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The Ruby Programming Language
Ruby C C++ HTML Bison Makefile Other

* tool/redmine-backporter.rb (rel): after the relations is changed,

  @changesets is no longer right.


git-svn-id: svn+ssh://ci.ruby-lang.org/ruby/trunk@50639 b2dd03c8-39d4-4d8f-98ff-823fe69b080e
latest commit 19f7dd85c4
@unak unak authored
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benchmark * benchmark/bm_so_meteor_contest.rb: fix a typo.
bin * lib/rake/*: Gemify rake [fix GH-862][Feature #11025]
bootstraptest default colors
ccan ccan/list/list.h: sync with ccan upstream
coverage fix a typo [ci skip]
cygwin stub.o: under win32
defs * ext/json/json.gemspec, lib/rdoc/rdoc.gemspec: added gemspec directly.
doc * doc/maintainers.rdoc: [DOC] net/telnet is no more in the stdlib.
enc enc/utf_8.c: limit UTF-8
ext digest.c: GC guard
gems * lib/net/telnet.rb: gemify net-telnet.
include intern.h: move rb_sym_all_symbols
lib * lib/matrix.rb: Styling
man man: updated
misc Import ruby-electric.el version 2.2.3 from upstream
missing missing/setproctitle.c: Avoid invalidating argv[1], argv[2], etc. unt…
nacl Fix PNaCl configure/link errors.
sample default colors
spec * spec/default.mspec: use default configuration file name.
template fake.rb.in: suppress warning
test * lib/prime.rb: Remove obsolete Prime.new
tool * tool/redmine-backporter.rb (rel): after the relations is changed,
win32 * win32/win32.c (setup_overlapped): seek to the file end only when
.document * .document: removed needless entries.
.editorconfig .editorconfig: new
.gdbinit .gdbinit: T_IMEMO
.gitignore add .gitignore rules for Microsoft Visual C++
.indent.pro * .indent.pro: added for ruby-style.
.travis.yml * .travis.yml: enabled email notification.
BSDL * BSDL: update copyright notice for 2013.
CONTRIBUTING.md [DOC] Please see _the_ official issue tracker... [ci skip]
COPYING * COPYING: change Ruby's License from a dual license with GPLv2
COPYING.ja Change encoding from EUC-JP to UTF-8. [Feature #5128]
ChangeLog * tool/redmine-backporter.rb (rel): after the relations is changed,
GPL * GPL: update text of GPLv2. [ruby-core:44488] [Bug #6328]
KNOWNBUGS.rb * test/ruby/test_method.rb (test_unlinked_method_entry_in_method_obje…
LEGAL * LEGAL: added license infomation of ccan files.
Makefile.in * Makefile.in (rbconfig.rb): add rule to make.
NEWS * NEWS: added news for net-telnet and rake
README.EXT README.EXT: add redirect [ruby-core:68631]
README.EXT.ja README.EXT.ja: add redirect [ruby-core:68631]
README.ja.md README.md: fix inline markups
README.md README.md: fix inline markups
addr2line.c * addr2line.c (fill_lines): get base addrs in fill_lines to use it
addr2line.h * addr2line.c (fill_lines): loop reverse order not to overwrite
array.c array.c: [DOC] return values are not new array [CI SKIP]
bignum.c * doc/contributors.rdoc: fix a typo. Patch by @davydovanton
class.c vm_eval.c: allow symbols to instance_eval/exec
common.mk common.mk: update-man-date
compar.c compar.c: variable name [ci skip]
compile.c compile.c: disallow private readers
complex.c * complex.c (f_complex_polar): simple bug reproduced only when y is
configure.in * configure.in (RUBY_DTRACE_POSTPROCESS): cmp -b is GNU extension.
constant.h constant.h: constant visibilities
cont.c * vm_args.c: protect value stack from calling other methods
debug.c * debug.c (ruby_debug_print_id): use rb_id2name() for fprintf().
dir.c dir.c: getattrlist on OSX 10.5
dln.c dln.c: fix EXTERNAL_PREFIX
dln.h dln.c: extra arguments
dln_find.c dln_find.c: define S_ISREG
dmydln.c * encoding.c (rb_enc_codepoint_len): Use UNREACHABLE to avoid "control
dmyenc.c load.c: tweak the return value
dmyext.c dmyenc.c: separate
encoding.c use rb_funcallv
enum.c * enum.c: fix a sample code. Patch by @eagletmt
enumerator.c * internal.h: use T_IMEMO to represent `struct MEMO' value.
error.c wrapper object before alloc
eval.c * eval.c (frame_called_id): it should use vm_ifunc type.
eval_error.c eval.c: static IDs
eval_intern.h * internal.h, eval_intern.h: move CREF accessors.
eval_jump.c eval.c: use the given thread
file.c wrapper object before alloc
gc.c ruby.h: warn old names
gc.h * gc.c: rename is_dying_object() to is_garbage_object().
gem_prelude.rb * ruby.c (process_options): revert r30549.
golf_prelude.rb * golf_prelude.rb: syntax formatting for whitespace [Fixes GH-425]
goruby.c goruby.c: suppress warning
hash.c hash.c: check env vars encoding
ia64.s * removed trailing spaces.
inits.c * internal.h: Include ruby.h and ruby/encoding.h to be
insns.def * internal.h: define rb_cref_t and change to use it.
internal.h * internal.h (rb_execarg_parent_end): Declared.
io.c io.c: refine message
iseq.c * iseq.c: constify.
iseq.h * iseq.c: constify.
lex.c.blt * defs/keywords (reserved_word): made inline function static.
load.c * load.c (loaded_feature_path): stop returning false negatives for
loadpath.c * loadpath.c (RUBY_REVISION): Defined to suppress revision.h
localeinit.c * internal.h: Include ruby.h and ruby/encoding.h to be
main.c * include/ruby/debug.h: introdudced.
marshal.c marshal.c: class name encoding
math.c * math.c (math_log1, math_log2, math_log10): refactoring
method.h * iseq.c: constify.
miniinit.c miniinit.c: minimum built-in encodings in miniruby
node.c * vm_insnhelper.c: use T_IMEMO to create SVAR.
node.h * internal.h, node.h: move a definition of `struct rb_global_entry'
numeric.c * numeric.c (Numeric#negative?): [DOC] Fix call-seq.
object.c * object.c (rb_obj_clone): do not touch age (FL_PROMOTED[01]) because
pack.c util.c: hexdigit
parse.y allocate structs with wrapper
prelude.rb * prelude.rb: [DOC] Update Thread::exclusive docs by @stevenharman.
probes.d vm_method.c: add new ruby::method-cache-clear dtrace probe
probes_helper.h probes_helper.h (RUBY_DTRACE_HOOK): correct type for _id
proc.c fix indent
process.c process.c: do not discard status
random.c random.c: fix handle to release
range.c range.c: move String specific code
rational.c * remove trailing spaces.
re.c use frozen string of symbols
regcomp.c * reg*.c: Merge Onigmo 5.15.0 38a870960aa7370051a3544
regenc.c * reg*.c: Merge Onigmo 5.15.0 38a870960aa7370051a3544
regenc.h regenc.h: shrink PosixBracketEntryType
regerror.c * regcomp.c: Merge Onigmo 5.14.1 25a8a69fc05ae3b56a09.
regexec.c uninitialized variable
regint.h * Avoid undefined behaviors found by gcc -fsanitize=undefined.
regparse.c regparse.c: remove unused variable
regparse.h * reg*.c: Merge Onigmo 5.15.0 38a870960aa7370051a3544
regsyntax.c * Merge Onigmo-5.13.1. [ruby-dev:45057] [Feature #5820]
ruby.c ruby.c: show_usage_line
ruby_atomic.h ruby_atomic.h (ATOMIC_OR): should return previous value
safe.c safe.c: preserve encoding
signal.c signal.c: nil for invalid signum
siphash.c UNALIGNED_WORD_ACCESS on ppc64
siphash.h * siphash.h: check configure macros before include newer headers.
sparc.c * sparc.c: Use __asm__ instead of asm for gcc.
sprintf.c sprintf.c: ruby specific functions
st.c hash.c: move Hash specific functions
strftime.c * strftime.c (rb_strftime_with_timespec): Test yday range.
string.c * string.c: added documentation for character sequence \' with String…
struct.c * fix namespace issue on singleton class expressions. [Bug #10943]
symbol.c * load.c: removed unused header file "node.h".
symbol.h symbol.c: symbol type predicate functions
thread.c thread.c: class name encoding
thread_pthread.c thread_pthread.c: keep sp safe zone
thread_pthread.h thread_pthread: prefer rb_nativethread* types/functions
thread_win32.c * thread_pthread.c (native_set_thread_name): New function to
thread_win32.h * ext/openssl/depend: remove dependency from internal headers.
time.c * win32/Makefile.sub: MSVC14 have struct timespec.
timev.h configure.in, win32/Makefile.sub: PACKED_STRUCT with VC
transcode.c use 0 for reserved
transcode_data.h defines.h: RUBY_SYMBOL_EXPORT_{BEGIN,END}
util.c util.c: hexdigit
variable.c variable.c: generic_iv_tbl is unavoidable
version.c version.c: support RUBY_ENGINE_VERSION
version.h * 2015-05-25
vm.c fix indent
vm_args.c * remove trailing spaces.
vm_backtrace.c vm_backtrace.c: use rb_id2str
vm_core.h proc.c: rb_proc_alloc
vm_debug.h defines.h: RUBY_SYMBOL_EXPORT_{BEGIN,END}
vm_dump.c * vm_dump.c (rb_print_backtrace): return value of libexec's backtrace
vm_eval.c vm_eval.c: resolve refined method entry
vm_exec.c * vm_exec.c: improve performance in ppc64 arch.
vm_exec.h * vm_exec.h (VM_DEBUG_STACKOVERFLOW): added.
vm_insnhelper.c vm.c: vm_invoke_bmethod
vm_insnhelper.h * node.h: remove NODE_IFUNC, NEW_IFUNC.
vm_method.c * iseq.c: constify.
vm_opts.h fix minor code comment typos
vm_trace.c vm_trace.c: unified a_call and a_return
vsnprintf.c sprintf.c: ruby specific functions

README.md

What's Ruby

Ruby is the interpreted scripting language for quick and easy object-oriented programming. It has many features to process text files and to do system management tasks (as in Perl). It is simple, straight-forward, and extensible.

Features of Ruby

  • Simple Syntax
  • Normal Object-Oriented features(ex. class, method calls)
  • Advanced Object-Oriented features(ex. Mix-in, Singleton-method)
  • Operator Overloading
  • Exception Handling
  • Iterators and Closures
  • Garbage Collection
  • Dynamic Loading of Object files(on some architecture)
  • Highly Portable (works on many Unix-like/POSIX compatible platforms as well as Windows, Mac OS X, BeOS etc.) cf. http://bugs.ruby-lang.org/projects/ruby-trunk/wiki/SupportedPlatforms

How to get Ruby

For a complete list of ways to install Ruby, including using third party tools like rvm, see:

http://www.ruby-lang.org/en/downloads/

The Ruby distribution files can be found in the following FTP site:

ftp://ftp.ruby-lang.org/pub/ruby/

The trunk of the Ruby source tree can be checked out with the following command:

$ svn co http://svn.ruby-lang.org/repos/ruby/trunk/ ruby

Or if you are using git then use the following command:

$ git clone git://github.com/ruby/ruby.git

There are some other branches under development. Try the following command and see the list of branches:

$ svn ls http://svn.ruby-lang.org/repos/ruby/branches/

Or if you are using git then use the following command:

$ git ls-remote git://github.com/ruby/ruby.git

Ruby home-page

The URL of the Ruby home-page is:

http://www.ruby-lang.org/

Mailing list

There is a mailing list to talk about Ruby. To subscribe this list, please send the following phrase

subscribe

in the mail body (not subject) to the address ruby-talk-request@ruby-lang.org.

How to compile and install

This is what you need to do to compile and install Ruby:

  1. If you want to use Microsoft Visual C++ to compile ruby, read win32/README.win32 instead of this document.

  2. If ./configure does not exist or is older than configure.in, run autoconf to (re)generate configure.

  3. Run ./configure, which will generate config.h and Makefile.

    Some C compiler flags may be added by default depending on your environment. Specify optflags=.. and warnflags=.. as necessary to override them.

  4. Edit defines.h if you need. Usually this step will not be needed.

  5. Remove comment mark(#) before the module names from ext/Setup (or add module names if not present), if you want to link modules statically.

    If you don't want to compile non static extension modules (probably on architectures which do not allow dynamic loading), remove comment mark from the line "#option nodynamic" in ext/Setup.

    Usually this step will not be needed.

  6. Run make.

  7. Optionally, run 'make check' to check whether the compiled Ruby interpreter works well. If you see the message "check succeeded", your ruby works as it should (hopefully).

  8. Run 'make install'

    This command will create following directories and install files onto them.

    • ${DESTDIR}${prefix}/bin
    • ${DESTDIR}${prefix}/include/ruby-${MAJOR}.${MINOR}.${TEENY}
    • ${DESTDIR}${prefix}/include/ruby-${MAJOR}.${MINOR}.${TEENY}/${PLATFORM}
    • ${DESTDIR}${prefix}/lib
    • ${DESTDIR}${prefix}/lib/ruby
    • ${DESTDIR}${prefix}/lib/ruby/${MAJOR}.${MINOR}.${TEENY}
    • ${DESTDIR}${prefix}/lib/ruby/${MAJOR}.${MINOR}.${TEENY}/${PLATFORM}
    • ${DESTDIR}${prefix}/lib/ruby/site_ruby
    • ${DESTDIR}${prefix}/lib/ruby/site_ruby/${MAJOR}.${MINOR}.${TEENY}
    • ${DESTDIR}${prefix}/lib/ruby/site_ruby/${MAJOR}.${MINOR}.${TEENY}/${PLATFORM}
    • ${DESTDIR}${prefix}/lib/ruby/vendor_ruby
    • ${DESTDIR}${prefix}/lib/ruby/vendor_ruby/${MAJOR}.${MINOR}.${TEENY}
    • ${DESTDIR}${prefix}/lib/ruby/vendor_ruby/${MAJOR}.${MINOR}.${TEENY}/${PLATFORM}
    • ${DESTDIR}${prefix}/lib/ruby/gems/${MAJOR}.${MINOR}.${TEENY}
    • ${DESTDIR}${prefix}/share/man/man1
    • ${DESTDIR}${prefix}/share/ri/${MAJOR}.${MINOR}.${TEENY}/system

    If Ruby's API version is 'x.y.z', the ${MAJOR} is 'x', the ${MINOR} is 'y', and the ${TEENY} is 'z'.

    NOTE: teeny of the API version may be different from one of Ruby's program version

    You may have to be a super user to install ruby.

If you fail to compile ruby, please send the detailed error report with the error log and machine/OS type, to help others.

Some extension libraries may not get compiled because of lack of necessary external libraries and/or headers, then you will need to run 'make distclean-ext' to remove old configuration after installing them in such case.

Copying

See the file COPYING.

Feedback

Questions about the Ruby language can be asked on the Ruby-Talk mailing list (http://www.ruby-lang.org/en/community/mailing-lists) or on websites like (http://stackoverflow.com).

Bug reports should be filed at http://bugs.ruby-lang.org

The Author

Ruby was originally designed and developed by Yukihiro Matsumoto (Matz) in 1995.

matz@ruby-lang.org

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