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# -*- coding: binary -*-
require 'msf/core'
require 'msf/core/module'
module Msf
###
#
# This module exposes an interface that is used when wanting to receive
# notifications about events pertaining to exploitation.
#
###
module ExploitEvent
#
# This method is called when an exploit succeeds.
#
def on_exploit_success(exploit, session)
end
end
###
#
# The exploit class acts as the base class for all exploit modules. It
# provides a common interface for interacting with exploits at the most basic
# level.
#
###
class Exploit < Msf::Module
require 'msf/core/post'
require 'msf/core/exploit/local'
##
# Exceptions
##
# Indicate that the exploit should abort because it has completed
class Complete < RuntimeError
end
# Indicate that the exploit should abort because it has failed
class Failed < RuntimeError
end
##
#
# Default compatibility settings for exploit modules.
#
##
module CompatDefaults
#
# Default compatibility specifications for payloads
#
Payload =
{
# Support reverse, bind, and noconn connection types
# for all exploits unless expressly disabled.
'ConnectionType' => 'reverse bind noconn none tunnel',
}
end
##
#
# The various check codes that can be returned from the ``check'' routine.
# Please read the following wiki to learn how these codes are used:
# https://github.com/rapid7/metasploit-framework/wiki/How-to-write-a-check()-method
#
##
module CheckCode
#
# Can't tell if the target is exploitable or not. This is recommended if the module fails to
# retrieve enough information from the target machine, such as due to a timeout.
#
Unknown = [ 'unknown', "Cannot reliably check exploitability."]
#
# The target is safe and is therefore not exploitable. This is recommended after the check
# fails to trigger the vulnerability, or even detect the service.
#
Safe = [ 'safe', "The target is not exploitable." ]
#
# The target is running the service in question, but the check fails to determine whether
# the target is vulnerable or not.
#
Detected = [ 'detected', "The target service is running, but could not be validated." ]
#
# The target appears to be vulnerable. This is recommended if the vulnerability is determined
# based on passive reconnaissance. For example: version, banner grabbing, or having the resource
# that's known to be vulnerable.
#
Appears = [ 'appears', "The target appears to be vulnerable." ]
#
# The target is vulnerable. Only used if the check is able to actually take advantage of the
# bug, and obtain hard evidence. For example: executing a command on the target machine, and
# retrieve the output.
#
Vulnerable = [ 'vulnerable', "The target is vulnerable." ]
#
# The module does not support the check method.
#
Unsupported = [ 'unsupported', "This module does not support check." ]
end
#
# The various basic types of exploits
#
module Type
#
# Indicates that the exploit is a remote exploit.
#
Remote = "remote"
#
# Indicates that the exploit is a local exploit.
#
Local = "local"
#
# Indicates that the exploit can work anywhere it damn pleases.
#
Omni = "omnipresent"
end
#
# The types of stances an exploit can take, such as passive or aggressive.
# Stances indicate whether or not the exploit triggers the exploit without
# waiting for one or more conditions to be met (aggressive) or whether it
# must wait for certain conditions to be satisfied before the exploit can
# be initiated (passive)
#
module Stance
#
# Used to indicate that an exploit takes an aggressive stance. This
# means that the exploit proactively triggers a vulnerability.
#
Aggressive = "aggressive"
#
# Used to indicate that an exploit takes a passive stance. This means
# that the exploit waits for interaction from a client or other entity
# before being able to trigger the vulnerability.
#
Passive = "passive"
end
###
#
# The remote exploit class is a specialization of the exploit module class
# that is geared toward exploits that are performed against targets other than
# the local machine. This typically implies exploiting other machines via a
# network connection, though it is not limited to this scope.
#
###
class Remote < Exploit
require 'msf/core/exploit/auto_target'
include Msf::Exploit::AutoTarget
#
# Initializes the socket array.
#
def initialize(info)
super
self.sockets = Array.new
end
#
# Returns the fact that this exploit is a remote exploit.
#
def exploit_type
Exploit::Type::Remote
end
#
# Adds a socket to the list of sockets opened by this exploit.
#
def add_socket(sock)
self.sockets << sock
end
#
# Removes a socket from the list of sockets.
#
def remove_socket(sock)
self.sockets.delete(sock)
end
#
# This method is called once a new session has been created on behalf of
# this exploit instance and all socket connections created by this
# exploit should be closed.
#
def abort_sockets
sockets.delete_if { |sock|
begin
sock.close
rescue ::Exception
end
true
}
end
protected
#
# The list of sockets established by this exploit.
#
attr_accessor :sockets
end
#
# Load all of the exploit mixins
#
require 'msf/core/exploit/mixins'
#
# Returns an array of all of the exploit mixins. Lame algorithm right now.
# We search the Msf::Exploit namespace for all modules that do not have any
# constants in them. In the future we can replace this with a better
# algorithm. It's just important that it returns an array of all of the
# mixin modules.
#
# @return [Array]
def self.mixins
mixins = []
wl = [ Msf::Exploit ]
visited = {}
until wl.length == 0
wl.delete_if { |mod|
mod.constants.each { |const|
child = mod.const_get(const)
next if child.to_s !~ /^Msf::Exploit/
next if visited[child]
next if child.kind_of?(::Module) == false
visited[child] = true
if child.constants.length > 0
wl << child
else
mixins << child
end
}
true
}
end
return mixins
end
#
# Creates an instance of the exploit module. Mad skillz.
#
def initialize(info = {})
# Ghetto compat mirroring for payload compatibilities. This mirrors
#
# Payload => Compat => xyz
#
# to
#
# Compat => Payload => xyz
if (info['Payload'] and info['Payload']['Compat'])
info['Compat'] = Hash.new if (info['Compat'] == nil)
info['Compat']['Payload'] = Hash.new if (info['Compat']['Payload'] == nil)
info['Compat']['Payload'].update(info['Payload']['Compat'])
end
# Call the parent constructor after making any necessary modifications
# to the information hash.
super(info)
if info.key? 'DefaultTarget'
self.default_target = info['DefaultTarget']
else
self.default_target = 0
# Add an auto-target to the exploit if it doesn't have one
if info['Targets'] && info['Targets'].count > 1 && !has_auto_target?(info['Targets'])
# Finally, only add the target if there is a remote host option
if self.respond_to?(:rhost) && self.respond_to?(:auto_targeted_index)
auto = ["Automatic", {'AutoGenerated' => true}.merge(info['Targets'][self.default_target][1])]
info['Targets'].unshift(auto)
end
end
end
self.targets = Rex::Transformer.transform(info['Targets'], Array,
[ Target ], 'Targets')
self.payload_info = info['Payload'] || {}
self.successful = false
self.session_count = 0
self.active_timeout = 120
self.fail_reason = Failure::None
if (info['Payload'] and info['Payload']['ActiveTimeout'])
self.active_timeout = info['Payload']['ActiveTimeout'].to_i
end
# All exploits can increase the delay when waiting for a session.
# However, this only applies to aggressive exploits.
if aggressive?
register_advanced_options(
[
OptInt.new('WfsDelay', [ false, "Additional delay when waiting for a session", 0 ])
], Msf::Exploit)
end
# Allow all exploits to leverage context keyed encoding
register_advanced_options(
[
OptBool.new('EnableContextEncoding', [ false, "Use transient context when encoding payloads", false ]),
OptPath.new('ContextInformationFile', [ false, "The information file that contains context information", nil ])
], Msf::Exploit)
# Allow all exploits to disable their payload handlers
register_advanced_options(
[
OptBool.new('DisablePayloadHandler', [ false, "Disable the handler code for the selected payload", false ])
], Msf::Exploit)
end
def has_auto_target?(targets=[])
target_names = targets.collect { |target| target.first}
target_names.each do |target|
return true if target =~ /Automatic/
end
return false
end
##
#
# Core exploit interface
#
# These are the methods that exploits will override to perform various
# tasks, such as checking a target to see if it's vulnerable, automatically
# selecting a target, or performing an exploit.
#
##
#
# Kicks off the actual exploit. Prior to this call, the framework will
# have validated the data store using the options associated with this
# exploit module. It will also pre-generate the desired payload, though
# exploits can re-generate the payload if necessary.
#
# This method is designed to be overriden by exploit modules.
#
def exploit
end
#
# Performs last-minute sanity checking of auxiliary parameters. This method
# is called during automated exploitation attempts and allows an
# auxiliary module to filter bad attempts, obtain more information, and choose
# better parameters based on the available data. Returning anything that
# evaluates to "false" will cause this specific auxiliary attempt to
# be skipped. This method can and will change datastore values and
# may interact with the backend database.
#
def autofilter
true
end
#
# Provides a list of ports that can be used for matching this module
# against target systems.
#
def autofilter_ports
@autofilter_ports || []
end
#
# Provides a list of services that can be used for matching this module
# against target systems.
#
def autofilter_services
@autofilter_services || []
end
#
# Adds a port into the list of ports
#
def register_autofilter_ports(ports=[])
@autofilter_ports ||= []
@autofilter_ports << ports
@autofilter_ports.flatten!
@autofilter_ports.uniq!
end
def register_autofilter_services(services=[])
@autofilter_services ||= []
@autofilter_services << services
@autofilter_services.flatten!
@autofilter_services.uniq!
end
#
# Prepares the module for exploitation, initializes any state, and starts
# the payload handler.
#
def setup
# Reset the session counts to zero.
reset_session_counts
return if not payload_instance
return if not handler_enabled?
# Configure the payload handler
payload_instance.exploit_config = {
'active_timeout' => self.active_timeout
}
# Set up the payload handlers
payload_instance.setup_handler
# Start the payload handler
payload_instance.start_handler
end
#
# Performs any cleanup that may be necessary, such as disconnecting
# connections and any other such fun things. If a payload is active then
# its handler cleanup routines are called as well.
#
def cleanup
if (payload_instance and handler_enabled?)
payload_instance.cleanup_handler
end
self.abort_sockets if self.respond_to?(:abort_sockets)
end
#
# Generates the encoded version of the supplied payload using the payload
# requirements specific to this exploit. The encoded instance is returned
# to the caller. This method is exposed in the manner that it is such
# that passive exploits and re-generate an encoded payload on the fly
# rather than having to use the pre-generated one.
#
# The return value is an EncodedPayload instance.
#
def generate_payload(pinst = nil)
# Set the encoded payload to the result of the encoding process
self.payload = generate_single_payload(pinst)
# Save the payload instance
self.payload_instance = (pinst) ? pinst : self.payload_instance
return self.payload
end
#
# Allows arbitrary shellcode to be encoded from within an exploit
#
def encode_shellcode_stub(code, badchars=payload_badchars)
platform = self.platform
if(self.payload_instance)
self.payload_instance.platform
end
compatible_encoders.each do |name, mod|
begin
enc = framework.encoders.create(name)
raw = enc.encode(code, badchars, nil, platform)
return raw if raw
rescue ::Exception
end
end
nil
end
#
# Allows the payload handler to spawn a new monitor
#
def add_handler(opts={})
return if not payload_instance
return if not handler_enabled?
payload_instance.add_handler(opts)
end
#
# This method generates a non-cached payload which is typically useful for
# passive exploits that will have more than one client.
#
def generate_single_payload(pinst = nil, platform = nil, arch = nil, explicit_target = nil)
explicit_target ||= target
if (explicit_target == nil)
raise MissingTargetError, "No target has been specified.",
caller
end
# If a payload instance was supplied, use it, otherwise
# use the active payload instance
real_payload = (pinst) ? pinst : self.payload_instance
if (real_payload == nil)
raise MissingPayloadError, "No payload has been selected.",
caller
end
# If this is a generic payload, then we should specify the platform
# and architecture so that it knows how to pass things on.
if real_payload.kind_of?(Msf::Payload::Generic)
# Convert the architecture specified into an array.
if arch and arch.kind_of?(String)
arch = [ arch ]
end
# Define the explicit platform and architecture information only if
# it's been specified.
if platform
real_payload.explicit_platform = Msf::Module::PlatformList.transform(platform)
end
if arch
real_payload.explicit_arch = arch
end
# Force it to reset so that it will find updated information.
real_payload.reset
end
# Duplicate the exploit payload requirements
reqs = self.payload_info.dup
# Pass save register requirements to the NOP generator
reqs['Space'] = payload_space(explicit_target)
reqs['SaveRegisters'] = nop_save_registers(explicit_target)
reqs['Prepend'] = payload_prepend(explicit_target)
reqs['PrependEncoder'] = payload_prepend_encoder(explicit_target)
reqs['BadChars'] = payload_badchars(explicit_target)
reqs['Append'] = payload_append(explicit_target)
reqs['AppendEncoder'] = payload_append_encoder(explicit_target)
reqs['MaxNops'] = payload_max_nops(explicit_target)
reqs['MinNops'] = payload_min_nops(explicit_target)
reqs['Encoder'] = datastore['ENCODER']
reqs['Nop'] = datastore['NOP']
reqs['EncoderType'] = payload_encoder_type(explicit_target)
reqs['EncoderOptions'] = payload_encoder_options(explicit_target)
reqs['ExtendedOptions'] = payload_extended_options(explicit_target)
reqs['Exploit'] = self
# Pass along the encoder don't fall through flag
reqs['EncoderDontFallThrough'] = datastore['EncoderDontFallThrough']
# Incorporate any context encoding requirements that are needed
define_context_encoding_reqs(reqs)
# Call the encode begin routine.
encode_begin(real_payload, reqs)
# Generate the encoded payload.
encoded = EncodedPayload.create(real_payload, reqs)
# Call the encode end routine which is expected to return the actual
# encoded payload instance.
return encode_end(real_payload, reqs, encoded)
end
#
# Re-generates an encoded payload, typically called after something in the
# datastore has changed. An optional platform and architecture can be
# supplied as well.
#
def regenerate_payload(platform = nil, arch = nil, explicit_target = nil)
generate_single_payload(nil, platform, arch, explicit_target)
end
#
# Called prior to encoding a payload.
#
def encode_begin(real_payload, reqs)
end
#
# Called after an encoded payload has been generated. This gives exploits
# or mixins a chance to alter the encoded payload.
#
def encode_end(real_payload, reqs, encoded)
encoded
end
##
#
# Feature detection
#
# These methods check to see if there is a derived implementation of
# various methods as a way of inferring whether or not a given exploit
# supports the feature.
#
##
#
# Returns true if the exploit module supports the check method.
#
def supports_check?
derived_implementor?(Msf::Exploit, 'check')
end
#
# Returns true if the exploit module supports the exploit method.
#
def supports_exploit?
derived_implementor?(Msf::Exploit, 'exploit')
end
#
# Returns a hash of the capabilities this exploit module has support for,
# such as whether or not it supports check and exploit.
#
def capabilities
{
'check' => supports_check?,
'exploit' => supports_exploit?
}
end
##
#
# Getters/Setters
#
# Querying and set interfaces for some of the exploit's attributes.
#
##
#
# Returns MODULE_EXPLOIT to indicate that this is an exploit module.
#
def self.type
Msf::MODULE_EXPLOIT
end
#
# Returns MODULE_EXPLOIT to indicate that this is an exploit module.
#
def type
Msf::MODULE_EXPLOIT
end
#
# If we don't know the exploit type, then I guess it's omnipresent!
#
def exploit_type
Type::Omni
end
#
# Generally, all exploits take an aggressive stance.
#
def stance
module_info['Stance'] || Stance::Aggressive
end
#
# Returns true if the exploit has an aggressive stance.
#
def aggressive?
(stance == Stance::Aggressive)
end
#
# Returns if the exploit has a passive stance.
#
def passive?
(stance == Stance::Passive)
end
#
# Returns the active target for this exploit. If not target has been
# defined, nil is returned. If no target was defined but there is a
# default target, that one will be automatically used.
#
def target
if self.respond_to?(:auto_targeted_index)
if auto_target?
auto_idx = auto_targeted_index
if auto_idx.present?
datastore['TARGET'] = auto_idx
else
# If our inserted Automatic Target was selected but we failed to
# find a suitable target, we just grab the original first target.
datastore['TARGET'] = 1
end
end
end
target_idx = target_index
return (target_idx) ? targets[target_idx.to_i] : nil
end
#
# The target index that has been selected.
#
def target_index
target_idx = datastore['TARGET']
default_idx = default_target || 0
# Use the default target if one was not supplied.
if (target_idx == nil and default_idx and default_idx >= 0)
target_idx = default_idx
end
return (target_idx) ? target_idx.to_i : nil
end
#
# Returns the target's platform, or the one assigned to the module itself.
#
def target_platform
(target and target.platform) ? target.platform : platform
end
#
# Returns the target's architecture, or the one assigned to the module
# itself.
#
def target_arch
(target and target.arch) ? target.arch : (arch == []) ? nil : arch
end
def normalize_platform_arch
c_platform = (target && target.platform) ? target.platform : platform
c_arch = (target && target.arch) ? target.arch : (arch == []) ? nil : arch
c_arch ||= [ ARCH_X86 ]
return c_platform, c_arch
end
#
# Returns whether the requested payload is compatible with the module.
#
# @param [String] payload_name The payload name
# @return [TrueClass] Payload is compatible.
# @return [FalseClass] Payload is not compatible.
#
def is_payload_compatible?(name)
p = framework.payloads[name]
# Skip over payloads that are too big
return false if payload_space && p.cached_size && p.cached_size > payload_space
pi = p.new
# Are we compatible in terms of conventions and connections and
# what not?
return false if !compatible?(pi)
# If the payload is privileged but the exploit does not give
# privileged access, then fail it.
return false if !self.privileged && pi.privileged
return true
end
#
# Returns a list of compatible payloads based on platform, architecture,
# and size requirements.
#
def compatible_payloads
payloads = []
c_platform, c_arch = normalize_platform_arch
framework.payloads.each_module(
'Arch' => c_arch, 'Platform' => c_platform) { |name, mod|
payloads << [ name, mod ] if is_payload_compatible?(name)
}
return payloads;
end
#
# Returns a list of compatible encoders based on architecture
#
def compatible_encoders
encoders = []
c_platform, c_arch = normalize_platform_arch
framework.encoders.each_module_ranked(
'Arch' => c_arch, 'Platform' => c_platform) { |name, mod|
encoders << [ name, mod ]
}
return encoders;
end
#
# This method returns the number of bytes that should be adjusted to the
# stack pointer prior to executing any code. The number of bytes to adjust
# is indicated to the routine through the payload 'StackAdjustment'
# attribute or through a target's payload 'StackAdjustment' attribute.
#
def stack_adjustment
if (target and target.payload_stack_adjustment)
adj = target.payload_stack_adjustment
else
adj = payload_info['StackAdjustment']
end
# Get the architecture for the current target or use the one specific to
# this exploit
arch = (target and target.arch) ? target.arch : self.arch
# Default to x86 if we can't find a list of architectures
if (arch and arch.empty? == false)
arch = arch.join(", ")
else
arch = 'x86'
end
(adj != nil) ? Rex::Arch::adjust_stack_pointer(arch, adj) || '' : ''
end
#
# Return any text that should be prepended to the payload. The payload
# module is passed so that the exploit can take a guess at architecture
# and platform if it's a multi exploit. This automatically takes into
# account any require stack adjustments.
#
def payload_prepend(explicit_target = nil)
explicit_target ||= target
if (explicit_target and explicit_target.payload_prepend)
p = explicit_target.payload_prepend
else
p = payload_info['Prepend'] || ''
end
stack_adjustment + p
end
#
# Return any text that should be appended to the payload. The payload
# module is passed so that the exploit can take a guess at architecture
# and platform if it's a multi exploit.
#
def payload_append(explicit_target = nil)
explicit_target ||= target
if (explicit_target and explicit_target.payload_append)
explicit_target.payload_append
else
payload_info['Append'] || ''
end
end
#
# Return any text that should be prepended to the encoder of the payload.
# The payload module is passed so that the exploit can take a guess
# at architecture and platform if it's a multi exploit.
#
def payload_prepend_encoder(explicit_target = nil)
explicit_target ||= target
if (explicit_target and explicit_target.payload_prepend_encoder)
p = explicit_target.payload_prepend_encoder
else
p = payload_info['PrependEncoder'] || ''
end
p
end
#
# Return any text that should be appended to the encoder of the payload.
# The payload module is passed so that the exploit can take a guess
# at architecture and platform if it's a multi exploit.
#
def payload_append_encoder(explicit_target = nil)
explicit_target ||= target
if (explicit_target and explicit_target.payload_append_encoder)
p = explicit_target.payload_append_encoder
else
p = payload_info['AppendEncoder'] || ''
end
p
end
#
# Maximum number of nops to use as a hint to the framework.
# Nil signifies that the framework should decide.
#
def payload_max_nops(explicit_target = nil)
explicit_target ||= target
if (explicit_target and explicit_target.payload_max_nops)
explicit_target.payload_max_nops
else
payload_info['MaxNops'] || nil
end
end
#
# Minimum number of nops to use as a hint to the framework.
# Nil signifies that the framework should decide.
#
def payload_min_nops(explicit_target = nil)
explicit_target ||= target
if (explicit_target and explicit_target.payload_min_nops)
explicit_target.payload_min_nops
else
payload_info['MinNops'] || nil
end
end
#
# Returns the maximum amount of room the exploit has for a payload.
#
def payload_space(explicit_target = nil)
explicit_target ||= target
if (explicit_target and explicit_target.payload_space)
explicit_target.payload_space
elsif (payload_info['Space'])
payload_info['Space'].to_i
else
nil
end
end
#
# Returns the bad characters that cannot be in any payload used by this
# exploit.
#
def payload_badchars(explicit_target = nil)
explicit_target ||= target
if (explicit_target and explicit_target.payload_badchars)
explicit_target.payload_badchars
else
payload_info['BadChars']
end
end
#
# Returns the payload encoder type that is associated with either the
# current target of the exploit in general.
#
def payload_encoder_type(explicit_target = nil)
explicit_target ||= target
if (explicit_target and explicit_target.payload_encoder_type)
explicit_target.payload_encoder_type
else
payload_info['EncoderType']
end
end
#
# Returns the payload encoder option hash that is used to initialize the
# datastore of the encoder that is selected when generating an encoded
# payload.
#
def payload_encoder_options(explicit_target = nil)
explicit_target ||= target
if (explicit_target and explicit_target.payload_encoder_options)
explicit_target.payload_encoder_options
else
payload_info['EncoderOptions']
end
end
#
# Returns the payload extended options hash which is used to provide
# a location to store extended information that may be useful to
# a particular type of payload or mixin.
#
def payload_extended_options(explicit_target = nil)
explicit_target ||= target
if explicit_target and explicit_target.payload_extended_options
explicit_target.payload_extended_options
else
payload_info['ExtendedOptions']
end
end
##
#
# NOP requirements
#
# Hints to the nop generator on how it should perform if it's used.
#
##
#
# Returns the list of registers that the NOP generator should save,
# if any. It will use the current target's save registers in precedence
# over those defined globally for the exploit module.
#
# If there are no save registers, nil is returned.
#
def nop_save_registers(explicit_target = nil)
explicit_target ||= target
if (explicit_target and explicit_target.save_registers)
return explicit_target.save_registers
else
return module_info['SaveRegisters']
end
end
#
# Returns the first compatible NOP generator for this exploit's payload
# instance.
#
def nop_generator
return nil if (!payload_instance)
payload_instance.compatible_nops.each { |nopname, nopmod|
return nopmod.new
}
end
#
# Generates a NOP sled using the #make_nops method.
# The difference between this and #make_nops is this method is much faster, good for exploit
# developers that actually want huge chunks of NOPs. The downside of using this is the NOP sled
# is less randomized.
#
# @param count [String] Number of NOPs to return.
# @return [String] NOPs
#
def make_fast_nops(count)
max_nop_chunk_size = 100
if count < max_nop_chunk_size
return make_nops(count)
end
nops = make_nops(max_nop_chunk_size)
nops += nops while nops.length < count
nops[0, count]
end
#
# Generates a nop sled of a supplied length and returns it to the caller.
#
def make_nops(count)
# If we're debugging, then make_nops will return a safe sled. We
# currently assume x86.
if debugging?
return "\x90" * count
end
nop_sled = nil
# If there is no payload instance then we can't succeed.
return nil if (!payload_instance)
payload_instance.compatible_nops.each { |nopname, nopmod|
# Create an instance of the nop module
nop = nopmod.new
# The list of save registers
save_regs = nop_save_registers || []
if (save_regs.empty? == true)
save_regs = nil
end
begin
nop.copy_ui(self)
nop_sled = nop.generate_sled(count,
'BadChars' => payload_badchars || '',
'SaveRegisters' => save_regs)
if nop_sled && nop_sled.length == count
break
else
wlog("#{self.refname}: Nop generator #{nop.refname} failed to generate sled for exploit", 'core', LEV_0)
end
rescue
wlog("#{self.refname}: Nop generator #{nop.refname} failed to generate sled for exploit: #{$!}",
'core', LEV_0)
end
}
nop_sled
end
##
#
# Utility methods for generating random text that implicitly uses the
# exploit's bad character set.
#
##
#
# Generate random text characters avoiding the exploit's bad
# characters.
#
def rand_text(length, bad=payload_badchars)
if debugging?
"A" * length
else
Rex::Text.rand_text(length, bad)
end
end
#
# Generate random english-like avoiding the exploit's bad
# characters.
#
def rand_text_english(length, bad=payload_badchars)
if debugging?
"A" * length
else
Rex::Text.rand_text_english(length, bad)
end
end
#
# Generate random high ascii characters avoiding the exploit's bad
# characters.
#
def rand_text_highascii(length, bad=payload_badchars)
if debugging?
"A" * length
else
Rex::Text.rand_text_highascii(length, bad)
end
end
#
# Generate random alpha characters avoiding the exploit's bad
# characters.
#
def rand_text_alpha(length, bad=payload_badchars)
if debugging?
"A" * length
else
Rex::Text.rand_text_alpha(length, bad)
end
end
#
# Generate random alpha upper characters avoiding the exploit's bad
# characters.
#
def rand_text_alpha_upper(length, bad=payload_badchars)
if debugging?
"A" * length
else
Rex::Text.rand_text_alpha_upper(length, bad)
end
end
#
# Generate random alpha lower characters avoiding the exploit's bad
# characters.
#
def rand_text_alpha_lower(length, bad=payload_badchars)
if debugging?
"a" * length
else
Rex::Text.rand_text_alpha_lower(length, bad)
end
end
#
# Generate random alphanumeric characters avoiding the exploit's bad
# characters.
#
def rand_text_alphanumeric(length, bad=payload_badchars)
if debugging?
"A" * length
else
Rex::Text.rand_text_alphanumeric(length, bad)
end
end
#
# Generate random numeric characters avoiding the exploit's bad
# characters.
#
def rand_text_numeric(length, bad=payload_badchars)
if debugging?
"0" * length
else
Rex::Text.rand_text_numeric(length, bad)
end
end
#
# Generate a random character avoiding the exploit's bad
# characters.
#
def rand_char(bad=payload_badchars)
if debugging?
"A"
else
Rex::Text.rand_char(bad)
end
end
#
# Generate a non-repeating static random string
#
def pattern_create(length, sets = nil)
Rex::Text.pattern_create(length, sets)
end
#
# The default "wait for session" delay is zero for all exploits.
#
def wfs_delay
(datastore['WfsDelay'] || 0).to_i
end
#
# Allow the user to disable the payload handler
#
def handler_enabled?
not datastore['DisablePayloadHandler']
end
##
#
# Handler interaction
#
##
#
# Passes the connection to the associated payload handler to see if the
# exploit succeeded and a connection has been established. The return
# value can be one of the Handler::constants.
#
def handler(*args)
if payload_instance && handler_enabled?
payload_instance.handler(*args)
end
end
def interrupt_handler
if payload_instance && handler_enabled? && payload_instance.respond_to?(:interrupt_wait_for_session)
payload_instance.interrupt_wait_for_session()
end
end
##
#
# Session tracking
#
##
#
# This is called by the payload when a new session is created
#
def on_new_session(session)
self.session_count += 1
self.successful = true
end
#
# A boolean for whether a session has been created yet
#
def session_created?
(self.session_count > 0) ? true : false
end
#
# Reset the session counter to zero (which occurs during set up of the
# exploit prior to calling exploit).
#
def reset_session_counts
self.session_count = 0
end
##
# Failure tracking
##
# Raises a Msf::Exploit::Failed exception. It overrides the fail_with method
# in lib/msf/core/module.rb
#
# @param reason [String] A constant from Msf::Module::Failure.
# If the reason does not come from there, then it will default to
# Msf::Module::Failure::Unknown.
# @param msg [String] (Optional) A message about the failure.
# @raise [Msf::Exploit::Failed] A custom Msf::Exploit::Failed exception.
# @return [void]
# @see Msf::Module::Failure
# @see Msf::Module#fail_with
# @example
# fail_with(Msf::Module::Failure::NoAccess, 'Unable to login to upload payload')
def fail_with(reason,msg=nil)
# The reason being registered here will be used later on, so it's important we don't actually
# provide a made-up one.
allowed_values = Msf::Module::Failure.constants.collect {|e| Msf::Module::Failure.const_get(e)}
if allowed_values.include?(reason)
self.fail_reason = reason
else
self.fail_reason = Msf::Module::Failure::Unknown
end
self.fail_detail = msg
raise Msf::Exploit::Failed, (msg || "No failure message given")
end
def setup_fail_detail_from_exception e
# Build a user-friendly error message
msg = "#{e}"
unless e.class == Msf::Exploit::Failed
msg = "#{e.class} #{e}"
end
self.error = e
# Record the detailed reason
self.fail_detail ||= e.to_s
msg
end
#
# Handle the exception
#
def handle_exception e
msg = setup_fail_detail_from_exception e
case e
when Msf::Exploit::Complete
# Nothing to show in this case
return
when Msf::Exploit::Failed
self.print_error("Exploit aborted due to failure: #{self.fail_reason}: #{msg}")
# The caller should have already set self.fail_reason
if self.fail_reason == Msf::Exploit::Failure::None
self.fail_reason = Msf::Exploit::Failure::Unknown
end
when Rex::ConnectionError
self.fail_reason = Msf::Exploit::Failure::Unreachable
self.print_error("Exploit failed [#{self.fail_reason}]: #{msg}")
elog("Exploit failed (#{self.refname}): #{msg}", 'core', LEV_0)
dlog("Call stack:\n#{e.backtrace.join("\n")}", 'core', LEV_3)
when Rex::BindFailed
self.fail_reason = Msf::Exploit::Failure::BadConfig
self.print_error("Exploit failed [#{self.fail_reason}]: #{msg}")
elog("Exploit failed (#{self.refname}): #{msg}", 'core', LEV_0)
dlog("Call stack:\n#{e.backtrace.join("\n")}", 'core', LEV_3)
when Timeout::Error
self.fail_reason = Msf::Exploit::Failure::TimeoutExpired
self.print_error("Exploit failed [#{self.fail_reason}]: #{msg}")
elog("Exploit failed (#{self.refname}): #{msg}", 'core', LEV_0)
dlog("Call stack:\n#{e.backtrace.join("\n")}", 'core', LEV_3)
else
# Compare as a string since not all error classes may be loaded
case msg
when /access.denied|Login Failed/i # Covers SMB as well as some generic errors
self.fail_reason = Msf::Exploit::Failure::NoAccess
when /connection reset/i
self.fail_reason = Msf::Exploit::Failure::Disconnected
when /connection timed out|SSL_connect|unreachable|connection was refused/i
self.fail_reason = Msf::Exploit::Failure::Unreachable
when /unable.*target/i
self.fail_reason = Msf::Exploit::Failure::NoTarget
when /execution expired/i
self.fail_reason = Msf::Exploit::Failure::TimeoutExpired
when /(doesn.t|not).*vulnerable|may.*patched/i
self.fail_reason = Msf::Exploit::Failure::NotVulnerable
end
# The caller should have already set self.fail_reason
if self.fail_reason == Msf::Exploit::Failure::None
self.fail_reason = Msf::Exploit::Failure::Unknown
end
if self.fail_reason == Msf::Exploit::Failure::Unknown
self.print_error("Exploit failed: #{msg}")
else
self.print_error("Exploit failed [#{self.fail_reason}]: #{msg}")
end
elog("Exploit failed (#{self.refname}): #{msg}", 'core', LEV_0)
dlog("Call stack:\n#{e.backtrace.join("\n")}", 'core', LEV_3)
end
# Record the error to various places
self.framework.events.on_module_error(self, msg)
# Report the failure (and attempt) in the database
self.report_failure
# Interrupt any session waiters in the handler
self.interrupt_handler
end
def report_failure
return unless framework.db and framework.db.active
info = {
:timestamp => Time.now.utc,
:workspace => framework.db.find_workspace(self.workspace),
:module => self.fullname,
:fail_reason => self.fail_reason,
:fail_detail => self.fail_detail,
:target_name => self.target.name,
:username => self.owner,
:refs => self.references,
:run_id => self.datastore['RUN_ID']
}
if self.datastore['RHOST'] and self.options['RHOST']
info[:host] = self.datastore['RHOST']
end
if self.datastore['RPORT'] and self.options['RPORT']
info[:port] = self.datastore['RPORT']
if self.class.ancestors.include?(Msf::Exploit::Remote::Tcp)
info[:proto] = 'tcp'
end
end
framework.db.report_exploit_failure(info)
end
##
#
# Aliases
#
# These allow access to methods inside this class, even if exploits use mixins that
# override them.
#
##
# Give exploits the ability to use the original +regenerate_payload+ so
# they can avoid needing additional arguments added by overridden versions.
# Used specifically by things that include +TcpServer+ (or a descendant)
# but which are active exploits.
alias :exploit_regenerate_payload :regenerate_payload
##
#
# Attributes
#
##
#
# The reason why the exploit was not successful (one of Msf::Module::Failure)
#
attr_accessor :fail_reason
#
# Detailed exception string indicating why the exploit was not successful
#
attr_accessor :fail_detail
#
# The list of targets.
#
attr_reader :targets
#
# The default target.
#
attr_reader :default_target
#
# The payload requirement hash.
#
attr_reader :payload_info
#
# The active payload instance.
#
attr_accessor :payload_instance
#
# The encoded payload instance. An instance of an
# EncodedPayload object.
#
attr_accessor :payload
#
# The number of active sessions created by this instance
#
attr_reader :session_count
#
# The boolean indicating whether the exploit succeeded
#
attr_reader :successful
protected
#
# Writable copy of the list of targets.
#
attr_writer :targets
#
# Writable copy of the default target.
#
attr_writer :default_target
#
# Writable copy of the payload requirement hash.
#
attr_writer :payload_info
#
# Number of sessions created by this exploit instance.
#
attr_writer :session_count
#
# Maximum number of seconds for active handlers
#
attr_accessor :active_timeout
#
# Boolean indicating whether the exploit succeeded
#
attr_writer :successful
#
# Overrides the base class method and serves to initialize default
# compatibilities for exploits
#
def init_compat
super
#
# Merge in payload compatible defaults
#
p = module_info['Compat']['Payload']
CompatDefaults::Payload.each_pair { |k,v|
(p[k]) ? p[k] << " #{v}" : p[k] = v
}
#
# Set the default save registers if none have been explicitly
# specified.
#
if (module_info['SaveRegisters'] == nil)
module_info['SaveRegisters'] = [ 'esp', 'ebp' ]
end
end
#
# Gets the memory map file and other context information that is
# required when wanting to support context keyed encoding
#
def define_context_encoding_reqs(reqs)
return unless datastore['EnableContextEncoding']
# At present, we don't support any automatic methods of obtaining
# context information. In the future, we might support obtaining
# temporal information remotely.
# Pass along the information specified in our exploit datastore as
# encoder options
reqs['EncoderOptions'] = {} if reqs['EncoderOptions'].nil?
reqs['EncoderOptions']['EnableContextEncoding'] = datastore['EnableContextEncoding']
reqs['EncoderOptions']['ContextInformationFile'] = datastore['ContextInformationFile']
end
end
end