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#
# = net/http.rb
#
# Copyright (c) 1999-2006 Yukihiro Matsumoto
# Copyright (c) 1999-2006 Minero Aoki
# Copyright (c) 2001 GOTOU Yuuzou
#
# Written and maintained by Minero Aoki <aamine@loveruby.net>.
# HTTPS support added by GOTOU Yuuzou <gotoyuzo@notwork.org>.
#
# This file is derived from "http-access.rb".
#
# Documented by Minero Aoki; converted to RDoc by William Webber.
#
# This program is free software. You can re-distribute and/or
# modify this program under the same terms of ruby itself ---
# Ruby Distribution License or GNU General Public License.
#
# See Net::HTTP for an overview and examples.
#
# NOTE: You can find Japanese version of this document here:
# http://www.ruby-lang.org/ja/man/?cmd=view;name=net%2Fhttp.rb
#
#--
# $Id$
#++
require 'net/protocol'
require 'uri'
module Net #:nodoc:
# :stopdoc:
class HTTPBadResponse < StandardError; end
class HTTPHeaderSyntaxError < StandardError; end
# :startdoc:
# == What Is This Library?
#
# This library provides your program functions to access WWW
# documents via HTTP, Hyper Text Transfer Protocol version 1.1.
# For details of HTTP, refer [RFC2616]
# (http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc2616.txt).
#
# == Examples
#
# === Getting Document From WWW Server
#
# Example #1: Simple GET+print
#
# require 'net/http'
# Net::HTTP.get_print 'www.example.com', '/index.html'
#
# Example #2: Simple GET+print by URL
#
# require 'net/http'
# require 'uri'
# Net::HTTP.get_print URI.parse('http://www.example.com/index.html')
#
# Example #3: More generic GET+print
#
# require 'net/http'
# require 'uri'
#
# url = URI.parse('http://www.example.com/index.html')
# res = Net::HTTP.start(url.host, url.port) {|http|
# http.get('/index.html')
# }
# puts res.body
#
# Example #4: More generic GET+print
#
# require 'net/http'
#
# url = URI.parse('http://www.example.com/index.html')
# req = Net::HTTP::Get.new(url.path)
# res = Net::HTTP.start(url.host, url.port) {|http|
# http.request(req)
# }
# puts res.body
#
# === Posting Form Data
#
# require 'net/http'
# require 'uri'
#
# #1: Simple POST
# res = Net::HTTP.post_form(URI.parse('http://www.example.com/search.cgi'),
# {'q'=>'ruby', 'max'=>'50'})
# puts res.body
#
# #2: POST with basic authentication
# res = Net::HTTP.post_form(URI.parse('http://jack:pass@www.example.com/todo.cgi'),
# {'from'=>'2005-01-01', 'to'=>'2005-03-31'})
# puts res.body
#
# #3: Detailed control
# url = URI.parse('http://www.example.com/todo.cgi')
# req = Net::HTTP::Post.new(url.path)
# req.basic_auth 'jack', 'pass'
# req.set_form_data({'from'=>'2005-01-01', 'to'=>'2005-03-31'}, ';')
# res = Net::HTTP.new(url.host, url.port).start {|http| http.request(req) }
# case res
# when Net::HTTPSuccess, Net::HTTPRedirection
# # OK
# else
# res.error!
# end
#
# === Accessing via Proxy
#
# Net::HTTP.Proxy creates http proxy class. It has same
# methods of Net::HTTP but its instances always connect to
# proxy, instead of given host.
#
# require 'net/http'
#
# proxy_addr = 'your.proxy.host'
# proxy_port = 8080
# :
# Net::HTTP::Proxy(proxy_addr, proxy_port).start('www.example.com') {|http|
# # always connect to your.proxy.addr:8080
# :
# }
#
# Since Net::HTTP.Proxy returns Net::HTTP itself when proxy_addr is nil,
# there's no need to change code if there's proxy or not.
#
# There are two additional parameters in Net::HTTP.Proxy which allow to
# specify proxy user name and password:
#
# Net::HTTP::Proxy(proxy_addr, proxy_port, proxy_user = nil, proxy_pass = nil)
#
# You may use them to work with authorization-enabled proxies:
#
# require 'net/http'
# require 'uri'
#
# proxy_host = 'your.proxy.host'
# proxy_port = 8080
# uri = URI.parse(ENV['http_proxy'])
# proxy_user, proxy_pass = uri.userinfo.split(/:/) if uri.userinfo
# Net::HTTP::Proxy(proxy_host, proxy_port,
# proxy_user, proxy_pass).start('www.example.com') {|http|
# # always connect to your.proxy.addr:8080 using specified username and password
# :
# }
#
# Note that net/http never rely on HTTP_PROXY environment variable.
# If you want to use proxy, set it explicitly.
#
# === Following Redirection
#
# require 'net/http'
# require 'uri'
#
# def fetch(uri_str, limit = 10)
# # You should choose better exception.
# raise ArgumentError, 'HTTP redirect too deep' if limit == 0
#
# response = Net::HTTP.get_response(URI.parse(uri_str))
# case response
# when Net::HTTPSuccess then response
# when Net::HTTPRedirection then fetch(response['location'], limit - 1)
# else
# response.error!
# end
# end
#
# print fetch('http://www.ruby-lang.org')
#
# Net::HTTPSuccess and Net::HTTPRedirection is a HTTPResponse class.
# All HTTPResponse objects belong to its own response class which
# indicate HTTP result status. For details of response classes,
# see section "HTTP Response Classes".
#
# === Basic Authentication
#
# require 'net/http'
#
# Net::HTTP.start('www.example.com') {|http|
# req = Net::HTTP::Get.new('/secret-page.html')
# req.basic_auth 'account', 'password'
# response = http.request(req)
# print response.body
# }
#
# === HTTP Request Classes
#
# Here is HTTP request class hierarchy.
#
# Net::HTTPRequest
# Net::HTTP::Get
# Net::HTTP::Head
# Net::HTTP::Post
# Net::HTTP::Put
# Net::HTTP::Proppatch
# Net::HTTP::Lock
# Net::HTTP::Unlock
# Net::HTTP::Options
# Net::HTTP::Propfind
# Net::HTTP::Delete
# Net::HTTP::Move
# Net::HTTP::Copy
# Net::HTTP::Mkcol
# Net::HTTP::Trace
#
# === HTTP Response Classes
#
# Here is HTTP response class hierarchy.
# All classes are defined in Net module.
#
# HTTPResponse
# HTTPUnknownResponse
# HTTPInformation # 1xx
# HTTPContinue # 100
# HTTPSwitchProtocl # 101
# HTTPSuccess # 2xx
# HTTPOK # 200
# HTTPCreated # 201
# HTTPAccepted # 202
# HTTPNonAuthoritativeInformation # 203
# HTTPNoContent # 204
# HTTPResetContent # 205
# HTTPPartialContent # 206
# HTTPRedirection # 3xx
# HTTPMultipleChoice # 300
# HTTPMovedPermanently # 301
# HTTPFound # 302
# HTTPSeeOther # 303
# HTTPNotModified # 304
# HTTPUseProxy # 305
# HTTPTemporaryRedirect # 307
# HTTPClientError # 4xx
# HTTPBadRequest # 400
# HTTPUnauthorized # 401
# HTTPPaymentRequired # 402
# HTTPForbidden # 403
# HTTPNotFound # 404
# HTTPMethodNotAllowed # 405
# HTTPNotAcceptable # 406
# HTTPProxyAuthenticationRequired # 407
# HTTPRequestTimeOut # 408
# HTTPConflict # 409
# HTTPGone # 410
# HTTPLengthRequired # 411
# HTTPPreconditionFailed # 412
# HTTPRequestEntityTooLarge # 413
# HTTPRequestURITooLong # 414
# HTTPUnsupportedMediaType # 415
# HTTPRequestedRangeNotSatisfiable # 416
# HTTPExpectationFailed # 417
# HTTPServerError # 5xx
# HTTPInternalServerError # 500
# HTTPNotImplemented # 501
# HTTPBadGateway # 502
# HTTPServiceUnavailable # 503
# HTTPGatewayTimeOut # 504
# HTTPVersionNotSupported # 505
#
# == Switching Net::HTTP versions
#
# You can use net/http.rb 1.1 features (bundled with Ruby 1.6)
# by calling HTTP.version_1_1. Calling Net::HTTP.version_1_2
# allows you to use 1.2 features again.
#
# # example
# Net::HTTP.start {|http1| ...(http1 has 1.2 features)... }
#
# Net::HTTP.version_1_1
# Net::HTTP.start {|http2| ...(http2 has 1.1 features)... }
#
# Net::HTTP.version_1_2
# Net::HTTP.start {|http3| ...(http3 has 1.2 features)... }
#
# This function is NOT thread-safe.
#
class HTTP < Protocol
# :stopdoc:
Revision = %q$Revision$.split[1]
HTTPVersion = '1.1'
@newimpl = true
# :startdoc:
# Turns on net/http 1.2 (ruby 1.8) features.
# Defaults to ON in ruby 1.8.
#
# I strongly recommend to call this method always.
#
# require 'net/http'
# Net::HTTP.version_1_2
#
def HTTP.version_1_2
@newimpl = true
end
# Turns on net/http 1.1 (ruby 1.6) features.
# Defaults to OFF in ruby 1.8.
def HTTP.version_1_1
@newimpl = false
end
# true if net/http is in version 1.2 mode.
# Defaults to true.
def HTTP.version_1_2?
@newimpl
end
# true if net/http is in version 1.1 compatible mode.
# Defaults to true.
def HTTP.version_1_1?
not @newimpl
end
class << HTTP
alias is_version_1_1? version_1_1? #:nodoc:
alias is_version_1_2? version_1_2? #:nodoc:
end
#
# short cut methods
#
#
# Get body from target and output it to +$stdout+. The
# target can either be specified as (+uri+), or as
# (+host+, +path+, +port+ = 80); so:
#
# Net::HTTP.get_print URI.parse('http://www.example.com/index.html')
#
# or:
#
# Net::HTTP.get_print 'www.example.com', '/index.html'
#
def HTTP.get_print(uri_or_host, path = nil, port = nil)
get_response(uri_or_host, path, port) {|res|
res.read_body do |chunk|
$stdout.print chunk
end
}
nil
end
# Send a GET request to the target and return the response
# as a string. The target can either be specified as
# (+uri+), or as (+host+, +path+, +port+ = 80); so:
#
# print Net::HTTP.get(URI.parse('http://www.example.com/index.html'))
#
# or:
#
# print Net::HTTP.get('www.example.com', '/index.html')
#
def HTTP.get(uri_or_host, path = nil, port = nil)
get_response(uri_or_host, path, port).body
end
# Send a GET request to the target and return the response
# as a Net::HTTPResponse object. The target can either be specified as
# (+uri+), or as (+host+, +path+, +port+ = 80); so:
#
# res = Net::HTTP.get_response(URI.parse('http://www.example.com/index.html'))
# print res.body
#
# or:
#
# res = Net::HTTP.get_response('www.example.com', '/index.html')
# print res.body
#
def HTTP.get_response(uri_or_host, path = nil, port = nil, &block)
if path
host = uri_or_host
new(host, port || HTTP.default_port).start {|http|
return http.request_get(path, &block)
}
else
uri = uri_or_host
new(uri.host, uri.port).start {|http|
return http.request_get(uri.request_uri, &block)
}
end
end
# Posts HTML form data to the +URL+.
# Form data must be represented as a Hash of String to String, e.g:
#
# { "cmd" => "search", "q" => "ruby", "max" => "50" }
#
# This method also does Basic Authentication iff +URL+.user exists.
#
# Example:
#
# require 'net/http'
# require 'uri'
#
# HTTP.post_form URI.parse('http://www.example.com/search.cgi'),
# { "q" => "ruby", "max" => "50" }
#
def HTTP.post_form(url, params)
req = Post.new(url.path)
req.form_data = params
req.basic_auth url.user, url.password if url.user
new(url.host, url.port).start {|http|
http.request(req)
}
end
#
# HTTP session management
#
# The default port to use for HTTP requests; defaults to 80.
def HTTP.default_port
http_default_port()
end
# The default port to use for HTTP requests; defaults to 80.
def HTTP.http_default_port
80
end
# The default port to use for HTTPS requests; defaults to 443.
def HTTP.https_default_port
443
end
def HTTP.socket_type #:nodoc: obsolete
BufferedIO
end
# creates a new Net::HTTP object and opens its TCP connection and
# HTTP session. If the optional block is given, the newly
# created Net::HTTP object is passed to it and closed when the
# block finishes. In this case, the return value of this method
# is the return value of the block. If no block is given, the
# return value of this method is the newly created Net::HTTP object
# itself, and the caller is responsible for closing it upon completion.
def HTTP.start(address, port = nil, p_addr = nil, p_port = nil, p_user = nil, p_pass = nil, &block) # :yield: +http+
new(address, port, p_addr, p_port, p_user, p_pass).start(&block)
end
class << HTTP
alias newobj new
end
# Creates a new Net::HTTP object.
# If +proxy_addr+ is given, creates an Net::HTTP object with proxy support.
# This method does not open the TCP connection.
def HTTP.new(address, port = nil, p_addr = nil, p_port = nil, p_user = nil, p_pass = nil)
h = Proxy(p_addr, p_port, p_user, p_pass).newobj(address, port)
h.instance_eval {
@newimpl = ::Net::HTTP.version_1_2?
}
h
end
# Creates a new Net::HTTP object for the specified +address+.
# This method does not open the TCP connection.
def initialize(address, port = nil)
@address = address
@port = (port || HTTP.default_port)
@curr_http_version = HTTPVersion
@seems_1_0_server = false
@close_on_empty_response = false
@socket = nil
@started = false
@open_timeout = nil
@read_timeout = 60
@debug_output = nil
@use_ssl = false
@ssl_context = nil
end
def inspect
"#<#{self.class} #{@address}:#{@port} open=#{started?}>"
end
# *WARNING* This method causes serious security hole.
# Never use this method in production code.
#
# Set an output stream for debugging.
#
# http = Net::HTTP.new
# http.set_debug_output $stderr
# http.start { .... }
#
def set_debug_output(output)
warn 'Net::HTTP#set_debug_output called after HTTP started' if started?
@debug_output = output
end
# The host name to connect to.
attr_reader :address
# The port number to connect to.
attr_reader :port
# Seconds to wait until connection is opened.
# If the HTTP object cannot open a connection in this many seconds,
# it raises a TimeoutError exception.
attr_accessor :open_timeout
# Seconds to wait until reading one block (by one read(2) call).
# If the HTTP object cannot open a connection in this many seconds,
# it raises a TimeoutError exception.
attr_reader :read_timeout
# Setter for the read_timeout attribute.
def read_timeout=(sec)
@socket.read_timeout = sec if @socket
@read_timeout = sec
end
# returns true if the HTTP session is started.
def started?
@started
end
alias active? started? #:nodoc: obsolete
attr_accessor :close_on_empty_response
# returns true if use SSL/TLS with HTTP.
def use_ssl?
false # redefined in net/https
end
# Opens TCP connection and HTTP session.
#
# When this method is called with block, gives a HTTP object
# to the block and closes the TCP connection / HTTP session
# after the block executed.
#
# When called with a block, returns the return value of the
# block; otherwise, returns self.
#
def start # :yield: http
raise IOError, 'HTTP session already opened' if @started
if block_given?
begin
do_start
return yield(self)
ensure
do_finish
end
end
do_start
self
end
def do_start
connect
@started = true
end
private :do_start
def connect
D "opening connection to #{conn_address()}..."
s = timeout(@open_timeout) { TCPSocket.open(conn_address(), conn_port()) }
D "opened"
if use_ssl?
unless @ssl_context.verify_mode
warn "warning: peer certificate won't be verified in this SSL session"
@ssl_context.verify_mode = OpenSSL::SSL::VERIFY_NONE
end
s = OpenSSL::SSL::SSLSocket.new(s, @ssl_context)
s.sync_close = true
end
@socket = BufferedIO.new(s)
@socket.read_timeout = @read_timeout
@socket.debug_output = @debug_output
if use_ssl?
if proxy?
@socket.writeline sprintf('CONNECT %s:%s HTTP/%s',
@address, @port, HTTPVersion)
@socket.writeline "Host: #{@address}:#{@port}"
if proxy_user
credential = ["#{proxy_user}:#{proxy_pass}"].pack('m')
credential.delete!("\r\n")
@socket.writeline "Proxy-Authorization: Basic #{credential}"
end
@socket.writeline ''
HTTPResponse.read_new(@socket).value
end
s.connect
if @ssl_context.verify_mode != OpenSSL::SSL::VERIFY_NONE
s.post_connection_check(@address)
end
end
on_connect
end
private :connect
def on_connect
end
private :on_connect
# Finishes HTTP session and closes TCP connection.
# Raises IOError if not started.
def finish
raise IOError, 'HTTP session not yet started' unless started?
do_finish
end
def do_finish
@started = false
@socket.close if @socket and not @socket.closed?
@socket = nil
end
private :do_finish
#
# proxy
#
public
# no proxy
@is_proxy_class = false
@proxy_addr = nil
@proxy_port = nil
@proxy_user = nil
@proxy_pass = nil
# Creates an HTTP proxy class.
# Arguments are address/port of proxy host and username/password
# if authorization on proxy server is required.
# You can replace the HTTP class with created proxy class.
#
# If ADDRESS is nil, this method returns self (Net::HTTP).
#
# # Example
# proxy_class = Net::HTTP::Proxy('proxy.example.com', 8080)
# :
# proxy_class.start('www.ruby-lang.org') {|http|
# # connecting proxy.foo.org:8080
# :
# }
#
def HTTP.Proxy(p_addr, p_port = nil, p_user = nil, p_pass = nil)
return self unless p_addr
delta = ProxyDelta
proxyclass = Class.new(self)
proxyclass.module_eval {
include delta
# with proxy
@is_proxy_class = true
@proxy_address = p_addr
@proxy_port = p_port || default_port()
@proxy_user = p_user
@proxy_pass = p_pass
}
proxyclass
end
class << HTTP
# returns true if self is a class which was created by HTTP::Proxy.
def proxy_class?
@is_proxy_class
end
attr_reader :proxy_address
attr_reader :proxy_port
attr_reader :proxy_user
attr_reader :proxy_pass
end
# True if self is a HTTP proxy class.
def proxy?
self.class.proxy_class?
end
# Address of proxy host. If self does not use a proxy, nil.
def proxy_address
self.class.proxy_address
end
# Port number of proxy host. If self does not use a proxy, nil.
def proxy_port
self.class.proxy_port
end
# User name for accessing proxy. If self does not use a proxy, nil.
def proxy_user
self.class.proxy_user
end
# User password for accessing proxy. If self does not use a proxy, nil.
def proxy_pass
self.class.proxy_pass
end
alias proxyaddr proxy_address #:nodoc: obsolete
alias proxyport proxy_port #:nodoc: obsolete
private
# without proxy
def conn_address
address()
end
def conn_port
port()
end
def edit_path(path)
path
end
module ProxyDelta #:nodoc: internal use only
private
def conn_address
proxy_address()
end
def conn_port
proxy_port()
end
def edit_path(path)
use_ssl? ? path : "http://#{addr_port()}#{path}"
end
end
#
# HTTP operations
#
public
# Gets data from +path+ on the connected-to host.
# +header+ must be a Hash like { 'Accept' => '*/*', ... }.
#
# In version 1.1 (ruby 1.6), this method returns a pair of objects,
# a Net::HTTPResponse object and the entity body string.
# In version 1.2 (ruby 1.8), this method returns a Net::HTTPResponse
# object.
#
# If called with a block, yields each fragment of the
# entity body in turn as a string as it is read from
# the socket. Note that in this case, the returned response
# object will *not* contain a (meaningful) body.
#
# +dest+ argument is obsolete.
# It still works but you must not use it.
#
# In version 1.1, this method might raise an exception for
# 3xx (redirect). In this case you can get a HTTPResponse object
# by "anException.response".
#
# In version 1.2, this method never raises exception.
#
# # version 1.1 (bundled with Ruby 1.6)
# response, body = http.get('/index.html')
#
# # version 1.2 (bundled with Ruby 1.8 or later)
# response = http.get('/index.html')
#
# # using block
# File.open('result.txt', 'w') {|f|
# http.get('/~foo/') do |str|
# f.write str
# end
# }
#
def get(path, initheader = nil, dest = nil, &block) # :yield: +body_segment+
res = nil
request(Get.new(path, initheader)) {|r|
r.read_body dest, &block
res = r
}
unless @newimpl
res.value
return res, res.body
end
res
end
# Gets only the header from +path+ on the connected-to host.
# +header+ is a Hash like { 'Accept' => '*/*', ... }.
#
# This method returns a Net::HTTPResponse object.
#
# In version 1.1, this method might raise an exception for
# 3xx (redirect). On the case you can get a HTTPResponse object
# by "anException.response".
# In version 1.2, this method never raises an exception.
#
# response = nil
# Net::HTTP.start('some.www.server', 80) {|http|
# response = http.head('/index.html')
# }
# p response['content-type']
#
def head(path, initheader = nil)
res = request(Head.new(path, initheader))
res.value unless @newimpl
res
end
# Posts +data+ (must be a String) to +path+. +header+ must be a Hash
# like { 'Accept' => '*/*', ... }.
#
# In version 1.1 (ruby 1.6), this method returns a pair of objects, a
# Net::HTTPResponse object and an entity body string.
# In version 1.2 (ruby 1.8), this method returns a Net::HTTPResponse object.
#
# If called with a block, yields each fragment of the
# entity body in turn as a string as it are read from
# the socket. Note that in this case, the returned response
# object will *not* contain a (meaningful) body.
#
# +dest+ argument is obsolete.
# It still works but you must not use it.
#
# In version 1.1, this method might raise an exception for
# 3xx (redirect). In this case you can get an HTTPResponse object
# by "anException.response".
# In version 1.2, this method never raises exception.
#
# # version 1.1
# response, body = http.post('/cgi-bin/search.rb', 'query=foo')
#
# # version 1.2
# response = http.post('/cgi-bin/search.rb', 'query=foo')
#
# # using block
# File.open('result.txt', 'w') {|f|
# http.post('/cgi-bin/search.rb', 'query=foo') do |str|
# f.write str
# end
# }
#
# You should set Content-Type: header field for POST.
# If no Content-Type: field given, this method uses
# "application/x-www-form-urlencoded" by default.
#
def post(path, data, initheader = nil, dest = nil, &block) # :yield: +body_segment+
res = nil
request(Post.new(path, initheader), data) {|r|
r.read_body dest, &block
res = r
}
unless @newimpl
res.value
return res, res.body
end
res
end
def put(path, data, initheader = nil) #:nodoc:
res = request(Put.new(path, initheader), data)
res.value unless @newimpl
res
end
# Sends a PROPPATCH request to the +path+ and gets a response,
# as an HTTPResponse object.
def proppatch(path, body, initheader = nil)
request(Proppatch.new(path, initheader), body)
end
# Sends a LOCK request to the +path+ and gets a response,
# as an HTTPResponse object.
def lock(path, body, initheader = nil)
request(Lock.new(path, initheader), body)
end
# Sends a UNLOCK request to the +path+ and gets a response,
# as an HTTPResponse object.
def unlock(path, body, initheader = nil)
request(Unlock.new(path, initheader), body)
end
# Sends a OPTIONS request to the +path+ and gets a response,
# as an HTTPResponse object.
def options(path, initheader = nil)
request(Options.new(path, initheader))
end
# Sends a PROPFIND request to the +path+ and gets a response,
# as an HTTPResponse object.
def propfind(path, body = nil, initheader = {'Depth' => '0'})
request(Propfind.new(path, initheader), body)
end
# Sends a DELETE request to the +path+ and gets a response,
# as an HTTPResponse object.
def delete(path, initheader = {'Depth' => 'Infinity'})
request(Delete.new(path, initheader))
end
# Sends a MOVE request to the +path+ and gets a response,
# as an HTTPResponse object.
def move(path, initheader = nil)
request(Move.new(path, initheader))
end
# Sends a COPY request to the +path+ and gets a response,
# as an HTTPResponse object.
def copy(path, initheader = nil)
request(Copy.new(path, initheader))
end
# Sends a MKCOL request to the +path+ and gets a response,
# as an HTTPResponse object.
def mkcol(path, body = nil, initheader = nil)
request(Mkcol.new(path, initheader), body)
end
# Sends a TRACE request to the +path+ and gets a response,
# as an HTTPResponse object.
def trace(path, initheader = nil)
request(Trace.new(path, initheader))
end
# Sends a GET request to the +path+ and gets a response,
# as an HTTPResponse object.
#
# When called with a block, yields an HTTPResponse object.
# The body of this response will not have been read yet;
# the caller can process it using HTTPResponse#read_body,
# if desired.
#
# Returns the response.
#
# This method never raises Net::* exceptions.
#
# response = http.request_get('/index.html')
# # The entity body is already read here.
# p response['content-type']
# puts response.body
#
# # using block
# http.request_get('/index.html') {|response|
# p response['content-type']
# response.read_body do |str| # read body now
# print str
# end
# }
#
def request_get(path, initheader = nil, &block) # :yield: +response+
request(Get.new(path, initheader), &block)
end
# Sends a HEAD request to the +path+ and gets a response,
# as an HTTPResponse object.
#
# Returns the response.
#
# This method never raises Net::* exceptions.
#
# response = http.request_head('/index.html')
# p response['content-type']
#
def request_head(path, initheader = nil, &block)
request(Head.new(path, initheader), &block)
end
# Sends a POST request to the +path+ and gets a response,
# as an HTTPResponse object.
#
# When called with a block, yields an HTTPResponse object.
# The body of this response will not have been read yet;
# the caller can process it using HTTPResponse#read_body,
# if desired.
#
# Returns the response.
#
# This method never raises Net::* exceptions.
#
# # example
# response = http.request_post('/cgi-bin/nice.rb', 'datadatadata...')
# p response.status
# puts response.body # body is already read
#
# # using block
# http.request_post('/cgi-bin/nice.rb', 'datadatadata...') {|response|
# p response.status
# p response['content-type']
# response.read_body do |str| # read body now
# print str
# end
# }
#
def request_post(path, data, initheader = nil, &block) # :yield: +response+
request Post.new(path, initheader), data, &block
end
def request_put(path, data, initheader = nil, &block) #:nodoc:
request Put.new(path, initheader), data, &block
end
alias get2 request_get #:nodoc: obsolete
alias head2 request_head #:nodoc: obsolete
alias post2 request_post #:nodoc: obsolete
alias put2 request_put #:nodoc: obsolete
# Sends an HTTP request to the HTTP server.
# This method also sends DATA string if DATA is given.
#
# Returns a HTTPResponse object.
#
# This method never raises Net::* exceptions.
#
# response = http.send_request('GET', '/index.html')
# puts response.body
#
def send_request(name, path, data = nil, header = nil)
r = HTTPGenericRequest.new(name,(data ? true : false),true,path,header)
request r, data
end
# Sends an HTTPRequest object REQUEST to the HTTP server.
# This method also sends DATA string if REQUEST is a post/put request.
# Giving DATA for get/head request causes ArgumentError.
#
# When called with a block, yields an HTTPResponse object.
# The body of this response will not have been read yet;
# the caller can process it using HTTPResponse#read_body,
# if desired.
#
# Returns a HTTPResponse object.
#
# This method never raises Net::* exceptions.
#
def request(req, body = nil, &block) # :yield: +response+
unless started?
start {
req['connection'] ||= 'close'
return request(req, body, &block)
}
end
if proxy_user()
unless use_ssl?
req.proxy_basic_auth proxy_user(), proxy_pass()
end
end
req.set_body_internal body
begin_transport req
req.exec @socket, @curr_http_version, edit_path(req.path)
begin
res = HTTPResponse.read_new(@socket)
end while res.kind_of?(HTTPContinue)
res.reading_body(@socket, req.response_body_permitted?) {
yield res if block_given?
}
end_transport req, res
res
end
private
def begin_transport(req)
if @socket.closed?
connect
end
if @seems_1_0_server
req['connection'] ||= 'close'
end
if not req.response_body_permitted? and @close_on_empty_response
req['connection'] ||= 'close'
end
req['host'] ||= addr_port()
end
def end_transport(req, res)
@curr_http_version = res.http_version
if not res.body and @close_on_empty_response
D 'Conn close'
@socket.close
elsif keep_alive?(req, res)
D 'Conn keep-alive'
if @socket.closed?
D 'Conn (but seems 1.0 server)'
@seems_1_0_server = true
end
else
D 'Conn close'
@socket.close
end
end
def keep_alive?(req, res)
return false if /close/i =~ req['connection'].to_s
return false if @seems_1_0_server
return true if /keep-alive/i =~ res['connection'].to_s
return false if /close/i =~ res['connection'].to_s
return true if /keep-alive/i =~ res['proxy-connection'].to_s
return false if /close/i =~ res['proxy-connection'].to_s
(@curr_http_version == '1.1')
end
#
# utils
#
private
def addr_port
if use_ssl?
address() + (port == HTTP.https_default_port ? '' : ":#{port()}")
else
address() + (port == HTTP.http_default_port ? '' : ":#{port()}")
end
end
def D(msg)
return unless @debug_output
@debug_output << msg
@debug_output << "\n"
end
end
HTTPSession = HTTP
#
# Header module.
#
# Provides access to @header in the mixed-into class as a hash-like
# object, except with case-insensitive keys. Also provides
# methods for accessing commonly-used header values in a more
# convenient format.
#
module HTTPHeader
def initialize_http_header(initheader)
@header = {}
return unless initheader
initheader.each do |key, value|
warn "net/http: warning: duplicated HTTP header: #{key}" if key?(key) and $VERBOSE
@header[key.downcase] = [value.strip]
end
end
def size #:nodoc: obsolete
@header.size
end
alias length size #:nodoc: obsolete
# Returns the header field corresponding to the case-insensitive key.
# For example, a key of "Content-Type" might return "text/html"
def [](key)
a = @header[key.downcase] or return nil
a.join(', ')
end
# Sets the header field corresponding to the case-insensitive key.
def []=(key, val)
unless val
@header.delete key.downcase
return val
end
@header[key.downcase] = [val]
end
# [Ruby 1.8.3]
# Adds header field instead of replace.
# Second argument +val+ must be a String.
# See also #[]=, #[] and #get_fields.
#
# request.add_field 'X-My-Header', 'a'
# p request['X-My-Header'] #=> "a"
# p request.get_fields('X-My-Header') #=> ["a"]
# request.add_field 'X-My-Header', 'b'
# p request['X-My-Header'] #=> "a, b"
# p request.get_fields('X-My-Header') #=> ["a", "b"]
# request.add_field 'X-My-Header', 'c'
# p request['X-My-Header'] #=> "a, b, c"
# p request.get_fields('X-My-Header') #=> ["a", "b", "c"]
#
def add_field(key, val)
if @header.key?(key.downcase)
@header[key.downcase].push val
else
@header[key.downcase] = [val]
end
end
# [Ruby 1.8.3]
# Returns an array of header field strings corresponding to the
# case-insensitive +key+. This method allows you to get duplicated
# header fields without any processing. See also #[].
#
# p response.get_fields('Set-Cookie')
# #=> ["session=al98axx; expires=Fri, 31-Dec-1999 23:58:23",
# "query=rubyscript; expires=Fri, 31-Dec-1999 23:58:23"]
# p response['Set-Cookie']
# #=> "session=al98axx; expires=Fri, 31-Dec-1999 23:58:23, query=rubyscript; expires=Fri, 31-Dec-1999 23:58:23"
#
def get_fields(key)
return nil unless @header[key.downcase]
@header[key.downcase].dup
end
# Returns the header field corresponding to the case-insensitive key.
# Returns the default value +args+, or the result of the block, or nil,
# if there's no header field named key. See Hash#fetch
def fetch(key, *args, &block) #:yield: +key+
a = @header.fetch(key.downcase, *args, &block)
a.join(', ')
end
# Iterates for each header names and values.
def each_header #:yield: +key+, +value+
@header.each do |k,va|
yield k, va.join(', ')
end
end
alias each each_header
# Iterates for each header names.
def each_name(&block) #:yield: +key+
@header.each_key(&block)
end
alias each_key each_name
# Iterates for each capitalized header names.
def each_capitalized_name(&block) #:yield: +key+
@header.each_key do |k|
yield capitalize(k)
end
end
# Iterates for each header values.
def each_value #:yield: +value+
@header.each_value do |va|
yield va.join(', ')
end
end
# Removes a header field.
def delete(key)
@header.delete(key.downcase)
end
# true if +key+ header exists.
def key?(key)
@header.key?(key.downcase)
end
# Returns a Hash consist of header names and values.
def to_hash
@header.dup
end
# As for #each_header, except the keys are provided in capitalized form.
def each_capitalized
@header.each do |k,v|
yield capitalize(k), v.join(', ')
end
end
alias canonical_each each_capitalized
def capitalize(name)
name.split(/-/).map {|s| s.capitalize }.join('-')
end
private :capitalize
# Returns an Array of Range objects which represents Range: header field,
# or +nil+ if there is no such header.
def range
return nil unless @header['range']
self['Range'].split(/,/).map {|spec|
m = /bytes\s*=\s*(\d+)?\s*-\s*(\d+)?/i.match(spec) or
raise HTTPHeaderSyntaxError, "wrong Range: #{spec}"
d1 = m[1].to_i
d2 = m[2].to_i
if m[1] and m[2] then d1..d2
elsif m[1] then d1..-1
elsif m[2] then -d2..-1
else
raise HTTPHeaderSyntaxError, 'range is not specified'
end
}
end
# Set Range: header from Range (arg r) or beginning index and
# length from it (arg idx&len).
#
# req.range = (0..1023)
# req.set_range 0, 1023
#
def set_range(r, e = nil)
unless r
@header.delete 'range'
return r
end
r = (r...r+e) if e
case r
when Numeric
n = r.to_i
rangestr = (n > 0 ? "0-#{n-1}" : "-#{-n}")
when Range
first = r.first
last = r.last
last -= 1 if r.exclude_end?
if last == -1
rangestr = (first > 0 ? "#{first}-" : "-#{-first}")
else
raise HTTPHeaderSyntaxError, 'range.first is negative' if first < 0
raise HTTPHeaderSyntaxError, 'range.last is negative' if last < 0
raise HTTPHeaderSyntaxError, 'must be .first < .last' if first > last
rangestr = "#{first}-#{last}"
end
else
raise TypeError, 'Range/Integer is required'
end
@header['range'] = ["bytes=#{rangestr}"]
r
end
alias range= set_range
# Returns an Integer object which represents the Content-Length: header field
# or +nil+ if that field is not provided.
def content_length
return nil unless key?('Content-Length')
len = self['Content-Length'].slice(/\d+/) or
raise HTTPHeaderSyntaxError, 'wrong Content-Length format'
len.to_i
end
def content_length=(len)
unless len
@header.delete 'content-length'
return nil
end
@header['content-length'] = [len.to_i.to_s]
end
# Returns "true" if the "transfer-encoding" header is present and
# set to "chunked". This is an HTTP/1.1 feature, allowing the
# the content to be sent in "chunks" without at the outset
# stating the entire content length.
def chunked?
return false unless @header['transfer-encoding']
field = self['Transfer-Encoding']
(/(?:\A|[^\-\w])chunked(?![\-\w])/i =~ field) ? true : false
end
# Returns a Range object which represents Content-Range: header field.
# This indicates, for a partial entity body, where this fragment
# fits inside the full entity body, as range of byte offsets.
def content_range
return nil unless @header['content-range']
m = %r<bytes\s+(\d+)-(\d+)/(\d+|\*)>i.match(self['Content-Range']) or
raise HTTPHeaderSyntaxError, 'wrong Content-Range format'
m[1].to_i .. m[2].to_i + 1
end
# The length of the range represented in Content-Range: header.
def range_length
r = content_range() or return nil
r.end - r.begin
end
# Returns a content type string such as "text/html".
# This method returns nil if Content-Type: header field does not exist.
def content_type
return nil unless main_type()
if sub_type()
then "#{main_type()}/#{sub_type()}"
else main_type()
end
end
# Returns a content type string such as "text".
# This method returns nil if Content-Type: header field does not exist.
def main_type
return nil unless @header['content-type']
self['Content-Type'].split(';').first.to_s.split('/')[0].to_s.strip
end
# Returns a content type string such as "html".
# This method returns nil if Content-Type: header field does not exist
# or sub-type is not given (e.g. "Content-Type: text").
def sub_type
return nil unless @header['content-type']
main, sub = *self['Content-Type'].split(';').first.to_s.split('/')
return nil unless sub
sub.strip
end
# Returns content type parameters as a Hash as like
# {"charset" => "iso-2022-jp"}.
def type_params
result = {}
list = self['Content-Type'].to_s.split(';')
list.shift
list.each do |param|
k, v = *param.split('=', 2)
result[k.strip] = v.strip
end
result
end
# Set Content-Type: header field by +type+ and +params+.
# +type+ must be a String, +params+ must be a Hash.
def set_content_type(type, params = {})
@header['content-type'] = [type + params.map{|k,v|"; #{k}=#{v}"}.join('')]
end
alias content_type= set_content_type
# Set header fields and a body from HTML form data.
# +params+ should be a Hash containing HTML form data.
# Optional argument +sep+ means data record separator.
#
# This method also set Content-Type: header field to
# application/x-www-form-urlencoded.
def set_form_data(params, sep = '&')
self.body = params.map {|k,v| "#{urlencode(k.to_s)}=#{urlencode(v.to_s)}" }.join(sep)
self.content_type = 'application/x-www-form-urlencoded'
end
alias form_data= set_form_data
def urlencode(str)
str.gsub(/[^a-zA-Z0-9_\.\-]/n) {|s| sprintf('%%%02x', s[0]) }
end
private :urlencode
# Set the Authorization: header for "Basic" authorization.
def basic_auth(account, password)
@header['authorization'] = [basic_encode(account, password)]
end
# Set Proxy-Authorization: header for "Basic" authorization.
def proxy_basic_auth(account, password)
@header['proxy-authorization'] = [basic_encode(account, password)]
end
def basic_encode(account, password)
'Basic ' + ["#{account}:#{password}"].pack('m').delete("\r\n")
end
private :basic_encode
end
#
# Parent of HTTPRequest class. Do not use this directly; use
# a subclass of HTTPRequest.
#
# Mixes in the HTTPHeader module.
#
class HTTPGenericRequest
include HTTPHeader
BUFSIZE = 16*1024
def initialize(m, reqbody, resbody, path, initheader = nil)
@method = m
@request_has_body = reqbody
@response_has_body = resbody
raise ArgumentError, "HTTP request path is empty" if path.empty?
@path = path
initialize_http_header initheader
self['Accept'] ||= '*/*'
@body = nil
@body_stream = nil
end
attr_reader :method
attr_reader :path
def inspect
"\#<#{self.class} #{@method}>"
end
def request_body_permitted?
@request_has_body
end
def response_body_permitted?
@response_has_body
end
def body_exist?
warn "Net::HTTPRequest#body_exist? is obsolete; use response_body_permitted?" if $VERBOSE
response_body_permitted?
end
attr_reader :body
def body=(str)
@body = str
@body_stream = nil
str
end
attr_reader :body_stream
def body_stream=(input)
@body = nil
@body_stream = input
input
end
def set_body_internal(str) #:nodoc: internal use only
raise ArgumentError, "both of body argument and HTTPRequest#body set" if str and (@body or @body_stream)
self.body = str if str
end
#
# write
#
def exec(sock, ver, path) #:nodoc: internal use only
if @body
send_request_with_body sock, ver, path, @body
elsif @body_stream
send_request_with_body_stream sock, ver, path, @body_stream
else
write_header sock, ver, path
end
end
private
def send_request_with_body(sock, ver, path, body)
self.content_length = body.length
delete 'Transfer-Encoding'
supply_default_content_type
write_header sock, ver, path
sock.write body
end
def send_request_with_body_stream(sock, ver, path, f)
unless content_length() or chunked?
raise ArgumentError,
"Content-Length not given and Transfer-Encoding is not `chunked'"
end
supply_default_content_type
write_header sock, ver, path
if chunked?
while s = f.read(BUFSIZE)
sock.write(sprintf("%x\r\n", s.length) << s << "\r\n")
end
sock.write "0\r\n\r\n"
else
while s = f.read(BUFSIZE)
sock.write s
end
end
end
def supply_default_content_type
return if content_type()
warn 'net/http: warning: Content-Type did not set; using application/x-www-form-urlencoded' if $VERBOSE
set_content_type 'application/x-www-form-urlencoded'
end
def write_header(sock, ver, path)
buf = "#{@method} #{path} HTTP/#{ver}\r\n"
each_capitalized do |k,v|
buf << "#{k}: #{v}\r\n"
end
buf << "\r\n"
sock.write buf
end
end
#
# HTTP request class. This class wraps request header and entity path.
# You *must* use its subclass, Net::HTTP::Get, Post, Head.
#
class HTTPRequest < HTTPGenericRequest
# Creates HTTP request object.
def initialize(path, initheader = nil)
super self.class::METHOD,
self.class::REQUEST_HAS_BODY,
self.class::RESPONSE_HAS_BODY,
path, initheader
end
end
class HTTP # reopen
#
# HTTP 1.1 methods --- RFC2616
#
class Get < HTTPRequest
METHOD = 'GET'
REQUEST_HAS_BODY = false
RESPONSE_HAS_BODY = true
end
class Head < HTTPRequest
METHOD = 'HEAD'
REQUEST_HAS_BODY = false
RESPONSE_HAS_BODY = false
end
class Post < HTTPRequest
METHOD = 'POST'
REQUEST_HAS_BODY = true
RESPONSE_HAS_BODY = true
end
class Put < HTTPRequest
METHOD = 'PUT'
REQUEST_HAS_BODY = true
RESPONSE_HAS_BODY = true
end
class Delete < HTTPRequest
METHOD = 'DELETE'
REQUEST_HAS_BODY = false
RESPONSE_HAS_BODY = true
end
class Options < HTTPRequest
METHOD = 'OPTIONS'
REQUEST_HAS_BODY = false
RESPONSE_HAS_BODY = false
end
class Trace < HTTPRequest
METHOD = 'TRACE'
REQUEST_HAS_BODY = false
RESPONSE_HAS_BODY = true
end
#
# WebDAV methods --- RFC2518
#
class Propfind < HTTPRequest
METHOD = 'PROPFIND'
REQUEST_HAS_BODY = true
RESPONSE_HAS_BODY = true
end
class Proppatch < HTTPRequest
METHOD = 'PROPPATCH'
REQUEST_HAS_BODY = true
RESPONSE_HAS_BODY = true
end
class Mkcol < HTTPRequest
METHOD = 'MKCOL'
REQUEST_HAS_BODY = true
RESPONSE_HAS_BODY = true
end
class Copy < HTTPRequest
METHOD = 'COPY'
REQUEST_HAS_BODY = false
RESPONSE_HAS_BODY = true
end
class Move < HTTPRequest
METHOD = 'MOVE'
REQUEST_HAS_BODY = false
RESPONSE_HAS_BODY = true
end
class Lock < HTTPRequest
METHOD = 'LOCK'
REQUEST_HAS_BODY = true
RESPONSE_HAS_BODY = true
end
class Unlock < HTTPRequest
METHOD = 'UNLOCK'
REQUEST_HAS_BODY = true
RESPONSE_HAS_BODY = true
end
end
###
### Response
###
# HTTP exception class.
# You must use its subclasses.
module HTTPExceptions
def initialize(msg, res) #:nodoc:
super msg
@response = res
end
attr_reader :response
alias data response #:nodoc: obsolete
end
class HTTPError < ProtocolError
include HTTPExceptions
end
class HTTPRetriableError < ProtoRetriableError
include HTTPExceptions
end
class HTTPServerException < ProtoServerError
# We cannot use the name "HTTPServerError", it is the name of the response.
include HTTPExceptions
end
class HTTPFatalError < ProtoFatalError
include HTTPExceptions
end
# HTTP response class. This class wraps response header and entity.
# Mixes in the HTTPHeader module, which provides access to response
# header values both via hash-like methods and individual readers.
# Note that each possible HTTP response code defines its own
# HTTPResponse subclass. These are listed below.
# All classes are
# defined under the Net module. Indentation indicates inheritance.
#
# xxx HTTPResponse
#
# 1xx HTTPInformation
# 100 HTTPContinue
# 101 HTTPSwitchProtocol
#
# 2xx HTTPSuccess
# 200 HTTPOK
# 201 HTTPCreated
# 202 HTTPAccepted
# 203 HTTPNonAuthoritativeInformation
# 204 HTTPNoContent
# 205 HTTPResetContent
# 206 HTTPPartialContent
#
# 3xx HTTPRedirection
# 300 HTTPMultipleChoice
# 301 HTTPMovedPermanently
# 302 HTTPFound
# 303 HTTPSeeOther
# 304 HTTPNotModified
# 305 HTTPUseProxy
# 307 HTTPTemporaryRedirect
#
# 4xx HTTPClientError
# 400 HTTPBadRequest
# 401 HTTPUnauthorized
# 402 HTTPPaymentRequired
# 403 HTTPForbidden
# 404 HTTPNotFound
# 405 HTTPMethodNotAllowed
# 406 HTTPNotAcceptable
# 407 HTTPProxyAuthenticationRequired
# 408 HTTPRequestTimeOut
# 409 HTTPConflict
# 410 HTTPGone
# 411 HTTPLengthRequired
# 412 HTTPPreconditionFailed
# 413 HTTPRequestEntityTooLarge
# 414 HTTPRequestURITooLong
# 415 HTTPUnsupportedMediaType
# 416 HTTPRequestedRangeNotSatisfiable
# 417 HTTPExpectationFailed
#
# 5xx HTTPServerError
# 500 HTTPInternalServerError
# 501 HTTPNotImplemented
# 502 HTTPBadGateway
# 503 HTTPServiceUnavailable
# 504 HTTPGatewayTimeOut
# 505 HTTPVersionNotSupported
#
# xxx HTTPUnknownResponse
#
class HTTPResponse
# true if the response has body.
def HTTPResponse.body_permitted?
self::HAS_BODY
end
def HTTPResponse.exception_type # :nodoc: internal use only
self::EXCEPTION_TYPE
end
end # reopened after
# :stopdoc:
class HTTPUnknownResponse < HTTPResponse
HAS_BODY = true
EXCEPTION_TYPE = HTTPError
end
class HTTPInformation < HTTPResponse # 1xx
HAS_BODY = false
EXCEPTION_TYPE = HTTPError
end
class HTTPSuccess < HTTPResponse # 2xx
HAS_BODY = true
EXCEPTION_TYPE = HTTPError
end
class HTTPRedirection < HTTPResponse # 3xx
HAS_BODY = true
EXCEPTION_TYPE = HTTPRetriableError
end
class HTTPClientError < HTTPResponse # 4xx
HAS_BODY = true
EXCEPTION_TYPE = HTTPServerException # for backward compatibility
end
class HTTPServerError < HTTPResponse # 5xx
HAS_BODY = true
EXCEPTION_TYPE = HTTPFatalError # for backward compatibility
end
class HTTPContinue < HTTPInformation # 100
HAS_BODY = false
end
class HTTPSwitchProtocol < HTTPInformation # 101
HAS_BODY = false
end
class HTTPOK < HTTPSuccess # 200
HAS_BODY = true
end
class HTTPCreated < HTTPSuccess # 201
HAS_BODY = true
end
class HTTPAccepted < HTTPSuccess # 202
HAS_BODY = true
end
class HTTPNonAuthoritativeInformation < HTTPSuccess # 203
HAS_BODY = true
end
class HTTPNoContent < HTTPSuccess # 204
HAS_BODY = false
end
class HTTPResetContent < HTTPSuccess # 205
HAS_BODY = false
end
class HTTPPartialContent < HTTPSuccess # 206
HAS_BODY = true
end
class HTTPMultipleChoice < HTTPRedirection # 300
HAS_BODY = true
end
class HTTPMovedPermanently < HTTPRedirection # 301
HAS_BODY = true
end
class HTTPFound < HTTPRedirection # 302
HAS_BODY = true
end
HTTPMovedTemporarily = HTTPFound
class HTTPSeeOther < HTTPRedirection # 303
HAS_BODY = true
end
class HTTPNotModified < HTTPRedirection # 304
HAS_BODY = false
end
class HTTPUseProxy < HTTPRedirection # 305
HAS_BODY = false
end
# 306 unused
class HTTPTemporaryRedirect < HTTPRedirection # 307
HAS_BODY = true
end
class HTTPBadRequest < HTTPClientError # 400
HAS_BODY = true
end
class HTTPUnauthorized < HTTPClientError # 401
HAS_BODY = true
end
class HTTPPaymentRequired < HTTPClientError # 402
HAS_BODY = true
end
class HTTPForbidden < HTTPClientError # 403
HAS_BODY = true
end
class HTTPNotFound < HTTPClientError # 404
HAS_BODY = true
end
class HTTPMethodNotAllowed < HTTPClientError # 405
HAS_BODY = true
end
class HTTPNotAcceptable < HTTPClientError # 406
HAS_BODY = true
end
class HTTPProxyAuthenticationRequired < HTTPClientError # 407
HAS_BODY = true
end
class HTTPRequestTimeOut < HTTPClientError # 408
HAS_BODY = true
end
class HTTPConflict < HTTPClientError # 409
HAS_BODY = true
end
class HTTPGone < HTTPClientError # 410
HAS_BODY = true
end
class HTTPLengthRequired < HTTPClientError # 411
HAS_BODY = true
end
class HTTPPreconditionFailed < HTTPClientError # 412
HAS_BODY = true
end
class HTTPRequestEntityTooLarge < HTTPClientError # 413
HAS_BODY = true
end
class HTTPRequestURITooLong < HTTPClientError # 414
HAS_BODY = true
end
HTTPRequestURITooLarge = HTTPRequestURITooLong
class HTTPUnsupportedMediaType < HTTPClientError # 415
HAS_BODY = true
end
class HTTPRequestedRangeNotSatisfiable < HTTPClientError # 416
HAS_BODY = true
end
class HTTPExpectationFailed < HTTPClientError # 417
HAS_BODY = true
end
class HTTPInternalServerError < HTTPServerError # 500
HAS_BODY = true
end
class HTTPNotImplemented < HTTPServerError # 501
HAS_BODY = true
end
class HTTPBadGateway < HTTPServerError # 502
HAS_BODY = true
end
class HTTPServiceUnavailable < HTTPServerError # 503
HAS_BODY = true
end
class HTTPGatewayTimeOut < HTTPServerError # 504
HAS_BODY = true
end
class HTTPVersionNotSupported < HTTPServerError # 505
HAS_BODY = true
end
# :startdoc:
class HTTPResponse # reopen
CODE_CLASS_TO_OBJ = {
'1' => HTTPInformation,
'2' => HTTPSuccess,
'3' => HTTPRedirection,
'4' => HTTPClientError,
'5' => HTTPServerError
}
CODE_TO_OBJ = {
'100' => HTTPContinue,
'101' => HTTPSwitchProtocol,
'200' => HTTPOK,
'201' => HTTPCreated,
'202' => HTTPAccepted,
'203' => HTTPNonAuthoritativeInformation,
'204' => HTTPNoContent,
'205' => HTTPResetContent,
'206' => HTTPPartialContent,
'300' => HTTPMultipleChoice,
'301' => HTTPMovedPermanently,
'302' => HTTPFound,
'303' => HTTPSeeOther,
'304' => HTTPNotModified,
'305' => HTTPUseProxy,
'307' => HTTPTemporaryRedirect,
'400' => HTTPBadRequest,
'401' => HTTPUnauthorized,
'402' => HTTPPaymentRequired,
'403' => HTTPForbidden,
'404' => HTTPNotFound,
'405' => HTTPMethodNotAllowed,
'406' => HTTPNotAcceptable,
'407' => HTTPProxyAuthenticationRequired,
'408' => HTTPRequestTimeOut,
'409' => HTTPConflict,
'410' => HTTPGone,
'411' => HTTPLengthRequired,
'412' => HTTPPreconditionFailed,
'413' => HTTPRequestEntityTooLarge,
'414' => HTTPRequestURITooLong,
'415' => HTTPUnsupportedMediaType,
'416' => HTTPRequestedRangeNotSatisfiable,
'417' => HTTPExpectationFailed,
'500' => HTTPInternalServerError,
'501' => HTTPNotImplemented,
'502' => HTTPBadGateway,
'503' => HTTPServiceUnavailable,
'504' => HTTPGatewayTimeOut,
'505' => HTTPVersionNotSupported
}
class << HTTPResponse
def read_new(sock) #:nodoc: internal use only
httpv, code, msg = read_status_line(sock)
res = response_class(code).new(httpv, code, msg)
each_response_header(sock) do |k,v|
res.add_field k, v
end
res
end
private
def read_status_line(sock)
str = sock.readline
m = /\AHTTP(?:\/(\d+\.\d+))?\s+(\d\d\d)\s*(.*)\z/in.match(str) or
raise HTTPBadResponse, "wrong status line: #{str.dump}"
m.captures
end
def response_class(code)
CODE_TO_OBJ[code] or
CODE_CLASS_TO_OBJ[code[0,1]] or
HTTPUnknownResponse
end
def each_response_header(sock)
while true
line = sock.readuntil("\n", true).sub(/\s+\z/, '')
break if line.empty?
m = /\A([^:]+):\s*/.match(line) or
raise HTTPBadResponse, 'wrong header line format'
yield m[1], m.post_match
end
end
end
# next is to fix bug in RDoc, where the private inside class << self
# spills out.
public
include HTTPHeader
def initialize(httpv, code, msg) #:nodoc: internal use only
@http_version = httpv
@code = code
@message = msg
initialize_http_header nil
@body = nil
@read = false
end
# The HTTP version supported by the server.
attr_reader :http_version
# HTTP result code string. For example, '302'. You can also
# determine the response type by which response subclass the
# response object is an instance of.
attr_reader :code
# HTTP result message. For example, 'Not Found'.
attr_reader :message
alias msg message # :nodoc: obsolete
def inspect
"#<#{self.class} #{@code} #{@message} readbody=#{@read}>"
end
# For backward compatibility.
# To allow Net::HTTP 1.1 style assignment
# e.g.
# response, body = Net::HTTP.get(....)
#
def to_ary
warn "net/http.rb: warning: Net::HTTP v1.1 style assignment found at #{caller(1)[0]}; use `response = http.get(...)' instead." if $VERBOSE
res = self.dup
class << res
undef to_ary
end
[res, res.body]
end
#
# response <-> exception relationship
#
def code_type #:nodoc:
self.class
end
def error! #:nodoc:
raise error_type().new(@code + ' ' + @message.dump, self)
end
def error_type #:nodoc:
self.class::EXCEPTION_TYPE
end
# Raises HTTP error if the response is not 2xx.
def value
error! unless self.kind_of?(HTTPSuccess)
end
#
# header (for backward compatibility only; DO NOT USE)
#
def response #:nodoc:
warn "#{caller(1)[0]}: warning: HTTPResponse#response is obsolete" if $VERBOSE
self
end
def header #:nodoc:
warn "#{caller(1)[0]}: warning: HTTPResponse#header is obsolete" if $VERBOSE
self
end
def read_header #:nodoc:
warn "#{caller(1)[0]}: warning: HTTPResponse#read_header is obsolete" if $VERBOSE
self
end
#
# body
#
def reading_body(sock, reqmethodallowbody) #:nodoc: internal use only
@socket = sock
@body_exist = reqmethodallowbody && self.class.body_permitted?
begin
yield
self.body # ensure to read body
ensure
@socket = nil
end
end
# Gets entity body. If the block given, yields it to +block+.
# The body is provided in fragments, as it is read in from the socket.
#
# Calling this method a second or subsequent time will return the
# already read string.
#
# http.request_get('/index.html') {|res|
# puts res.read_body
# }
#
# http.request_get('/index.html') {|res|
# p res.read_body.object_id # 538149362
# p res.read_body.object_id # 538149362
# }
#
# # using iterator
# http.request_get('/index.html') {|res|
# res.read_body do |segment|
# print segment
# end
# }
#
def read_body(dest = nil, &block)
if @read
raise IOError, "#{self.class}\#read_body called twice" if dest or block
return @body
end
to = procdest(dest, block)
stream_check
if @body_exist
read_body_0 to
@body = to
else
@body = nil
end
@read = true
@body
end
# Returns the entity body.
#
# Calling this method a second or subsequent time will return the
# already read string.
#
# http.request_get('/index.html') {|res|
# puts res.body
# }
#
# http.request_get('/index.html') {|res|
# p res.body.object_id # 538149362
# p res.body.object_id # 538149362
# }
#
def body
read_body()
end
alias entity body #:nodoc: obsolete
private
def read_body_0(dest)
if chunked?
read_chunked dest
return
end
clen = content_length()
if clen
@socket.read clen, dest, true # ignore EOF
return
end
clen = range_length()
if clen
@socket.read clen, dest
return
end
@socket.read_all dest
end
def read_chunked(dest)
len = nil
total = 0
while true
line = @socket.readline
hexlen = line.slice(/[0-9a-fA-F]+/) or
raise HTTPBadResponse, "wrong chunk size line: #{line}"
len = hexlen.hex
break if len == 0
@socket.read len, dest; total += len
@socket.read 2 # \r\n
end
until @socket.readline.empty?
# none
end
end
def stream_check
raise IOError, 'attempt to read body out of block' if @socket.closed?
end
def procdest(dest, block)
raise ArgumentError, 'both arg and block given for HTTP method' \
if dest and block
if block
ReadAdapter.new(block)
else
dest || ''
end
end
end
# :enddoc:
#--
# for backward compatibility
class HTTP
ProxyMod = ProxyDelta
end
module NetPrivate
HTTPRequest = ::Net::HTTPRequest
end
HTTPInformationCode = HTTPInformation
HTTPSuccessCode = HTTPSuccess
HTTPRedirectionCode = HTTPRedirection
HTTPRetriableCode = HTTPRedirection
HTTPClientErrorCode = HTTPClientError
HTTPFatalErrorCode = HTTPClientError
HTTPServerErrorCode = HTTPServerError
HTTPResponceReceiver = HTTPResponse
end # module Net
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