Ragpicker is a Plugin based malware crawler with pre-analysis and reporting functionalities. Use this tool if you are testing antivirus products, collecting malware for another analyzer/zoo.
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README.md

Ragpicker malware crawler

Ragpicker is a Plugin based malware crawler with pre-analysis and reporting functionalities. Use this tool if you are testing antivirus products, collecting malware for another analyzer/zoo.

Many thanks to the cuckoo-sandbox team for the Architectural design ideas.

Includes code from cuckoo-sandbox (c) 2013 http://www.cuckoosandbox.org/ and mwcrawler, (c) 2012 Ricardo Dias

##Requirements

For use is Python 2.7 preferred.

###required

###optional dependencies

##Antivirus under Linux

https://code.google.com/p/malware-crawler/wiki/LinuxAntivirus

##Ragpicker Installation

###Preparation

sudo apt-get install build-essential python-dev gcc automake libtool python-pip subversion ant
cd yara-3.1.0
./bootstrap.sh
./configure
make
sudo make install
  • Install YARA Python
cd yara-python
python setup.py build
sudo python setup.py install
  • Install Wine
sudo apt-get install wine
winetricks nocrashdialog
sudo apt-key adv --keyserver hkp://keyserver.ubuntu.com:80 --recv 7F0CEB10
echo 'deb http://downloads-distro.mongodb.org/repo/ubuntu-upstart dist 10gen' | sudo tee /etc/apt/sources.list.d/mongodb.list
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install -y mongodb-org

###Other dependencies

sudo apt-get install libimage-exiftool-perl perl-doc 
sudo apt-get install clamav clamav-freshclam
sudo apt-get install unrar
sudo apt-get install python-m2crypto
sudo apt-get install python-pyasn1

###Install with pip [how install pip]:

sudo pip install requests
sudo pip install jsonpickle
sudo pip install simplejson
sudo pip install httplib2
sudo pip install yapsy
sudo pip install beautifulsoup
sudo pip install Jinja2
sudo pip install pymongo
sudo pip install hachoir-core
sudo pip install hachoir-parser
sudo pip install hachoir-regex
sudo pip install hachoir-subfile
sudo pip install bitstring
sudo pip install prettytable

##Ragpicker install

sudo mkdir /opt/ragpicker
sudo chown -R [user:group] /opt/ragpicker/
TODO gitClone (svn checkout https://malware-crawler.googlecode.com/svn/ malware-crawler)
cd malware-crawler/MalwareCrawler/
ant install

##Configuration

Ragpicker relies on three configuration files:

  • config/crawler.conf: enabling Crawler modules and configuring urlBlackList (URLs not being processing)
  • config/preProcessing.conf: enabling and configuring preprocessing modules
  • config/processing.conf: enabling and configuring processing modules
  • config/reporting.conf: enabling and configuring report modules

Via the configuration files, you can:

  • Enable or disable the modules [on/off].
  • If you add a custom module to Ragpicker, you have to add a entry in this file (or it won't be executed).
  • You can also add additional options under the section of custom module

The results are stored with the default configuration below dumpdir/reports and dumpdir/files.

###Disable the Wine GUI crash dialog see https://code.google.com/p/malware-crawler/wiki/WineConfig

##Starting Ragpicker

To start Ragpicker use the command: python ragpicker.py

Example: Start Ragpicker with 5 threads and logfile: python ragpicker.py -t 5 --log-filename=./log.txt

###Usage

usage: ragpicker.py [-h] [-a] [-t THREADS] [--log-level LOG_LEVEL]
                    [--log-filename LOG_FILENAME] [--version]

    Ragpicker Malware Crawler

    optional arguments:
  -h, --help            show this help message and exit
  -a, --artwork         Show artwork
  -p PROCESSES, --processes PROCESSES
                        Number of processes (default=3, max=6)
  -u URL, --url URL     Download and analysis from a single URL
  -d DIRECTORY, --directory DIRECTORY
                        Load files from local directory
  -i, --info            Print Ragpicker config infos
  -da, --delete         Delete all stored data
  --log-level LOG_LEVEL
                        logging level, default=logging.INFO
  --log-filename LOG_FILENAME
                        logging filename
  --version             show program's version number and exit

##Stoping Ragpicker (unsave)

To stop ragpicker using the command: ./manager.py stop

#Ragpicker - System Design System Design System Design

#Development

Modules must be developed as yapsy-plugin and implement yapsy.IPlugin interface. Yapsy (Yet Another Plugin System) is a simple plugin system for Python applications. You can find the yapsy documentation here: http://yapsy.sourceforge.net

The abstract classes for the modules they see under core/abstracts.py

##Used third party libraries

Third party libraries are located under the subdirectory utils.

Library Description Author
python-magic python-magic is a python interface to the libmagic file type identification library Adam Hupp
pdf-parser Use it to parse a PDF document Didier Stevens
pdfid Tool to test a PDF file Didier Stevens
pefile Portable Executable reader module Ero Carrera
peutils Portable Executable utilities module Ero Carrera
socks SocksiPy - Python SOCKS module. Dan-Haim
hpfeeds Generic authenticated datafeed protocol Honeynet Project
verify-sigs Compute hashes and validate signatures Google Inc.

##Crawler Modules

All crawler modules should be placed inside the folder at ***crawler/***.

The crawler modules have a return-value of a map consisting of {MD5:URL}

...            
md5 = hashlib.md5(url).hexdigest()
self.mapURL[md5] = url
...

Crawler modules must implement the run method.

All crawling modules have access to:

self.options: self.options is a dictionary containing all the options specified in the crawlers’s configuration section in config/crawler.conf.

For more information see: TODO CrawlerTemplate

###Preprocessing Modules

All preprocessing modules should be placed inside the folder at ***preProcessing/***.

TODO

##Processing Modules

All processing modules should be placed inside the folder at ***processing/***.

Every processing module will then be initialized and executed and the data returned will be appended in a data structure.

This data structure is a simply Python dictionary that includes the results produced by all processing modules identified by their identification key.

Every processing module should contain:

  • A class inheriting Processing.
  • A run() function.
  • A self.key attribute defining the name to be used as a subcontainer for the returned data.
  • A self.score attribute what the risk level determines (The value "-1" disabled this function)

Input Parameters of the method run is the class of objfile from core/objfile.py.

All processing modules have access to:

  • self.options: self.options is a dictionary containing all the options specified in the processing’s configuration section in config/processing.conf.
  • self.task: task information we used for example for ***infos["started"] = self.task["started_on"]***.

For more information see: TODO ProcessingTemplate

##Reporting Modules

All reporting modules should be placed inside the folder at ***reporting/***.

Every reporting module should contain:

  • A class inheriting Reporting.
  • A run() function.

Input Parameters of the method run is the results dictionary from the processing and the class of objfile from core/objfile.py.

All reporting modules have access to:

  • self.options: self.options is a dictionary containing all the options specified in the report’s configuration section in config/reporting.conf.
  • self.task: task information we used for example for ***infos["started"] = self.task["started_on"]***.

For more information see: TODO ReportingTemplate

#Currently implemented functionalities ##CRAWLER

 |-- cleanmx                   Fetching Malware-URLs from Cleanmx RSS (http://support.clean-mx.de)
 |-- malShare                  Fetching Malware-URLs from MalShare daily list (http://www.malshare.com)
 |-- malc0de                   Fetching Malware-URLs from Malc0de RSS (http://malc0de.com)
 |-- malwarebl                 Fetching Malware-URLs from Malware Black List (http://www.malwareblacklist.com)
 |-- malwaredl                 Fetching Malware-URLs from Malware Domain List (http://www.malwaredomainlist.com)
 |-- secuboxlabs               Fetching Malware-URLs from SecuBox Labs (FRANCE) RSS (http://secuboxlabs.fr)
 |-- spyeyetracker             Fetching Malware-URLs from SpyEyetracker RSS (https://spyeyetracker.abuse.ch)
 |-- vxvault                   Fetching Malware-URLs from VXVault (http://vxvault.siri-urz.net)
 |-- zeustracker               Fetching Malware-URLs from Zeustracker RSS (https://zeustracker.abuse.ch)

##PROCESSING

 |-- all_cuckooSandbox         Adds the Sample to the list of cuckoo-sandbox tasks to be processed and analyzed
 |-- all_info                  Sample Base Infos (Don't disable "info"-Module!!!)
 |-- all_subFile               Find subfile in any binary stream
 |-- all_virustotal            Gets detection ratio from VirusTotal.com (via VT API)
 |-- all_virustotalNoApi       Gets detection ratio from VirusTotal.com (via Website)
 |-- antivirus_avg             Avg AntiVirus Scan (http://free.avg.com)
 |-- antivirus_avira           Avira AntiVirus Scan (http://www.avira.com/de/avira-free-antivirus)
 |-- antivirus_bitDefender     BitDefender AntiVirus Scan (http://www.bitdefender.co.uk/)
 |-- antivirus_clamav          ClamAv AntiVirus Scan (http://www.clamav.net/lang/en/)
 |-- antivirus_fprot           F-Prot AntiVirus Scan (http://www.f-prot.com/)
 |-- net_getOwnLocation        Returns the own internet location.
 |-- net_inetSourceAnalysis    Check IP and Host for reputation.
 |-- pdf_pdfid                 PDF - Analyze the suspicious PDF documents
 |-- pe_checkAntiDBG           PE - Check for suspicious anti debug API functions
 |-- pe_checkAntiVM            PE - Check for anti virtual machine tricks
 |-- pe_checkEP                PE - Alert if the EP section is not in a known good section or if its in the last PE section
 |-- pe_checkRSRC              PE - Analyse and list .rsrc section
 |-- pe_checkTLS               PE - List Thread Local Storage (TLS) Adresses
 |-- pe_checksum               PE - Check for Suspicious Checksum
 |-- pe_imports                PE - Analyse and list Import Address Table
 |-- pe_peid                   PE - Detects most common packers, cryptors and compilers for PE files
 |-- pe_sectionInfo            PE - Analyse and list the PE file sections
 |-- pe_suspiciousApiFunctions PE - Check for Suspicious API Functions
 |-- pe_timestamp              PE - TimeDateStamp is a 32 bit time at which this header was generated: is used in the process of "Binding"
 |-- pe_verifySigs             PE - Compute hashes, validate digital signature and list details

##REPORTING

 |-- filedump                  Save sample file on the file system
 |-- hpfriends                 Publishes the results on an HPFeeds channel
 |-- jsondump                  Saves analysis results in JSON format
 |-- mongodb                   Reporting-Modul for MongoDB
 |-- reporthtml                HTML Reporting-Modul
 |-- vxcage                    VxCage is a Python application for managing a malware samples repository