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<?php

/*
+-----------------------------------------------------------------------+
| program/include/rcube_smtp.php |
| |
| This file is part of the Roundcube Webmail client |
| Copyright (C) 2005-2010, Roundcube Dev. - Switzerland |
| Licensed under the GNU GPL |
| |
| PURPOSE: |
| Provide SMTP functionality using socket connections |
| |
+-----------------------------------------------------------------------+
| Author: Thomas Bruederli <roundcube@gmail.com> |
+-----------------------------------------------------------------------+

$Id$

*/

// define headers delimiter
define('SMTP_MIME_CRLF', "\r\n");

/**
* Class to provide SMTP functionality using PEAR Net_SMTP
*
* @package Mail
* @author Thomas Bruederli <roundcube@gmail.com>
* @author Aleksander Machniak <alec@alec.pl>
*/
class rcube_smtp
{

  private $conn = null;
  private $response;
  private $error;


  /**
* SMTP Connection and authentication
*
* @param string Server host
* @param string Server port
* @param string User name
* @param string Password
*
* @return bool Returns true on success, or false on error
*/
  public function connect($host=null, $port=null, $user=null, $pass=null)
  {
    $RCMAIL = rcmail::get_instance();
  
    // disconnect/destroy $this->conn
    $this->disconnect();
    
    // reset error/response var
    $this->error = $this->response = null;
  
    // let plugins alter smtp connection config
    $CONFIG = $RCMAIL->plugins->exec_hook('smtp_connect', array(
      'smtp_server' => $host ? $host : $RCMAIL->config->get('smtp_server'),
      'smtp_port' => $port ? $port : $RCMAIL->config->get('smtp_port', 25),
      'smtp_user' => $user ? $user : $RCMAIL->config->get('smtp_user'),
      'smtp_pass' => $pass ? $pass : $RCMAIL->config->get('smtp_pass'),
      'smtp_auth_cid' => $RCMAIL->config->get('smtp_auth_cid'),
      'smtp_auth_pw' => $RCMAIL->config->get('smtp_auth_pw'),
      'smtp_auth_type' => $RCMAIL->config->get('smtp_auth_type'),
      'smtp_helo_host' => $RCMAIL->config->get('smtp_helo_host'),
      'smtp_timeout' => $RCMAIL->config->get('smtp_timeout'),
    ));

    $smtp_host = rcube_parse_host($CONFIG['smtp_server']);
    // when called from Installer it's possible to have empty $smtp_host here
    if (!$smtp_host) $smtp_host = 'localhost';
    $smtp_port = is_numeric($CONFIG['smtp_port']) ? $CONFIG['smtp_port'] : 25;
    $smtp_host_url = parse_url($smtp_host);

    // overwrite port
    if (isset($smtp_host_url['host']) && isset($smtp_host_url['port']))
    {
      $smtp_host = $smtp_host_url['host'];
      $smtp_port = $smtp_host_url['port'];
    }

    // re-write smtp host
    if (isset($smtp_host_url['host']) && isset($smtp_host_url['scheme']))
      $smtp_host = sprintf('%s://%s', $smtp_host_url['scheme'], $smtp_host_url['host']);

    // remove TLS prefix and set flag for use in Net_SMTP::auth()
    if (preg_match('#^tls://#i', $smtp_host)) {
      $smtp_host = preg_replace('#^tls://#i', '', $smtp_host);
      $use_tls = true;
    }

    if (!empty($CONFIG['smtp_helo_host']))
      $helo_host = $CONFIG['smtp_helo_host'];
    else if (!empty($_SERVER['SERVER_NAME']))
      $helo_host = preg_replace('/:\d+$/', '', $_SERVER['SERVER_NAME']);
    else
      $helo_host = 'localhost';

    // IDNA Support
    $smtp_host = idn_to_ascii($smtp_host);

    $this->conn = new Net_SMTP($smtp_host, $smtp_port, $helo_host);

    if($RCMAIL->config->get('smtp_debug'))
      $this->conn->setDebug(true, array($this, 'debug_handler'));

    // try to connect to server and exit on failure
    $result = $this->conn->connect($smtp_timeout);

    if (PEAR::isError($result)) {
      $this->response[] = "Connection failed: ".$result->getMessage();
      $this->error = array('label' => 'smtpconnerror', 'vars' => array('code' => $this->conn->_code));
      $this->conn = null;
      return false;
    }

    $smtp_user = str_replace('%u', $_SESSION['username'], $CONFIG['smtp_user']);
    $smtp_pass = str_replace('%p', $RCMAIL->decrypt($_SESSION['password']), $CONFIG['smtp_pass']);
    $smtp_auth_type = empty($CONFIG['smtp_auth_type']) ? NULL : $CONFIG['smtp_auth_type'];

    if (!empty($CONFIG['smtp_auth_cid'])) {
      $smtp_authz = $smtp_user;
      $smtp_user = $CONFIG['smtp_auth_cid'];
      $smtp_pass = $CONFIG['smtp_auth_pw'];
    }

    // attempt to authenticate to the SMTP server
    if ($smtp_user && $smtp_pass)
    {
      // IDNA Support
      if (strpos($smtp_user, '@'))
        $smtp_user = idn_to_ascii($smtp_user);

      $result = $this->conn->auth($smtp_user, $smtp_pass, $smtp_auth_type, $use_tls, $smtp_authz);

      if (PEAR::isError($result))
      {
        $this->error = array('label' => 'smtpautherror', 'vars' => array('code' => $this->conn->_code));
        $this->response[] .= 'Authentication failure: ' . $result->getMessage() . ' (Code: ' . $result->getCode() . ')';
        $this->reset();
        $this->disconnect();
        return false;
      }
    }

    return true;
  }


  /**
* Function for sending mail
*
* @param string Sender e-Mail address
*
* @param mixed Either a comma-seperated list of recipients
* (RFC822 compliant), or an array of recipients,
* each RFC822 valid. This may contain recipients not
* specified in the headers, for Bcc:, resending
* messages, etc.
* @param mixed The message headers to send with the mail
* Either as an associative array or a finally
* formatted string
* @param mixed The full text of the message body, including any Mime parts
* or file handle
* @param array Delivery options (e.g. DSN request)
*
* @return bool Returns true on success, or false on error
*/
  public function send_mail($from, $recipients, &$headers, &$body, $opts=null)
  {
    if (!is_object($this->conn))
      return false;

    // prepare message headers as string
    if (is_array($headers))
    {
      if (!($headerElements = $this->_prepare_headers($headers))) {
        $this->reset();
        return false;
      }

      list($from, $text_headers) = $headerElements;
    }
    else if (is_string($headers))
      $text_headers = $headers;
    else
    {
      $this->reset();
      $this->response[] = "Invalid message headers";
      return false;
    }

    // exit if no from address is given
    if (!isset($from))
    {
      $this->reset();
      $this->response[] = "No From address has been provided";
      return false;
    }

    // RFC3461: Delivery Status Notification
    if ($opts['dsn']) {
      $exts = $this->conn->getServiceExtensions();

      if (!isset($exts['DSN'])) {
        $this->error = array('label' => 'smtpdsnerror');
        $this->response[] = "DSN not supported";
        return false;
      }

      $from_params = 'RET=HDRS';
      $recipient_params = 'NOTIFY=SUCCESS,FAILURE';
    }

    // RFC2298.3: remove envelope sender address
    if (preg_match('/Content-Type: multipart\/report/', $text_headers)
      && preg_match('/report-type=disposition-notification/', $text_headers)
    ) {
      $from = '';
    }

    // set From: address
    if (PEAR::isError($this->conn->mailFrom($from, $from_params)))
    {
      $err = $this->conn->getResponse();
      $this->error = array('label' => 'smtpfromerror', 'vars' => array(
        'from' => $from, 'code' => $this->conn->_code, 'msg' => $err[1]));
      $this->response[] = "Failed to set sender '$from'";
      $this->reset();
      return false;
    }

    // prepare list of recipients
    $recipients = $this->_parse_rfc822($recipients);
    if (PEAR::isError($recipients))
    {
      $this->error = array('label' => 'smtprecipientserror');
      $this->reset();
      return false;
    }

    // set mail recipients
    foreach ($recipients as $recipient)
    {
      if (PEAR::isError($this->conn->rcptTo($recipient, $recipient_params))) {
        $err = $this->conn->getResponse();
        $this->error = array('label' => 'smtptoerror', 'vars' => array(
          'to' => $recipient, 'code' => $this->conn->_code, 'msg' => $err[1]));
        $this->response[] = "Failed to add recipient '$recipient'";
        $this->reset();
        return false;
      }
    }

    if (is_resource($body))
    {
      // file handle
      $data = $body;
      $text_headers = preg_replace('/[\r\n]+$/', '', $text_headers);
    } else {
      // Concatenate headers and body so it can be passed by reference to SMTP_CONN->data
      // so preg_replace in SMTP_CONN->quotedata will store a reference instead of a copy.
      // We are still forced to make another copy here for a couple ticks so we don't really
      // get to save a copy in the method call.
      $data = $text_headers . "\r\n" . $body;

      // unset old vars to save data and so we can pass into SMTP_CONN->data by reference.
      unset($text_headers, $body);
    }

    // Send the message's headers and the body as SMTP data.
    if (PEAR::isError($result = $this->conn->data($data, $text_headers)))
    {
      $err = $this->conn->getResponse();
      if (!in_array($err[0], array(354, 250, 221)))
        $msg = sprintf('[%d] %s', $err[0], $err[1]);
      else
        $msg = $result->getMessage();

      $this->error = array('label' => 'smtperror', 'vars' => array('msg' => $msg));
      $this->response[] = "Failed to send data";
      $this->reset();
      return false;
    }

    $this->response[] = join(': ', $this->conn->getResponse());
    return true;
  }


  /**
* Reset the global SMTP connection
* @access public
*/
  public function reset()
  {
    if (is_object($this->conn))
      $this->conn->rset();
  }


  /**
* Disconnect the global SMTP connection
* @access public
*/
  public function disconnect()
  {
    if (is_object($this->conn)) {
      $this->conn->disconnect();
      $this->conn = null;
    }
  }


  /**
* This is our own debug handler for the SMTP connection
* @access public
*/
  public function debug_handler(&$smtp, $message)
  {
    write_log('smtp', preg_replace('/\r\n$/', '', $message));
  }


  /**
* Get error message
* @access public
*/
  public function get_error()
  {
    return $this->error;
  }


  /**
* Get server response messages array
* @access public
*/
  public function get_response()
  {
    return $this->response;
  }


  /**
* Take an array of mail headers and return a string containing
* text usable in sending a message.
*
* @param array $headers The array of headers to prepare, in an associative
* array, where the array key is the header name (ie,
* 'Subject'), and the array value is the header
* value (ie, 'test'). The header produced from those
* values would be 'Subject: test'.
*
* @return mixed Returns false if it encounters a bad address,
* otherwise returns an array containing two
* elements: Any From: address found in the headers,
* and the plain text version of the headers.
* @access private
*/
  private function _prepare_headers($headers)
  {
    $lines = array();
    $from = null;

    foreach ($headers as $key => $value)
    {
      if (strcasecmp($key, 'From') === 0)
      {
        $addresses = $this->_parse_rfc822($value);

        if (is_array($addresses))
          $from = $addresses[0];

        // Reject envelope From: addresses with spaces.
        if (strstr($from, ' '))
          return false;

        $lines[] = $key . ': ' . $value;
      }
      else if (strcasecmp($key, 'Received') === 0)
      {
        $received = array();
        if (is_array($value))
        {
          foreach ($value as $line)
            $received[] = $key . ': ' . $line;
        }
        else
        {
          $received[] = $key . ': ' . $value;
        }

        // Put Received: headers at the top. Spam detectors often
        // flag messages with Received: headers after the Subject:
        // as spam.
        $lines = array_merge($received, $lines);
      }
      else
      {
        // If $value is an array (i.e., a list of addresses), convert
        // it to a comma-delimited string of its elements (addresses).
        if (is_array($value))
          $value = implode(', ', $value);

        $lines[] = $key . ': ' . $value;
      }
    }
    
    return array($from, join(SMTP_MIME_CRLF, $lines) . SMTP_MIME_CRLF);
  }

  /**
* Take a set of recipients and parse them, returning an array of
* bare addresses (forward paths) that can be passed to sendmail
* or an smtp server with the rcpt to: command.
*
* @param mixed Either a comma-seperated list of recipients
* (RFC822 compliant), or an array of recipients,
* each RFC822 valid.
*
* @return array An array of forward paths (bare addresses).
* @access private
*/
  private function _parse_rfc822($recipients)
  {
    // if we're passed an array, assume addresses are valid and implode them before parsing.
    if (is_array($recipients))
      $recipients = implode(', ', $recipients);
    
    $addresses = array();
    $recipients = rcube_explode_quoted_string(',', $recipients);

    reset($recipients);
    while (list($k, $recipient) = each($recipients))
    {
      $a = explode(" ", $recipient);
      while (list($k2, $word) = each($a))
      {
        if (strpos($word, "@") > 0 && $word[strlen($word)-1] != '"')
        {
          $word = preg_replace('/^<|>$/', '', trim($word));
          if (in_array($word, $addresses)===false)
            array_push($addresses, $word);
        }
      }
    }
    return $addresses;
  }

}
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