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react-ga

React Google Analytics Module

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This is a JavaScript module that can be used to include Google Analytics tracking code in a website or app that uses React for its front-end codebase. It does not currently use any React code internally, but has been written for use with a number of Mozilla Foundation websites that are using React, as a way to standardize our GA Instrumentation across projects.

It is designed to work with the latest version of Google Analytics, Universal Analytics. At this point, all Google Analytics projects are being upgraded to Universal Analytics, so this module will not support the older ga.js implementation.

This module is mildly opinionated in how we instrument tracking within our front-end code. Our API is slightly more verbose than the core Google Analytics library, in the hope that the code is easier to read and understand for our engineers. See examples below.

If you use react-ga too, we'd love your feedback. Feel free to file issues, ideas and pull requests against this repo.

Installation

With npm:

npm install react-ga --save

With bower:

bower install react-ga --save

Note that React >= 0.14.0 is needed in order to use the <OutboundLink> component.

Usage

With npm

Initializing GA and Tracking Pageviews:

import ReactGA from 'react-ga';
ReactGA.initialize('UA-000000-01');
ReactGA.pageview(window.location.pathname + window.location.search);

With bower

When included as a script tag, a variable ReactGA is exposed in the global scope.

<!-- The core React library -->
<script src="https://unpkg.com/react@15.5.0/dist/react.min.js"></script>
<!-- The ReactDOM Library -->
<script src="https://unpkg.com/react-dom@15.5.0/dist/react-dom.min.js"></script>
<!-- ReactGA library -->
<script src="/path/to/bower_components/react-ga/dist/react-ga.min.js"></script>

<script>
  ReactGA.initialize('UA-000000-01', { debug: true });
</script>

Demo Code

For a working demo have a look at the demo files or clone this repo and run npm install npm start then open http://localhost:8080 and follow the instructions. Demo requires you to have your own TrackingID.

Upgrading from 1.x to 2.x

You can safely upgrade to 2.x as there are no breaking changes. The main new feature is that the underlying ga function is now exposed via the property ReactGA.ga. This can be helpful when you need a function that ReactGA doesn't support at the moment. Also, for that reason, it is recommended that you rename your imported value as ReactGA rather than ga so as to distinguish between the React GA wrapper and the original ga function.

Community Components

While some convenience components are included inside the package, some are specific to each application. A community curated list of these is available in the wiki: https://github.com/react-ga/react-ga/wiki/Community-Components. Feel free to add any you have found useful.

API

ReactGA.initialize(gaTrackingID, options)

GA must be initialized using this function before any of the other tracking functions will record any data. The values are checked and sent through to the ga('create', ... call.

Example
ReactGA.initialize('UA-000000-01', {
  debug: true,
  titleCase: false,
  gaOptions: {
    userId: 123
  }
});

Or with multiple trackers

ReactGA.initialize([{
  trackingId: 'UA-000000-01',
  gaOptions: {
    name: 'tracker1',
    userId: 123
  }
}, {
 trackingId: 'UA-000000-02',
 gaOptions: { name: 'tracker2' }
}], { debug: true, alwaysSendToDefaultTracker: false });
Value Notes
gaTrackingID String. Required. GA Tracking ID like UA-000000-01.
options.debug Boolean. Optional. If set to true, will output additional feedback to the console.
options.titleCase Boolean. Optional. Defaults to true. If set to false, strings will not be converted to title case before sending to GA.
options.gaOptions Object. Optional. GA configurable create only fields.
options.gaAddress String. Optional. If you are self-hosting your analytics.js, you can specify the URL for it here.
options.alwaysSendToDefaultTracker Boolean. Optional. Defaults to true. If set to false and using multiple trackers, the event wll not be send to the default tracker

If you are having additional troubles and setting debug = true shows as working please try using the Chrome GA Debugger Extension. This will help you figure out if your implementation is off or your GA Settings are not correct.

ReactGA.set(fieldsObject)

Example
ReactGA.set({ userId: 123 });
Value Notes
fieldsObject Object. e.g. { userId: 123 }

ReactGA.pageview(path)

Example
ReactGA.pageview('/about/contact-us');
Value Notes
path String. e.g. '/get-involved/other-ways-to-help'
trackerNames Array. Optional. A list of extra trackers to run the command on
title String. Optional. e.g. 'Other Ways to Help'

See example above for use with react-router.

ReactGA.modalview(modalName)

A modal view is often an equivalent to a pageview in our UX, but without a change in URL that would record a standard GA pageview. For example, a 'contact us' modal may be accessible from any page in a site, even if we don't have a standalone 'contact us' page on its own URL. In this scenario, the modalview should be recorded using this function.

Example
ReactGA.modalview('/about/contact-us');
Value Notes
modalName String. E.g. 'login', 'read-terms-and-conditions'

ReactGA.event(args)

Tracking in-page event interactions is key to understanding the use of any interactive web property. This is how we record user interactions that don't trigger a change in URL.

Examples
ReactGA.event({
  category: 'User',
  action: 'Created an Account'
});

ReactGA.event({
  category: 'Social',
  action: 'Rated an App',
  value: 3
});

ReactGA.event({
  category: 'Editing',
  action: 'Deleted Component',
  label: 'Game Widget'
});

ReactGA.event({
  category: 'Promotion',
  action: 'Displayed Promotional Widget',
  label: 'Homepage Thing',
  nonInteraction: true
});
Value Notes
args.category String. Required. A top level category for these events. E.g. 'User', 'Navigation', 'App Editing', etc.
args.action String. Required. A description of the behaviour. E.g. 'Clicked Delete', 'Added a component', 'Deleted account', etc.
args.label String. Optional. More precise labelling of the related action. E.g. alongside the 'Added a component' action, we could add the name of a component as the label. E.g. 'Survey', 'Heading', 'Button', etc.
args.value Int. Optional. A means of recording a numerical value against an event. E.g. a rating, a score, etc.
args.nonInteraction Boolean. Optional. If an event is not triggered by a user interaction, but instead by our code (e.g. on page load, it should be flagged as a nonInteraction event to avoid skewing bounce rate data.
args.transport String. Optional. This specifies the transport mechanism with which hits will be sent. Valid values include 'beacon', 'xhr', or 'image'.

ReactGA.timing(args)

Allow to measure periods of time such as AJAX requests and resources loading by sending hits using the analytics.js library. For more detailed description, please refer to https://developers.google.com/analytics/devguides/collection/analyticsjs/user-timings.

Example

Usage:

ReactGA.timing({
  category: 'JS Libraries',
  variable: 'load',
  value: 20, // in milliseconds
  label: 'CDN libs'
});

This is equivalent to the following Google Analytics command:

ga('send', 'timing', 'JS Libraries', 'load', 20, 'CDN libs');
Value Notes
args.category String. Required. A string for categorizing all user timing variables into logical groups.
args.variable String. Required. Name of the variable being recorded.
args.value Int. Required. Number of milliseconds elapsed time to report.
args.label String. Optional. It can improved visibility in user timing reports.

ReactGA.ga()

The original ga function can be accessed via this method. This gives developers the flexibility of directly using ga.js features that have not yet been implemented in ReactGA. No validations will be done by ReactGA as it is being bypassed if this approach is used.

If no arguments are passed to ReactGA.ga(), the ga object is returned instead.

Example

Usage with arguments:

ReactGA.ga('send', 'pageview', '/mypage');

Usage without arguments:

var ga = ReactGA.ga();
ga('send', 'pageview', '/mypage');

ReactGA.outboundLink(args, hitCallback)

Tracking links out to external URLs (including id.webmaker.org for OAuth 2.0 login flow). A non-programmatic approach is found in the next section, by using an <OutboundLink> component.

Example
ReactGA.outboundLink({
  label: 'Clicked Create an Account'
}, function () {
  console.log('redirect here');
});
Value Notes
args.label String. Required. Description of where the outbound link points to. Either as a URL, or a string.
hitCallback function. The react-ga implementation accounts for the possibility that GA servers are down, or GA is blocked, by using a fallback 250ms timeout. See notes in GA Dev Guide

<OutboundLink> Component

Outbound links can directly be used as a component in your React code and the event label will be sent directly to ReactGA.

Example
var ReactGA = require('react-ga');

render() {
  return (
    <div>
      <ReactGA.OutboundLink
        eventLabel="myLabel"
        to="http://www.example.com"
        target="_blank">
        My Link
      </ReactGA.OutboundLink>
    </div>
  );
}
Value Notes
eventLabel String. Required. Description of where the outbound link points to. Either as a URL, or a string.
to String. Required. URL the link leads to.
target String. Optional. To open the link in a new tab, use a value of _blank.

For bower, use the <ReactGA.OutboundLink> component.

ReactGA.exception(args)

GA exception tracking

Example
ReactGA.exception({
  description: 'An error ocurred',
  fatal: true
});
Value Notes
args.description String. Optional. Description of what happened.
args.fatal String. Optional. Set to true if it was a fatal exception.

ReactGA.plugin.require(name, [options])

Require GA plugins.

Example
ReactGA.plugin.require('localHitSender', { path: '/log', debug: true });
Value Notes
name String. Required. The name of the plugin to be required. Note: if the plugin is not an official analytics.js plugin, it must be provided elsewhere on the page.
options Object. Optional. An initialization object that will be passed to the plugin constructor upon instantiation.

ReactGA.plugin.execute(pluginName, action, [actionType], [payload])

Execute the action for the pluginName with the payload.

Example
ReactGA.plugin.execute('ecommerce', 'addTransaction', {
  id: 'jd38je31j',
  revenue: '3.50'
});

You can use this function with four arguments to pass actionType and payload along with executed action

Example
ReactGA.plugin.execute('ec', 'setAction', 'purchase', {
  id: 'jd38je31j',
  revenue: '3.50'
});

Test Mode

To enable test mode, initialize ReactGA with the testMode: true option. Here's an example from tests/utils/testMode.test.js

// This should be part of your setup
ReactGA.initialize('foo', { testMode: true });
// This would be in the component/js you are testing
ReactGA.ga('send', 'pageview', '/mypage');
// This would be how you check that the calls are made correctly
ReactGA.testModeAPI.calls.should.eql([
  ['create', 'foo', 'auto'],
  ['send', 'pageview', '/mypage']
]);

Development

Prerequisites

  • node.js
  • npm
  • npm install
  • npm install react@^15.6.1 prop-types@^15.5.10 - This is for the optionalDependancies.

To Test

npm test

Submitting a PR

  • Always work on a new branch
  • Submit Pull Requests against master
  1. Open a PR
  2. Request code review
  3. Complete code review with fixes
  4. Merge the PR
  5. Then, bump the version as below

The regenerated dist files should not be committed until the review has been R+'d and merged, since it's much easier to do the code review without the dist clutter getting in the way.

To Ship (i.e bump the version number)

git pull...
gulp build
mversion patch
git add .
git commit...
git push...
npm publish

Acknowledgements