Go
Latest commit af95830 Nov 17, 2016 @rubyist committed on GitHub Merge pull request #41 from a-robinson/nanos
Store lastFailure as nanos since epoch rather than seconds

README.md

circuitbreaker

Circuitbreaker provides an easy way to use the Circuit Breaker pattern in a Go program.

Circuit breakers are typically used when your program makes remote calls. Remote calls can often hang for a while before they time out. If your application makes a lot of these requests, many resources can be tied up waiting for these time outs to occur. A circuit breaker wraps these remote calls and will trip after a defined amount of failures or time outs occur. When a circuit breaker is tripped any future calls will avoid making the remote call and return an error to the caller. In the meantime, the circuit breaker will periodically allow some calls to be tried again and will close the circuit if those are successful.

You can read more about this pattern and how it's used at:

GoDoc

Installation

  go get github.com/rubyist/circuitbreaker

Examples

Here is a quick example of what circuitbreaker provides

// Creates a circuit breaker that will trip if the function fails 10 times
cb := circuit.NewThresholdBreaker(10)

events := cb.Subscribe()
go func() {
  for {
    e := <-events
    // Monitor breaker events like BreakerTripped, BreakerReset, BreakerFail, BreakerReady
  }
}()

cb.Call(func() error {
    // This is where you'll do some remote call
    // If it fails, return an error
}, 0)

Circuitbreaker can also wrap a time out around the remote call.

// Creates a circuit breaker that will trip after 10 failures
// using a time out of 5 seconds
cb := circuit.NewThresholdBreaker(10)

cb.Call(func() error {
  // This is where you'll do some remote call
  // If it fails, return an error
}, time.Second * 5) // This will time out after 5 seconds, which counts as a failure

// Proceed as above

Circuitbreaker can also trip based on the number of consecutive failures.

// Creates a circuit breaker that will trip if 10 consecutive failures occur
cb := circuit.NewConsecutiveBreaker(10)

// Proceed as above

Circuitbreaker can trip based on the error rate.

// Creates a circuit breaker based on the error rate
cb := circuit.NewRateBreaker(0.95, 100) // trip when error rate hits 95%, with at least 100 samples

// Proceed as above

If it doesn't make sense to wrap logic in Call(), breakers can be handled manually.

cb := circuit.NewThresholdBreaker(10)

for {
  if cb.Ready() {
    // Breaker is not tripped, proceed
    err := doSomething()
    if err != nil {
      cb.Fail() // This will trip the breaker once it's failed 10 times
      continue
    }
    cb.Success()
  } else {
    // Breaker is in a tripped state.
  }
}

Circuitbreaker also provides a wrapper around http.Client that will wrap a time out around any request.

// Passing in nil will create a regular http.Client.
// You can also build your own http.Client and pass it in
client := circuit.NewHTTPClient(time.Second * 5, 10, nil)

resp, err := client.Get("http://example.com/resource.json")

See the godoc for more examples.

Bugs, Issues, Feedback

Right here on GitHub: https://github.com/rubyist/circuitbreaker