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mattn Merge pull request #27 from yurighensev/master
Fix reference to emacs and vim readmes on README.xmpfilter
Latest commit a76ec17 Sep 24, 2017

README.md

rcodetools

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rcodetools http://eigenclass.org/hiki.rb?rcodetools

Copyright (c) 2005-2007 Mauricio Fernandez mfp@acm.org http://eigenclass.org

Copyright (c) 2006-2008 rubikitch rubikitch@ruby-lang.org http://www.rubyist.net/~rubikitch/

Use and distribution subject to the terms of the Ruby license.

Overview

rcodetools is a collection of Ruby code manipulation tools. It includes xmpfilter and editor-independent Ruby development helper tools, as well as emacs and vim interfaces.

Currently, rcodetools comprises:

  • xmpfilter: Automagic Test::Unit assertions/RSpec expectations and code annotations
  • rct-complete: Accurate method/class/constant etc. completions
  • rct-doc: Document browsing and code navigator
  • rct-meth-args: Precise method info (meta-prog. aware) and TAGS generation
  • rct-fork: Pre-load heavy library(Rails etc) and speed up rct-complete/rct-doc (server)
  • rct-fork-client: Run Ruby programs from state the rct-fork server has
  • ruby-toggle-file: Toggle implementation file and test file
  • rbtest: Embedded Test::Unit for small scripts

See also README.xmpfilter.

Originally rct-complete and rct-doc were subcommands of xmpfilter. Actually they use xmpfilter's code heavily. But the relationship between xmpfilter (annotation) and completion/doc is not intuitive, so I (rubikitch) split it into separate executables.

Usage

xmpfilter, rct-complete and rct-doc take its input from stdin and write to stdout. They can run in several modes; see

xmpfilter -h 
rct-complete -h 
rct-doc -h 
rct-meth-args -h
rct-fork -h
rct-fork-client -h
ruby-toggle-file -h
rbtest -h

README.emacs and README.vim describe how to use rcodetools from your editor.

Accurate Completion Internal and Caveat

rct-complete and rct-doc use xmpfilter engine, ie they get runtime information by executing code. In Ruby (dynamic languages), type of any expressions except literals cannot be known without actually executing code. Moreover Ruby has open classes and singleton methods. Rcodetools asks `ruby' run-time informations, so we can get very accurate informations. Completion and document browsing are essentially identical operations, they both need the object value in question. Therefore we discuss completion.

rct-complete does:

  1. replaces target line with completion magic (it calculates methods the target object has).
  2. executes modified script.
  3. once the control reaches completion magic, modified script exits.
  4. outputs in specified format. (list candidates, EmacsLisp...)

But this methodology has two big drawbacks, side-effects and inability to get any informations of uncovered code!

An extreme side-effect example:

File.unlink a_file
File. <-

If you call rct-complete, it removes a_file (sends a mail, accesses DB ...). So you must be careful to use, especially at TOPLEVEL. I (rubikitch) often experiment at TOPLEVEL with rcodetools, I NEVER use irb(sh) since rcodetools!

An uncovered code example:

def foo
  1. <-
end

If the code does not call foo, we cannot do any completions.

Useless eh? But we already have a way to elude the drawbacks, test scripts (unit tests)! Test scripts are self-enclosed and expected to be executed, so side-effects are not problem. Moreover tests call methods we write. Because Ruby's Test::Unit has an ability to test only one test method, we can do lightning-fast completion. Let's call it Test-Driven Completion (TDC).

To support TDC, rct-complete has -t option. With -t, it concatenate modified script and test/unit code. If the control does not reach target line, test/unit code calls the line.

How do we select test script and test method? The editor selects recently selected buffer of test script as test script of TDC, because the test-infected tend to go and return between test script and implementation script. It considers files matching /test.*.rb/ as test script. It selects test method at the cursor position.

TDC adds roles of test scripts. Enjoy TDC magic!

See also README.TDC.

License

rcodetools is licensed under the same terms as Ruby.