- Some sensible defaults
- A clean look
- The basics you need to make Emacs functionality discoverable
- A set of third-party packages that set the standard for the essential functionality they provide
- Some plumbing to make the above 'just work', seamlessly and silently
Although Graphene is intended to help users of GUI editors such as Textmate or Sublime Text find their feet quickly, it is not an attempt to turn Emacs into a sparkly GUI editor or IDE. It is minimal, lightweight, and respectful of the history and character of Emacs.
Among many other things, Graphene turns off the ugly Emacs startup screen, turns on line wrapping, turns off the scroll bars and tool bar (and menu bar on non-OS X systems), moves automatic backups into the temp directory -- generally clears the way of small annoyances and makes things look and work the way you'd expect.
Graphene includes its own 'meta-theme' which works hard to unify the look of the editor across a range of packages. This theme loads on top of any 'normal' theme you want to load, so you can still choose exactly how you want your Emacs to look.
It also sets more pleasant and modern default fonts appropriate to the host platform (which can be overridden), and maintains window size and position across sessions.
At first Emacs can appear a little opaque; it is in fact a very discoverable environment, and Graphene tries to turn this up to maximum, by using Ido everywhere, the Ido-like Smex for running extended commands, and Auto Complete for in-editor completion. These allow gradual discovery of Emacs' functionality, and gradual building of speed and fluidity.
The collection of packages Graphene includes prevents you having to research and discover on your own what the Emacs community has largely decided on as best-in-class packages.
- project-persist Disclaimer: this is my own project, and is perhaps the exception to the above rule. It provides simple project loading and saving; Graphene adds a project 'drawer' using Sr-Speedbar
- Smartparens For auto-pairing
- Auto Complete For code completion
- Web-mode For mixed-mode editing
- Smex For command completion
- Ido For general completion
- Flycheck For error checking
And some modes which should probably be built-in:
Graphene is available on Melpa.
If you don't already have your Emacs set up to use the package installation system, let me gently point you to Pallet.
Anyway -- your default initialisation file is in (old-school)
~/.emacs or (new-school, and where it should be)
~/.emacs.d/init.el. First, you need to set up the Emacs package
system and tell it about Melpa, so create one of those files if it
doesn't already exist, and add these lines to the file:
;; Require Emacs' package functionality (require 'package) ;; Add the Melpa repository to the list of package sources (add-to-list 'package-archives '("melpa" . "http://melpa.milkbox.net/packages/") t) ;; Initialise the package system. (package-initialize)
Then either select those lines and do
M-x eval-region, or restart
Emacs. After that, do
M-x list-packages, search for
'graphene' (either manually or using
C-s), mark it for installation
by pressing 'i', and install it by pressing 'x'.
It will take a while to install itself and its various dependencies, and will probably raise a few compilation issues. You can probably safely ignore these. Once it's done, add this to your initialisation file:
Restart Emacs, and away you go.
All of the packages Graphene includes are well-documented, and I'll refer you to them rather than retread that documentation here. That said, there are some Graphene-specific things you need to know.
Graphene creates some new keybindings, and alters some existing ones:
C-x kalways kills the active buffer, rather than asking you which one you want to kill
C-x C-kkills the default buffer and closes its window
C-c ncreates a new buffer
C-c Ncreates a new instance of Emacs
C-;adds a semicolon at the end of the line
M-RETcreates a newline below the current line and moves to it
C-M-;comments or uncomments the current line
C->increases the height of the current window
C-.increases the width of the current window
C-c sselects the Speedbar window
Graphene used to bind the standard Mac keys for various purposes (Command-n for new buffer, for instance), but no longer does.
project-persist uses the following keybindings:
C-c P nto create a new project
C-c P fto find an existing project
C-c P kto close the current project
C-c P dto delete an existing project
M-x customize-group and type 'graphene', for an idea of what can
be customised; you may wish to set these programmatically in your init
Contributions to Graphene are very welcome, as are feedback and bug reports. The latter can be raised via the Issues section.
When you've created your feature, make a pull request against master in this repo.