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The Ruby Programming Language
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branch: trunk

test_dir.rb: assert_entries

* test/ruby/test_dir.rb (assert_entries): extract common
  assertinos for Dir.entries and Dir#foreach.

git-svn-id: svn+ssh:// b2dd03c8-39d4-4d8f-98ff-823fe69b080e
latest commit c6411c6455
@nobu nobu authored
Failed to load latest commit information.
benchmark bm_hash_aref_flo.rb: fix data
bin erb: suppress warnings
bootstraptest * string.c (str_discard): does not free for STR_NOFREE string.
ccan ccan/container_of: add container_of_or_null
coverage fix a typo [ci skip]
cygwin fix dependency
defs showflags
doc * remove trailing spaces, append newline at EOF.
enc make enc/trans
ext fix r50104 [Bug #10906]
gems * gems/bundled_gems: update test-unit to 3.0.9.
include win32.c: readlink
lib test_case.rb: $make before $MAKE
man GC documentation update
misc ruby-additional.el: monkey-patching ruby-mode.el
missing missing/setproctitle.c: Avoid invalidating argv[1], argv[2], etc. unt…
nacl Fix PNaCl configure/link errors.
sample fix a typo in comment [ci skip]
spec * spec/default.mspec: use default configuration file name.
template expand srcdir
test test_dir.rb: assert_entries
tool mkconfig.rb: embed version substring
win32 win32.c: symlink than directory
.document * .document: removed needless entries.
.editorconfig .editorconfig: new
.gdbinit .gdbinit: T_IMEMO
.gitignore * .gitignore: ignored temporary file with git. * added for ruby-style.
.travis.yml * .travis.yml: enabled email notification.
BSDL * BSDL: update copyright notice for 2013. [DOC] Please see _the_ official issue tracker... [ci skip]
COPYING * COPYING: change Ruby's License from a dual license with GPLv2
COPYING.ja Change encoding from EUC-JP to UTF-8. [Feature #5128]
ChangeLog * doc/ChangeLog-0.06_to_0.52: added archived Changelog.
GPL * GPL: update text of GPLv2. [ruby-core:44488] [Bug #6328]
KNOWNBUGS.rb * test/ruby/test_method.rb (test_unlinked_method_entry_in_method_obje…
LEGAL * LEGAL: added license infomation of ccan files. selectable configure
NEWS accept_nonblock supports "exception: false"
README.EXT README.EXT: add redirect [ruby-core:68631]
README.EXT.ja README.EXT.ja: add redirect [ruby-core:68631] * should be chunibyo. * fix slight grammatical error by @abwinkler999.
addr2line.c * addr2line.c (fill_lines): get base addrs in fill_lines to use it
addr2line.h * addr2line.c (fill_lines): loop reverse order not to overwrite
array.c * array.c: document that first element is kept when using
bignum.c * internal.h: Include ruby.h and ruby/encoding.h to be
class.c * gc.c: fix memory leak by prepend method. revert to MINIRUBY
compar.c compar.c: variable name [ci skip]
compile.c vm_eval.c: simplify rb_iterate
complex.c * complex.c (k_exact_one_p): remove unused macro k_exact_one_p. Revert r50122 "* ac_cv_func_vfork=no on sparc-solaris."
constant.h constant.h: constant visibilities
cont.c * vm_core.h: introduce new field
debug.c rb_id2str over rb_id2name
dir.c dir.c: don't raise after close
dln.c Merges a patch form naclports.
dln.h dln.c: extra arguments
dln_find.c dln_find.c: define S_ISREG
dmydln.c * encoding.c (rb_enc_codepoint_len): Use UNREACHABLE to avoid "control
dmyenc.c load.c: tweak the return value
dmyext.c dmyenc.c: separate
encoding.c use rb_funcallv
enum.c * enum.c (enum_sort_by): add WBs.
enumerator.c * internal.h: use T_IMEMO to represent `struct MEMO' value.
error.c error.c: update builtin_types
eval.c * eval.c (frame_called_id): it should use vm_ifunc type.
eval_error.c eval.c: static IDs
eval_intern.h * internal.h, eval_intern.h: move CREF accessors.
eval_jump.c eval.c: use the given thread
file.c file.c: move rb_readlink on Windows
gc.c * gc.c (objspace_allrefs_destruct_i): fix a typo.
gc.h * gc.c: rename is_dying_object() to is_garbage_object().
gem_prelude.rb * ruby.c (process_options): revert r30549.
golf_prelude.rb * golf_prelude.rb: syntax formatting for whitespace [Fixes GH-425]
goruby.c goruby.c: suppress warning
hash.c hash.c: same hash values with Float#hash
ia64.s * removed trailing spaces.
inits.c * internal.h: Include ruby.h and ruby/encoding.h to be
insns.def * internal.h: define rb_cref_t and change to use it.
internal.h vm_eval.c: simplify rb_iterate
io.c io.c: use read/write methods if possible
iseq.c * iseq.c (iseq_mark): skip some marking if iseq->orig is available.
iseq.h * vm_core.h: define vm_svar_index.
lex.c.blt * defs/keywords (reserved_word): made inline function static.
load.c * load.c: removed unused header file "node.h".
loadpath.c * loadpath.c (RUBY_REVISION): Defined to suppress revision.h
localeinit.c * internal.h: Include ruby.h and ruby/encoding.h to be
main.c * include/ruby/debug.h: introdudced.
marshal.c marshal.c: register symbol strings first
math.c * math.c (math_log1, math_log2, math_log10): refactoring
method.h * load.c: removed unused header file "node.h".
miniinit.c miniinit.c: minimum built-in encodings in miniruby
node.c * vm_insnhelper.c: use T_IMEMO to create SVAR.
node.h * internal.h, node.h: move a definition of `struct rb_global_entry'
numeric.c hash.c: same hash values with Float#hash
object.c * object.c (rb_obj_clone): do not touch age (FL_PROMOTED[01]) because
pack.c util.c: hexdigit
parse.y parse.y: empty paren
prelude.rb * prelude.rb: [DOC] Update Thread::exclusive docs by @stevenharman.
probes.d vm_method.c: add new ruby::method-cache-clear dtrace probe
probes_helper.h probes_helper.h (RUBY_DTRACE_HOOK): correct type for _id
proc.c proc.c: check iseq before replication
process.c eval.c: static IDs
random.c random.c: fix handle to release
range.c use rb_funcallv
rational.c * rational.c: removed commented-out code.
re.c re.c: RMatch::regexp can be nil
regcomp.c * reg*.c: Merge Onigmo 5.15.0 38a870960aa7370051a3544
regenc.c * reg*.c: Merge Onigmo 5.15.0 38a870960aa7370051a3544
regenc.h regenc.h: shrink PosixBracketEntryType
regerror.c * regcomp.c: Merge Onigmo 5.14.1 25a8a69fc05ae3b56a09.
regexec.c uninitialized variable
regint.h * Avoid undefined behaviors found by gcc -fsanitize=undefined.
regparse.c regparse.c: remove unused variable
regparse.h * reg*.c: Merge Onigmo 5.15.0 38a870960aa7370051a3544
regsyntax.c * Merge Onigmo-5.13.1. [ruby-dev:45057] [Feature #5820]
ruby.c ruby.c: only for load-relative
ruby_atomic.h ruby_atomic.h (ATOMIC_OR): should return previous value
safe.c safe.c: preserve encoding
signal.c signal.c: nil for invalid signum
siphash.c UNALIGNED_WORD_ACCESS on ppc64
siphash.h * siphash.h: check configure macros before include newer headers.
sparc.c * sparc.c: Use __asm__ instead of asm for gcc.
sprintf.c sprintf.c: ruby specific functions
st.c hash.c: move Hash specific functions
strftime.c * strftime.c (rb_strftime_with_timespec): Test yday range.
string.c * string.c: add a comment about RSTRING_FSTR.
struct.c * fix namespace issue on singleton class expressions. [Bug #10943]
symbol.c * load.c: removed unused header file "node.h".
symbol.h symbol.c: symbol type predicate functions
thread.c * eval_intern.h (THROW_DATA_P): use RB_TYPE_P() instead of
thread_pthread.c thread_pthread.c: use rb_pid_t
thread_pthread.h thread_pthread: prefer rb_nativethread* types/functions
thread_win32.c * thread_pthread.c (native_set_thread_name): New function to
thread_win32.h * ext/openssl/depend: remove dependency from internal headers.
time.c time.c: locale time zone name
timev.h, win32/Makefile.sub: PACKED_STRUCT with VC
transcode.c use 0 for reserved
transcode_data.h defines.h: RUBY_SYMBOL_EXPORT_{BEGIN,END}
util.c util.c: hexdigit
variable.c variable.c: escape erred name
version.c version.c: last commit title
version.h * 2015-03-31
vm.c vm.c: use MEMCPY
vm_args.c * fix namespace issue on singleton class expressions. [Bug #10943]
vm_backtrace.c use 0 for reserved
vm_core.h * node.h: remove NODE_IFUNC, NEW_IFUNC.
vm_debug.h defines.h: RUBY_SYMBOL_EXPORT_{BEGIN,END}
vm_dump.c vm_dump.c: check procstat_getvmmap
vm_eval.c vm_eval.c: suppress warnings
vm_exec.c * vm_exec.c: improve performance in ppc64 arch.
vm_exec.h * vm_exec.h (VM_DEBUG_STACKOVERFLOW): added.
vm_insnhelper.c * node.h: remove NODE_IFUNC, NEW_IFUNC.
vm_insnhelper.h * node.h: remove NODE_IFUNC, NEW_IFUNC.
vm_method.c * internal.h: define rb_cref_t and change to use it.
vm_opts.h fix minor code comment typos
vm_trace.c vm_trace.c: defer interrupts while postponed jobs
vsnprintf.c sprintf.c: ruby specific functions

What's Ruby

Ruby is the interpreted scripting language for quick and easy object-oriented programming. It has many features to process text files and to do system management tasks (as in Perl). It is simple, straight-forward, and extensible.

Features of Ruby

  • Simple Syntax
  • Normal Object-Oriented features(ex. class, method calls)
  • Advanced Object-Oriented features(ex. Mix-in, Singleton-method)
  • Operator Overloading
  • Exception Handling
  • Iterators and Closures
  • Garbage Collection
  • Dynamic Loading of Object files(on some architecture)
  • Highly Portable (works on many Unix-like/POSIX compatible platforms as well as Windows, Mac OS X, BeOS etc.) cf.

How to get Ruby

For a complete list of ways to install Ruby, including using third party tools like rvm, see:

The Ruby distribution files can be found in the following FTP site:

The trunk of the Ruby source tree can be checked out with the following command:

$ svn co ruby

Or if you are using git then use the following command:

$ git clone git://

There are some other branches under development. Try the following command and see the list of branches:

$ svn ls

Or if you are using git then use the following command:

$ git ls-remote git://

Ruby home-page

The URL of the Ruby home-page is:

Mailing list

There is a mailing list to talk about Ruby. To subscribe this list, please send the following phrase


in the mail body (not subject) to the address

How to compile and install

This is what you need to do to compile and install Ruby:

  1. If you want to use Microsoft Visual C++ to compile ruby, read win32/README.win32 instead of this document.

  2. If ./configure does not exist or is older than, run autoconf to (re)generate configure.

  3. Run ./configure, which will generate config.h and Makefile.

    Some C compiler flags may be added by default depending on your environment. Specify optflags=.. and warnflags=.. as necessary to override them.

  4. Edit defines.h if you need. Usually this step will not be needed.

  5. Remove comment mark(#) before the module names from ext/Setup (or add module names if not present), if you want to link modules statically.

    If you don't want to compile non static extension modules (probably on architectures which do not allow dynamic loading), remove comment mark from the line "#option nodynamic" in ext/Setup.

    Usually this step will not be needed.

  6. Run make.

  7. Optionally, run 'make check' to check whether the compiled Ruby interpreter works well. If you see the message "check succeeded", your ruby works as it should (hopefully).

  8. Run 'make install'

    This command will create following directories and install files onto them.

    • ${DESTDIR}${prefix}/bin
    • ${DESTDIR}${prefix}/include/ruby-${MAJOR}.${MINOR}.${TEENY}
    • ${DESTDIR}${prefix}/include/ruby-${MAJOR}.${MINOR}.${TEENY}/${PLATFOR M}
    • ${DESTDIR}${prefix}/lib
    • ${DESTDIR}${prefix}/lib/ruby
    • ${DESTDIR}${prefix}/lib/ruby/${MAJOR}.${MINOR}.${TEENY}
    • ${DESTDIR}${prefix}/lib/ruby/${MAJOR}.${MINOR}.${TEENY}/${PLATFORM}
    • ${DESTDIR}${prefix}/lib/ruby/site_ruby
    • ${DESTDIR}${prefix}/lib/ruby/site_ruby/${MAJOR}.${MINOR}.${TEENY}
    • ${DESTDIR}${prefix}/lib/ruby/site_ruby/${MAJOR}.${MINOR}.${TEENY}/${P LATFORM}
    • ${DESTDIR}${prefix}/lib/ruby/vendor_ruby
    • ${DESTDIR}${prefix}/lib/ruby/vendor_ruby/${MAJOR}.${MINOR}.${TEENY}
    • ${DESTDIR}${prefix}/lib/ruby/vendor_ruby/${MAJOR}.${MINOR}.${TEENY}/$ {PLATFORM}
    • ${DESTDIR}${prefix}/lib/ruby/gems/${MAJOR}.${MINOR}.${TEENY}
    • ${DESTDIR}${prefix}/share/man/man1
    • ${DESTDIR}${prefix}/share/ri/${MAJOR}.${MINOR}.${TEENY}/system

    If Ruby's API version is 'x.y.z', the ${MAJOR} is 'x', the ${MINOR} is 'y', and the ${TEENY} is 'z'.

    NOTE: teeny of the API version may be different from one of Ruby's program version

    You may have to be a super user to install ruby.

If you fail to compile ruby, please send the detailed error report with the error log and machine/OS type, to help others.

Some extension libraries may not get compiled because of lack of necessary external libraries and/or headers, then you will need to run 'make distclean-ext' to remove old configuration after installing them in such case.


See the file COPYING.


Questions about the Ruby language can be asked on the Ruby-Talk mailing list ( or on websites like (

Bug reports should be filed at

The Author

Ruby was originally designed and developed by Yukihiro Matsumoto (Matz) in 1995.

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