Redfish-based API tool for managing bare-metal systems via the Redfish API
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Badfish is a Redfish-based API tool for managing bare-metal systems via the Redfish API


Right now Badfish is focused on managing Dell systems, but can potentially work with any system that supports the Redfish API.

We're mostly concentrated on programmatically enforcing interface/device boot order to accommodate TripleO based OpenStack deployments while simultaneously allowing easy management and provisioning of those same systems via The Foreman.


  • Toggle and save a persistent interface/device boot order on remote systems
  • Optionally one-time boot to a specific interface or to first device listed for PXE booting
  • Check current boot order
  • Reboot host
  • Reset iDRAC
  • Export iDRAC system configuration to XML
  • Clear iDRAC job queue
  • Get firmware inventory of installed devices supported by iDRAC
  • Bulk actions via plain text file with list of hosts
  • Logging to a specific path


  • iDRAC7,8 or newer
  • Firmware version
  • iDRAC administrative account


Badfish operates against a YAML configuration file to toggle between key:value pair sets of boot interface/device strings. You just need to create your own interface config that matches your needs to easily swap/save interface/device boot ordering or select one-time boot devices.

Enforcing an OpenStack Director-style interface order

In our performance/scale R&D environments TripleO-based OpenStack deployments require a specific 10/25/40GbE NIC to be the primary boot device for PXE, followed by disk, and then followed by the rest of the interfaces.

./ -H -u root -p yourpass -i config/idrac_interfaces.yml -t director

Enforcing a Foreman-style interface order

Foreman and Red Hat Satellite (as of 6.x based on Foreman) require managed systems to first always PXE from the interface that is Foreman-managed (DHCP/PXE). If the system is not set to build it will simply boot to local disk. In our setup we utilize a specific NIC for this interface based on system type.

./ -H -u root -p yourpass -i config/idrac_interfaces.yml -t foreman

Forcing a one time boot to a specific device

To force systems to perform a one-time boot to a specific device you can use the --boot-to option and pass as an argument the device you want the one-time boot to be set to. This will change the one time boot BIOS attributes OneTimeBootMode and OneTimeBootSeqDev and automatically reboot the host after changes are applied.

./ -H -u root -p yourpass --boot-to NIC.Integrated.1-3-1

Forcing a one-time boot to PXE

To force systems to perform a one-time boot to PXE, simply pass the --pxe flag to any of the commands above, by default it will pxe off the first available device for PXE booting.

./ -H -u root -p yourpass -i config/idrac_interfaces.yml -t foreman --pxe

Reboot only option

In certain cases you might need to only reboot the host, for this case we included the --reboot-only flag which will force a GracefulRestart on the target host. Note that this option is not to be used with any other option.

./ -H -u root -p yourpass --reboot-only

Resetting iDRAC

For the replacement of racadm racreset, the optional argument --racreset was added. When this argument is passed to badfish, a graceful restart is triggered on the iDRAC itself.

./ -H -u root -p yourpass --racreset

Check current boot order

To check the current boot order of a specific host you can use the --check-boot option which will return an ordered list of boot devices. Additionally you can pass the -i option which will in turn print on screen what type of host does the current boot order match (Foreman or Director).

./ -H -u root -p yourpass -i config/idrac_interfaces.yml --check-boot

Variable number of retries

At certain points during the execution of badfish the program might come across a non responsive resources and will automatically retry to establish connection. We have included a default value of 15 retries after failed attempts but this can be customized via the --retries optional argument which takes as input an integer with the number of desired retries.

./ -H -u root -p yourpass -i config/idrac_interfaces.yml -t foreman --retries 20

Export system configuration

If you would like export the current iDRAC system settings to an xml you can run badfish with the --export-configuration option which create a job request for system configuration export and will create an xml file with the exported attributes on the current directory.

./ -H -u root -p yourpass --export-configuration

Firmware inventory

If you would like to get a detailed list of all the devices supported by iDRAC you can run badfish with the --firware-inventory option which will return a list of devices with additional device info.

./ -H -u root -p yourpass --firmware-inventory

Clear Job Queue

If you would like to clear all the jobs that are queued on the remote iDRAC you can run badfish with the --clear-jobs option which query for all active jobs in the iDRAC queue and will post a request to clear the queue.

./ -H -u root -p yourpass --clear-jobs

Bulk actions via text file with list of hosts

In the case you would like to execute a common badfish action on a list of hosts, you can pass the optional argument --host-list in place of -H with the path to a text file with the hosts you would like to action upon and any addtional arguments defining a common action for all these hosts.

./ --host-list /tmp/bad-hosts -u root -p yourpass --clear-jobs

Verbose output

If you would like to see a more detailed output on console you can use the --verbose option and get a additional debug logs. Note: this is the default log level for the --log argument.

./ -H -u root -p yourpass -i config/idrac_interfaces.yml -t foreman --verbose

Log to file

If you would like to log the output of badfish you can use the --log option and pass the path to where you want badfish to log it's output to.

./ -H -u root -p yourpass -i config/idrac_interfaces.yml -t foreman --log /tmp/bad.log

Dell Foreman / PXE Interface

Your usage may vary, this is what our configuration looks like via config/idrac_interfaces.yml

Machine Type Network Interface
Dell r620 NIC.Integrated.1-3-1
Dell r630 NIC.Slot.2-1-1
Dell r930 NIC.Integrated.1-3-1
Dell r720xd NIC.Integrated.1-3-1
Dell r730xd NIC.Integrated.1-3-1