while redirect?
status
end
# Performs a GET request, following any subsequent redirect.
# See +request_via_redirect+ for more information.
def get_via_redirect(path, *args)
ActiveSupport::Deprecation.warn('`get_via_redirect` is deprecated and will be removed in the next version of Rails. Please use follow_redirect! manually after the request call for the same behavior.')
request_via_redirect(:get, path, *args)
end
# Performs a POST request, following any subsequent redirect.
# See +request_via_redirect+ for more information.
def post_via_redirect(path, *args)
ActiveSupport::Deprecation.warn('`post_via_redirect` is deprecated and will be removed in the next version of Rails. Please use follow_redirect! manually after the request call for the same behavior.')
request_via_redirect(:post, path, *args)
end
# Performs a PATCH request, following any subsequent redirect.
# See +request_via_redirect+ for more information.
def patch_via_redirect(path, *args)
ActiveSupport::Deprecation.warn('`patch_via_redirect` is deprecated and will be removed in the next version of Rails. Please use follow_redirect! manually after the request call for the same behavior.')
request_via_redirect(:patch, path, *args)
end
# Performs a PUT request, following any subsequent redirect.
# See +request_via_redirect+ for more information.
def put_via_redirect(path, *args)
ActiveSupport::Deprecation.warn('`put_via_redirect` is deprecated and will be removed in the next version of Rails. Please use follow_redirect! manually after the request call for the same behavior.')
request_via_redirect(:put, path, *args)
end
# Performs a DELETE request, following any subsequent redirect.
# See +request_via_redirect+ for more information.
def delete_via_redirect(path, *args)
ActiveSupport::Deprecation.warn('`delete_via_redirect` is deprecated and will be removed in the next version of Rails. Please use follow_redirect! manually after the request call for the same behavior.')
request_via_redirect(:delete, path, *args)
end
end
# An instance of this class represents a set of requests and responses
# performed sequentially by a test process. Because you can instantiate
# multiple sessions and run them side-by-side, you can also mimic (to some
# limited extent) multiple simultaneous users interacting with your system.
#
# Typically, you will instantiate a new session using
# IntegrationTest#open_session, rather than instantiating
# Integration::Session directly.
class Session
DEFAULT_HOST = "www.example.com"
include Minitest::Assertions
include TestProcess, RequestHelpers, Assertions
%w( status status_message headers body redirect? ).each do |method|
delegate method, :to => :response, :allow_nil => true
end
%w( path ).each do |method|
delegate method, :to => :request, :allow_nil => true
end
# The hostname used in the last request.
def host
@host || DEFAULT_HOST
end
attr_writer :host
# The remote_addr used in the last request.
attr_accessor :remote_addr
# The Accept header to send.
attr_accessor :accept
# A map of the cookies returned by the last response, and which will be
# sent with the next request.
def cookies
_mock_session.cookie_jar
end
# A reference to the controller instance used by the last request.
attr_reader :controller
# A reference to the request instance used by the last request.
attr_reader :request
# A reference to the response instance used by the last request.
attr_reader :response
# A running counter of the number of requests processed.
attr_accessor :request_count
include ActionDispatch::Routing::UrlFor
# Create and initialize a new Session instance.
def initialize(app)
super()
@app = app
reset!
end
def url_options
@url_options ||= default_url_options.dup.tap do |url_options|
url_options.reverse_merge!(controller.url_options) if controller
if @app.respond_to?(:routes)
url_options.reverse_merge!(@app.routes.default_url_options)
end
url_options.reverse_merge!(:host => host, :protocol => https? ? "https" : "http")
end
end
# Resets the instance. This can be used to reset the state information
# in an existing session instance, so it can be used from a clean-slate
# condition.
#
# session.reset!
def reset!
@https = false
@controller = @request = @response = nil
@_mock_session = nil
@request_count = 0
@url_options = nil
self.host = DEFAULT_HOST
self.remote_addr = "127.0.0.1"
self.accept = "text/xml,application/xml,application/xhtml+xml," +
"text/html;q=0.9,text/plain;q=0.8,image/png," +
"*/*;q=0.5"
unless defined? @named_routes_configured
# the helpers are made protected by default--we make them public for
# easier access during testing and troubleshooting.
@named_routes_configured = true
end
end
# Specify whether or not the session should mimic a secure HTTPS request.
#
# session.https!
# session.https!(false)
def https!(flag = true)
@https = flag
end
# Returns +true+ if the session is mimicking a secure HTTPS request.
#
# if session.https?
# ...
# end
def https?
@https
end
# Set the host name to use in the next request.
#
# session.host! "www.example.com"
alias :host! :host=
private
def _mock_session
@_mock_session ||= Rack::MockSession.new(@app, host)
end
def process_with_kwargs(http_method, path, *args)
if kwarg_request?(*args)
process(http_method, path, *args)
else
non_kwarg_request_warning if args.present?
process(http_method, path, { params: args[0], headers: args[1] })
end
end
REQUEST_KWARGS = %i(params headers env xhr)
def kwarg_request?(*args)
args[0].respond_to?(:keys) && args[0].keys.any? { |k| REQUEST_KWARGS.include?(k) }
end
def non_kwarg_request_warning
ActiveSupport::Deprecation.warn(<<-MSG.strip_heredoc)
ActionDispatch::IntegrationTest HTTP request methods will accept only
the following keyword arguments in future Rails versions:
#{REQUEST_KWARGS.join(', ')}
Examples:
get '/profile',
params: { id: 1 },
headers: { 'X-Extra-Header' => '123' },
env: { 'action_dispatch.custom' => 'custom' },
xhr: true
MSG
end
# Performs the actual request.
def process(method, path, params: nil, headers: nil, env: nil, xhr: false)
if path =~ %r{://}
location = URI.parse(path)
https! URI::HTTPS === location if location.scheme
host! "#{location.host}:#{location.port}" if location.host
path = location.query ? "#{location.path}?#{location.query}" : location.path
end
hostname, port = host.split(':')
request_env = {
:method => method,
:params => params,
"SERVER_NAME" => hostname,
"SERVER_PORT" => port || (https? ? "443" : "80"),
"HTTPS" => https? ? "on" : "off",
"rack.url_scheme" => https? ? "https" : "http",
"REQUEST_URI" => path,
"HTTP_HOST" => host,
"REMOTE_ADDR" => remote_addr,
"CONTENT_TYPE" => "application/x-www-form-urlencoded",
"HTTP_ACCEPT" => accept
}
if xhr
headers ||= {}
headers['HTTP_X_REQUESTED_WITH'] = 'XMLHttpRequest'
headers['HTTP_ACCEPT'] ||= [Mime::JS, Mime::HTML, Mime::XML, 'text/xml', Mime::ALL].join(', ')
end
# this modifies the passed request_env directly
if headers.present?
Http::Headers.new(request_env).merge!(headers)
end
if env.present?
Http::Headers.new(request_env).merge!(env)
end
session = Rack::Test::Session.new(_mock_session)
# NOTE: rack-test v0.5 doesn't build a default uri correctly
# Make sure requested path is always a full uri
session.request(build_full_uri(path, request_env), request_env)
@request_count += 1
@request = ActionDispatch::Request.new(session.last_request.env)
response = _mock_session.last_response
@response = ActionDispatch::TestResponse.from_response(response)
@html_document = nil
@url_options = nil
@controller = session.last_request.env['action_controller.instance']
response.status
end
def build_full_uri(path, env)
"#{env['rack.url_scheme']}://#{env['SERVER_NAME']}:#{env['SERVER_PORT']}#{path}"
end
end
module Runner
include ActionDispatch::Assertions
APP_SESSIONS = {}
attr_reader :app
def before_setup
@app = nil
@integration_session = nil
super
end
def integration_session
@integration_session ||= create_session(app)
end
# Reset the current session. This is useful for testing multiple sessions
# in a single test case.
def reset!
@integration_session = create_session(app)
end
def create_session(app)
klass = APP_SESSIONS[app] ||= Class.new(Integration::Session) {
# If the app is a Rails app, make url_helpers available on the session
# This makes app.url_for and app.foo_path available in the console
if app.respond_to?(:routes)
include app.routes.url_helpers
include app.routes.mounted_helpers
end
}
klass.new(app)
end
def remove! # :nodoc:
@integration_session = nil
end
%w(get post patch put head delete cookies assigns
xml_http_request xhr get_via_redirect post_via_redirect).each do |method|
define_method(method) do |*args|
# reset the html_document variable, except for cookies/assigns calls
unless method == 'cookies' || method == 'assigns'
@html_document = nil
reset_template_assertion
end
integration_session.__send__(method, *args).tap do
copy_session_variables!
end
end
end
# Open a new session instance. If a block is given, the new session is
# yielded to the block before being returned.
#
# session = open_session do |sess|
# sess.extend(CustomAssertions)
# end
#
# By default, a single session is automatically created for you, but you
# can use this method to open multiple sessions that ought to be tested
# simultaneously.
def open_session
dup.tap do |session|
yield session if block_given?
end
end
# Copy the instance variables from the current session instance into the
# test instance.
def copy_session_variables! #:nodoc:
@controller = @integration_session.controller
@response = @integration_session.response
@request = @integration_session.request
end
def default_url_options
integration_session.default_url_options
end
def default_url_options=(options)
integration_session.default_url_options = options
end
def respond_to?(method, include_private = false)
integration_session.respond_to?(method, include_private) || super
end
# Delegate unhandled messages to the current session instance.
def method_missing(sym, *args, &block)
if integration_session.respond_to?(sym)
integration_session.__send__(sym, *args, &block).tap do
copy_session_variables!
end
else
super
end
end
end
end
# An integration test spans multiple controllers and actions,
# tying them all together to ensure they work together as expected. It tests
# more completely than either unit or functional tests do, exercising the
# entire stack, from the dispatcher to the database.
#
# At its simplest, you simply extend <tt>IntegrationTest</tt> and write your tests
# using the get/post methods:
#
# require "test_helper"
#
# class ExampleTest < ActionDispatch::IntegrationTest
# fixtures :people
#
# def test_login
# # get the login page
# get "/login"
# assert_equal 200, status
#
# # post the login and follow through to the home page
# post "/login", params: { username: people(:jamis).username,
# password: people(:jamis).password }
# follow_redirect!
# assert_equal 200, status
# assert_equal "/home", path
# end
# end
#
# However, you can also have multiple session instances open per test, and
# even extend those instances with assertions and methods to create a very
# powerful testing DSL that is specific for your application. You can even
# reference any named routes you happen to have defined.
#
# require "test_helper"
#
# class AdvancedTest < ActionDispatch::IntegrationTest
# fixtures :people, :rooms
#
# def test_login_and_speak
# jamis, david = login(:jamis), login(:david)
# room = rooms(:office)
#
# jamis.enter(room)
# jamis.speak(room, "anybody home?")
#
# david.enter(room)
# david.speak(room, "hello!")
# end
#
# private
#
# module CustomAssertions
# def enter(room)
# # reference a named route, for maximum internal consistency!
# get(room_url(id: room.id))
# assert(...)
# ...
# end
#
# def speak(room, message)
# post "/say/#{room.id}", xhr: true, params: { message: message }
# assert(...)
# ...
# end
# end
#
# def login(who)
# open_session do |sess|
# sess.extend(CustomAssertions)
# who = people(who)
# sess.post "/login", params: { username: who.username,
# password: who.password }
# assert(...)
# end
# end
# end
#
# Another longer example would be:
#
# A simple integration test that exercises multiple controllers:
#
# require 'test_helper'
#
# class UserFlowsTest < ActionDispatch::IntegrationTest
# test "login and browse site" do
# # login via https
# https!
# get "/login"
# assert_response :success
#
# post "/login", params: { username: users(:david).username, password: users(:david).password }
# follow_redirect!
# assert_equal '/welcome', path
# assert_equal 'Welcome david!', flash[:notice]
#
# https!(false)
# get "/articles/all"
# assert_response :success
# assert assigns(:articles)
# end
# end
#
# As you can see the integration test involves multiple controllers and
# exercises the entire stack from database to dispatcher. In addition you can
# have multiple session instances open simultaneously in a test and extend
# those instances with assertion methods to create a very powerful testing
# DSL (domain-specific language) just for your application.
#
# Here's an example of multiple sessions and custom DSL in an integration test
#
# require 'test_helper'
#
# class UserFlowsTest < ActionDispatch::IntegrationTest
# test "login and browse site" do
# # User david logs in
# david = login(:david)
# # User guest logs in
# guest = login(:guest)
#
# # Both are now available in different sessions
# assert_equal 'Welcome david!', david.flash[:notice]
# assert_equal 'Welcome guest!', guest.flash[:notice]
#
# # User david can browse site
# david.browses_site
# # User guest can browse site as well
# guest.browses_site
#
# # Continue with other assertions
# end
#
# private
#
# module CustomDsl
# def browses_site
# get "/products/all"
# assert_response :success
# assert assigns(:products)
# end
# end
#
# def login(user)
# open_session do |sess|
# sess.extend(CustomDsl)
# u = users(user)
# sess.https!
# sess.post "/login", params: { username: u.username, password: u.password }
# assert_equal '/welcome', sess.path
# sess.https!(false)
# end
# end
# end
#
# Consult the Rails Testing Guide for more.
class IntegrationTest < ActiveSupport::TestCase
include Integration::Runner
include ActionController::TemplateAssertions
include ActionDispatch::Routing::UrlFor
@@app = nil
def self.app
@@app || ActionDispatch.test_app
end
def self.app=(app)
@@app = app
end
def app
super || self.class.app
end
def url_options
integration_session.url_options
end
def document_root_element
html_document.root
end
end
end
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