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sdhost: command MMC_SEND_EXT_CSD can unmount rootfs #2728

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lategoodbye opened this Issue Oct 25, 2018 · 12 comments

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lategoodbye commented Oct 25, 2018

During my investigation about this issue with the upstream version of sdhost, i've found a problem which affects downstream (bcm2835-sdhost.c) and upstream (bcm2835.c).

Preparation:

  • Install mmc-utils on Raspbian SD card ( mmc-utils_0+git20180327.b4fe0c8c-1_armhf.deb )

Steps to reproduce on Raspberry Pi 3B:

  • run the following command a few times sudo mmc extcsd read /dev/mmcblock0 (since this is timing critical it need some attempts)

Expected results:

  • timeout of command MMC_SEND_EXT_CSD since this is a SD card not eMMC

Experienced results:

  • at least after 10 attempts the root partition is unmounted which is really bad

Affected kernel versions:

  • rpi-4.14.78
  • rpi-4.19
  • 4.19 (upstream)

Current investigation results:
Debugging this issue was a real pain because most of the commands depends on the rootfs. But i think i narrowed it down to that point that the command MMC_SEND_EXT_CSD confuses the driver / controller. The command MMC_SEND_EXT_CSD fails with an timeout BEFORE the controller FSM has finished. So the next valid command to the SD card could fail with

previous command (8) not complete (EDM 00010004)

after this strange IO errors occur, the ext4 journal is aborted and the rootfs isn't available. The sdhost isn't able to break free from this situation.

As a band-aid for the upstream driver i made the following patch. This avoids the issue but is probably not the best solution. I assume you have (more) documentation about the sdhost controller to identify what's wrong here.

Edit: I apologize but the patch wasn't the right one. Fixed

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lategoodbye commented Oct 25, 2018

Additionally here is a screenshot after the issue occured on a Raspberry Pi 3B:
img_20181024_152618

pelwell added a commit to pelwell/linux that referenced this issue Oct 26, 2018

mmc/bcm2835-sdhost: Recover from MMC_SEND_EXT_CSD
If the user issues an "mmc extcsd read", the SD controller receives
what it thinks is a SEND_IF_COND command with an unexpected data block.
The resulting operations leave the FSM stuck in READWAIT, a state which
persists until the MMC framework resets the controller, by which point
the root filesystem is likely to have been unmounted.

A less heavyweight solution is to detect the condition and nudge the
FSM by asserting the (self-clearing) FORCE_DATA_MODE bit.

N.B. This workaround was essentially discovered by accident and without
a full understanding the inner workings of the controller, so it is
fortunate that the "fix" only modifies error paths.

See: raspberrypi#2728

Signed-off-by: Phil Elwell <phil@raspberrypi.org>

pelwell added a commit to pelwell/linux that referenced this issue Oct 26, 2018

mmc/bcm2835: Recover from MMC_SEND_EXT_CSD
If the user issues an "mmc extcsd read", the SD controller receives
what it thinks is a SEND_IF_COND command with an unexpected data block.
The resulting operations leave the FSM stuck in READWAIT, a state which
persists until the MMC framework resets the controller, by which point
the root filesystem is likely to have been unmounted.

A less heavyweight solution is to detect the condition and nudge the
FSM by asserting the (self-clearing) FORCE_DATA_MODE bit.

N.B. This workaround was essentially discovered by accident and without
a full understanding the inner workings of the controller, so it is
fortunate that the "fix" only modifies error paths.

See: raspberrypi#2728

Signed-off-by: Phil Elwell <phil@raspberrypi.org>
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pelwell commented Oct 26, 2018

Thanks for the debug effort on this issue. Using an NFS root partition takes most of the pain out of SD driver errors, and network booting further streamlines the process.

This is not an error I've encountered before since the normal MMC subsystem will avoid sending MMC_SEND_EXT_CSD to an SD card unless forced to. You are correct that we do have at least some documentation for the SDHOST interface, but it wasn't sufficient to stop the writing of the original downstream driver being an exercise in trial and error, and this fix is more of the same.

The active ingredient in your workaround isn't the waiting - without prodding, the controller will remain in the READWAIT state indefinitely - it's setting the FORCE_DATA_MODE bit, which is enough to get the FSM out of the rut.

See #2729 for two possible fixes.

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pelwell commented Oct 26, 2018

With those patches applied I can run the offending command in a loop with no apparent ill effect.

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lategoodbye commented Oct 26, 2018

Your patch looks nice.

Btw i tried my patched upstream version against the original issue from Ognian, but this one isn't fixed. The system seems to hang (heartbeat LEDs blinks fast).

Here is the source code to provoke the initial issue:
https://github.com/Ognian/sdmon.git

Usage:
sudo sdmon /dev/mmcblk0

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lategoodbye commented Oct 27, 2018

Okay, after applying ed6ceb0 and https://gist.github.com/pelwell/265baccf92ea4f2d8e47c4f9e1655714 on top of upstream 4.19, the MMC_SEND_EXT_CSD doesn't cause harm anymore on Raspberry Pi 3.

In case of sdmon i'm getting timeout waiting for hardware interrupt for a SD card which probably doesn't support this command.

Here is the relevant dmesg output in case DMA is enabled:
dmesg-4.19-CMD56-dma.txt
Here is the relevant dmesg output in case DMA is disabled:
dmesg-4.19-CMD56-nodma.txt

lategoodbye added a commit to lategoodbye/rpi-zero that referenced this issue Oct 27, 2018

mmc/bcm2835: Recover from MMC_SEND_EXT_CSD
If the user issues an "mmc extcsd read", the SD controller receives
what it thinks is a SEND_IF_COND command with an unexpected data block.
The resulting operations leave the FSM stuck in READWAIT, a state which
persists until the MMC framework resets the controller, by which point
the root filesystem is likely to have been unmounted.

A less heavyweight solution is to detect the condition and nudge the
FSM by asserting the (self-clearing) FORCE_DATA_MODE bit.

N.B. This workaround was essentially discovered by accident and without
a full understanding the inner workings of the controller, so it is
fortunate that the "fix" only modifies error paths.

See: raspberrypi/linux#2728

Signed-off-by: Phil Elwell <phil@raspberrypi.org>

pelwell added a commit that referenced this issue Oct 29, 2018

mmc/bcm2835-sdhost: Recover from MMC_SEND_EXT_CSD
If the user issues an "mmc extcsd read", the SD controller receives
what it thinks is a SEND_IF_COND command with an unexpected data block.
The resulting operations leave the FSM stuck in READWAIT, a state which
persists until the MMC framework resets the controller, by which point
the root filesystem is likely to have been unmounted.

A less heavyweight solution is to detect the condition and nudge the
FSM by asserting the (self-clearing) FORCE_DATA_MODE bit.

N.B. This workaround was essentially discovered by accident and without
a full understanding the inner workings of the controller, so it is
fortunate that the "fix" only modifies error paths.

See: #2728

Signed-off-by: Phil Elwell <phil@raspberrypi.org>

pelwell added a commit that referenced this issue Oct 29, 2018

mmc/bcm2835: Recover from MMC_SEND_EXT_CSD
If the user issues an "mmc extcsd read", the SD controller receives
what it thinks is a SEND_IF_COND command with an unexpected data block.
The resulting operations leave the FSM stuck in READWAIT, a state which
persists until the MMC framework resets the controller, by which point
the root filesystem is likely to have been unmounted.

A less heavyweight solution is to detect the condition and nudge the
FSM by asserting the (self-clearing) FORCE_DATA_MODE bit.

N.B. This workaround was essentially discovered by accident and without
a full understanding the inner workings of the controller, so it is
fortunate that the "fix" only modifies error paths.

See: #2728

Signed-off-by: Phil Elwell <phil@raspberrypi.org>

ahmedradaideh added a commit to ahmedradaideh/Pi-Kernel that referenced this issue Oct 29, 2018

mmc/bcm2835-sdhost: Recover from MMC_SEND_EXT_CSD
If the user issues an "mmc extcsd read", the SD controller receives
what it thinks is a SEND_IF_COND command with an unexpected data block.
The resulting operations leave the FSM stuck in READWAIT, a state which
persists until the MMC framework resets the controller, by which point
the root filesystem is likely to have been unmounted.

A less heavyweight solution is to detect the condition and nudge the
FSM by asserting the (self-clearing) FORCE_DATA_MODE bit.

N.B. This workaround was essentially discovered by accident and without
a full understanding the inner workings of the controller, so it is
fortunate that the "fix" only modifies error paths.

See: raspberrypi/linux#2728

Signed-off-by: Phil Elwell <phil@raspberrypi.org>
Signed-off-by: ahmedradaideh <ahmed.radaideh@gmail.com>

ahmedradaideh added a commit to ahmedradaideh/Pi-Kernel that referenced this issue Oct 29, 2018

mmc/bcm2835: Recover from MMC_SEND_EXT_CSD
If the user issues an "mmc extcsd read", the SD controller receives
what it thinks is a SEND_IF_COND command with an unexpected data block.
The resulting operations leave the FSM stuck in READWAIT, a state which
persists until the MMC framework resets the controller, by which point
the root filesystem is likely to have been unmounted.

A less heavyweight solution is to detect the condition and nudge the
FSM by asserting the (self-clearing) FORCE_DATA_MODE bit.

N.B. This workaround was essentially discovered by accident and without
a full understanding the inner workings of the controller, so it is
fortunate that the "fix" only modifies error paths.

See: raspberrypi/linux#2728

Signed-off-by: Phil Elwell <phil@raspberrypi.org>
Signed-off-by: ahmedradaideh <ahmed.radaideh@gmail.com>
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lategoodbye commented Nov 3, 2018

I also tested sdmon once with current 4.14 723af8f

[  267.988862] mmc0: timeout waiting for hardware interrupt.
...
[  278.228798] mmc0: timeout waiting for hardware interrupt.
...
[  278.236320] bcm2835-dma 3f007000.dma: DMA transfer could not be terminated
[  278.236522] mmcblk0: timed out sending r/w cmd command, card status 0x400b00
[  278.236526] mmcblk0: command error, retrying timeout

dmesg-4.14.78-CMD56-dma.txt

popcornmix added a commit to raspberrypi/firmware that referenced this issue Nov 5, 2018

kernel: Bump to 4.14.79
kernel: Revert Revert net: pskb_trim_rcsum() and CHECKSUM_COMPLETE are friends
See: raspberrypi/linux#2659

kernel: config: Add CONFIG_USBIP_VUDC
See: #353

kernel: mmc/bcm2835-sdhost: Recover from MMC_SEND_EXT_CSD
See: raspberrypi/linux#2728

kernel: overlays: pi3-disable-bt: Clear out bt_pins node

kernel: Revert rtc: pcf8523: properly handle oscillator stop bit
See: #1065

bootcode: Extend TEST_UNIT_READY timeout to 20 seconds, some hard drives take a really long time
See: #898

firmware: video_render: Treat an empty buffer with ENDOFFRAME set as a flush

firmware: dispmanx: Add option to ignore all layers lower than the current layer

popcornmix added a commit to Hexxeh/rpi-firmware that referenced this issue Nov 5, 2018

kernel: Bump to 4.14.79
kernel: Revert Revert net: pskb_trim_rcsum() and CHECKSUM_COMPLETE are friends
See: raspberrypi/linux#2659

kernel: config: Add CONFIG_USBIP_VUDC
See: raspberrypi/firmware#353

kernel: mmc/bcm2835-sdhost: Recover from MMC_SEND_EXT_CSD
See: raspberrypi/linux#2728

kernel: overlays: pi3-disable-bt: Clear out bt_pins node

kernel: Revert rtc: pcf8523: properly handle oscillator stop bit
See: raspberrypi/firmware#1065

bootcode: Extend TEST_UNIT_READY timeout to 20 seconds, some hard drives take a really long time
See: raspberrypi/firmware#898

firmware: video_render: Treat an empty buffer with ENDOFFRAME set as a flush

firmware: dispmanx: Add option to ignore all layers lower than the current layer
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Ognian commented Nov 12, 2018

Hello,
I tested today 4.14.79 and sdmon with Apacer AP-MSD32GCA-1HTM, one of the cards capable of this commands.
The output is

sudo ./sdmon /dev/mmcblk0
{
"version": "0.01",
"date": "2018-11-12T12:06:03.000Z",
"device":"/dev/mmcblk0",
"idata.response[]":"0x00 0x00 0x00 0x00",
"error":"1st CMD56 CALL FAILED: Connection timed out"
"flashId": ["0x98","0xde","0x94","0x93","0x76","0x51","0x08","0x04","0x04"],
"icVersion": ["0x20","0x12"],
"fwVersion": [82,105],
"ceNumber": "0x04",
"spareBlockCount": 45,
"initialBadBlockCount": 77,
"goodBlockRatePercent": 98.20,
"totalEreaseCount": 297559,
"enduranceRemainLifePercent": 90.27,
"avgEreaseCount": 292,
"minEreaseCount": 3,
"maxEreaseCount": 307,
"powerUpCount": 157,
"abnormalPowerOffCount": 0,
"totalRefreshCount": 0,
"productMarker": ["0x00","0x00","0x00","0x00","0x00","0x00","0x00","0x00"],
"laterBadBlockCount": 0,
"success":true
}

dmesg:

[  106.071818] mmc0: timeout waiting for hardware interrupt.
[  106.071831] [05f35d3f] PRD1 b9e0ce10 0
[  106.071839] [05f35d4d] PRD2 2 0
[  106.071847] [05f35d53] PRD3 b9dfb604 0
[  106.071855] [05f35d53] PDM> b9db31b0 0
[  106.071863] [05f35d54] REQ< b9db30d0 10801
[  106.071871] [05f35d54] CMD< 12 16df98
[  106.071878] [05f35d57] CMDD b8 200
[  106.071886] [05f35d58] SDMA b9db31b0 b9e0ce10
[  106.071893] [05f35d59] FCM< b9db30d0 b9db3148
[  106.071901] [05f35d5a] RSP  900 0
[  106.071908] [05f35d5a] FCM> b9db30d0 0
[  106.071916] [05f35d5b] CMD  12 200
[  106.071923] [05f35d5b] REQ> b9db30d0 0
[  106.071931] [05f36f4a] DMA< b9db31b0 1
[  106.071938] [05f36f4a] DMA  52 10902
[  106.071946] [05f36f5b] FDA< b9db30d0 0
[  106.071953] [05f36f5b] TCM< b9db31b0 0
[  106.071960] [05f36f5c] CMD< c 0
[  106.071968] [05f36f5d] FCM< b9db30d0 b9db317c
[  106.071975] [05f36f60] RSP  b00 0
[  106.071983] [05f36f60] FCM> b9db30d0 b9db317c
[  106.071991] [05f36f61] TCM> b9db31b0 0
[  106.071999] [05f36f61] FDA> b9db30d0 b9db317c
[  106.072006] [05f36f62] DMA> 0 0
[  106.072013] [05f36f63] TSK< b9db30d0 0
[  106.072021] [05f36f6b] TSK> b9db30d0 0
[  106.072028] [05f374f4] PRD< b9db09b0 0
[  106.072036] [05f374f5] PRD1 b9e0ce10 0
[  106.072043] [05f374f8] PRD2 1 0
[  106.072051] [05f374fc] PRD3 b9dfb604 0
[  106.072058] [05f374fd] PDM> b9db09b0 0
[  106.072066] [05f374fd] REQ< b9db08d0 10801
[  106.072073] [05f374fe] CMD< 12 5bc58
[  106.072081] [05f37503] CMDD 8 200
[  106.072088] [05f37504] SDMA b9db09b0 b9e0ce10
[  106.072096] [05f37505] FCM< b9db08d0 b9db0948
[  106.072103] [05f37506] RSP  900 0
[  106.072111] [05f37507] FCM> b9db08d0 0
[  106.072119] [05f37508] CMD  12 200
[  106.072127] [05f37508] REQ> b9db08d0 0
[  106.072134] [05f376de] DMA< b9db09b0 1
[  106.072142] [05f376df] DMA  52 10834
[  106.072149] [05f376e2] FDA< b9db08d0 0
[  106.072156] [05f376e4] TCM< b9db09b0 0
[  106.072164] [05f376e4] CMD< c 0
[  106.072171] [05f376e5] FCM< b9db08d0 b9db097c
[  106.072180] [05f376e8] RSP  b00 0
[  106.072188] [05f376e9] FCM> b9db08d0 b9db097c
[  106.072196] [05f376e9] TCM> b9db09b0 0
[  106.072203] [05f376ea] FDA> b9db08d0 b9db097c
[  106.072210] [05f376ea] DMA> 0 0
[  106.072218] [05f376ec] TSK< b9db08d0 0
[  106.072225] [05f376f6] TSK> b9db08d0 0
[  106.072233] [05f37941] PRD< b9db35b0 0
[  106.072241] [05f37942] PRD1 b9e0ce10 0
[  106.072248] [05f37944] PRD2 1 0
[  106.072256] [05f37947] PRD3 b9dfb604 0
[  106.072263] [05f37948] PDM> b9db35b0 0
[  106.072271] [05f37948] REQ< b9db34d0 10801
[  106.072278] [05f37949] CMD< 12 25fd8
[  106.072285] [05f3794c] CMDD 8 200
[  106.072293] [05f3794d] SDMA b9db35b0 b9e0ce10
[  106.072300] [05f3794e] FCM< b9db34d0 b9db3548
[  106.072309] [05f3794f] RSP  900 0
[  106.072316] [05f37950] FCM> b9db34d0 0
[  106.072323] [05f37950] CMD  12 200
[  106.072331] [05f37951] REQ> b9db34d0 0
[  106.072338] [05f37b14] DMA< b9db35b0 1
[  106.072346] [05f37b15] DMA  52 10834
[  106.072353] [05f37b18] FDA< b9db34d0 0
[  106.072361] [05f37b19] TCM< b9db35b0 0
[  106.072368] [05f37b19] CMD< c 0
[  106.072376] [05f37b1a] FCM< b9db34d0 b9db357c
[  106.072383] [05f37b1d] RSP  b00 0
[  106.072391] [05f37b1e] FCM> b9db34d0 b9db357c
[  106.072398] [05f37b1e] TCM> b9db35b0 0
[  106.072406] [05f37b1f] FDA> b9db34d0 b9db357c
[  106.072413] [05f37b1f] DMA> 0 0
[  106.072421] [05f37b21] TSK< b9db34d0 0
[  106.072428] [05f37b28] TSK> b9db34d0 0
[  106.072437] [05f37c20] PRD< b9db35b0 0
[  106.072444] [05f37c21] PRD1 b9e0ce10 0
[  106.072452] [05f37c23] PRD2 1 0
[  106.072459] [05f37c26] PRD3 b9dfb604 0
[  106.072467] [05f37c26] PDM> b9db35b0 0
[  106.072474] [05f37c27] REQ< b9db34d0 10801
[  106.072482] [05f37c28] CMD< 12 5cbf0
[  106.072489] [05f37c2a] CMDD 8 200
[  106.072497] [05f37c2b] SDMA b9db35b0 b9e0ce10
[  106.072505] [05f37c2c] FCM< b9db34d0 b9db3548
[  106.072513] [05f37c2d] RSP  900 0
[  106.072520] [05f37c2e] FCM> b9db34d0 0
[  106.072527] [05f37c2e] CMD  12 200
[  106.072535] [05f37c2f] REQ> b9db34d0 0
[  106.072542] [05f37df3] DMA< b9db35b0 1
[  106.072550] [05f37df4] DMA  52 10834
[  106.072557] [05f37df7] FDA< b9db34d0 0
[  106.072564] [05f37df7] TCM< b9db35b0 0
[  106.072572] [05f37df8] CMD< c 0
[  106.072579] [05f37df9] FCM< b9db34d0 b9db357c
[  106.072587] [05f37dfc] RSP  b00 0
[  106.072594] [05f37dfc] FCM> b9db34d0 b9db357c
[  106.072602] [05f37dfd] TCM> b9db35b0 0
[  106.072610] [05f37dfd] FDA> b9db34d0 b9db357c
[  106.072617] [05f37dfe] DMA> 0 0
[  106.072625] [05f37dff] TSK< b9db34d0 0
[  106.072633] [05f37e06] TSK> b9db34d0 0
[  106.072640] [05f37ef9] PRD< b9db09b0 0
[  106.072648] [05f37ef9] PRD1 b9e0ce10 0
[  106.072655] [05f37efb] PRD2 1 0
[  106.072662] [05f37efe] PRD3 b9dfb604 0
[  106.072670] [05f37eff] PDM> b9db09b0 0
[  106.072677] [05f37f00] REQ< b9db08d0 10801
[  106.072685] [05f37f00] CMD< 12 5cbf8
[  106.072692] [05f37f03] CMDD 8 200
[  106.072700] [05f37f03] SDMA b9db09b0 b9e0ce10
[  106.072707] [05f37f05] FCM< b9db08d0 b9db0948
[  106.072714] [05f37f06] RSP  900 0
[  106.072722] [05f37f06] FCM> b9db08d0 0
[  106.072729] [05f37f07] CMD  12 200
[  106.072737] [05f37f07] REQ> b9db08d0 0
[  106.072744] [05f3806e] DMA< b9db09b0 1
[  106.072753] [05f3806f] DMA  52 10834
[  106.072760] [05f38072] FDA< b9db08d0 0
[  106.072767] [05f38072] TCM< b9db09b0 0
[  106.072775] [05f38073] CMD< c 0
[  106.072782] [05f38074] FCM< b9db08d0 b9db097c
[  106.072790] [05f38076] RSP  b00 0
[  106.072797] [05f38077] FCM> b9db08d0 b9db097c
[  106.072805] [05f38078] TCM> b9db09b0 0
[  106.072813] [05f38078] FDA> b9db08d0 b9db097c
[  106.072820] [05f38079] DMA> 0 0
[  106.072827] [05f3807a] TSK< b9db08d0 0
[  106.072835] [05f38082] TSK> b9db08d0 0
[  106.072842] [05f3877b] PRD< b9db31b0 0
[  106.072850] [05f3877b] PRD1 b9e0ce10 0
[  106.072857] [05f3877e] PRD2 1 0
[  106.072864] [05f38782] PRD3 b9dfb604 0
[  106.072872] [05f38783] PDM> b9db31b0 0
[  106.072880] [05f38784] REQ< b9db30d0 10801
[  106.072887] [05f38785] CMD< 12 16df88
[  106.072895] [05f3878a] CMDD 10 200
[  106.072902] [05f3878b] SDMA b9db31b0 b9e0ce10
[  106.072910] [05f3878d] FCM< b9db30d0 b9db3148
[  106.072917] [05f3878f] RSP  900 0
[  106.072925] [05f38790] FCM> b9db30d0 0
[  106.072932] [05f38790] CMD  12 200
[  106.072940] [05f38791] REQ> b9db30d0 0
[  106.072947] [05f38c2d] DMA< b9db31b0 1
[  106.072955] [05f38c2d] DMA  52 10902
[  106.072962] [05f38c32] FDA< b9db30d0 0
[  106.072969] [05f38c33] TCM< b9db31b0 0
[  106.072976] [05f38c33] CMD< c 0
[  106.072984] [05f38c34] FCM< b9db30d0 b9db317c
[  106.072991] [05f38c37] RSP  b00 0
[  106.072999] [05f38c38] FCM> b9db30d0 b9db317c
[  106.073007] [05f38c39] TCM> b9db31b0 0
[  106.073015] [05f38c39] FDA> b9db30d0 b9db317c
[  106.073022] [05f38c39] DMA> 0 0
[  106.073030] [05f38c3b] TSK< b9db30d0 0
[  106.073037] [05f38c44] TSK> b9db30d0 0
[  106.073045] [05f38c4e] PRD< b9db1db0 0
[  106.073052] [05f38c4e] PRD1 b9e0ce10 0
[  106.073059] [05f38c50] PRD2 1 0
[  106.073067] [05f38c53] PRD3 b9dfb604 0
[  106.073075] [05f38c54] PDM> b9db1db0 0
[  106.073082] [05f38c54] REQ< b9db1cd0 10801
[  106.073090] [05f38c55] CMD< 12 5c480
[  106.073097] [05f38c57] CMDD 8 200
[  106.073105] [05f38c58] SDMA b9db1db0 b9e0ce10
[  106.073112] [05f38c59] FCM< b9db1cd0 b9db1d48
[  106.073120] [05f38c5a] RSP  900 0
[  106.073127] [05f38c5b] FCM> b9db1cd0 0
[  106.073136] [05f38c5b] CMD  12 200
[  106.073144] [05f38c5c] REQ> b9db1cd0 0
[  106.073151] [05f38e11] DMA< b9db1db0 1
[  106.073158] [05f38e12] DMA  52 10834
[  106.073166] [05f38e14] FDA< b9db1cd0 0
[  106.073173] [05f38e15] TCM< b9db1db0 0
[  106.073180] [05f38e16] CMD< c 0
[  106.073188] [05f38e17] FCM< b9db1cd0 b9db1d7c
[  106.073197] [05f38e19] RSP  b00 0
[  106.073205] [05f38e1a] FCM> b9db1cd0 b9db1d7c
[  106.073212] [05f38e1a] TCM> b9db1db0 0
[  106.073220] [05f38e1b] FDA> b9db1cd0 b9db1d7c
[  106.073227] [05f38e1b] DMA> 0 0
[  106.073235] [05f38e1d] TSK< b9db1cd0 0
[  106.073242] [05f38e24] TSK> b9db1cd0 0
[  106.073250] [05f3ebd1] PRD< b64985b0 0
[  106.073258] [05f3ebd1] PRD1 b9e0ce10 0
[  106.073265] [05f3ebda] PRD2 4 0
[  106.073273] [05f3ebe5] PRD3 b9dfb704 0
[  106.073280] [05f3ebe6] PDM> b64985b0 0
[  106.073288] [05f3ebe7] REQ< b64984d0 10801
[  106.073295] [05f3ebe8] CMD< 12 471738
[  106.073302] [05f3ebef] CMDD 20 200
[  106.073310] [05f3ebf1] SDMA b64985b0 b9e0ce10
[  106.073318] [05f3ebf4] FCM< b64984d0 b6498548
[  106.073326] [05f3ebf7] RSP  900 0
[  106.073334] [05f3ebf8] FCM> b64984d0 0
[  106.073341] [05f3ebf8] CMD  12 200
[  106.073349] [05f3ebf9] REQ> b64984d0 0
[  106.073356] [05f3f0c1] DMA< b64985b0 1
[  106.073363] [05f3f0c2] DMA  52 10902
[  106.073371] [05f3f0c9] FDA< b64984d0 0
[  106.073378] [05f3f0ca] TCM< b64985b0 0
[  106.073386] [05f3f0cb] CMD< c 0
[  106.073394] [05f3f0cc] FCM< b64984d0 b649857c
[  106.073401] [05f3f0cf] RSP  b00 0
[  106.073409] [05f3f0d0] FCM> b64984d0 b649857c
[  106.073416] [05f3f0d0] TCM> b64985b0 0
[  106.073424] [05f3f0d1] FDA> b64984d0 b649857c
[  106.073431] [05f3f0d1] DMA> 0 0
[  106.073438] [05f3f0d3] TSK< b64984d0 0
[  106.073446] [05f3f0de] TSK> b64984d0 0
[  106.073454] [05f3f61d] PRD< b64989b0 0
[  106.073462] [05f3f61d] PRD1 b9e0ce10 0
[  106.073469] [05f3f620] PRD2 1 0
[  106.073476] [05f3f626] PRD3 b9dfb704 0
[  106.073484] [05f3f627] PDM> b64989b0 0
[  106.073491] [05f3f628] REQ< b64988d0 10801
[  106.073499] [05f3f629] CMD< 12 471758
[  106.073506] [05f3f62d] CMDD 8 200
[  106.073514] [05f3f62e] SDMA b64989b0 b9e0ce10
[  106.073522] [05f3f630] FCM< b64988d0 b6498948
[  106.073529] [05f3f631] RSP  900 0
[  106.073537] [05f3f632] FCM> b64988d0 0
[  106.073544] [05f3f633] CMD  12 200
[  106.073552] [05f3f633] REQ> b64988d0 0
[  106.073559] [05f3f7a5] DMA< b64989b0 1
[  106.073566] [05f3f7a6] DMA  52 10834
[  106.073574] [05f3f7aa] FDA< b64988d0 0
[  106.073581] [05f3f7ac] TCM< b64989b0 0
[  106.073589] [05f3f7ac] CMD< c 0
[  106.073596] [05f3f7ae] FCM< b64988d0 b649897c
[  106.073604] [05f3f7b1] RSP  b00 0
[  106.073611] [05f3f7b2] FCM> b64988d0 b649897c
[  106.073619] [05f3f7b2] TCM> b64989b0 0
[  106.073626] [05f3f7b3] FDA> b64988d0 b649897c
[  106.073633] [05f3f7b3] DMA> 0 0
[  106.073642] [05f3f7b5] TSK< b64988d0 0
[  106.073650] [05f3f7bf] TSK> b64988d0 0
[  106.073658] [05f3ff11] REQ< b967fe94 10801
[  106.073665] [05f3ff12] CMD< 38 10
[  106.073672] [05f3ff17] CMDD 1 200
[  106.073680] [05f3ff18] FCM< b967fe94 b967fe28
[  106.073687] [05f3ff1a] RSP  900 0
[  106.073695] [05f3ff1b] FCM> b967fe94 0
[  106.073703] [05f3ff1b] CMD  38 200
[  106.073710] [05f3ff1c] REQ> b967fe94 0
[  106.073717] [05f3ff21] IRQ< 1 0
[  106.073725] [05f3ff21] IRQD b967fe5c 1
[  106.073732] [05f3ff23] XFP< b967fe5c 1
[  106.073740] [05f3ff3c] XFP> b967fe5c 1
[  106.073747] [05f3ff3d] IRQ> 1 0
[  106.073754] [068ca2b8] TIM< 0 0
[  106.073767] mmc0: cmd op 56 arg 0x10 flags 0x35 - resp 00000900 00000000 00000000 00000000, err 0
[  106.073775] mmc0: data blocks 1 blksz 200 - err 0
[  106.073780] mmc0: =========== REGISTER DUMP ===========
[  106.073785] mmc0: SDCMD  0x000040b8
[  106.073790] mmc0: SDARG  0x00000010
[  106.073796] mmc0: SDTOUT 0x017d7840
[  106.073801] mmc0: SDCDIV 0x00000003
[  106.073806] mmc0: SDRSP0 0x00000900
[  106.073811] mmc0: SDRSP1 0x0000380b
[  106.073816] mmc0: SDRSP2 0xffffffff
[  106.073822] mmc0: SDRSP3 0x0002c01f
[  106.073827] mmc0: SDHSTS 0x00000081
[  106.073832] mmc0: SDVDD  0x00000001
[  106.073837] mmc0: SDEDM  0x00010801
[  106.073843] mmc0: SDHCFG 0x0000050e
[  106.073848] mmc0: SDHBCT 0x00000200
[  106.073853] mmc0: SDHBLC 0x00000001
[  106.073858] mmc0: ===========================================
[  106.081896] sdhost-bcm2835 3f202000.mmc: __mmc_blk_ioctl_cmd: data error -110
pi@raspberrypi:~/sdmon_src $ 

Maybe this helps
Ognian

pelwell added a commit to pelwell/linux that referenced this issue Nov 13, 2018

mmc/bcm2835-sdhost: Recover from MMC_SEND_EXT_CSD
If the user issues an "mmc extcsd read", the SD controller receives
what it thinks is a SEND_IF_COND command with an unexpected data block.
The resulting operations leave the FSM stuck in READWAIT, a state which
persists until the MMC framework resets the controller, by which point
the root filesystem is likely to have been unmounted.

A less heavyweight solution is to detect the condition and nudge the
FSM by asserting the (self-clearing) FORCE_DATA_MODE bit.

N.B. This workaround was essentially discovered by accident and without
a full understanding the inner workings of the controller, so it is
fortunate that the "fix" only modifies error paths.

See: raspberrypi#2728

Signed-off-by: Phil Elwell <phil@raspberrypi.org>

pelwell added a commit to pelwell/linux that referenced this issue Nov 13, 2018

mmc/bcm2835: Recover from MMC_SEND_EXT_CSD
If the user issues an "mmc extcsd read", the SD controller receives
what it thinks is a SEND_IF_COND command with an unexpected data block.
The resulting operations leave the FSM stuck in READWAIT, a state which
persists until the MMC framework resets the controller, by which point
the root filesystem is likely to have been unmounted.

A less heavyweight solution is to detect the condition and nudge the
FSM by asserting the (self-clearing) FORCE_DATA_MODE bit.

N.B. This workaround was essentially discovered by accident and without
a full understanding the inner workings of the controller, so it is
fortunate that the "fix" only modifies error paths.

See: raspberrypi#2728

Signed-off-by: Phil Elwell <phil@raspberrypi.org>

pelwell added a commit to pelwell/linux that referenced this issue Nov 13, 2018

mmc/bcm2835-sdhost: Recover from MMC_SEND_EXT_CSD
If the user issues an "mmc extcsd read", the SD controller receives
what it thinks is a SEND_IF_COND command with an unexpected data block.
The resulting operations leave the FSM stuck in READWAIT, a state which
persists until the MMC framework resets the controller, by which point
the root filesystem is likely to have been unmounted.

A less heavyweight solution is to detect the condition and nudge the
FSM by asserting the (self-clearing) FORCE_DATA_MODE bit.

N.B. This workaround was essentially discovered by accident and without
a full understanding the inner workings of the controller, so it is
fortunate that the "fix" only modifies error paths.

See: raspberrypi#2728

Signed-off-by: Phil Elwell <phil@raspberrypi.org>

pelwell added a commit to pelwell/linux that referenced this issue Nov 13, 2018

mmc/bcm2835: Recover from MMC_SEND_EXT_CSD
If the user issues an "mmc extcsd read", the SD controller receives
what it thinks is a SEND_IF_COND command with an unexpected data block.
The resulting operations leave the FSM stuck in READWAIT, a state which
persists until the MMC framework resets the controller, by which point
the root filesystem is likely to have been unmounted.

A less heavyweight solution is to detect the condition and nudge the
FSM by asserting the (self-clearing) FORCE_DATA_MODE bit.

N.B. This workaround was essentially discovered by accident and without
a full understanding the inner workings of the controller, so it is
fortunate that the "fix" only modifies error paths.

See: raspberrypi#2728

Signed-off-by: Phil Elwell <phil@raspberrypi.org>

pelwell added a commit to pelwell/linux that referenced this issue Nov 13, 2018

mmc/bcm2835-sdhost: Recover from MMC_SEND_EXT_CSD
If the user issues an "mmc extcsd read", the SD controller receives
what it thinks is a SEND_IF_COND command with an unexpected data block.
The resulting operations leave the FSM stuck in READWAIT, a state which
persists until the MMC framework resets the controller, by which point
the root filesystem is likely to have been unmounted.

A less heavyweight solution is to detect the condition and nudge the
FSM by asserting the (self-clearing) FORCE_DATA_MODE bit.

N.B. This workaround was essentially discovered by accident and without
a full understanding the inner workings of the controller, so it is
fortunate that the "fix" only modifies error paths.

See: raspberrypi#2728

Signed-off-by: Phil Elwell <phil@raspberrypi.org>

pelwell added a commit to pelwell/linux that referenced this issue Nov 13, 2018

mmc/bcm2835: Recover from MMC_SEND_EXT_CSD
If the user issues an "mmc extcsd read", the SD controller receives
what it thinks is a SEND_IF_COND command with an unexpected data block.
The resulting operations leave the FSM stuck in READWAIT, a state which
persists until the MMC framework resets the controller, by which point
the root filesystem is likely to have been unmounted.

A less heavyweight solution is to detect the condition and nudge the
FSM by asserting the (self-clearing) FORCE_DATA_MODE bit.

N.B. This workaround was essentially discovered by accident and without
a full understanding the inner workings of the controller, so it is
fortunate that the "fix" only modifies error paths.

See: raspberrypi#2728

Signed-off-by: Phil Elwell <phil@raspberrypi.org>

pelwell added a commit to pelwell/linux that referenced this issue Nov 13, 2018

mmc/bcm2835-sdhost: Recover from MMC_SEND_EXT_CSD
If the user issues an "mmc extcsd read", the SD controller receives
what it thinks is a SEND_IF_COND command with an unexpected data block.
The resulting operations leave the FSM stuck in READWAIT, a state which
persists until the MMC framework resets the controller, by which point
the root filesystem is likely to have been unmounted.

A less heavyweight solution is to detect the condition and nudge the
FSM by asserting the (self-clearing) FORCE_DATA_MODE bit.

N.B. This workaround was essentially discovered by accident and without
a full understanding the inner workings of the controller, so it is
fortunate that the "fix" only modifies error paths.

See: raspberrypi#2728

Signed-off-by: Phil Elwell <phil@raspberrypi.org>

pelwell added a commit to pelwell/linux that referenced this issue Nov 13, 2018

mmc/bcm2835: Recover from MMC_SEND_EXT_CSD
If the user issues an "mmc extcsd read", the SD controller receives
what it thinks is a SEND_IF_COND command with an unexpected data block.
The resulting operations leave the FSM stuck in READWAIT, a state which
persists until the MMC framework resets the controller, by which point
the root filesystem is likely to have been unmounted.

A less heavyweight solution is to detect the condition and nudge the
FSM by asserting the (self-clearing) FORCE_DATA_MODE bit.

N.B. This workaround was essentially discovered by accident and without
a full understanding the inner workings of the controller, so it is
fortunate that the "fix" only modifies error paths.

See: raspberrypi#2728

Signed-off-by: Phil Elwell <phil@raspberrypi.org>

pelwell added a commit to pelwell/linux that referenced this issue Nov 13, 2018

mmc/bcm2835-sdhost: Recover from MMC_SEND_EXT_CSD
If the user issues an "mmc extcsd read", the SD controller receives
what it thinks is a SEND_IF_COND command with an unexpected data block.
The resulting operations leave the FSM stuck in READWAIT, a state which
persists until the MMC framework resets the controller, by which point
the root filesystem is likely to have been unmounted.

A less heavyweight solution is to detect the condition and nudge the
FSM by asserting the (self-clearing) FORCE_DATA_MODE bit.

N.B. This workaround was essentially discovered by accident and without
a full understanding the inner workings of the controller, so it is
fortunate that the "fix" only modifies error paths.

See: raspberrypi#2728

Signed-off-by: Phil Elwell <phil@raspberrypi.org>

pelwell added a commit to pelwell/linux that referenced this issue Nov 13, 2018

mmc/bcm2835: Recover from MMC_SEND_EXT_CSD
If the user issues an "mmc extcsd read", the SD controller receives
what it thinks is a SEND_IF_COND command with an unexpected data block.
The resulting operations leave the FSM stuck in READWAIT, a state which
persists until the MMC framework resets the controller, by which point
the root filesystem is likely to have been unmounted.

A less heavyweight solution is to detect the condition and nudge the
FSM by asserting the (self-clearing) FORCE_DATA_MODE bit.

N.B. This workaround was essentially discovered by accident and without
a full understanding the inner workings of the controller, so it is
fortunate that the "fix" only modifies error paths.

See: raspberrypi#2728

Signed-off-by: Phil Elwell <phil@raspberrypi.org>

pelwell added a commit that referenced this issue Nov 13, 2018

mmc/bcm2835-sdhost: Recover from MMC_SEND_EXT_CSD
If the user issues an "mmc extcsd read", the SD controller receives
what it thinks is a SEND_IF_COND command with an unexpected data block.
The resulting operations leave the FSM stuck in READWAIT, a state which
persists until the MMC framework resets the controller, by which point
the root filesystem is likely to have been unmounted.

A less heavyweight solution is to detect the condition and nudge the
FSM by asserting the (self-clearing) FORCE_DATA_MODE bit.

N.B. This workaround was essentially discovered by accident and without
a full understanding the inner workings of the controller, so it is
fortunate that the "fix" only modifies error paths.

See: #2728

Signed-off-by: Phil Elwell <phil@raspberrypi.org>

pelwell added a commit that referenced this issue Nov 13, 2018

mmc/bcm2835: Recover from MMC_SEND_EXT_CSD
If the user issues an "mmc extcsd read", the SD controller receives
what it thinks is a SEND_IF_COND command with an unexpected data block.
The resulting operations leave the FSM stuck in READWAIT, a state which
persists until the MMC framework resets the controller, by which point
the root filesystem is likely to have been unmounted.

A less heavyweight solution is to detect the condition and nudge the
FSM by asserting the (self-clearing) FORCE_DATA_MODE bit.

N.B. This workaround was essentially discovered by accident and without
a full understanding the inner workings of the controller, so it is
fortunate that the "fix" only modifies error paths.

See: #2728

Signed-off-by: Phil Elwell <phil@raspberrypi.org>

popcornmix added a commit that referenced this issue Nov 13, 2018

mmc/bcm2835-sdhost: Recover from MMC_SEND_EXT_CSD
If the user issues an "mmc extcsd read", the SD controller receives
what it thinks is a SEND_IF_COND command with an unexpected data block.
The resulting operations leave the FSM stuck in READWAIT, a state which
persists until the MMC framework resets the controller, by which point
the root filesystem is likely to have been unmounted.

A less heavyweight solution is to detect the condition and nudge the
FSM by asserting the (self-clearing) FORCE_DATA_MODE bit.

N.B. This workaround was essentially discovered by accident and without
a full understanding the inner workings of the controller, so it is
fortunate that the "fix" only modifies error paths.

See: #2728

Signed-off-by: Phil Elwell <phil@raspberrypi.org>

popcornmix added a commit that referenced this issue Mar 12, 2019

mmc/bcm2835-sdhost: Recover from MMC_SEND_EXT_CSD
If the user issues an "mmc extcsd read", the SD controller receives
what it thinks is a SEND_IF_COND command with an unexpected data block.
The resulting operations leave the FSM stuck in READWAIT, a state which
persists until the MMC framework resets the controller, by which point
the root filesystem is likely to have been unmounted.

A less heavyweight solution is to detect the condition and nudge the
FSM by asserting the (self-clearing) FORCE_DATA_MODE bit.

N.B. This workaround was essentially discovered by accident and without
a full understanding the inner workings of the controller, so it is
fortunate that the "fix" only modifies error paths.

See: #2728

Signed-off-by: Phil Elwell <phil@raspberrypi.org>

popcornmix added a commit that referenced this issue Mar 15, 2019

MMC: added alternative MMC driver
mmc: Disable CMD23 transfers on all cards

Pending wire-level investigation of these types of transfers
and associated errors on bcm2835-mmc, disable for now. Fallback of
CMD18/CMD25 transfers will be used automatically by the MMC layer.

Reported/Tested-by: Gellert Weisz <gellert@raspberrypi.org>

mmc: bcm2835-mmc: enable DT support for all architectures

Both ARCH_BCM2835 and ARCH_BCM270x are built with OF now.
Enable Device Tree support for all architectures.

Signed-off-by: Noralf Trønnes <noralf@tronnes.org>

mmc: bcm2835-mmc: fix probe error handling

Probe error handling is broken in several places.
Simplify error handling by using device managed functions.
Replace pr_{err,info} with dev_{err,info}.

Signed-off-by: Noralf Trønnes <noralf@tronnes.org>

bcm2835-mmc: Add locks when accessing sdhost registers

bcm2835-mmc: Add range of debug options for slowing things down

bcm2835-mmc: Add option to disable some delays

bcm2835-mmc: Add option to disable MMC_QUIRK_BLK_NO_CMD23

bcm2835-mmc: Default to disabling MMC_QUIRK_BLK_NO_CMD23

bcm2835-mmc: Adding overclocking option

Allow a different clock speed to be substitued for a requested 50MHz.
This option is exposed using the "overclock_50" DT parameter.
Note that the mmc interface is restricted to EVEN integer divisions of
250MHz, and the highest sensible option is 63 (250/4 = 62.5), the
next being 125 (250/2) which is much too high.

Use at your own risk.

bcm2835-mmc: Round up the overclock, so 62 works for 62.5Mhz

Also only warn once for each overclock setting.

mmc: bcm2835-mmc: Make available on ARCH_BCM2835

Make the bcm2835-mmc driver available for use on ARCH_BCM2835.

Signed-off-by: Noralf Trønnes <noralf@tronnes.org>

BCM270x_DT: add bcm2835-mmc entry

Add Device Tree entry for bcm2835-mmc.
In non-DT mode, don't add the device in the board file.

Signed-off-by: Noralf Trønnes <noralf@tronnes.org>

bcm2835-mmc: Don't overwrite MMC capabilities from DT

bcm2835-mmc: Don't override bus width capabilities from devicetree

Take out the force setting of the MMC_CAP_4_BIT_DATA host capability
so that the result read from devicetree via mmc_of_parse() is
preserved.

bcm2835-mmc: Only claim one DMA channel

With both MMC controllers enabled there are few DMA channels left. The
bcm2835-mmc driver only uses DMA in one direction at a time, so it
doesn't need to claim two channels.

See: #1327

Signed-off-by: Phil Elwell <phil@raspberrypi.org>

bcm2835-mmc: New timer API

mmc: bcm2835-mmc: Support underclocking

Support underclocking of the SD bus using the max-frequency DT property
(which currently has no DT parameter). The sd_overclock parameter
already provides another way to achieve the same thing which should be
equivalent in end result, but it is a bug not to support max-frequency
as well.

See: #2350

Signed-off-by: Phil Elwell <phil@raspberrypi.org>

mmc/bcm2835: Recover from MMC_SEND_EXT_CSD

If the user issues an "mmc extcsd read", the SD controller receives
what it thinks is a SEND_IF_COND command with an unexpected data block.
The resulting operations leave the FSM stuck in READWAIT, a state which
persists until the MMC framework resets the controller, by which point
the root filesystem is likely to have been unmounted.

A less heavyweight solution is to detect the condition and nudge the
FSM by asserting the (self-clearing) FORCE_DATA_MODE bit.

N.B. This workaround was essentially discovered by accident and without
a full understanding the inner workings of the controller, so it is
fortunate that the "fix" only modifies error paths.

See: #2728

Signed-off-by: Phil Elwell <phil@raspberrypi.org>

popcornmix added a commit that referenced this issue Mar 15, 2019

Adding bcm2835-sdhost driver, and an overlay to enable it
BCM2835 has two SD card interfaces. This driver uses the other one.

bcm2835-sdhost: Error handling fix, and code clarification

bcm2835-sdhost: Adding overclocking option

Allow a different clock speed to be substitued for a requested 50MHz.
This option is exposed using the "overclock_50" DT parameter.
Note that the sdhost interface is restricted to integer divisions of
core_freq, and the highest sensible option for a core_freq of 250MHz
is 84 (250/3 = 83.3MHz), the next being 125 (250/2) which is much too
high.

Use at your own risk.

bcm2835-sdhost: Round up the overclock, so 62 works for 62.5Mhz

Also only warn once for each overclock setting.

bcm2835-sdhost: Improve error handling and recovery

1) Expose the hw_reset method to the MMC framework, removing many
   internal calls by the driver.

2) Reduce overclock setting on error.

3) Increase timeout to cope with high capacity cards.

4) Add properties and parameters to control pio_limit and debug.

5) Reduce messages at probe time.

bcm2835-sdhost: Further improve overclock back-off

bcm2835-sdhost: Clear HBLC for PIO mode

Also update pio_limit default in overlay README.

bcm2835-sdhost: Add the ERASE capability

See: #1076

bcm2835-sdhost: Ignore CRC7 for MMC CMD1

It seems that the sdhost interface returns CRC7 errors for CMD1,
which is the MMC-specific SEND_OP_COND. Returning these errors to
the MMC layer causes a downward spiral, but ignoring them seems
to be harmless.

bcm2835-mmc/sdhost: Remove ARCH_BCM2835 differences

The bcm2835-mmc driver (and -sdhost driver that copied from it)
contains code to handle SDIO interrupts in a threaded interrupt
handler rather than waking the MMC framework thread. The change
follows a patch from Russell King that adds the facility as the
preferred way of working.

However, the new code path is only present in ARCH_BCM2835
builds, which I have taken to be a way of testing the waters
rather than making the change across the board; I can't see
any technical reason why it wouldn't be enabled for MACH_BCM270X
builds. So this patch standardises on the ARCH_BCM2835 code,
removing the old code paths.

bcm2835-sdhost: Don't log timeout errors unless debug=1

The MMC card-discovery process generates timeouts. This is
expected behaviour, so reporting it to the user serves no purpose.
Suppress the reporting of timeout errors unless the debug flag
is on.

bcm2835-sdhost: Add workaround for odd behaviour on some cards

For reasons not understood, the sdhost driver fails when reading
sectors very near the end of some SD cards. The problem could
be related to the similar issue that reading the final sector
of any card as part of a multiple read never completes, and the
workaround is an extension of the mechanism introduced to solve
that problem which ensures those sectors are always read singly.

bcm2835-sdhost: Major revision

This is a significant revision of the bcm2835-sdhost driver. It
improves on the original in a number of ways:

1) Through the use of CMD23 for reads it appears to avoid problems
   reading some sectors on certain high speed cards.
2) Better atomicity to prevent crashes.
3) Higher performance.
4) Activity logging included, for easier diagnosis in the event
   of a problem.

Signed-off-by: Phil Elwell <phil@raspberrypi.org>

bcm2835-sdhost: Restore ATOMIC flag to PIO sg mapping

Allocation problems have been seen in a wireless driver, and
this is the only change which might have been responsible.

SQUASH: bcm2835-sdhost: Only claim one DMA channel

With both MMC controllers enabled there are few DMA channels left. The
bcm2835-sdhost driver only uses DMA in one direction at a time, so it
doesn't need to claim two channels.

See: #1327

Signed-off-by: Phil Elwell <phil@raspberrypi.org>

bcm2835-sdhost: Workaround for "slow" sectors

Some cards have been seen to cause timeouts after certain sectors are
read. This workaround enforces a minimum delay between the stop after
reading one of those sectors and a subsequent data command.

Using CMD23 (SET_BLOCK_COUNT) avoids this problem, so good cards will
not be penalised by this workaround.

Signed-off-by: Phil Elwell <phil@raspberrypi.org>

bcm2835-sdhost: Firmware manages the clock divisor

The bcm2835-sdhost driver hands control of the CDIV clock divisor
register to matching firmware, allowing it to adjust to a changing
core clock. This removes the need to use the performance governor or
to enable io_is_busy on the on-demand governor in order to get the
best SD performance.

N.B. As SD clocks must be an integer divisor of the core clock, it is
possible that the SD clock for "turbo" mode can be different (even
lower) than "normal" mode.

Signed-off-by: Phil Elwell <phil@raspberrypi.org>

bcm2835-sdhost: Reset the clock in task context

Since reprogramming the clock can now involve a round-trip to the
firmware it must not be done at atomic context, and a tasklet
is not a task.

Signed-off-by: Phil Elwell <phil@raspberrypi.org>

bcm2835-sdhost: Don't exit cmd wait loop on error

The FAIL flag can be set in the CMD register before command processing
is complete, leading to spurious "failed to complete" errors. This has
the effect of promoting harmless CRC7 errors during CMD1 processing
into errors that can delay and even prevent booting.

Also:
1) Convert the last KERN_ERROR message in the register dumping to
   KERN_INFO.
2) Remove an unnecessary reset call from  bcm2835_sdhost_add_host.

See: #1492

Signed-off-by: Phil Elwell <phil@raspberrypi.org>

bcm2835-sdhost: mmc_card_blockaddr fix

Get the definition of mmc_card_blockaddr from drivers/mmc/core/card.h.

Signed-off-by: Phil Elwell <phil@raspberrypi.org>

bcm2835-sdhost: New timer API

mmc: bcm2835-sdhost: Support underclocking

Support underclocking of the SD bus in two ways:
1. using the max-frequency DT property (which currently has no DT
   parameter), and
2. using the exiting sd_overclock parameter.

The two methods differ slightly - in the former the MMC subsystem is
aware of the underclocking, while in the latter it isn't - but the
end results should be the same.

See: #2350

Signed-off-by: Phil Elwell <phil@raspberrypi.org>

mmc: bcm2835-sdhost: Add include

highmem.h (needed for kmap_atomic) is pulled in by one of the other
include files, but only with some CONFIG settings. Make the inclusion
explicit to cater for cases where the CONFIG setting is absent.

See: #2366

Signed-off-by: Phil Elwell <phil@raspberrypi.org>

mmc/bcm2835-sdhost: Recover from MMC_SEND_EXT_CSD

If the user issues an "mmc extcsd read", the SD controller receives
what it thinks is a SEND_IF_COND command with an unexpected data block.
The resulting operations leave the FSM stuck in READWAIT, a state which
persists until the MMC framework resets the controller, by which point
the root filesystem is likely to have been unmounted.

A less heavyweight solution is to detect the condition and nudge the
FSM by asserting the (self-clearing) FORCE_DATA_MODE bit.

N.B. This workaround was essentially discovered by accident and without
a full understanding the inner workings of the controller, so it is
fortunate that the "fix" only modifies error paths.

See: #2728

Signed-off-by: Phil Elwell <phil@raspberrypi.org>

mmc: bcm2835-sdhost: Fix warnings on arm64

Signed-off-by: Phil Elwell <phil@raspberrypi.org>

popcornmix added a commit that referenced this issue Mar 15, 2019

MMC: added alternative MMC driver
mmc: Disable CMD23 transfers on all cards

Pending wire-level investigation of these types of transfers
and associated errors on bcm2835-mmc, disable for now. Fallback of
CMD18/CMD25 transfers will be used automatically by the MMC layer.

Reported/Tested-by: Gellert Weisz <gellert@raspberrypi.org>

mmc: bcm2835-mmc: enable DT support for all architectures

Both ARCH_BCM2835 and ARCH_BCM270x are built with OF now.
Enable Device Tree support for all architectures.

Signed-off-by: Noralf Trønnes <noralf@tronnes.org>

mmc: bcm2835-mmc: fix probe error handling

Probe error handling is broken in several places.
Simplify error handling by using device managed functions.
Replace pr_{err,info} with dev_{err,info}.

Signed-off-by: Noralf Trønnes <noralf@tronnes.org>

bcm2835-mmc: Add locks when accessing sdhost registers

bcm2835-mmc: Add range of debug options for slowing things down

bcm2835-mmc: Add option to disable some delays

bcm2835-mmc: Add option to disable MMC_QUIRK_BLK_NO_CMD23

bcm2835-mmc: Default to disabling MMC_QUIRK_BLK_NO_CMD23

bcm2835-mmc: Adding overclocking option

Allow a different clock speed to be substitued for a requested 50MHz.
This option is exposed using the "overclock_50" DT parameter.
Note that the mmc interface is restricted to EVEN integer divisions of
250MHz, and the highest sensible option is 63 (250/4 = 62.5), the
next being 125 (250/2) which is much too high.

Use at your own risk.

bcm2835-mmc: Round up the overclock, so 62 works for 62.5Mhz

Also only warn once for each overclock setting.

mmc: bcm2835-mmc: Make available on ARCH_BCM2835

Make the bcm2835-mmc driver available for use on ARCH_BCM2835.

Signed-off-by: Noralf Trønnes <noralf@tronnes.org>

BCM270x_DT: add bcm2835-mmc entry

Add Device Tree entry for bcm2835-mmc.
In non-DT mode, don't add the device in the board file.

Signed-off-by: Noralf Trønnes <noralf@tronnes.org>

bcm2835-mmc: Don't overwrite MMC capabilities from DT

bcm2835-mmc: Don't override bus width capabilities from devicetree

Take out the force setting of the MMC_CAP_4_BIT_DATA host capability
so that the result read from devicetree via mmc_of_parse() is
preserved.

bcm2835-mmc: Only claim one DMA channel

With both MMC controllers enabled there are few DMA channels left. The
bcm2835-mmc driver only uses DMA in one direction at a time, so it
doesn't need to claim two channels.

See: #1327

Signed-off-by: Phil Elwell <phil@raspberrypi.org>

bcm2835-mmc: New timer API

mmc: bcm2835-mmc: Support underclocking

Support underclocking of the SD bus using the max-frequency DT property
(which currently has no DT parameter). The sd_overclock parameter
already provides another way to achieve the same thing which should be
equivalent in end result, but it is a bug not to support max-frequency
as well.

See: #2350

Signed-off-by: Phil Elwell <phil@raspberrypi.org>

mmc/bcm2835: Recover from MMC_SEND_EXT_CSD

If the user issues an "mmc extcsd read", the SD controller receives
what it thinks is a SEND_IF_COND command with an unexpected data block.
The resulting operations leave the FSM stuck in READWAIT, a state which
persists until the MMC framework resets the controller, by which point
the root filesystem is likely to have been unmounted.

A less heavyweight solution is to detect the condition and nudge the
FSM by asserting the (self-clearing) FORCE_DATA_MODE bit.

N.B. This workaround was essentially discovered by accident and without
a full understanding the inner workings of the controller, so it is
fortunate that the "fix" only modifies error paths.

See: #2728

Signed-off-by: Phil Elwell <phil@raspberrypi.org>

popcornmix added a commit that referenced this issue Mar 15, 2019

Adding bcm2835-sdhost driver, and an overlay to enable it
BCM2835 has two SD card interfaces. This driver uses the other one.

bcm2835-sdhost: Error handling fix, and code clarification

bcm2835-sdhost: Adding overclocking option

Allow a different clock speed to be substitued for a requested 50MHz.
This option is exposed using the "overclock_50" DT parameter.
Note that the sdhost interface is restricted to integer divisions of
core_freq, and the highest sensible option for a core_freq of 250MHz
is 84 (250/3 = 83.3MHz), the next being 125 (250/2) which is much too
high.

Use at your own risk.

bcm2835-sdhost: Round up the overclock, so 62 works for 62.5Mhz

Also only warn once for each overclock setting.

bcm2835-sdhost: Improve error handling and recovery

1) Expose the hw_reset method to the MMC framework, removing many
   internal calls by the driver.

2) Reduce overclock setting on error.

3) Increase timeout to cope with high capacity cards.

4) Add properties and parameters to control pio_limit and debug.

5) Reduce messages at probe time.

bcm2835-sdhost: Further improve overclock back-off

bcm2835-sdhost: Clear HBLC for PIO mode

Also update pio_limit default in overlay README.

bcm2835-sdhost: Add the ERASE capability

See: #1076

bcm2835-sdhost: Ignore CRC7 for MMC CMD1

It seems that the sdhost interface returns CRC7 errors for CMD1,
which is the MMC-specific SEND_OP_COND. Returning these errors to
the MMC layer causes a downward spiral, but ignoring them seems
to be harmless.

bcm2835-mmc/sdhost: Remove ARCH_BCM2835 differences

The bcm2835-mmc driver (and -sdhost driver that copied from it)
contains code to handle SDIO interrupts in a threaded interrupt
handler rather than waking the MMC framework thread. The change
follows a patch from Russell King that adds the facility as the
preferred way of working.

However, the new code path is only present in ARCH_BCM2835
builds, which I have taken to be a way of testing the waters
rather than making the change across the board; I can't see
any technical reason why it wouldn't be enabled for MACH_BCM270X
builds. So this patch standardises on the ARCH_BCM2835 code,
removing the old code paths.

bcm2835-sdhost: Don't log timeout errors unless debug=1

The MMC card-discovery process generates timeouts. This is
expected behaviour, so reporting it to the user serves no purpose.
Suppress the reporting of timeout errors unless the debug flag
is on.

bcm2835-sdhost: Add workaround for odd behaviour on some cards

For reasons not understood, the sdhost driver fails when reading
sectors very near the end of some SD cards. The problem could
be related to the similar issue that reading the final sector
of any card as part of a multiple read never completes, and the
workaround is an extension of the mechanism introduced to solve
that problem which ensures those sectors are always read singly.

bcm2835-sdhost: Major revision

This is a significant revision of the bcm2835-sdhost driver. It
improves on the original in a number of ways:

1) Through the use of CMD23 for reads it appears to avoid problems
   reading some sectors on certain high speed cards.
2) Better atomicity to prevent crashes.
3) Higher performance.
4) Activity logging included, for easier diagnosis in the event
   of a problem.

Signed-off-by: Phil Elwell <phil@raspberrypi.org>

bcm2835-sdhost: Restore ATOMIC flag to PIO sg mapping

Allocation problems have been seen in a wireless driver, and
this is the only change which might have been responsible.

SQUASH: bcm2835-sdhost: Only claim one DMA channel

With both MMC controllers enabled there are few DMA channels left. The
bcm2835-sdhost driver only uses DMA in one direction at a time, so it
doesn't need to claim two channels.

See: #1327

Signed-off-by: Phil Elwell <phil@raspberrypi.org>

bcm2835-sdhost: Workaround for "slow" sectors

Some cards have been seen to cause timeouts after certain sectors are
read. This workaround enforces a minimum delay between the stop after
reading one of those sectors and a subsequent data command.

Using CMD23 (SET_BLOCK_COUNT) avoids this problem, so good cards will
not be penalised by this workaround.

Signed-off-by: Phil Elwell <phil@raspberrypi.org>

bcm2835-sdhost: Firmware manages the clock divisor

The bcm2835-sdhost driver hands control of the CDIV clock divisor
register to matching firmware, allowing it to adjust to a changing
core clock. This removes the need to use the performance governor or
to enable io_is_busy on the on-demand governor in order to get the
best SD performance.

N.B. As SD clocks must be an integer divisor of the core clock, it is
possible that the SD clock for "turbo" mode can be different (even
lower) than "normal" mode.

Signed-off-by: Phil Elwell <phil@raspberrypi.org>

bcm2835-sdhost: Reset the clock in task context

Since reprogramming the clock can now involve a round-trip to the
firmware it must not be done at atomic context, and a tasklet
is not a task.

Signed-off-by: Phil Elwell <phil@raspberrypi.org>

bcm2835-sdhost: Don't exit cmd wait loop on error

The FAIL flag can be set in the CMD register before command processing
is complete, leading to spurious "failed to complete" errors. This has
the effect of promoting harmless CRC7 errors during CMD1 processing
into errors that can delay and even prevent booting.

Also:
1) Convert the last KERN_ERROR message in the register dumping to
   KERN_INFO.
2) Remove an unnecessary reset call from  bcm2835_sdhost_add_host.

See: #1492

Signed-off-by: Phil Elwell <phil@raspberrypi.org>

bcm2835-sdhost: mmc_card_blockaddr fix

Get the definition of mmc_card_blockaddr from drivers/mmc/core/card.h.

Signed-off-by: Phil Elwell <phil@raspberrypi.org>

bcm2835-sdhost: New timer API

mmc: bcm2835-sdhost: Support underclocking

Support underclocking of the SD bus in two ways:
1. using the max-frequency DT property (which currently has no DT
   parameter), and
2. using the exiting sd_overclock parameter.

The two methods differ slightly - in the former the MMC subsystem is
aware of the underclocking, while in the latter it isn't - but the
end results should be the same.

See: #2350

Signed-off-by: Phil Elwell <phil@raspberrypi.org>

mmc: bcm2835-sdhost: Add include

highmem.h (needed for kmap_atomic) is pulled in by one of the other
include files, but only with some CONFIG settings. Make the inclusion
explicit to cater for cases where the CONFIG setting is absent.

See: #2366

Signed-off-by: Phil Elwell <phil@raspberrypi.org>

mmc/bcm2835-sdhost: Recover from MMC_SEND_EXT_CSD

If the user issues an "mmc extcsd read", the SD controller receives
what it thinks is a SEND_IF_COND command with an unexpected data block.
The resulting operations leave the FSM stuck in READWAIT, a state which
persists until the MMC framework resets the controller, by which point
the root filesystem is likely to have been unmounted.

A less heavyweight solution is to detect the condition and nudge the
FSM by asserting the (self-clearing) FORCE_DATA_MODE bit.

N.B. This workaround was essentially discovered by accident and without
a full understanding the inner workings of the controller, so it is
fortunate that the "fix" only modifies error paths.

See: #2728

Signed-off-by: Phil Elwell <phil@raspberrypi.org>

mmc: bcm2835-sdhost: Fix warnings on arm64

Signed-off-by: Phil Elwell <phil@raspberrypi.org>

popcornmix added a commit that referenced this issue Mar 15, 2019

mmc/bcm2835-sdhost: Recover from MMC_SEND_EXT_CSD
If the user issues an "mmc extcsd read", the SD controller receives
what it thinks is a SEND_IF_COND command with an unexpected data block.
The resulting operations leave the FSM stuck in READWAIT, a state which
persists until the MMC framework resets the controller, by which point
the root filesystem is likely to have been unmounted.

A less heavyweight solution is to detect the condition and nudge the
FSM by asserting the (self-clearing) FORCE_DATA_MODE bit.

N.B. This workaround was essentially discovered by accident and without
a full understanding the inner workings of the controller, so it is
fortunate that the "fix" only modifies error paths.

See: #2728

Signed-off-by: Phil Elwell <phil@raspberrypi.org>

popcornmix added a commit that referenced this issue Mar 21, 2019

mmc/bcm2835-sdhost: Recover from MMC_SEND_EXT_CSD
If the user issues an "mmc extcsd read", the SD controller receives
what it thinks is a SEND_IF_COND command with an unexpected data block.
The resulting operations leave the FSM stuck in READWAIT, a state which
persists until the MMC framework resets the controller, by which point
the root filesystem is likely to have been unmounted.

A less heavyweight solution is to detect the condition and nudge the
FSM by asserting the (self-clearing) FORCE_DATA_MODE bit.

N.B. This workaround was essentially discovered by accident and without
a full understanding the inner workings of the controller, so it is
fortunate that the "fix" only modifies error paths.

See: #2728

Signed-off-by: Phil Elwell <phil@raspberrypi.org>

popcornmix added a commit that referenced this issue Mar 21, 2019

MMC: added alternative MMC driver
mmc: Disable CMD23 transfers on all cards

Pending wire-level investigation of these types of transfers
and associated errors on bcm2835-mmc, disable for now. Fallback of
CMD18/CMD25 transfers will be used automatically by the MMC layer.

Reported/Tested-by: Gellert Weisz <gellert@raspberrypi.org>

mmc: bcm2835-mmc: enable DT support for all architectures

Both ARCH_BCM2835 and ARCH_BCM270x are built with OF now.
Enable Device Tree support for all architectures.

Signed-off-by: Noralf Trønnes <noralf@tronnes.org>

mmc: bcm2835-mmc: fix probe error handling

Probe error handling is broken in several places.
Simplify error handling by using device managed functions.
Replace pr_{err,info} with dev_{err,info}.

Signed-off-by: Noralf Trønnes <noralf@tronnes.org>

bcm2835-mmc: Add locks when accessing sdhost registers

bcm2835-mmc: Add range of debug options for slowing things down

bcm2835-mmc: Add option to disable some delays

bcm2835-mmc: Add option to disable MMC_QUIRK_BLK_NO_CMD23

bcm2835-mmc: Default to disabling MMC_QUIRK_BLK_NO_CMD23

bcm2835-mmc: Adding overclocking option

Allow a different clock speed to be substitued for a requested 50MHz.
This option is exposed using the "overclock_50" DT parameter.
Note that the mmc interface is restricted to EVEN integer divisions of
250MHz, and the highest sensible option is 63 (250/4 = 62.5), the
next being 125 (250/2) which is much too high.

Use at your own risk.

bcm2835-mmc: Round up the overclock, so 62 works for 62.5Mhz

Also only warn once for each overclock setting.

mmc: bcm2835-mmc: Make available on ARCH_BCM2835

Make the bcm2835-mmc driver available for use on ARCH_BCM2835.

Signed-off-by: Noralf Trønnes <noralf@tronnes.org>

BCM270x_DT: add bcm2835-mmc entry

Add Device Tree entry for bcm2835-mmc.
In non-DT mode, don't add the device in the board file.

Signed-off-by: Noralf Trønnes <noralf@tronnes.org>

bcm2835-mmc: Don't overwrite MMC capabilities from DT

bcm2835-mmc: Don't override bus width capabilities from devicetree

Take out the force setting of the MMC_CAP_4_BIT_DATA host capability
so that the result read from devicetree via mmc_of_parse() is
preserved.

bcm2835-mmc: Only claim one DMA channel

With both MMC controllers enabled there are few DMA channels left. The
bcm2835-mmc driver only uses DMA in one direction at a time, so it
doesn't need to claim two channels.

See: #1327

Signed-off-by: Phil Elwell <phil@raspberrypi.org>

bcm2835-mmc: New timer API

mmc: bcm2835-mmc: Support underclocking

Support underclocking of the SD bus using the max-frequency DT property
(which currently has no DT parameter). The sd_overclock parameter
already provides another way to achieve the same thing which should be
equivalent in end result, but it is a bug not to support max-frequency
as well.

See: #2350

Signed-off-by: Phil Elwell <phil@raspberrypi.org>

mmc/bcm2835: Recover from MMC_SEND_EXT_CSD

If the user issues an "mmc extcsd read", the SD controller receives
what it thinks is a SEND_IF_COND command with an unexpected data block.
The resulting operations leave the FSM stuck in READWAIT, a state which
persists until the MMC framework resets the controller, by which point
the root filesystem is likely to have been unmounted.

A less heavyweight solution is to detect the condition and nudge the
FSM by asserting the (self-clearing) FORCE_DATA_MODE bit.

N.B. This workaround was essentially discovered by accident and without
a full understanding the inner workings of the controller, so it is
fortunate that the "fix" only modifies error paths.

See: #2728

Signed-off-by: Phil Elwell <phil@raspberrypi.org>

popcornmix added a commit that referenced this issue Mar 21, 2019

Adding bcm2835-sdhost driver, and an overlay to enable it
BCM2835 has two SD card interfaces. This driver uses the other one.

bcm2835-sdhost: Error handling fix, and code clarification

bcm2835-sdhost: Adding overclocking option

Allow a different clock speed to be substitued for a requested 50MHz.
This option is exposed using the "overclock_50" DT parameter.
Note that the sdhost interface is restricted to integer divisions of
core_freq, and the highest sensible option for a core_freq of 250MHz
is 84 (250/3 = 83.3MHz), the next being 125 (250/2) which is much too
high.

Use at your own risk.

bcm2835-sdhost: Round up the overclock, so 62 works for 62.5Mhz

Also only warn once for each overclock setting.

bcm2835-sdhost: Improve error handling and recovery

1) Expose the hw_reset method to the MMC framework, removing many
   internal calls by the driver.

2) Reduce overclock setting on error.

3) Increase timeout to cope with high capacity cards.

4) Add properties and parameters to control pio_limit and debug.

5) Reduce messages at probe time.

bcm2835-sdhost: Further improve overclock back-off

bcm2835-sdhost: Clear HBLC for PIO mode

Also update pio_limit default in overlay README.

bcm2835-sdhost: Add the ERASE capability

See: #1076

bcm2835-sdhost: Ignore CRC7 for MMC CMD1

It seems that the sdhost interface returns CRC7 errors for CMD1,
which is the MMC-specific SEND_OP_COND. Returning these errors to
the MMC layer causes a downward spiral, but ignoring them seems
to be harmless.

bcm2835-mmc/sdhost: Remove ARCH_BCM2835 differences

The bcm2835-mmc driver (and -sdhost driver that copied from it)
contains code to handle SDIO interrupts in a threaded interrupt
handler rather than waking the MMC framework thread. The change
follows a patch from Russell King that adds the facility as the
preferred way of working.

However, the new code path is only present in ARCH_BCM2835
builds, which I have taken to be a way of testing the waters
rather than making the change across the board; I can't see
any technical reason why it wouldn't be enabled for MACH_BCM270X
builds. So this patch standardises on the ARCH_BCM2835 code,
removing the old code paths.

bcm2835-sdhost: Don't log timeout errors unless debug=1

The MMC card-discovery process generates timeouts. This is
expected behaviour, so reporting it to the user serves no purpose.
Suppress the reporting of timeout errors unless the debug flag
is on.

bcm2835-sdhost: Add workaround for odd behaviour on some cards

For reasons not understood, the sdhost driver fails when reading
sectors very near the end of some SD cards. The problem could
be related to the similar issue that reading the final sector
of any card as part of a multiple read never completes, and the
workaround is an extension of the mechanism introduced to solve
that problem which ensures those sectors are always read singly.

bcm2835-sdhost: Major revision

This is a significant revision of the bcm2835-sdhost driver. It
improves on the original in a number of ways:

1) Through the use of CMD23 for reads it appears to avoid problems
   reading some sectors on certain high speed cards.
2) Better atomicity to prevent crashes.
3) Higher performance.
4) Activity logging included, for easier diagnosis in the event
   of a problem.

Signed-off-by: Phil Elwell <phil@raspberrypi.org>

bcm2835-sdhost: Restore ATOMIC flag to PIO sg mapping

Allocation problems have been seen in a wireless driver, and
this is the only change which might have been responsible.

SQUASH: bcm2835-sdhost: Only claim one DMA channel

With both MMC controllers enabled there are few DMA channels left. The
bcm2835-sdhost driver only uses DMA in one direction at a time, so it
doesn't need to claim two channels.

See: #1327

Signed-off-by: Phil Elwell <phil@raspberrypi.org>

bcm2835-sdhost: Workaround for "slow" sectors

Some cards have been seen to cause timeouts after certain sectors are
read. This workaround enforces a minimum delay between the stop after
reading one of those sectors and a subsequent data command.

Using CMD23 (SET_BLOCK_COUNT) avoids this problem, so good cards will
not be penalised by this workaround.

Signed-off-by: Phil Elwell <phil@raspberrypi.org>

bcm2835-sdhost: Firmware manages the clock divisor

The bcm2835-sdhost driver hands control of the CDIV clock divisor
register to matching firmware, allowing it to adjust to a changing
core clock. This removes the need to use the performance governor or
to enable io_is_busy on the on-demand governor in order to get the
best SD performance.

N.B. As SD clocks must be an integer divisor of the core clock, it is
possible that the SD clock for "turbo" mode can be different (even
lower) than "normal" mode.

Signed-off-by: Phil Elwell <phil@raspberrypi.org>

bcm2835-sdhost: Reset the clock in task context

Since reprogramming the clock can now involve a round-trip to the
firmware it must not be done at atomic context, and a tasklet
is not a task.

Signed-off-by: Phil Elwell <phil@raspberrypi.org>

bcm2835-sdhost: Don't exit cmd wait loop on error

The FAIL flag can be set in the CMD register before command processing
is complete, leading to spurious "failed to complete" errors. This has
the effect of promoting harmless CRC7 errors during CMD1 processing
into errors that can delay and even prevent booting.

Also:
1) Convert the last KERN_ERROR message in the register dumping to
   KERN_INFO.
2) Remove an unnecessary reset call from  bcm2835_sdhost_add_host.

See: #1492

Signed-off-by: Phil Elwell <phil@raspberrypi.org>

bcm2835-sdhost: mmc_card_blockaddr fix

Get the definition of mmc_card_blockaddr from drivers/mmc/core/card.h.

Signed-off-by: Phil Elwell <phil@raspberrypi.org>

bcm2835-sdhost: New timer API

mmc: bcm2835-sdhost: Support underclocking

Support underclocking of the SD bus in two ways:
1. using the max-frequency DT property (which currently has no DT
   parameter), and
2. using the exiting sd_overclock parameter.

The two methods differ slightly - in the former the MMC subsystem is
aware of the underclocking, while in the latter it isn't - but the
end results should be the same.

See: #2350

Signed-off-by: Phil Elwell <phil@raspberrypi.org>

mmc: bcm2835-sdhost: Add include

highmem.h (needed for kmap_atomic) is pulled in by one of the other
include files, but only with some CONFIG settings. Make the inclusion
explicit to cater for cases where the CONFIG setting is absent.

See: #2366

Signed-off-by: Phil Elwell <phil@raspberrypi.org>

mmc/bcm2835-sdhost: Recover from MMC_SEND_EXT_CSD

If the user issues an "mmc extcsd read", the SD controller receives
what it thinks is a SEND_IF_COND command with an unexpected data block.
The resulting operations leave the FSM stuck in READWAIT, a state which
persists until the MMC framework resets the controller, by which point
the root filesystem is likely to have been unmounted.

A less heavyweight solution is to detect the condition and nudge the
FSM by asserting the (self-clearing) FORCE_DATA_MODE bit.

N.B. This workaround was essentially discovered by accident and without
a full understanding the inner workings of the controller, so it is
fortunate that the "fix" only modifies error paths.

See: #2728

Signed-off-by: Phil Elwell <phil@raspberrypi.org>

mmc: bcm2835-sdhost: Fix warnings on arm64

Signed-off-by: Phil Elwell <phil@raspberrypi.org>

mseaster-wr pushed a commit to WindRiver-Labs/linux-yocto-4.18 that referenced this issue Apr 1, 2019

mmc: bcm2835: Recover from MMC_SEND_EXT_CSD
commit 07d405769afea5718529fc9e341f0b13b3189b6f upstream.

If the user issues an "mmc extcsd read", the SD controller receives
what it thinks is a SEND_IF_COND command with an unexpected data block.
The resulting operations leave the FSM stuck in READWAIT, a state which
persists until the MMC framework resets the controller, by which point
the root filesystem is likely to have been unmounted.

A less heavyweight solution is to detect the condition and nudge the
FSM by asserting the (self-clearing) FORCE_DATA_MODE bit.

Link: raspberrypi/linux#2728
Signed-off-by: Phil Elwell <phil@raspberrypi.org>
Signed-off-by: Stefan Wahren <stefan.wahren@i2se.com>
Acked-by: Eric Anholt <eric@anholt.net>
Signed-off-by: Ulf Hansson <ulf.hansson@linaro.org>
Signed-off-by: Paul Gortmaker <paul.gortmaker@windriver.com>

popcornmix added a commit that referenced this issue Apr 2, 2019

MMC: added alternative MMC driver
mmc: Disable CMD23 transfers on all cards

Pending wire-level investigation of these types of transfers
and associated errors on bcm2835-mmc, disable for now. Fallback of
CMD18/CMD25 transfers will be used automatically by the MMC layer.

Reported/Tested-by: Gellert Weisz <gellert@raspberrypi.org>

mmc: bcm2835-mmc: enable DT support for all architectures

Both ARCH_BCM2835 and ARCH_BCM270x are built with OF now.
Enable Device Tree support for all architectures.

Signed-off-by: Noralf Trønnes <noralf@tronnes.org>

mmc: bcm2835-mmc: fix probe error handling

Probe error handling is broken in several places.
Simplify error handling by using device managed functions.
Replace pr_{err,info} with dev_{err,info}.

Signed-off-by: Noralf Trønnes <noralf@tronnes.org>

bcm2835-mmc: Add locks when accessing sdhost registers

bcm2835-mmc: Add range of debug options for slowing things down

bcm2835-mmc: Add option to disable some delays

bcm2835-mmc: Add option to disable MMC_QUIRK_BLK_NO_CMD23

bcm2835-mmc: Default to disabling MMC_QUIRK_BLK_NO_CMD23

bcm2835-mmc: Adding overclocking option

Allow a different clock speed to be substitued for a requested 50MHz.
This option is exposed using the "overclock_50" DT parameter.
Note that the mmc interface is restricted to EVEN integer divisions of
250MHz, and the highest sensible option is 63 (250/4 = 62.5), the
next being 125 (250/2) which is much too high.

Use at your own risk.

bcm2835-mmc: Round up the overclock, so 62 works for 62.5Mhz

Also only warn once for each overclock setting.

mmc: bcm2835-mmc: Make available on ARCH_BCM2835

Make the bcm2835-mmc driver available for use on ARCH_BCM2835.

Signed-off-by: Noralf Trønnes <noralf@tronnes.org>

BCM270x_DT: add bcm2835-mmc entry

Add Device Tree entry for bcm2835-mmc.
In non-DT mode, don't add the device in the board file.

Signed-off-by: Noralf Trønnes <noralf@tronnes.org>

bcm2835-mmc: Don't overwrite MMC capabilities from DT

bcm2835-mmc: Don't override bus width capabilities from devicetree

Take out the force setting of the MMC_CAP_4_BIT_DATA host capability
so that the result read from devicetree via mmc_of_parse() is
preserved.

bcm2835-mmc: Only claim one DMA channel

With both MMC controllers enabled there are few DMA channels left. The
bcm2835-mmc driver only uses DMA in one direction at a time, so it
doesn't need to claim two channels.

See: #1327

Signed-off-by: Phil Elwell <phil@raspberrypi.org>

bcm2835-mmc: New timer API

mmc: bcm2835-mmc: Support underclocking

Support underclocking of the SD bus using the max-frequency DT property
(which currently has no DT parameter). The sd_overclock parameter
already provides another way to achieve the same thing which should be
equivalent in end result, but it is a bug not to support max-frequency
as well.

See: #2350

Signed-off-by: Phil Elwell <phil@raspberrypi.org>

mmc/bcm2835: Recover from MMC_SEND_EXT_CSD

If the user issues an "mmc extcsd read", the SD controller receives
what it thinks is a SEND_IF_COND command with an unexpected data block.
The resulting operations leave the FSM stuck in READWAIT, a state which
persists until the MMC framework resets the controller, by which point
the root filesystem is likely to have been unmounted.

A less heavyweight solution is to detect the condition and nudge the
FSM by asserting the (self-clearing) FORCE_DATA_MODE bit.

N.B. This workaround was essentially discovered by accident and without
a full understanding the inner workings of the controller, so it is
fortunate that the "fix" only modifies error paths.

See: #2728

Signed-off-by: Phil Elwell <phil@raspberrypi.org>

popcornmix added a commit that referenced this issue Apr 2, 2019

Adding bcm2835-sdhost driver, and an overlay to enable it
BCM2835 has two SD card interfaces. This driver uses the other one.

bcm2835-sdhost: Error handling fix, and code clarification

bcm2835-sdhost: Adding overclocking option

Allow a different clock speed to be substitued for a requested 50MHz.
This option is exposed using the "overclock_50" DT parameter.
Note that the sdhost interface is restricted to integer divisions of
core_freq, and the highest sensible option for a core_freq of 250MHz
is 84 (250/3 = 83.3MHz), the next being 125 (250/2) which is much too
high.

Use at your own risk.

bcm2835-sdhost: Round up the overclock, so 62 works for 62.5Mhz

Also only warn once for each overclock setting.

bcm2835-sdhost: Improve error handling and recovery

1) Expose the hw_reset method to the MMC framework, removing many
   internal calls by the driver.

2) Reduce overclock setting on error.

3) Increase timeout to cope with high capacity cards.

4) Add properties and parameters to control pio_limit and debug.

5) Reduce messages at probe time.

bcm2835-sdhost: Further improve overclock back-off

bcm2835-sdhost: Clear HBLC for PIO mode

Also update pio_limit default in overlay README.

bcm2835-sdhost: Add the ERASE capability

See: #1076

bcm2835-sdhost: Ignore CRC7 for MMC CMD1

It seems that the sdhost interface returns CRC7 errors for CMD1,
which is the MMC-specific SEND_OP_COND. Returning these errors to
the MMC layer causes a downward spiral, but ignoring them seems
to be harmless.

bcm2835-mmc/sdhost: Remove ARCH_BCM2835 differences

The bcm2835-mmc driver (and -sdhost driver that copied from it)
contains code to handle SDIO interrupts in a threaded interrupt
handler rather than waking the MMC framework thread. The change
follows a patch from Russell King that adds the facility as the
preferred way of working.

However, the new code path is only present in ARCH_BCM2835
builds, which I have taken to be a way of testing the waters
rather than making the change across the board; I can't see
any technical reason why it wouldn't be enabled for MACH_BCM270X
builds. So this patch standardises on the ARCH_BCM2835 code,
removing the old code paths.

bcm2835-sdhost: Don't log timeout errors unless debug=1

The MMC card-discovery process generates timeouts. This is
expected behaviour, so reporting it to the user serves no purpose.
Suppress the reporting of timeout errors unless the debug flag
is on.

bcm2835-sdhost: Add workaround for odd behaviour on some cards

For reasons not understood, the sdhost driver fails when reading
sectors very near the end of some SD cards. The problem could
be related to the similar issue that reading the final sector
of any card as part of a multiple read never completes, and the
workaround is an extension of the mechanism introduced to solve
that problem which ensures those sectors are always read singly.

bcm2835-sdhost: Major revision

This is a significant revision of the bcm2835-sdhost driver. It
improves on the original in a number of ways:

1) Through the use of CMD23 for reads it appears to avoid problems
   reading some sectors on certain high speed cards.
2) Better atomicity to prevent crashes.
3) Higher performance.
4) Activity logging included, for easier diagnosis in the event
   of a problem.

Signed-off-by: Phil Elwell <phil@raspberrypi.org>

bcm2835-sdhost: Restore ATOMIC flag to PIO sg mapping

Allocation problems have been seen in a wireless driver, and
this is the only change which might have been responsible.

SQUASH: bcm2835-sdhost: Only claim one DMA channel

With both MMC controllers enabled there are few DMA channels left. The
bcm2835-sdhost driver only uses DMA in one direction at a time, so it
doesn't need to claim two channels.

See: #1327

Signed-off-by: Phil Elwell <phil@raspberrypi.org>

bcm2835-sdhost: Workaround for "slow" sectors

Some cards have been seen to cause timeouts after certain sectors are
read. This workaround enforces a minimum delay between the stop after
reading one of those sectors and a subsequent data command.

Using CMD23 (SET_BLOCK_COUNT) avoids this problem, so good cards will
not be penalised by this workaround.

Signed-off-by: Phil Elwell <phil@raspberrypi.org>

bcm2835-sdhost: Firmware manages the clock divisor

The bcm2835-sdhost driver hands control of the CDIV clock divisor
register to matching firmware, allowing it to adjust to a changing
core clock. This removes the need to use the performance governor or
to enable io_is_busy on the on-demand governor in order to get the
best SD performance.

N.B. As SD clocks must be an integer divisor of the core clock, it is
possible that the SD clock for "turbo" mode can be different (even
lower) than "normal" mode.

Signed-off-by: Phil Elwell <phil@raspberrypi.org>

bcm2835-sdhost: Reset the clock in task context

Since reprogramming the clock can now involve a round-trip to the
firmware it must not be done at atomic context, and a tasklet
is not a task.

Signed-off-by: Phil Elwell <phil@raspberrypi.org>

bcm2835-sdhost: Don't exit cmd wait loop on error

The FAIL flag can be set in the CMD register before command processing
is complete, leading to spurious "failed to complete" errors. This has
the effect of promoting harmless CRC7 errors during CMD1 processing
into errors that can delay and even prevent booting.

Also:
1) Convert the last KERN_ERROR message in the register dumping to
   KERN_INFO.
2) Remove an unnecessary reset call from  bcm2835_sdhost_add_host.

See: #1492

Signed-off-by: Phil Elwell <phil@raspberrypi.org>

bcm2835-sdhost: mmc_card_blockaddr fix

Get the definition of mmc_card_blockaddr from drivers/mmc/core/card.h.

Signed-off-by: Phil Elwell <phil@raspberrypi.org>

bcm2835-sdhost: New timer API

mmc: bcm2835-sdhost: Support underclocking

Support underclocking of the SD bus in two ways:
1. using the max-frequency DT property (which currently has no DT
   parameter), and
2. using the exiting sd_overclock parameter.

The two methods differ slightly - in the former the MMC subsystem is
aware of the underclocking, while in the latter it isn't - but the
end results should be the same.

See: #2350

Signed-off-by: Phil Elwell <phil@raspberrypi.org>

mmc: bcm2835-sdhost: Add include

highmem.h (needed for kmap_atomic) is pulled in by one of the other
include files, but only with some CONFIG settings. Make the inclusion
explicit to cater for cases where the CONFIG setting is absent.

See: #2366

Signed-off-by: Phil Elwell <phil@raspberrypi.org>

mmc/bcm2835-sdhost: Recover from MMC_SEND_EXT_CSD

If the user issues an "mmc extcsd read", the SD controller receives
what it thinks is a SEND_IF_COND command with an unexpected data block.
The resulting operations leave the FSM stuck in READWAIT, a state which
persists until the MMC framework resets the controller, by which point
the root filesystem is likely to have been unmounted.

A less heavyweight solution is to detect the condition and nudge the
FSM by asserting the (self-clearing) FORCE_DATA_MODE bit.

N.B. This workaround was essentially discovered by accident and without
a full understanding the inner workings of the controller, so it is
fortunate that the "fix" only modifies error paths.

See: #2728

Signed-off-by: Phil Elwell <phil@raspberrypi.org>

mmc: bcm2835-sdhost: Fix warnings on arm64

Signed-off-by: Phil Elwell <phil@raspberrypi.org>

popcornmix added a commit that referenced this issue Apr 2, 2019

mmc/bcm2835-sdhost: Recover from MMC_SEND_EXT_CSD
If the user issues an "mmc extcsd read", the SD controller receives
what it thinks is a SEND_IF_COND command with an unexpected data block.
The resulting operations leave the FSM stuck in READWAIT, a state which
persists until the MMC framework resets the controller, by which point
the root filesystem is likely to have been unmounted.

A less heavyweight solution is to detect the condition and nudge the
FSM by asserting the (self-clearing) FORCE_DATA_MODE bit.

N.B. This workaround was essentially discovered by accident and without
a full understanding the inner workings of the controller, so it is
fortunate that the "fix" only modifies error paths.

See: #2728

Signed-off-by: Phil Elwell <phil@raspberrypi.org>

popcornmix added a commit that referenced this issue Apr 2, 2019

MMC: added alternative MMC driver
mmc: Disable CMD23 transfers on all cards

Pending wire-level investigation of these types of transfers
and associated errors on bcm2835-mmc, disable for now. Fallback of
CMD18/CMD25 transfers will be used automatically by the MMC layer.

Reported/Tested-by: Gellert Weisz <gellert@raspberrypi.org>

mmc: bcm2835-mmc: enable DT support for all architectures

Both ARCH_BCM2835 and ARCH_BCM270x are built with OF now.
Enable Device Tree support for all architectures.

Signed-off-by: Noralf Trønnes <noralf@tronnes.org>

mmc: bcm2835-mmc: fix probe error handling

Probe error handling is broken in several places.
Simplify error handling by using device managed functions.
Replace pr_{err,info} with dev_{err,info}.

Signed-off-by: Noralf Trønnes <noralf@tronnes.org>

bcm2835-mmc: Add locks when accessing sdhost registers

bcm2835-mmc: Add range of debug options for slowing things down

bcm2835-mmc: Add option to disable some delays

bcm2835-mmc: Add option to disable MMC_QUIRK_BLK_NO_CMD23

bcm2835-mmc: Default to disabling MMC_QUIRK_BLK_NO_CMD23

bcm2835-mmc: Adding overclocking option

Allow a different clock speed to be substitued for a requested 50MHz.
This option is exposed using the "overclock_50" DT parameter.
Note that the mmc interface is restricted to EVEN integer divisions of
250MHz, and the highest sensible option is 63 (250/4 = 62.5), the
next being 125 (250/2) which is much too high.

Use at your own risk.

bcm2835-mmc: Round up the overclock, so 62 works for 62.5Mhz

Also only warn once for each overclock setting.

mmc: bcm2835-mmc: Make available on ARCH_BCM2835

Make the bcm2835-mmc driver available for use on ARCH_BCM2835.

Signed-off-by: Noralf Trønnes <noralf@tronnes.org>

BCM270x_DT: add bcm2835-mmc entry

Add Device Tree entry for bcm2835-mmc.
In non-DT mode, don't add the device in the board file.

Signed-off-by: Noralf Trønnes <noralf@tronnes.org>

bcm2835-mmc: Don't overwrite MMC capabilities from DT

bcm2835-mmc: Don't override bus width capabilities from devicetree

Take out the force setting of the MMC_CAP_4_BIT_DATA host capability
so that the result read from devicetree via mmc_of_parse() is
preserved.

bcm2835-mmc: Only claim one DMA channel

With both MMC controllers enabled there are few DMA channels left. The
bcm2835-mmc driver only uses DMA in one direction at a time, so it
doesn't need to claim two channels.

See: #1327

Signed-off-by: Phil Elwell <phil@raspberrypi.org>

bcm2835-mmc: New timer API

mmc: bcm2835-mmc: Support underclocking

Support underclocking of the SD bus using the max-frequency DT property
(which currently has no DT parameter). The sd_overclock parameter
already provides another way to achieve the same thing which should be
equivalent in end result, but it is a bug not to support max-frequency
as well.

See: #2350

Signed-off-by: Phil Elwell <phil@raspberrypi.org>

mmc/bcm2835: Recover from MMC_SEND_EXT_CSD

If the user issues an "mmc extcsd read", the SD controller receives
what it thinks is a SEND_IF_COND command with an unexpected data block.
The resulting operations leave the FSM stuck in READWAIT, a state which
persists until the MMC framework resets the controller, by which point
the root filesystem is likely to have been unmounted.

A less heavyweight solution is to detect the condition and nudge the
FSM by asserting the (self-clearing) FORCE_DATA_MODE bit.

N.B. This workaround was essentially discovered by accident and without
a full understanding the inner workings of the controller, so it is
fortunate that the "fix" only modifies error paths.

See: #2728

Signed-off-by: Phil Elwell <phil@raspberrypi.org>

popcornmix added a commit that referenced this issue Apr 2, 2019

Adding bcm2835-sdhost driver, and an overlay to enable it
BCM2835 has two SD card interfaces. This driver uses the other one.

bcm2835-sdhost: Error handling fix, and code clarification

bcm2835-sdhost: Adding overclocking option

Allow a different clock speed to be substitued for a requested 50MHz.
This option is exposed using the "overclock_50" DT parameter.
Note that the sdhost interface is restricted to integer divisions of
core_freq, and the highest sensible option for a core_freq of 250MHz
is 84 (250/3 = 83.3MHz), the next being 125 (250/2) which is much too
high.

Use at your own risk.

bcm2835-sdhost: Round up the overclock, so 62 works for 62.5Mhz

Also only warn once for each overclock setting.

bcm2835-sdhost: Improve error handling and recovery

1) Expose the hw_reset method to the MMC framework, removing many
   internal calls by the driver.

2) Reduce overclock setting on error.

3) Increase timeout to cope with high capacity cards.

4) Add properties and parameters to control pio_limit and debug.

5) Reduce messages at probe time.

bcm2835-sdhost: Further improve overclock back-off

bcm2835-sdhost: Clear HBLC for PIO mode

Also update pio_limit default in overlay README.

bcm2835-sdhost: Add the ERASE capability

See: #1076

bcm2835-sdhost: Ignore CRC7 for MMC CMD1

It seems that the sdhost interface returns CRC7 errors for CMD1,
which is the MMC-specific SEND_OP_COND. Returning these errors to
the MMC layer causes a downward spiral, but ignoring them seems
to be harmless.

bcm2835-mmc/sdhost: Remove ARCH_BCM2835 differences

The bcm2835-mmc driver (and -sdhost driver that copied from it)
contains code to handle SDIO interrupts in a threaded interrupt
handler rather than waking the MMC framework thread. The change
follows a patch from Russell King that adds the facility as the
preferred way of working.

However, the new code path is only present in ARCH_BCM2835
builds, which I have taken to be a way of testing the waters
rather than making the change across the board; I can't see
any technical reason why it wouldn't be enabled for MACH_BCM270X
builds. So this patch standardises on the ARCH_BCM2835 code,
removing the old code paths.

bcm2835-sdhost: Don't log timeout errors unless debug=1

The MMC card-discovery process generates timeouts. This is
expected behaviour, so reporting it to the user serves no purpose.
Suppress the reporting of timeout errors unless the debug flag
is on.

bcm2835-sdhost: Add workaround for odd behaviour on some cards

For reasons not understood, the sdhost driver fails when reading
sectors very near the end of some SD cards. The problem could
be related to the similar issue that reading the final sector
of any card as part of a multiple read never completes, and the
workaround is an extension of the mechanism introduced to solve
that problem which ensures those sectors are always read singly.

bcm2835-sdhost: Major revision

This is a significant revision of the bcm2835-sdhost driver. It
improves on the original in a number of ways:

1) Through the use of CMD23 for reads it appears to avoid problems
   reading some sectors on certain high speed cards.
2) Better atomicity to prevent crashes.
3) Higher performance.
4) Activity logging included, for easier diagnosis in the event
   of a problem.

Signed-off-by: Phil Elwell <phil@raspberrypi.org>

bcm2835-sdhost: Restore ATOMIC flag to PIO sg mapping

Allocation problems have been seen in a wireless driver, and
this is the only change which might have been responsible.

SQUASH: bcm2835-sdhost: Only claim one DMA channel

With both MMC controllers enabled there are few DMA channels left. The
bcm2835-sdhost driver only uses DMA in one direction at a time, so it
doesn't need to claim two channels.

See: #1327

Signed-off-by: Phil Elwell <phil@raspberrypi.org>

bcm2835-sdhost: Workaround for "slow" sectors

Some cards have been seen to cause timeouts after certain sectors are
read. This workaround enforces a minimum delay between the stop after
reading one of those sectors and a subsequent data command.

Using CMD23 (SET_BLOCK_COUNT) avoids this problem, so good cards will
not be penalised by this workaround.

Signed-off-by: Phil Elwell <phil@raspberrypi.org>

bcm2835-sdhost: Firmware manages the clock divisor

The bcm2835-sdhost driver hands control of the CDIV clock divisor
register to matching firmware, allowing it to adjust to a changing
core clock. This removes the need to use the performance governor or
to enable io_is_busy on the on-demand governor in order to get the
best SD performance.

N.B. As SD clocks must be an integer divisor of the core clock, it is
possible that the SD clock for "turbo" mode can be different (even
lower) than "normal" mode.

Signed-off-by: Phil Elwell <phil@raspberrypi.org>

bcm2835-sdhost: Reset the clock in task context

Since reprogramming the clock can now involve a round-trip to the
firmware it must not be done at atomic context, and a tasklet
is not a task.

Signed-off-by: Phil Elwell <phil@raspberrypi.org>

bcm2835-sdhost: Don't exit cmd wait loop on error

The FAIL flag can be set in the CMD register before command processing
is complete, leading to spurious "failed to complete" errors. This has
the effect of promoting harmless CRC7 errors during CMD1 processing
into errors that can delay and even prevent booting.

Also:
1) Convert the last KERN_ERROR message in the register dumping to
   KERN_INFO.
2) Remove an unnecessary reset call from  bcm2835_sdhost_add_host.

See: #1492

Signed-off-by: Phil Elwell <phil@raspberrypi.org>

bcm2835-sdhost: mmc_card_blockaddr fix

Get the definition of mmc_card_blockaddr from drivers/mmc/core/card.h.

Signed-off-by: Phil Elwell <phil@raspberrypi.org>

bcm2835-sdhost: New timer API

mmc: bcm2835-sdhost: Support underclocking

Support underclocking of the SD bus in two ways:
1. using the max-frequency DT property (which currently has no DT
   parameter), and
2. using the exiting sd_overclock parameter.

The two methods differ slightly - in the former the MMC subsystem is
aware of the underclocking, while in the latter it isn't - but the
end results should be the same.

See: #2350

Signed-off-by: Phil Elwell <phil@raspberrypi.org>

mmc: bcm2835-sdhost: Add include

highmem.h (needed for kmap_atomic) is pulled in by one of the other
include files, but only with some CONFIG settings. Make the inclusion
explicit to cater for cases where the CONFIG setting is absent.

See: #2366

Signed-off-by: Phil Elwell <phil@raspberrypi.org>

mmc/bcm2835-sdhost: Recover from MMC_SEND_EXT_CSD

If the user issues an "mmc extcsd read", the SD controller receives
what it thinks is a SEND_IF_COND command with an unexpected data block.
The resulting operations leave the FSM stuck in READWAIT, a state which
persists until the MMC framework resets the controller, by which point
the root filesystem is likely to have been unmounted.

A less heavyweight solution is to detect the condition and nudge the
FSM by asserting the (self-clearing) FORCE_DATA_MODE bit.

N.B. This workaround was essentially discovered by accident and without
a full understanding the inner workings of the controller, so it is
fortunate that the "fix" only modifies error paths.

See: #2728

Signed-off-by: Phil Elwell <phil@raspberrypi.org>

mmc: bcm2835-sdhost: Fix warnings on arm64

Signed-off-by: Phil Elwell <phil@raspberrypi.org>

mike-scott added a commit to mike-scott/linux that referenced this issue Apr 2, 2019

[FIO extras] MMC: added alternative MMC driver
mmc: Disable CMD23 transfers on all cards

Pending wire-level investigation of these types of transfers
and associated errors on bcm2835-mmc, disable for now. Fallback of
CMD18/CMD25 transfers will be used automatically by the MMC layer.

Reported/Tested-by: Gellert Weisz <gellert@raspberrypi.org>

mmc: bcm2835-mmc: enable DT support for all architectures

Both ARCH_BCM2835 and ARCH_BCM270x are built with OF now.
Enable Device Tree support for all architectures.

Signed-off-by: Noralf Trønnes <noralf@tronnes.org>

mmc: bcm2835-mmc: fix probe error handling

Probe error handling is broken in several places.
Simplify error handling by using device managed functions.
Replace pr_{err,info} with dev_{err,info}.

Signed-off-by: Noralf Trønnes <noralf@tronnes.org>

bcm2835-mmc: Add locks when accessing sdhost registers

bcm2835-mmc: Add range of debug options for slowing things down

bcm2835-mmc: Add option to disable some delays

bcm2835-mmc: Add option to disable MMC_QUIRK_BLK_NO_CMD23

bcm2835-mmc: Default to disabling MMC_QUIRK_BLK_NO_CMD23

bcm2835-mmc: Adding overclocking option

Allow a different clock speed to be substitued for a requested 50MHz.
This option is exposed using the "overclock_50" DT parameter.
Note that the mmc interface is restricted to EVEN integer divisions of
250MHz, and the highest sensible option is 63 (250/4 = 62.5), the
next being 125 (250/2) which is much too high.

Use at your own risk.

bcm2835-mmc: Round up the overclock, so 62 works for 62.5Mhz

Also only warn once for each overclock setting.

mmc: bcm2835-mmc: Make available on ARCH_BCM2835

Make the bcm2835-mmc driver available for use on ARCH_BCM2835.

Signed-off-by: Noralf Trønnes <noralf@tronnes.org>

BCM270x_DT: add bcm2835-mmc entry

Add Device Tree entry for bcm2835-mmc.
In non-DT mode, don't add the device in the board file.

Signed-off-by: Noralf Trønnes <noralf@tronnes.org>

bcm2835-mmc: Don't overwrite MMC capabilities from DT

bcm2835-mmc: Don't override bus width capabilities from devicetree

Take out the force setting of the MMC_CAP_4_BIT_DATA host capability
so that the result read from devicetree via mmc_of_parse() is
preserved.

bcm2835-mmc: Only claim one DMA channel

With both MMC controllers enabled there are few DMA channels left. The
bcm2835-mmc driver only uses DMA in one direction at a time, so it
doesn't need to claim two channels.

See: raspberrypi/linux#1327

Signed-off-by: Phil Elwell <phil@raspberrypi.org>

bcm2835-mmc: New timer API

mmc: bcm2835-mmc: Support underclocking

Support underclocking of the SD bus using the max-frequency DT property
(which currently has no DT parameter). The sd_overclock parameter
already provides another way to achieve the same thing which should be
equivalent in end result, but it is a bug not to support max-frequency
as well.

See: raspberrypi/linux#2350

Signed-off-by: Phil Elwell <phil@raspberrypi.org>

mmc/bcm2835: Recover from MMC_SEND_EXT_CSD

If the user issues an "mmc extcsd read", the SD controller receives
what it thinks is a SEND_IF_COND command with an unexpected data block.
The resulting operations leave the FSM stuck in READWAIT, a state which
persists until the MMC framework resets the controller, by which point
the root filesystem is likely to have been unmounted.

A less heavyweight solution is to detect the condition and nudge the
FSM by asserting the (self-clearing) FORCE_DATA_MODE bit.

N.B. This workaround was essentially discovered by accident and without
a full understanding the inner workings of the controller, so it is
fortunate that the "fix" only modifies error paths.

See: raspberrypi/linux#2728

Signed-off-by: Phil Elwell <phil@raspberrypi.org>

fixup: bcm2835-mmc

Signed-off-by: popcornmix <popcornmix@gmail.com>
[mike@foundries.io: Squashed commit "fixup: bcm2835-mmc".]
Signed-off-by: Michael Scott <mike@foundries.io>

mike-scott added a commit to mike-scott/linux that referenced this issue Apr 2, 2019

[FIO extras] Adding bcm2835-sdhost driver, and an overlay to enable it
BCM2835 has two SD card interfaces. This driver uses the other one.

bcm2835-sdhost: Error handling fix, and code clarification

bcm2835-sdhost: Adding overclocking option

Allow a different clock speed to be substitued for a requested 50MHz.
This option is exposed using the "overclock_50" DT parameter.
Note that the sdhost interface is restricted to integer divisions of
core_freq, and the highest sensible option for a core_freq of 250MHz
is 84 (250/3 = 83.3MHz), the next being 125 (250/2) which is much too
high.

Use at your own risk.

bcm2835-sdhost: Round up the overclock, so 62 works for 62.5Mhz

Also only warn once for each overclock setting.

bcm2835-sdhost: Improve error handling and recovery

1) Expose the hw_reset method to the MMC framework, removing many
   internal calls by the driver.

2) Reduce overclock setting on error.

3) Increase timeout to cope with high capacity cards.

4) Add properties and parameters to control pio_limit and debug.

5) Reduce messages at probe time.

bcm2835-sdhost: Further improve overclock back-off

bcm2835-sdhost: Clear HBLC for PIO mode

Also update pio_limit default in overlay README.

bcm2835-sdhost: Add the ERASE capability

See: raspberrypi/linux#1076

bcm2835-sdhost: Ignore CRC7 for MMC CMD1

It seems that the sdhost interface returns CRC7 errors for CMD1,
which is the MMC-specific SEND_OP_COND. Returning these errors to
the MMC layer causes a downward spiral, but ignoring them seems
to be harmless.

bcm2835-mmc/sdhost: Remove ARCH_BCM2835 differences

The bcm2835-mmc driver (and -sdhost driver that copied from it)
contains code to handle SDIO interrupts in a threaded interrupt
handler rather than waking the MMC framework thread. The change
follows a patch from Russell King that adds the facility as the
preferred way of working.

However, the new code path is only present in ARCH_BCM2835
builds, which I have taken to be a way of testing the waters
rather than making the change across the board; I can't see
any technical reason why it wouldn't be enabled for MACH_BCM270X
builds. So this patch standardises on the ARCH_BCM2835 code,
removing the old code paths.

bcm2835-sdhost: Don't log timeout errors unless debug=1

The MMC card-discovery process generates timeouts. This is
expected behaviour, so reporting it to the user serves no purpose.
Suppress the reporting of timeout errors unless the debug flag
is on.

bcm2835-sdhost: Add workaround for odd behaviour on some cards

For reasons not understood, the sdhost driver fails when reading
sectors very near the end of some SD cards. The problem could
be related to the similar issue that reading the final sector
of any card as part of a multiple read never completes, and the
workaround is an extension of the mechanism introduced to solve
that problem which ensures those sectors are always read singly.

bcm2835-sdhost: Major revision

This is a significant revision of the bcm2835-sdhost driver. It
improves on the original in a number of ways:

1) Through the use of CMD23 for reads it appears to avoid problems
   reading some sectors on certain high speed cards.
2) Better atomicity to prevent crashes.
3) Higher performance.
4) Activity logging included, for easier diagnosis in the event
   of a problem.

Signed-off-by: Phil Elwell <phil@raspberrypi.org>

bcm2835-sdhost: Restore ATOMIC flag to PIO sg mapping

Allocation problems have been seen in a wireless driver, and
this is the only change which might have been responsible.

SQUASH: bcm2835-sdhost: Only claim one DMA channel

With both MMC controllers enabled there are few DMA channels left. The
bcm2835-sdhost driver only uses DMA in one direction at a time, so it
doesn't need to claim two channels.

See: raspberrypi/linux#1327

Signed-off-by: Phil Elwell <phil@raspberrypi.org>

bcm2835-sdhost: Workaround for "slow" sectors

Some cards have been seen to cause timeouts after certain sectors are
read. This workaround enforces a minimum delay between the stop after
reading one of those sectors and a subsequent data command.

Using CMD23 (SET_BLOCK_COUNT) avoids this problem, so good cards will
not be penalised by this workaround.

Signed-off-by: Phil Elwell <phil@raspberrypi.org>

bcm2835-sdhost: Firmware manages the clock divisor

The bcm2835-sdhost driver hands control of the CDIV clock divisor
register to matching firmware, allowing it to adjust to a changing
core clock. This removes the need to use the performance governor or
to enable io_is_busy on the on-demand governor in order to get the
best SD performance.

N.B. As SD clocks must be an integer divisor of the core clock, it is
possible that the SD clock for "turbo" mode can be different (even
lower) than "normal" mode.

Signed-off-by: Phil Elwell <phil@raspberrypi.org>

bcm2835-sdhost: Reset the clock in task context

Since reprogramming the clock can now involve a round-trip to the
firmware it must not be done at atomic context, and a tasklet
is not a task.

Signed-off-by: Phil Elwell <phil@raspberrypi.org>

bcm2835-sdhost: Don't exit cmd wait loop on error

The FAIL flag can be set in the CMD register before command processing
is complete, leading to spurious "failed to complete" errors. This has
the effect of promoting harmless CRC7 errors during CMD1 processing
into errors that can delay and even prevent booting.

Also:
1) Convert the last KERN_ERROR message in the register dumping to
   KERN_INFO.
2) Remove an unnecessary reset call from  bcm2835_sdhost_add_host.

See: raspberrypi/linux#1492

Signed-off-by: Phil Elwell <phil@raspberrypi.org>

bcm2835-sdhost: mmc_card_blockaddr fix

Get the definition of mmc_card_blockaddr from drivers/mmc/core/card.h.

Signed-off-by: Phil Elwell <phil@raspberrypi.org>

bcm2835-sdhost: New timer API

mmc: bcm2835-sdhost: Support underclocking

Support underclocking of the SD bus in two ways:
1. using the max-frequency DT property (which currently has no DT
   parameter), and
2. using the exiting sd_overclock parameter.

The two methods differ slightly - in the former the MMC subsystem is
aware of the underclocking, while in the latter it isn't - but the
end results should be the same.

See: raspberrypi/linux#2350

Signed-off-by: Phil Elwell <phil@raspberrypi.org>

mmc: bcm2835-sdhost: Add include

highmem.h (needed for kmap_atomic) is pulled in by one of the other
include files, but only with some CONFIG settings. Make the inclusion
explicit to cater for cases where the CONFIG setting is absent.

See: raspberrypi/linux#2366

Signed-off-by: Phil Elwell <phil@raspberrypi.org>

mmc/bcm2835-sdhost: Recover from MMC_SEND_EXT_CSD

If the user issues an "mmc extcsd read", the SD controller receives
what it thinks is a SEND_IF_COND command with an unexpected data block.
The resulting operations leave the FSM stuck in READWAIT, a state which
persists until the MMC framework resets the controller, by which point
the root filesystem is likely to have been unmounted.

A less heavyweight solution is to detect the condition and nudge the
FSM by asserting the (self-clearing) FORCE_DATA_MODE bit.

N.B. This workaround was essentially discovered by accident and without
a full understanding the inner workings of the controller, so it is
fortunate that the "fix" only modifies error paths.

See: raspberrypi/linux#2728

Signed-off-by: Phil Elwell <phil@raspberrypi.org>

mmc: bcm2835-sdhost: Fix warnings on arm64

Signed-off-by: Phil Elwell <phil@raspberrypi.org>

fixup: bcm2835-sdhost

Signed-off-by: popcornmix <popcornmix@gmail.com>
[mike@foundries.io: Squashed commit "fixup: bcm2835-sdhost".]
Signed-off-by: Michael Scott <mike@foundries.io>

artynet added a commit to artynet/rpi-linux that referenced this issue Apr 3, 2019

MMC: added alternative MMC driver
mmc: Disable CMD23 transfers on all cards

Pending wire-level investigation of these types of transfers
and associated errors on bcm2835-mmc, disable for now. Fallback of
CMD18/CMD25 transfers will be used automatically by the MMC layer.

Reported/Tested-by: Gellert Weisz <gellert@raspberrypi.org>

mmc: bcm2835-mmc: enable DT support for all architectures

Both ARCH_BCM2835 and ARCH_BCM270x are built with OF now.
Enable Device Tree support for all architectures.

Signed-off-by: Noralf Trønnes <noralf@tronnes.org>

mmc: bcm2835-mmc: fix probe error handling

Probe error handling is broken in several places.
Simplify error handling by using device managed functions.
Replace pr_{err,info} with dev_{err,info}.

Signed-off-by: Noralf Trønnes <noralf@tronnes.org>

bcm2835-mmc: Add locks when accessing sdhost registers

bcm2835-mmc: Add range of debug options for slowing things down

bcm2835-mmc: Add option to disable some delays

bcm2835-mmc: Add option to disable MMC_QUIRK_BLK_NO_CMD23

bcm2835-mmc: Default to disabling MMC_QUIRK_BLK_NO_CMD23

bcm2835-mmc: Adding overclocking option

Allow a different clock speed to be substitued for a requested 50MHz.
This option is exposed using the "overclock_50" DT parameter.
Note that the mmc interface is restricted to EVEN integer divisions of
250MHz, and the highest sensible option is 63 (250/4 = 62.5), the
next being 125 (250/2) which is much too high.

Use at your own risk.

bcm2835-mmc: Round up the overclock, so 62 works for 62.5Mhz

Also only warn once for each overclock setting.

mmc: bcm2835-mmc: Make available on ARCH_BCM2835

Make the bcm2835-mmc driver available for use on ARCH_BCM2835.

Signed-off-by: Noralf Trønnes <noralf@tronnes.org>

BCM270x_DT: add bcm2835-mmc entry

Add Device Tree entry for bcm2835-mmc.
In non-DT mode, don't add the device in the board file.

Signed-off-by: Noralf Trønnes <noralf@tronnes.org>

bcm2835-mmc: Don't overwrite MMC capabilities from DT

bcm2835-mmc: Don't override bus width capabilities from devicetree

Take out the force setting of the MMC_CAP_4_BIT_DATA host capability
so that the result read from devicetree via mmc_of_parse() is
preserved.

bcm2835-mmc: Only claim one DMA channel

With both MMC controllers enabled there are few DMA channels left. The
bcm2835-mmc driver only uses DMA in one direction at a time, so it
doesn't need to claim two channels.

See: raspberrypi#1327

Signed-off-by: Phil Elwell <phil@raspberrypi.org>

bcm2835-mmc: New timer API

mmc: bcm2835-mmc: Support underclocking

Support underclocking of the SD bus using the max-frequency DT property
(which currently has no DT parameter). The sd_overclock parameter
already provides another way to achieve the same thing which should be
equivalent in end result, but it is a bug not to support max-frequency
as well.

See: raspberrypi#2350

Signed-off-by: Phil Elwell <phil@raspberrypi.org>

mmc/bcm2835: Recover from MMC_SEND_EXT_CSD

If the user issues an "mmc extcsd read", the SD controller receives
what it thinks is a SEND_IF_COND command with an unexpected data block.
The resulting operations leave the FSM stuck in READWAIT, a state which
persists until the MMC framework resets the controller, by which point
the root filesystem is likely to have been unmounted.

A less heavyweight solution is to detect the condition and nudge the
FSM by asserting the (self-clearing) FORCE_DATA_MODE bit.

N.B. This workaround was essentially discovered by accident and without
a full understanding the inner workings of the controller, so it is
fortunate that the "fix" only modifies error paths.

See: raspberrypi#2728

Signed-off-by: Phil Elwell <phil@raspberrypi.org>

artynet added a commit to artynet/rpi-linux that referenced this issue Apr 3, 2019

Adding bcm2835-sdhost driver, and an overlay to enable it
BCM2835 has two SD card interfaces. This driver uses the other one.

bcm2835-sdhost: Error handling fix, and code clarification

bcm2835-sdhost: Adding overclocking option

Allow a different clock speed to be substitued for a requested 50MHz.
This option is exposed using the "overclock_50" DT parameter.
Note that the sdhost interface is restricted to integer divisions of
core_freq, and the highest sensible option for a core_freq of 250MHz
is 84 (250/3 = 83.3MHz), the next being 125 (250/2) which is much too
high.

Use at your own risk.

bcm2835-sdhost: Round up the overclock, so 62 works for 62.5Mhz

Also only warn once for each overclock setting.

bcm2835-sdhost: Improve error handling and recovery

1) Expose the hw_reset method to the MMC framework, removing many
   internal calls by the driver.

2) Reduce overclock setting on error.

3) Increase timeout to cope with high capacity cards.

4) Add properties and parameters to control pio_limit and debug.

5) Reduce messages at probe time.

bcm2835-sdhost: Further improve overclock back-off

bcm2835-sdhost: Clear HBLC for PIO mode

Also update pio_limit default in overlay README.

bcm2835-sdhost: Add the ERASE capability

See: raspberrypi#1076

bcm2835-sdhost: Ignore CRC7 for MMC CMD1

It seems that the sdhost interface returns CRC7 errors for CMD1,
which is the MMC-specific SEND_OP_COND. Returning these errors to
the MMC layer causes a downward spiral, but ignoring them seems
to be harmless.

bcm2835-mmc/sdhost: Remove ARCH_BCM2835 differences

The bcm2835-mmc driver (and -sdhost driver that copied from it)
contains code to handle SDIO interrupts in a threaded interrupt
handler rather than waking the MMC framework thread. The change
follows a patch from Russell King that adds the facility as the
preferred way of working.

However, the new code path is only present in ARCH_BCM2835
builds, which I have taken to be a way of testing the waters
rather than making the change across the board; I can't see
any technical reason why it wouldn't be enabled for MACH_BCM270X
builds. So this patch standardises on the ARCH_BCM2835 code,
removing the old code paths.

bcm2835-sdhost: Don't log timeout errors unless debug=1

The MMC card-discovery process generates timeouts. This is
expected behaviour, so reporting it to the user serves no purpose.
Suppress the reporting of timeout errors unless the debug flag
is on.

bcm2835-sdhost: Add workaround for odd behaviour on some cards

For reasons not understood, the sdhost driver fails when reading
sectors very near the end of some SD cards. The problem could
be related to the similar issue that reading the final sector
of any card as part of a multiple read never completes, and the
workaround is an extension of the mechanism introduced to solve
that problem which ensures those sectors are always read singly.

bcm2835-sdhost: Major revision

This is a significant revision of the bcm2835-sdhost driver. It
improves on the original in a number of ways:

1) Through the use of CMD23 for reads it appears to avoid problems
   reading some sectors on certain high speed cards.
2) Better atomicity to prevent crashes.
3) Higher performance.
4) Activity logging included, for easier diagnosis in the event
   of a problem.

Signed-off-by: Phil Elwell <phil@raspberrypi.org>

bcm2835-sdhost: Restore ATOMIC flag to PIO sg mapping

Allocation problems have been seen in a wireless driver, and
this is the only change which might have been responsible.

SQUASH: bcm2835-sdhost: Only claim one DMA channel

With both MMC controllers enabled there are few DMA channels left. The
bcm2835-sdhost driver only uses DMA in one direction at a time, so it
doesn't need to claim two channels.

See: raspberrypi#1327

Signed-off-by: Phil Elwell <phil@raspberrypi.org>

bcm2835-sdhost: Workaround for "slow" sectors

Some cards have been seen to cause timeouts after certain sectors are
read. This workaround enforces a minimum delay between the stop after
reading one of those sectors and a subsequent data command.

Using CMD23 (SET_BLOCK_COUNT) avoids this problem, so good cards will
not be penalised by this workaround.

Signed-off-by: Phil Elwell <phil@raspberrypi.org>

bcm2835-sdhost: Firmware manages the clock divisor

The bcm2835-sdhost driver hands control of the CDIV clock divisor
register to matching firmware, allowing it to adjust to a changing
core clock. This removes the need to use the performance governor or
to enable io_is_busy on the on-demand governor in order to get the
best SD performance.

N.B. As SD clocks must be an integer divisor of the core clock, it is
possible that the SD clock for "turbo" mode can be different (even
lower) than "normal" mode.

Signed-off-by: Phil Elwell <phil@raspberrypi.org>

bcm2835-sdhost: Reset the clock in task context

Since reprogramming the clock can now involve a round-trip to the
firmware it must not be done at atomic context, and a tasklet
is not a task.

Signed-off-by: Phil Elwell <phil@raspberrypi.org>

bcm2835-sdhost: Don't exit cmd wait loop on error

The FAIL flag can be set in the CMD register before command processing
is complete, leading to spurious "failed to complete" errors. This has
the effect of promoting harmless CRC7 errors during CMD1 processing
into errors that can delay and even prevent booting.

Also:
1) Convert the last KERN_ERROR message in the register dumping to
   KERN_INFO.
2) Remove an unnecessary reset call from  bcm2835_sdhost_add_host.

See: raspberrypi#1492

Signed-off-by: Phil Elwell <phil@raspberrypi.org>

bcm2835-sdhost: mmc_card_blockaddr fix

Get the definition of mmc_card_blockaddr from drivers/mmc/core/card.h.

Signed-off-by: Phil Elwell <phil@raspberrypi.org>

bcm2835-sdhost: New timer API

mmc: bcm2835-sdhost: Support underclocking

Support underclocking of the SD bus in two ways:
1. using the max-frequency DT property (which currently has no DT
   parameter), and
2. using the exiting sd_overclock parameter.

The two methods differ slightly - in the former the MMC subsystem is
aware of the underclocking, while in the latter it isn't - but the
end results should be the same.

See: raspberrypi#2350

Signed-off-by: Phil Elwell <phil@raspberrypi.org>

mmc: bcm2835-sdhost: Add include

highmem.h (needed for kmap_atomic) is pulled in by one of the other
include files, but only with some CONFIG settings. Make the inclusion
explicit to cater for cases where the CONFIG setting is absent.

See: raspberrypi#2366

Signed-off-by: Phil Elwell <phil@raspberrypi.org>

mmc/bcm2835-sdhost: Recover from MMC_SEND_EXT_CSD

If the user issues an "mmc extcsd read", the SD controller receives
what it thinks is a SEND_IF_COND command with an unexpected data block.
The resulting operations leave the FSM stuck in READWAIT, a state which
persists until the MMC framework resets the controller, by which point
the root filesystem is likely to have been unmounted.

A less heavyweight solution is to detect the condition and nudge the
FSM by asserting the (self-clearing) FORCE_DATA_MODE bit.

N.B. This workaround was essentially discovered by accident and without
a full understanding the inner workings of the controller, so it is
fortunate that the "fix" only modifies error paths.

See: raspberrypi#2728

Signed-off-by: Phil Elwell <phil@raspberrypi.org>

mmc: bcm2835-sdhost: Fix warnings on arm64

Signed-off-by: Phil Elwell <phil@raspberrypi.org>

popcornmix added a commit that referenced this issue Apr 8, 2019

MMC: added alternative MMC driver
mmc: Disable CMD23 transfers on all cards

Pending wire-level investigation of these types of transfers
and associated errors on bcm2835-mmc, disable for now. Fallback of
CMD18/CMD25 transfers will be used automatically by the MMC layer.

Reported/Tested-by: Gellert Weisz <gellert@raspberrypi.org>

mmc: bcm2835-mmc: enable DT support for all architectures

Both ARCH_BCM2835 and ARCH_BCM270x are built with OF now.
Enable Device Tree support for all architectures.

Signed-off-by: Noralf Trønnes <noralf@tronnes.org>

mmc: bcm2835-mmc: fix probe error handling

Probe error handling is broken in several places.
Simplify error handling by using device managed functions.
Replace pr_{err,info} with dev_{err,info}.

Signed-off-by: Noralf Trønnes <noralf@tronnes.org>

bcm2835-mmc: Add locks when accessing sdhost registers

bcm2835-mmc: Add range of debug options for slowing things down

bcm2835-mmc: Add option to disable some delays

bcm2835-mmc: Add option to disable MMC_QUIRK_BLK_NO_CMD23

bcm2835-mmc: Default to disabling MMC_QUIRK_BLK_NO_CMD23

bcm2835-mmc: Adding overclocking option

Allow a different clock speed to be substitued for a requested 50MHz.
This option is exposed using the "overclock_50" DT parameter.
Note that the mmc interface is restricted to EVEN integer divisions of
250MHz, and the highest sensible option is 63 (250/4 = 62.5), the
next being 125 (250/2) which is much too high.

Use at your own risk.

bcm2835-mmc: Round up the overclock, so 62 works for 62.5Mhz

Also only warn once for each overclock setting.

mmc: bcm2835-mmc: Make available on ARCH_BCM2835

Make the bcm2835-mmc driver available for use on ARCH_BCM2835.

Signed-off-by: Noralf Trønnes <noralf@tronnes.org>

BCM270x_DT: add bcm2835-mmc entry

Add Device Tree entry for bcm2835-mmc.
In non-DT mode, don't add the device in the board file.

Signed-off-by: Noralf Trønnes <noralf@tronnes.org>

bcm2835-mmc: Don't overwrite MMC capabilities from DT

bcm2835-mmc: Don't override bus width capabilities from devicetree

Take out the force setting of the MMC_CAP_4_BIT_DATA host capability
so that the result read from devicetree via mmc_of_parse() is
preserved.

bcm2835-mmc: Only claim one DMA channel

With both MMC controllers enabled there are few DMA channels left. The
bcm2835-mmc driver only uses DMA in one direction at a time, so it
doesn't need to claim two channels.

See: #1327

Signed-off-by: Phil Elwell <phil@raspberrypi.org>

bcm2835-mmc: New timer API

mmc: bcm2835-mmc: Support underclocking

Support underclocking of the SD bus using the max-frequency DT property
(which currently has no DT parameter). The sd_overclock parameter
already provides another way to achieve the same thing which should be
equivalent in end result, but it is a bug not to support max-frequency
as well.

See: #2350

Signed-off-by: Phil Elwell <phil@raspberrypi.org>

mmc/bcm2835: Recover from MMC_SEND_EXT_CSD

If the user issues an "mmc extcsd read", the SD controller receives
what it thinks is a SEND_IF_COND command with an unexpected data block.
The resulting operations leave the FSM stuck in READWAIT, a state which
persists until the MMC framework resets the controller, by which point
the root filesystem is likely to have been unmounted.

A less heavyweight solution is to detect the condition and nudge the
FSM by asserting the (self-clearing) FORCE_DATA_MODE bit.

N.B. This workaround was essentially discovered by accident and without
a full understanding the inner workings of the controller, so it is
fortunate that the "fix" only modifies error paths.

See: #2728

Signed-off-by: Phil Elwell <phil@raspberrypi.org>

popcornmix added a commit that referenced this issue Apr 8, 2019

Adding bcm2835-sdhost driver, and an overlay to enable it
BCM2835 has two SD card interfaces. This driver uses the other one.

bcm2835-sdhost: Error handling fix, and code clarification

bcm2835-sdhost: Adding overclocking option

Allow a different clock speed to be substitued for a requested 50MHz.
This option is exposed using the "overclock_50" DT parameter.
Note that the sdhost interface is restricted to integer divisions of
core_freq, and the highest sensible option for a core_freq of 250MHz
is 84 (250/3 = 83.3MHz), the next being 125 (250/2) which is much too
high.

Use at your own risk.

bcm2835-sdhost: Round up the overclock, so 62 works for 62.5Mhz

Also only warn once for each overclock setting.

bcm2835-sdhost: Improve error handling and recovery

1) Expose the hw_reset method to the MMC framework, removing many
   internal calls by the driver.

2) Reduce overclock setting on error.

3) Increase timeout to cope with high capacity cards.

4) Add properties and parameters to control pio_limit and debug.

5) Reduce messages at probe time.

bcm2835-sdhost: Further improve overclock back-off

bcm2835-sdhost: Clear HBLC for PIO mode

Also update pio_limit default in overlay README.

bcm2835-sdhost: Add the ERASE capability

See: #1076

bcm2835-sdhost: Ignore CRC7 for MMC CMD1

It seems that the sdhost interface returns CRC7 errors for CMD1,
which is the MMC-specific SEND_OP_COND. Returning these errors to
the MMC layer causes a downward spiral, but ignoring them seems
to be harmless.

bcm2835-mmc/sdhost: Remove ARCH_BCM2835 differences

The bcm2835-mmc driver (and -sdhost driver that copied from it)
contains code to handle SDIO interrupts in a threaded interrupt
handler rather than waking the MMC framework thread. The change
follows a patch from Russell King that adds the facility as the
preferred way of working.

However, the new code path is only present in ARCH_BCM2835
builds, which I have taken to be a way of testing the waters
rather than making the change across the board; I can't see
any technical reason why it wouldn't be enabled for MACH_BCM270X
builds. So this patch standardises on the ARCH_BCM2835 code,
removing the old code paths.

bcm2835-sdhost: Don't log timeout errors unless debug=1

The MMC card-discovery process generates timeouts. This is
expected behaviour, so reporting it to the user serves no purpose.
Suppress the reporting of timeout errors unless the debug flag
is on.

bcm2835-sdhost: Add workaround for odd behaviour on some cards

For reasons not understood, the sdhost driver fails when reading
sectors very near the end of some SD cards. The problem could
be related to the similar issue that reading the final sector
of any card as part of a multiple read never completes, and the
workaround is an extension of the mechanism introduced to solve
that problem which ensures those sectors are always read singly.

bcm2835-sdhost: Major revision

This is a significant revision of the bcm2835-sdhost driver. It
improves on the original in a number of ways:

1) Through the use of CMD23 for reads it appears to avoid problems
   reading some sectors on certain high speed cards.
2) Better atomicity to prevent crashes.
3) Higher performance.
4) Activity logging included, for easier diagnosis in the event
   of a problem.

Signed-off-by: Phil Elwell <phil@raspberrypi.org>

bcm2835-sdhost: Restore ATOMIC flag to PIO sg mapping

Allocation problems have been seen in a wireless driver, and
this is the only change which might have been responsible.

SQUASH: bcm2835-sdhost: Only claim one DMA channel

With both MMC controllers enabled there are few DMA channels left. The
bcm2835-sdhost driver only uses DMA in one direction at a time, so it
doesn't need to claim two channels.

See: #1327

Signed-off-by: Phil Elwell <phil@raspberrypi.org>

bcm2835-sdhost: Workaround for "slow" sectors

Some cards have been seen to cause timeouts after certain sectors are
read. This workaround enforces a minimum delay between the stop after
reading one of those sectors and a subsequent data command.

Using CMD23 (SET_BLOCK_COUNT) avoids this problem, so good cards will
not be penalised by this workaround.

Signed-off-by: Phil Elwell <phil@raspberrypi.org>

bcm2835-sdhost: Firmware manages the clock divisor

The bcm2835-sdhost driver hands control of the CDIV clock divisor
register to matching firmware, allowing it to adjust to a changing
core clock. This removes the need to use the performance governor or
to enable io_is_busy on the on-demand governor in order to get the
best SD performance.

N.B. As SD clocks must be an integer divisor of the core clock, it is
possible that the SD clock for "turbo" mode can be different (even
lower) than "normal" mode.

Signed-off-by: Phil Elwell <phil@raspberrypi.org>

bcm2835-sdhost: Reset the clock in task context

Since reprogramming the clock can now involve a round-trip to the
firmware it must not be done at atomic context, and a tasklet
is not a task.

Signed-off-by: Phil Elwell <phil@raspberrypi.org>

bcm2835-sdhost: Don't exit cmd wait loop on error

The FAIL flag can be set in the CMD register before command processing
is complete, leading to spurious "failed to complete" errors. This has
the effect of promoting harmless CRC7 errors during CMD1 processing
into errors that can delay and even prevent booting.

Also:
1) Convert the last KERN_ERROR message in the register dumping to
   KERN_INFO.
2) Remove an unnecessary reset call from  bcm2835_sdhost_add_host.

See: #1492

Signed-off-by: Phil Elwell <phil@raspberrypi.org>

bcm2835-sdhost: mmc_card_blockaddr fix

Get the definition of mmc_card_blockaddr from drivers/mmc/core/card.h.

Signed-off-by: Phil Elwell <phil@raspberrypi.org>

bcm2835-sdhost: New timer API

mmc: bcm2835-sdhost: Support underclocking

Support underclocking of the SD bus in two ways:
1. using the max-frequency DT property (which currently has no DT
   parameter), and
2. using the exiting sd_overclock parameter.

The two methods differ slightly - in the former the MMC subsystem is
aware of the underclocking, while in the latter it isn't - but the
end results should be the same.

See: #2350

Signed-off-by: Phil Elwell <phil@raspberrypi.org>

mmc: bcm2835-sdhost: Add include

highmem.h (needed for kmap_atomic) is pulled in by one of the other
include files, but only with some CONFIG settings. Make the inclusion
explicit to cater for cases where the CONFIG setting is absent.

See: #2366

Signed-off-by: Phil Elwell <phil@raspberrypi.org>

mmc/bcm2835-sdhost: Recover from MMC_SEND_EXT_CSD

If the user issues an "mmc extcsd read", the SD controller receives
what it thinks is a SEND_IF_COND command with an unexpected data block.
The resulting operations leave the FSM stuck in READWAIT, a state which
persists until the MMC framework resets the controller, by which point
the root filesystem is likely to have been unmounted.

A less heavyweight solution is to detect the condition and nudge the
FSM by asserting the (self-clearing) FORCE_DATA_MODE bit.

N.B. This workaround was essentially discovered by accident and without
a full understanding the inner workings of the controller, so it is
fortunate that the "fix" only modifies error paths.

See: #2728

Signed-off-by: Phil Elwell <phil@raspberrypi.org>

mmc: bcm2835-sdhost: Fix warnings on arm64

Signed-off-by: Phil Elwell <phil@raspberrypi.org>

popcornmix added a commit that referenced this issue Apr 8, 2019

mmc/bcm2835-sdhost: Recover from MMC_SEND_EXT_CSD
If the user issues an "mmc extcsd read", the SD controller receives
what it thinks is a SEND_IF_COND command with an unexpected data block.
The resulting operations leave the FSM stuck in READWAIT, a state which
persists until the MMC framework resets the controller, by which point
the root filesystem is likely to have been unmounted.

A less heavyweight solution is to detect the condition and nudge the
FSM by asserting the (self-clearing) FORCE_DATA_MODE bit.

N.B. This workaround was essentially discovered by accident and without
a full understanding the inner workings of the controller, so it is
fortunate that the "fix" only modifies error paths.

See: #2728

Signed-off-by: Phil Elwell <phil@raspberrypi.org>

mike-scott added a commit to mike-scott/linux that referenced this issue Apr 9, 2019

[FIO extras] MMC: added alternative MMC driver
mmc: Disable CMD23 transfers on all cards

Pending wire-level investigation of these types of transfers
and associated errors on bcm2835-mmc, disable for now. Fallback of
CMD18/CMD25 transfers will be used automatically by the MMC layer.

Reported/Tested-by: Gellert Weisz <gellert@raspberrypi.org>

mmc: bcm2835-mmc: enable DT support for all architectures

Both ARCH_BCM2835 and ARCH_BCM270x are built with OF now.
Enable Device Tree support for all architectures.

Signed-off-by: Noralf Trønnes <noralf@tronnes.org>

mmc: bcm2835-mmc: fix probe error handling

Probe error handling is broken in several places.
Simplify error handling by using device managed functions.
Replace pr_{err,info} with dev_{err,info}.

Signed-off-by: Noralf Trønnes <noralf@tronnes.org>

bcm2835-mmc: Add locks when accessing sdhost registers

bcm2835-mmc: Add range of debug options for slowing things down

bcm2835-mmc: Add option to disable some delays

bcm2835-mmc: Add option to disable MMC_QUIRK_BLK_NO_CMD23

bcm2835-mmc: Default to disabling MMC_QUIRK_BLK_NO_CMD23

bcm2835-mmc: Adding overclocking option

Allow a different clock speed to be substitued for a requested 50MHz.
This option is exposed using the "overclock_50" DT parameter.
Note that the mmc interface is restricted to EVEN integer divisions of
250MHz, and the highest sensible option is 63 (250/4 = 62.5), the
next being 125 (250/2) which is much too high.

Use at your own risk.

bcm2835-mmc: Round up the overclock, so 62 works for 62.5Mhz

Also only warn once for each overclock setting.

mmc: bcm2835-mmc: Make available on ARCH_BCM2835

Make the bcm2835-mmc driver available for use on ARCH_BCM2835.

Signed-off-by: Noralf Trønnes <noralf@tronnes.org>

BCM270x_DT: add bcm2835-mmc entry

Add Device Tree entry for bcm2835-mmc.
In non-DT mode, don't add the device in the board file.

Signed-off-by: Noralf Trønnes <noralf@tronnes.org>

bcm2835-mmc: Don't overwrite MMC capabilities from DT

bcm2835-mmc: Don't override bus width capabilities from devicetree

Take out the force setting of the MMC_CAP_4_BIT_DATA host capability
so that the result read from devicetree via mmc_of_parse() is
preserved.

bcm2835-mmc: Only claim one DMA channel

With both MMC controllers enabled there are few DMA channels left. The
bcm2835-mmc driver only uses DMA in one direction at a time, so it
doesn't need to claim two channels.

See: raspberrypi/linux#1327

Signed-off-by: Phil Elwell <phil@raspberrypi.org>

bcm2835-mmc: New timer API

mmc: bcm2835-mmc: Support underclocking

Support underclocking of the SD bus using the max-frequency DT property
(which currently has no DT parameter). The sd_overclock parameter
already provides another way to achieve the same thing which should be
equivalent in end result, but it is a bug not to support max-frequency
as well.

See: raspberrypi/linux#2350

Signed-off-by: Phil Elwell <phil@raspberrypi.org>

mmc/bcm2835: Recover from MMC_SEND_EXT_CSD

If the user issues an "mmc extcsd read", the SD controller receives
what it thinks is a SEND_IF_COND command with an unexpected data block.
The resulting operations leave the FSM stuck in READWAIT, a state which
persists until the MMC framework resets the controller, by which point
the root filesystem is likely to have been unmounted.

A less heavyweight solution is to detect the condition and nudge the
FSM by asserting the (self-clearing) FORCE_DATA_MODE bit.

N.B. This workaround was essentially discovered by accident and without
a full understanding the inner workings of the controller, so it is
fortunate that the "fix" only modifies error paths.

See: raspberrypi/linux#2728

Signed-off-by: Phil Elwell <phil@raspberrypi.org>

fixup: bcm2835-mmc

Signed-off-by: popcornmix <popcornmix@gmail.com>
[mike@foundries.io: Squashed commit "fixup: bcm2835-mmc".]
Signed-off-by: Michael Scott <mike@foundries.io>

mike-scott added a commit to mike-scott/linux that referenced this issue Apr 9, 2019

[FIO extras] Adding bcm2835-sdhost driver, and an overlay to enable it
BCM2835 has two SD card interfaces. This driver uses the other one.

bcm2835-sdhost: Error handling fix, and code clarification

bcm2835-sdhost: Adding overclocking option

Allow a different clock speed to be substitued for a requested 50MHz.
This option is exposed using the "overclock_50" DT parameter.
Note that the sdhost interface is restricted to integer divisions of
core_freq, and the highest sensible option for a core_freq of 250MHz
is 84 (250/3 = 83.3MHz), the next being 125 (250/2) which is much too
high.

Use at your own risk.

bcm2835-sdhost: Round up the overclock, so 62 works for 62.5Mhz

Also only warn once for each overclock setting.

bcm2835-sdhost: Improve error handling and recovery

1) Expose the hw_reset method to the MMC framework, removing many
   internal calls by the driver.

2) Reduce overclock setting on error.

3) Increase timeout to cope with high capacity cards.

4) Add properties and parameters to control pio_limit and debug.

5) Reduce messages at probe time.

bcm2835-sdhost: Further improve overclock back-off

bcm2835-sdhost: Clear HBLC for PIO mode

Also update pio_limit default in overlay README.

bcm2835-sdhost: Add the ERASE capability

See: raspberrypi/linux#1076

bcm2835-sdhost: Ignore CRC7 for MMC CMD1

It seems that the sdhost interface returns CRC7 errors for CMD1,
which is the MMC-specific SEND_OP_COND. Returning these errors to
the MMC layer causes a downward spiral, but ignoring them seems
to be harmless.

bcm2835-mmc/sdhost: Remove ARCH_BCM2835 differences

The bcm2835-mmc driver (and -sdhost driver that copied from it)
contains code to handle SDIO interrupts in a threaded interrupt
handler rather than waking the MMC framework thread. The change
follows a patch from Russell King that adds the facility as the
preferred way of working.

However, the new code path is only present in ARCH_BCM2835
builds, which I have taken to be a way of testing the waters
rather than making the change across the board; I can't see
any technical reason why it wouldn't be enabled for MACH_BCM270X
builds. So this patch standardises on the ARCH_BCM2835 code,
removing the old code paths.

bcm2835-sdhost: Don't log timeout errors unless debug=1

The MMC card-discovery process generates timeouts. This is
expected behaviour, so reporting it to the user serves no purpose.
Suppress the reporting of timeout errors unless the debug flag
is on.

bcm2835-sdhost: Add workaround for odd behaviour on some cards

For reasons not understood, the sdhost driver fails when reading
sectors very near the end of some SD cards. The problem could
be related to the similar issue that reading the final sector
of any card as part of a multiple read never completes, and the
workaround is an extension of the mechanism introduced to solve
that problem which ensures those sectors are always read singly.

bcm2835-sdhost: Major revision

This is a significant revision of the bcm2835-sdhost driver. It
improves on the original in a number of ways:

1) Through the use of CMD23 for reads it appears to avoid problems
   reading some sectors on certain high speed cards.
2) Better atomicity to prevent crashes.
3) Higher performance.
4) Activity logging included, for easier diagnosis in the event
   of a problem.

Signed-off-by: Phil Elwell <phil@raspberrypi.org>

bcm2835-sdhost: Restore ATOMIC flag to PIO sg mapping

Allocation problems have been seen in a wireless driver, and
this is the only change which might have been responsible.

SQUASH: bcm2835-sdhost: Only claim one DMA channel

With both MMC controllers enabled there are few DMA channels left. The
bcm2835-sdhost driver only uses DMA in one direction at a time, so it
doesn't need to claim two channels.

See: raspberrypi/linux#1327

Signed-off-by: Phil Elwell <phil@raspberrypi.org>

bcm2835-sdhost: Workaround for "slow" sectors

Some cards have been seen to cause timeouts after certain sectors are
read. This workaround enforces a minimum delay between the stop after
reading one of those sectors and a subsequent data command.

Using CMD23 (SET_BLOCK_COUNT) avoids this problem, so good cards will
not be penalised by this workaround.

Signed-off-by: Phil Elwell <phil@raspberrypi.org>

bcm2835-sdhost: Firmware manages the clock divisor

The bcm2835-sdhost driver hands control of the CDIV clock divisor
register to matching firmware, allowing it to adjust to a changing
core clock. This removes the need to use the performance governor or
to enable io_is_busy on the on-demand governor in order to get the
best SD performance.

N.B. As SD clocks must be an integer divisor of the core clock, it is
possible that the SD clock for "turbo" mode can be different (even
lower) than "normal" mode.

Signed-off-by: Phil Elwell <phil@raspberrypi.org>

bcm2835-sdhost: Reset the clock in task context

Since reprogramming the clock can now involve a round-trip to the
firmware it must not be done at atomic context, and a tasklet
is not a task.

Signed-off-by: Phil Elwell <phil@raspberrypi.org>

bcm2835-sdhost: Don't exit cmd wait loop on error

The FAIL flag can be set in the CMD register before command processing
is complete, leading to spurious "failed to complete" errors. This has
the effect of promoting harmless CRC7 errors during CMD1 processing
into errors that can delay and even prevent booting.

Also:
1) Convert the last KERN_ERROR message in the register dumping to
   KERN_INFO.
2) Remove an unnecessary reset call from  bcm2835_sdhost_add_host.

See: raspberrypi/linux#1492

Signed-off-by: Phil Elwell <phil@raspberrypi.org>

bcm2835-sdhost: mmc_card_blockaddr fix

Get the definition of mmc_card_blockaddr from drivers/mmc/core/card.h.

Signed-off-by: Phil Elwell <phil@raspberrypi.org>

bcm2835-sdhost: New timer API

mmc: bcm2835-sdhost: Support underclocking

Support underclocking of the SD bus in two ways:
1. using the max-frequency DT property (which currently has no DT
   parameter), and
2. using the exiting sd_overclock parameter.

The two methods differ slightly - in the former the MMC subsystem is
aware of the underclocking, while in the latter it isn't - but the
end results should be the same.

See: raspberrypi/linux#2350

Signed-off-by: Phil Elwell <phil@raspberrypi.org>

mmc: bcm2835-sdhost: Add include

highmem.h (needed for kmap_atomic) is pulled in by one of the other
include files, but only with some CONFIG settings. Make the inclusion
explicit to cater for cases where the CONFIG setting is absent.

See: raspberrypi/linux#2366

Signed-off-by: Phil Elwell <phil@raspberrypi.org>

mmc/bcm2835-sdhost: Recover from MMC_SEND_EXT_CSD

If the user issues an "mmc extcsd read", the SD controller receives
what it thinks is a SEND_IF_COND command with an unexpected data block.
The resulting operations leave the FSM stuck in READWAIT, a state which
persists until the MMC framework resets the controller, by which point
the root filesystem is likely to have been unmounted.

A less heavyweight solution is to detect the condition and nudge the
FSM by asserting the (self-clearing) FORCE_DATA_MODE bit.

N.B. This workaround was essentially discovered by accident and without
a full understanding the inner workings of the controller, so it is
fortunate that the "fix" only modifies error paths.

See: raspberrypi/linux#2728

Signed-off-by: Phil Elwell <phil@raspberrypi.org>

mmc: bcm2835-sdhost: Fix warnings on arm64

Signed-off-by: Phil Elwell <phil@raspberrypi.org>

fixup: bcm2835-sdhost

Signed-off-by: popcornmix <popcornmix@gmail.com>
[mike@foundries.io: Squashed commit "fixup: bcm2835-sdhost".]
Signed-off-by: Michael Scott <mike@foundries.io>

Gadgetoid added a commit to Gadgetoid/linux that referenced this issue Apr 10, 2019

mmc/bcm2835-sdhost: Recover from MMC_SEND_EXT_CSD
If the user issues an "mmc extcsd read", the SD controller receives
what it thinks is a SEND_IF_COND command with an unexpected data block.
The resulting operations leave the FSM stuck in READWAIT, a state which
persists until the MMC framework resets the controller, by which point
the root filesystem is likely to have been unmounted.

A less heavyweight solution is to detect the condition and nudge the
FSM by asserting the (self-clearing) FORCE_DATA_MODE bit.

N.B. This workaround was essentially discovered by accident and without
a full understanding the inner workings of the controller, so it is
fortunate that the "fix" only modifies error paths.

See: raspberrypi#2728

Signed-off-by: Phil Elwell <phil@raspberrypi.org>

popcornmix added a commit that referenced this issue Apr 18, 2019

MMC: added alternative MMC driver
mmc: Disable CMD23 transfers on all cards

Pending wire-level investigation of these types of transfers
and associated errors on bcm2835-mmc, disable for now. Fallback of
CMD18/CMD25 transfers will be used automatically by the MMC layer.

Reported/Tested-by: Gellert Weisz <gellert@raspberrypi.org>

mmc: bcm2835-mmc: enable DT support for all architectures

Both ARCH_BCM2835 and ARCH_BCM270x are built with OF now.
Enable Device Tree support for all architectures.

Signed-off-by: Noralf Trønnes <noralf@tronnes.org>

mmc: bcm2835-mmc: fix probe error handling

Probe error handling is broken in several places.
Simplify error handling by using device managed functions.
Replace pr_{err,info} with dev_{err,info}.

Signed-off-by: Noralf Trønnes <noralf@tronnes.org>

bcm2835-mmc: Add locks when accessing sdhost registers

bcm2835-mmc: Add range of debug options for slowing things down

bcm2835-mmc: Add option to disable some delays

bcm2835-mmc: Add option to disable MMC_QUIRK_BLK_NO_CMD23

bcm2835-mmc: Default to disabling MMC_QUIRK_BLK_NO_CMD23

bcm2835-mmc: Adding overclocking option

Allow a different clock speed to be substitued for a requested 50MHz.
This option is exposed using the "overclock_50" DT parameter.
Note that the mmc interface is restricted to EVEN integer divisions of
250MHz, and the highest sensible option is 63 (250/4 = 62.5), the
next being 125 (250/2) which is much too high.

Use at your own risk.

bcm2835-mmc: Round up the overclock, so 62 works for 62.5Mhz

Also only warn once for each overclock setting.

mmc: bcm2835-mmc: Make available on ARCH_BCM2835

Make the bcm2835-mmc driver available for use on ARCH_BCM2835.

Signed-off-by: Noralf Trønnes <noralf@tronnes.org>

BCM270x_DT: add bcm2835-mmc entry

Add Device Tree entry for bcm2835-mmc.
In non-DT mode, don't add the device in the board file.

Signed-off-by: Noralf Trønnes <noralf@tronnes.org>

bcm2835-mmc: Don't overwrite MMC capabilities from DT

bcm2835-mmc: Don't override bus width capabilities from devicetree

Take out the force setting of the MMC_CAP_4_BIT_DATA host capability
so that the result read from devicetree via mmc_of_parse() is
preserved.

bcm2835-mmc: Only claim one DMA channel

With both MMC controllers enabled there are few DMA channels left. The
bcm2835-mmc driver only uses DMA in one direction at a time, so it
doesn't need to claim two channels.

See: #1327

Signed-off-by: Phil Elwell <phil@raspberrypi.org>

bcm2835-mmc: New timer API

mmc: bcm2835-mmc: Support underclocking

Support underclocking of the SD bus using the max-frequency DT property
(which currently has no DT parameter). The sd_overclock parameter
already provides another way to achieve the same thing which should be
equivalent in end result, but it is a bug not to support max-frequency
as well.

See: #2350

Signed-off-by: Phil Elwell <phil@raspberrypi.org>

mmc/bcm2835: Recover from MMC_SEND_EXT_CSD

If the user issues an "mmc extcsd read", the SD controller receives
what it thinks is a SEND_IF_COND command with an unexpected data block.
The resulting operations leave the FSM stuck in READWAIT, a state which
persists until the MMC framework resets the controller, by which point
the root filesystem is likely to have been unmounted.

A less heavyweight solution is to detect the condition and nudge the
FSM by asserting the (self-clearing) FORCE_DATA_MODE bit.

N.B. This workaround was essentially discovered by accident and without
a full understanding the inner workings of the controller, so it is
fortunate that the "fix" only modifies error paths.

See: #2728

Signed-off-by: Phil Elwell <phil@raspberrypi.org>

popcornmix added a commit that referenced this issue Apr 18, 2019

Adding bcm2835-sdhost driver, and an overlay to enable it
BCM2835 has two SD card interfaces. This driver uses the other one.

bcm2835-sdhost: Error handling fix, and code clarification

bcm2835-sdhost: Adding overclocking option

Allow a different clock speed to be substitued for a requested 50MHz.
This option is exposed using the "overclock_50" DT parameter.
Note that the sdhost interface is restricted to integer divisions of
core_freq, and the highest sensible option for a core_freq of 250MHz
is 84 (250/3 = 83.3MHz), the next being 125 (250/2) which is much too
high.

Use at your own risk.

bcm2835-sdhost: Round up the overclock, so 62 works for 62.5Mhz

Also only warn once for each overclock setting.

bcm2835-sdhost: Improve error handling and recovery

1) Expose the hw_reset method to the MMC framework, removing many
   internal calls by the driver.

2) Reduce overclock setting on error.

3) Increase timeout to cope with high capacity cards.

4) Add properties and parameters to control pio_limit and debug.

5) Reduce messages at probe time.

bcm2835-sdhost: Further improve overclock back-off

bcm2835-sdhost: Clear HBLC for PIO mode

Also update pio_limit default in overlay README.

bcm2835-sdhost: Add the ERASE capability

See: #1076

bcm2835-sdhost: Ignore CRC7 for MMC CMD1

It seems that the sdhost interface returns CRC7 errors for CMD1,
which is the MMC-specific SEND_OP_COND. Returning these errors to
the MMC layer causes a downward spiral, but ignoring them seems
to be harmless.

bcm2835-mmc/sdhost: Remove ARCH_BCM2835 differences

The bcm2835-mmc driver (and -sdhost driver that copied from it)
contains code to handle SDIO interrupts in a threaded interrupt
handler rather than waking the MMC framework thread. The change
follows a patch from Russell King that adds the facility as the
preferred way of working.

However, the new code path is only present in ARCH_BCM2835
builds, which I have taken to be a way of testing the waters
rather than making the change across the board; I can't see
any technical reason why it wouldn't be enabled for MACH_BCM270X
builds. So this patch standardises on the ARCH_BCM2835 code,
removing the old code paths.

bcm2835-sdhost: Don't log timeout errors unless debug=1

The MMC card-discovery process generates timeouts. This is
expected behaviour, so reporting it to the user serves no purpose.
Suppress the reporting of timeout errors unless the debug flag
is on.

bcm2835-sdhost: Add workaround for odd behaviour on some cards

For reasons not understood, the sdhost driver fails when reading
sectors very near the end of some SD cards. The problem could
be related to the similar issue that reading the final sector
of any card as part of a multiple read never completes, and the
workaround is an extension of the mechanism introduced to solve
that problem which ensures those sectors are always read singly.

bcm2835-sdhost: Major revision

This is a significant revision of the bcm2835-sdhost driver. It
improves on the original in a number of ways:

1) Through the use of CMD23 for reads it appears to avoid problems
   reading some sectors on certain high speed cards.
2) Better atomicity to prevent crashes.
3) Higher performance.
4) Activity logging included, for easier diagnosis in the event
   of a problem.

Signed-off-by: Phil Elwell <phil@raspberrypi.org>

bcm2835-sdhost: Restore ATOMIC flag to PIO sg mapping

Allocation problems have been seen in a wireless driver, and
this is the only change which might have been responsible.

SQUASH: bcm2835-sdhost: Only claim one DMA channel

With both MMC controllers enabled there are few DMA channels left. The
bcm2835-sdhost driver only uses DMA in one direction at a time, so it
doesn't need to claim two channels.

See: #1327

Signed-off-by: Phil Elwell <phil@raspberrypi.org>

bcm2835-sdhost: Workaround for "slow" sectors

Some cards have been seen to cause timeouts after certain sectors are
read. This workaround enforces a minimum delay between the stop after
reading one of those sectors and a subsequent data command.

Using CMD23 (SET_BLOCK_COUNT) avoids this problem, so good cards will
not be penalised by this workaround.

Signed-off-by: Phil Elwell <phil@raspberrypi.org>

bcm2835-sdhost: Firmware manages the clock divisor

The bcm2835-sdhost driver hands control of the CDIV clock divisor
register to matching firmware, allowing it to adjust to a changing
core clock. This removes the need to use the performance governor or
to enable io_is_busy on the on-demand governor in order to get the
best SD performance.

N.B. As SD clocks must be an integer divisor of the core clock, it is
possible that the SD clock for "turbo" mode can be different (even
lower) than "normal" mode.

Signed-off-by: Phil Elwell <phil@raspberrypi.org>

bcm2835-sdhost: Reset the clock in task context

Since reprogramming the clock can now involve a round-trip to the
firmware it must not be done at atomic context, and a tasklet
is not a task.

Signed-off-by: Phil Elwell <phil@raspberrypi.org>

bcm2835-sdhost: Don't exit cmd wait loop on error

The FAIL flag can be set in the CMD register before command processing
is complete, leading to spurious "failed to complete" errors. This has
the effect of promoting harmless CRC7 errors during CMD1 processing
into errors that can delay and even prevent booting.

Also:
1) Convert the last KERN_ERROR message in the register dumping to
   KERN_INFO.
2) Remove an unnecessary reset call from  bcm2835_sdhost_add_host.

See: #1492

Signed-off-by: Phil Elwell <phil@raspberrypi.org>

bcm2835-sdhost: mmc_card_blockaddr fix

Get the definition of mmc_card_blockaddr from drivers/mmc/core/card.h.

Signed-off-by: Phil Elwell <phil@raspberrypi.org>

bcm2835-sdhost: New timer API

mmc: bcm2835-sdhost: Support underclocking

Support underclocking of the SD bus in two ways:
1. using the max-frequency DT property (which currently has no DT
   parameter), and
2. using the exiting sd_overclock parameter.

The two methods differ slightly - in the former the MMC subsystem is
aware of the underclocking, while in the latter it isn't - but the
end results should be the same.

See: #2350

Signed-off-by: Phil Elwell <phil@raspberrypi.org>

mmc: bcm2835-sdhost: Add include

highmem.h (needed for kmap_atomic) is pulled in by one of the other
include files, but only with some CONFIG settings. Make the inclusion
explicit to cater for cases where the CONFIG setting is absent.

See: #2366

Signed-off-by: Phil Elwell <phil@raspberrypi.org>

mmc/bcm2835-sdhost: Recover from MMC_SEND_EXT_CSD

If the user issues an "mmc extcsd read", the SD controller receives
what it thinks is a SEND_IF_COND command with an unexpected data block.
The resulting operations leave the FSM stuck in READWAIT, a state which
persists until the MMC framework resets the controller, by which point
the root filesystem is likely to have been unmounted.

A less heavyweight solution is to detect the condition and nudge the
FSM by asserting the (self-clearing) FORCE_DATA_MODE bit.

N.B. This workaround was essentially discovered by accident and without
a full understanding the inner workings of the controller, so it is
fortunate that the "fix" only modifies error paths.

See: #2728

Signed-off-by: Phil Elwell <phil@raspberrypi.org>

mmc: bcm2835-sdhost: Fix warnings on arm64

Signed-off-by: Phil Elwell <phil@raspberrypi.org>

popcornmix added a commit that referenced this issue Apr 18, 2019

MMC: added alternative MMC driver
mmc: Disable CMD23 transfers on all cards

Pending wire-level investigation of these types of transfers
and associated errors on bcm2835-mmc, disable for now. Fallback of
CMD18/CMD25 transfers will be used automatically by the MMC layer.

Reported/Tested-by: Gellert Weisz <gellert@raspberrypi.org>

mmc: bcm2835-mmc: enable DT support for all architectures

Both ARCH_BCM2835 and ARCH_BCM270x are built with OF now.
Enable Device Tree support for all architectures.

Signed-off-by: Noralf Trønnes <noralf@tronnes.org>

mmc: bcm2835-mmc: fix probe error handling

Probe error handling is broken in several places.
Simplify error handling by using device managed functions.
Replace pr_{err,info} with dev_{err,info}.

Signed-off-by: Noralf Trønnes <noralf@tronnes.org>

bcm2835-mmc: Add locks when accessing sdhost registers

bcm2835-mmc: Add range of debug options for slowing things down

bcm2835-mmc: Add option to disable some delays

bcm2835-mmc: Add option to disable MMC_QUIRK_BLK_NO_CMD23

bcm2835-mmc: Default to disabling MMC_QUIRK_BLK_NO_CMD23

bcm2835-mmc: Adding overclocking option

Allow a different clock speed to be substitued for a requested 50MHz.
This option is exposed using the "overclock_50" DT parameter.
Note that the mmc interface is restricted to EVEN integer divisions of
250MHz, and the highest sensible option is 63 (250/4 = 62.5), the
next being 125 (250/2) which is much too high.

Use at your own risk.

bcm2835-mmc: Round up the overclock, so 62 works for 62.5Mhz

Also only warn once for each overclock setting.

mmc: bcm2835-mmc: Make available on ARCH_BCM2835

Make the bcm2835-mmc driver available for use on ARCH_BCM2835.

Signed-off-by: Noralf Trønnes <noralf@tronnes.org>

BCM270x_DT: add bcm2835-mmc entry

Add Device Tree entry for bcm2835-mmc.
In non-DT mode, don't add the device in the board file.

Signed-off-by: Noralf Trønnes <noralf@tronnes.org>

bcm2835-mmc: Don't overwrite MMC capabilities from DT

bcm2835-mmc: Don't override bus width capabilities from devicetree

Take out the force setting of the MMC_CAP_4_BIT_DATA host capability
so that the result read from devicetree via mmc_of_parse() is
preserved.

bcm2835-mmc: Only claim one DMA channel

With both MMC controllers enabled there are few DMA channels left. The
bcm2835-mmc driver only uses DMA in one direction at a time, so it
doesn't need to claim two channels.

See: #1327

Signed-off-by: Phil Elwell <phil@raspberrypi.org>

bcm2835-mmc: New timer API

mmc: bcm2835-mmc: Support underclocking

Support underclocking of the SD bus using the max-frequency DT property
(which currently has no DT parameter). The sd_overclock parameter
already provides another way to achieve the same thing which should be
equivalent in end result, but it is a bug not to support max-frequency
as well.

See: #2350

Signed-off-by: Phil Elwell <phil@raspberrypi.org>

mmc/bcm2835: Recover from MMC_SEND_EXT_CSD

If the user issues an "mmc extcsd read", the SD controller receives
what it thinks is a SEND_IF_COND command with an unexpected data block.
The resulting operations leave the FSM stuck in READWAIT, a state which
persists until the MMC framework resets the controller, by which point
the root filesystem is likely to have been unmounted.

A less heavyweight solution is to detect the condition and nudge the
FSM by asserting the (self-clearing) FORCE_DATA_MODE bit.

N.B. This workaround was essentially discovered by accident and without
a full understanding the inner workings of the controller, so it is
fortunate that the "fix" only modifies error paths.

See: #2728

Signed-off-by: Phil Elwell <phil@raspberrypi.org>

bcm2835-mmc: Fix DMA channel leak

The BCM2835 MMC host driver requests a DMA channel on probe but neglects
to release the channel in the probe error path and on driver unbind.

I'm seeing this happen on every boot of the Compute Module 3: On first
driver probe, DMA channel 2 is allocated and then leaked with a "could
not get clk, deferring probe" message. On second driver probe, channel 4
is allocated.

Fix it.

Signed-off-by: Lukas Wunner <lukas@wunner.de>
Cc: Frank Pavlic <f.pavlic@kunbus.de>

bcm2835-mmc: Fix struct mmc_host leak on probe

The BCM2835 MMC host driver requests the bus address of the host's
register map on probe.  If that fails, the driver leaks the struct
mmc_host allocated earlier.

Fix it.

Signed-off-by: Lukas Wunner <lukas@wunner.de>
Cc: Frank Pavlic <f.pavlic@kunbus.de>

bcm2835-mmc: Fix duplicate free_irq() on remove

The BCM2835 MMC host driver requests its interrupt as a device-managed
resource, so the interrupt is automatically freed after the driver is
unbound.

However on driver unbind, bcm2835_mmc_remove() frees the interrupt
explicitly to avoid invocation of the interrupt handler after driver
structures have been torn down.

The interrupt is thus freed twice, leading to a WARN splat in
__free_irq().  Fix by not requesting the interrupt as a device-managed
resource.

Signed-off-by: Lukas Wunner <lukas@wunner.de>
Cc: Frank Pavlic <f.pavlic@kunbus.de>

bcm2835-mmc: Handle mmc_add_host() errors

The BCM2835 MMC host driver calls mmc_add_host() but doesn't check its
return value.  Errors occurring in that function are therefore not
handled.  Fix it.

Signed-off-by: Lukas Wunner <lukas@wunner.de>
Cc: Frank Pavlic <f.pavlic@kunbus.de>

bcm2835-mmc: Deduplicate reset of driver data on remove

The BCM2835 MMC host driver sets the device's driver data pointer to
NULL on ->remove() even though the driver core subsequently does the
same in __device_release_driver().  Drop the duplicate assignment.

Signed-off-by: Lukas Wunner <lukas@wunner.de>
Cc: Frank Pavlic <f.pavlic@kunbus.de>

popcornmix added a commit that referenced this issue Apr 18, 2019

Adding bcm2835-sdhost driver, and an overlay to enable it
BCM2835 has two SD card interfaces. This driver uses the other one.

bcm2835-sdhost: Error handling fix, and code clarification

bcm2835-sdhost: Adding overclocking option

Allow a different clock speed to be substitued for a requested 50MHz.
This option is exposed using the "overclock_50" DT parameter.
Note that the sdhost interface is restricted to integer divisions of
core_freq, and the highest sensible option for a core_freq of 250MHz
is 84 (250/3 = 83.3MHz), the next being 125 (250/2) which is much too
high.

Use at your own risk.

bcm2835-sdhost: Round up the overclock, so 62 works for 62.5Mhz

Also only warn once for each overclock setting.

bcm2835-sdhost: Improve error handling and recovery

1) Expose the hw_reset method to the MMC framework, removing many
   internal calls by the driver.

2) Reduce overclock setting on error.

3) Increase timeout to cope with high capacity cards.

4) Add properties and parameters to control pio_limit and debug.

5) Reduce messages at probe time.

bcm2835-sdhost: Further improve overclock back-off

bcm2835-sdhost: Clear HBLC for PIO mode

Also update pio_limit default in overlay README.

bcm2835-sdhost: Add the ERASE capability

See: #1076

bcm2835-sdhost: Ignore CRC7 for MMC CMD1

It seems that the sdhost interface returns CRC7 errors for CMD1,
which is the MMC-specific SEND_OP_COND. Returning these errors to
the MMC layer causes a downward spiral, but ignoring them seems
to be harmless.

bcm2835-mmc/sdhost: Remove ARCH_BCM2835 differences

The bcm2835-mmc driver (and -sdhost driver that copied from it)
contains code to handle SDIO interrupts in a threaded interrupt
handler rather than waking the MMC framework thread. The change
follows a patch from Russell King that adds the facility as the
preferred way of working.

However, the new code path is only present in ARCH_BCM2835
builds, which I have taken to be a way of testing the waters
rather than making the change across the board; I can't see
any technical reason why it wouldn't be enabled for MACH_BCM270X
builds. So this patch standardises on the ARCH_BCM2835 code,
removing the old code paths.

bcm2835-sdhost: Don't log timeout errors unless debug=1

The MMC card-discovery process generates timeouts. This is
expected behaviour, so reporting it to the user serves no purpose.
Suppress the reporting of timeout errors unless the debug flag
is on.

bcm2835-sdhost: Add workaround for odd behaviour on some cards

For reasons not understood, the sdhost driver fails when reading
sectors very near the end of some SD cards. The problem could
be related to the similar issue that reading the final sector
of any card as part of a multiple read never completes, and the
workaround is an extension of the mechanism introduced to solve
that problem which ensures those sectors are always read singly.

bcm2835-sdhost: Major revision

This is a significant revision of the bcm2835-sdhost driver. It
improves on the original in a number of ways:

1) Through the use of CMD23 for reads it appears to avoid problems
   reading some sectors on certain high speed cards.
2) Better atomicity to prevent crashes.
3) Higher performance.
4) Activity logging included, for easier diagnosis in the event
   of a problem.

Signed-off-by: Phil Elwell <phil@raspberrypi.org>

bcm2835-sdhost: Restore ATOMIC flag to PIO sg mapping

Allocation problems have been seen in a wireless driver, and
this is the only change which might have been responsible.

SQUASH: bcm2835-sdhost: Only claim one DMA channel

With both MMC controllers enabled there are few DMA channels left. The
bcm2835-sdhost driver only uses DMA in one direction at a time, so it
doesn't need to claim two channels.

See: #1327

Signed-off-by: Phil Elwell <phil@raspberrypi.org>

bcm2835-sdhost: Workaround for "slow" sectors

Some cards have been seen to cause timeouts after certain sectors are
read. This workaround enforces a minimum delay between the stop after
reading one of those sectors and a subsequent data command.

Using CMD23 (SET_BLOCK_COUNT) avoids this problem, so good cards will
not be penalised by this workaround.

Signed-off-by: Phil Elwell <phil@raspberrypi.org>

bcm2835-sdhost: Firmware manages the clock divisor

The bcm2835-sdhost driver hands control of the CDIV clock divisor
register to matching firmware, allowing it to adjust to a changing
core clock. This removes the need to use the performance governor or
to enable io_is_busy on the on-demand governor in order to get the
best SD performance.

N.B. As SD clocks must be an integer divisor of the core clock, it is
possible that the SD clock for "turbo" mode can be different (even
lower) than "normal" mode.

Signed-off-by: Phil Elwell <phil@raspberrypi.org>

bcm2835-sdhost: Reset the clock in task context

Since reprogramming the clock can now involve a round-trip to the
firmware it must not be done at atomic context, and a tasklet
is not a task.

Signed-off-by: Phil Elwell <phil@raspberrypi.org>

bcm2835-sdhost: Don't exit cmd wait loop on error

The FAIL flag can be set in the CMD register before command processing
is complete, leading to spurious "failed to complete" errors. This has
the effect of promoting harmless CRC7 errors during CMD1 processing
into errors that can delay and even prevent booting.

Also:
1) Convert the last KERN_ERROR message in the register dumping to
   KERN_INFO.
2) Remove an unnecessary reset call from  bcm2835_sdhost_add_host.

See: #1492

Signed-off-by: Phil Elwell <phil@raspberrypi.org>

bcm2835-sdhost: mmc_card_blockaddr fix

Get the definition of mmc_card_blockaddr from drivers/mmc/core/card.h.

Signed-off-by: Phil Elwell <phil@raspberrypi.org>

bcm2835-sdhost: New timer API

mmc: bcm2835-sdhost: Support underclocking

Support underclocking of the SD bus in two ways:
1. using the max-frequency DT property (which currently has no DT
   parameter), and
2. using the exiting sd_overclock parameter.

The two methods differ slightly - in the former the MMC subsystem is
aware of the underclocking, while in the latter it isn't - but the
end results should be the same.

See: #2350

Signed-off-by: Phil Elwell <phil@raspberrypi.org>

mmc: bcm2835-sdhost: Add include

highmem.h (needed for kmap_atomic) is pulled in by one of the other
include files, but only with some CONFIG settings. Make the inclusion
explicit to cater for cases where the CONFIG setting is absent.

See: #2366

Signed-off-by: Phil Elwell <phil@raspberrypi.org>

mmc/bcm2835-sdhost: Recover from MMC_SEND_EXT_CSD

If the user issues an "mmc extcsd read", the SD controller receives
what it thinks is a SEND_IF_COND command with an unexpected data block.
The resulting operations leave the FSM stuck in READWAIT, a state which
persists until the MMC framework resets the controller, by which point
the root filesystem is likely to have been unmounted.

A less heavyweight solution is to detect the condition and nudge the
FSM by asserting the (self-clearing) FORCE_DATA_MODE bit.

N.B. This workaround was essentially discovered by accident and without
a full understanding the inner workings of the controller, so it is
fortunate that the "fix" only modifies error paths.

See: #2728

Signed-off-by: Phil Elwell <phil@raspberrypi.org>

mmc: bcm2835-sdhost: Fix warnings on arm64

Signed-off-by: Phil Elwell <phil@raspberrypi.org>

bcm2835-sdhost: Allow for sg entries that cross pages

The dma_complete handling code calculates a virtual address for a page
then adds an offset, but if the offset is more than a page and HIGHMEM
is in use then the summed address could be in an unmapped (or just
incorrect) page.

The upstream SDHOST driver allows for this possibility - copy the code
that does so.

Signed-off-by: Phil Elwell <phil@raspberrypi.org>

randomblame added a commit to randomblame/android_kernel_xiaomi_cepheus that referenced this issue Apr 20, 2019

mmc: bcm2835: Recover from MMC_SEND_EXT_CSD
[ Upstream commit 07d405769afea5718529fc9e341f0b13b3189b6f ]

If the user issues an "mmc extcsd read", the SD controller receives
what it thinks is a SEND_IF_COND command with an unexpected data block.
The resulting operations leave the FSM stuck in READWAIT, a state which
persists until the MMC framework resets the controller, by which point
the root filesystem is likely to have been unmounted.

A less heavyweight solution is to detect the condition and nudge the
FSM by asserting the (self-clearing) FORCE_DATA_MODE bit.

Link: raspberrypi/linux#2728
Signed-off-by: Phil Elwell <phil@raspberrypi.org>
Signed-off-by: Stefan Wahren <stefan.wahren@i2se.com>
Acked-by: Eric Anholt <eric@anholt.net>
Signed-off-by: Ulf Hansson <ulf.hansson@linaro.org>
Signed-off-by: Sasha Levin <sashal@kernel.org>
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