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require 'active_support/core_ext/regexp'
module ActiveRecord
module Sanitization
extend ActiveSupport::Concern
module ClassMethods
# Used to sanitize objects before they're used in an SQL SELECT statement.
# Delegates to {connection.quote}[rdoc-ref:ConnectionAdapters::Quoting#quote].
def sanitize(object) # :nodoc:
connection.quote(object)
end
alias_method :quote_value, :sanitize
protected
# Accepts an array or string of SQL conditions and sanitizes
# them into a valid SQL fragment for a WHERE clause.
#
# sanitize_sql_for_conditions(["name=? and group_id=?", "foo'bar", 4])
# # => "name='foo''bar' and group_id=4"
#
# sanitize_sql_for_conditions(["name=:name and group_id=:group_id", name: "foo'bar", group_id: 4])
# # => "name='foo''bar' and group_id='4'"
#
# sanitize_sql_for_conditions(["name='%s' and group_id='%s'", "foo'bar", 4])
# # => "name='foo''bar' and group_id='4'"
#
# sanitize_sql_for_conditions("name='foo''bar' and group_id='4'")
# # => "name='foo''bar' and group_id='4'"
def sanitize_sql_for_conditions(condition)
return nil if condition.blank?
case condition
when Array; sanitize_sql_array(condition)
else condition
end
end
alias_method :sanitize_sql, :sanitize_sql_for_conditions
alias_method :sanitize_conditions, :sanitize_sql
# Accepts an array, hash, or string of SQL conditions and sanitizes
# them into a valid SQL fragment for a SET clause.
#
# sanitize_sql_for_assignment(["name=? and group_id=?", nil, 4])
# # => "name=NULL and group_id=4"
#
# sanitize_sql_for_assignment(["name=:name and group_id=:group_id", name: nil, group_id: 4])
# # => "name=NULL and group_id=4"
#
# Post.send(:sanitize_sql_for_assignment, { name: nil, group_id: 4 })
# # => "`posts`.`name` = NULL, `posts`.`group_id` = 4"
#
# sanitize_sql_for_assignment("name=NULL and group_id='4'")
# # => "name=NULL and group_id='4'"
def sanitize_sql_for_assignment(assignments, default_table_name = self.table_name)
case assignments
when Array; sanitize_sql_array(assignments)
when Hash; sanitize_sql_hash_for_assignment(assignments, default_table_name)
else assignments
end
end
# Accepts an array, or string of SQL conditions and sanitizes
# them into a valid SQL fragment for an ORDER clause.
#
# sanitize_sql_for_order(["field(id, ?)", [1,3,2]])
# # => "field(id, 1,3,2)"
#
# sanitize_sql_for_order("id ASC")
# # => "id ASC"
def sanitize_sql_for_order(condition)
if condition.is_a?(Array) && condition.first.to_s.include?('?')
sanitize_sql_array(condition)
else
condition
end
end
# Accepts a hash of SQL conditions and replaces those attributes
# that correspond to a {#composed_of}[rdoc-ref:Aggregations::ClassMethods#composed_of]
# relationship with their expanded aggregate attribute values.
#
# Given:
#
# class Person < ActiveRecord::Base
# composed_of :address, class_name: "Address",
# mapping: [%w(address_street street), %w(address_city city)]
# end
#
# Then:
#
# { address: Address.new("813 abc st.", "chicago") }
# # => { address_street: "813 abc st.", address_city: "chicago" }
def expand_hash_conditions_for_aggregates(attrs)
expanded_attrs = {}
attrs.each do |attr, value|
if aggregation = reflect_on_aggregation(attr.to_sym)
mapping = aggregation.mapping
mapping.each do |field_attr, aggregate_attr|
if mapping.size == 1 && !value.respond_to?(aggregate_attr)
expanded_attrs[field_attr] = value
else
expanded_attrs[field_attr] = value.send(aggregate_attr)
end
end
else
expanded_attrs[attr] = value
end
end
expanded_attrs
end
# Sanitizes a hash of attribute/value pairs into SQL conditions for a SET clause.
#
# sanitize_sql_hash_for_assignment({ status: nil, group_id: 1 }, "posts")
# # => "`posts`.`status` = NULL, `posts`.`group_id` = 1"
def sanitize_sql_hash_for_assignment(attrs, table)
c = connection
attrs.map do |attr, value|
value = type_for_attribute(attr.to_s).serialize(value)
"#{c.quote_table_name_for_assignment(table, attr)} = #{c.quote(value)}"
end.join(', ')
end
# Sanitizes a +string+ so that it is safe to use within an SQL
# LIKE statement. This method uses +escape_character+ to escape all occurrences of "\", "_" and "%".
#
# sanitize_sql_like("100%")
# # => "100\\%"
#
# sanitize_sql_like("snake_cased_string")
# # => "snake\\_cased\\_string"
#
# sanitize_sql_like("100%", "!")
# # => "100!%"
#
# sanitize_sql_like("snake_cased_string", "!")
# # => "snake!_cased!_string"
def sanitize_sql_like(string, escape_character = "\\")
pattern = Regexp.union(escape_character, "%", "_")
string.gsub(pattern) { |x| [escape_character, x].join }
end
# Accepts an array of conditions. The array has each value
# sanitized and interpolated into the SQL statement.
#
# sanitize_sql_array(["name=? and group_id=?", "foo'bar", 4])
# # => "name='foo''bar' and group_id=4"
#
# sanitize_sql_array(["name=:name and group_id=:group_id", name: "foo'bar", group_id: 4])
# # => "name='foo''bar' and group_id=4"
#
# sanitize_sql_array(["name='%s' and group_id='%s'", "foo'bar", 4])
# # => "name='foo''bar' and group_id='4'"
def sanitize_sql_array(ary)
statement, *values = ary
if values.first.is_a?(Hash) && /:\w+/.match?(statement)
replace_named_bind_variables(statement, values.first)
elsif statement.include?('?')
replace_bind_variables(statement, values)
elsif statement.blank?
statement
else
statement % values.collect { |value| connection.quote_string(value.to_s) }
end
end
def replace_bind_variables(statement, values) # :nodoc:
raise_if_bind_arity_mismatch(statement, statement.count('?'), values.size)
bound = values.dup
c = connection
statement.gsub(/\?/) do
replace_bind_variable(bound.shift, c)
end
end
def replace_bind_variable(value, c = connection) # :nodoc:
if ActiveRecord::Relation === value
value.to_sql
else
quote_bound_value(value, c)
end
end
def replace_named_bind_variables(statement, bind_vars) # :nodoc:
statement.gsub(/(:?):([a-zA-Z]\w*)/) do |match|
if $1 == ':' # skip postgresql casts
match # return the whole match
elsif bind_vars.include?(match = $2.to_sym)
replace_bind_variable(bind_vars[match])
else
raise PreparedStatementInvalid, "missing value for :#{match} in #{statement}"
end
end
end
def quote_bound_value(value, c = connection) # :nodoc:
if value.respond_to?(:map) && !value.acts_like?(:string)
if value.respond_to?(:empty?) && value.empty?
c.quote(nil)
else
value.map { |v| c.quote(v) }.join(',')
end
else
c.quote(value)
end
end
def raise_if_bind_arity_mismatch(statement, expected, provided) # :nodoc:
unless expected == provided
raise PreparedStatementInvalid, "wrong number of bind variables (#{provided} for #{expected}) in: #{statement}"
end
end
end
# TODO: Deprecate this
def quoted_id # :nodoc:
self.class.quote_value(@attributes[self.class.primary_key].value_for_database)
end
end
end