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Tag: v2.3.4
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module ActiveSupport
# MessageVerifier makes it easy to generate and verify messages which are signed
# to prevent tampering.
#
# This is useful for cases like remember-me tokens and auto-unsubscribe links where the
# session store isn't suitable or available.
#
# Remember Me:
# cookies[:remember_me] = @verifier.generate([@user.id, 2.weeks.from_now])
#
# In the authentication filter:
#
# id, time = @verifier.verify(cookies[:remember_me])
# if time < Time.now
# self.current_user = User.find(id)
# end
#
class MessageVerifier
class InvalidSignature < StandardError; end
def initialize(secret, digest = 'SHA1')
@secret = secret
@digest = digest
end
def verify(signed_message)
data, digest = signed_message.split("--")
if secure_compare(digest, generate_digest(data))
Marshal.load(ActiveSupport::Base64.decode64(data))
else
raise InvalidSignature
end
end
def generate(value)
data = ActiveSupport::Base64.encode64s(Marshal.dump(value))
"#{data}--#{generate_digest(data)}"
end
private
# constant-time comparison algorithm to prevent timing attacks
def secure_compare(a, b)
if a.length == b.length
result = 0
for i in 0..(a.length - 1)
result |= a[i] ^ b[i]
end
result == 0
else
false
end
end
def generate_digest(data)
require 'openssl' unless defined?(OpenSSL)
OpenSSL::HMAC.hexdigest(OpenSSL::Digest::Digest.new(@digest), @secret, data)
end
end
end
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