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perl5 B::Generate module
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Generate.xs
MANIFEST
MANIFEST.SKIP
Makefile.PL
README
typemap

README

NAME
    B::Generate - Create your own op trees.

SYNOPSIS
        use B::Generate;
        # Do nothing, slowly.
        CHECK {
            my $null = new B::OP("null",0);
            my $enter = new B::OP("enter",0);
            my $cop = new B::COP(0, "hiya", 0);
            my $leave = new B::LISTOP("leave", 0, $enter, $null);
            $leave->children(3);
            $enter->sibling($cop);
            $enter->next($cop);
            $cop->sibling($null);
            $null->next($leave);
            $cop->next($leave);

            # Tell Perl where to find our tree.
            B::main_root($leave);
            B::main_start($enter);
        }

WARNING
    This module will create segmentation faults if you don't know how to use
    it properly. Further warning: sometimes I don't know how to use it
    properly.

    There are lots of other methods and utility functions, but they are not
    documented here. This is deliberate, rather than just through laziness.
    You are expected to have read the Perl and XS sources to this module
    before attempting to do anything with it.

    Patches welcome.

DESCRIPTION
    The "B" module allows you to examine the Perl op tree at runtime, in
    Perl space; it's the basis of the Perl compiler. But what it doesn't let
    you do is manipulate that op tree: it won't let you create new ops, or
    modify old ones. Now you can.

    Well, if you're intimately familiar with Perl's internals, you can.

    "B::Generate" turns "B"'s accessor methods into get-set methods. Hence,
    instead of merely saying

        $op2 = $op->next;

    you can now say

        $op->next($op2);

    to set the next op in the chain. It also adds constructor methods to
    create new ops. This is where it gets really hairy.

        new B::OP     ( type, flags )
        new B::UNOP   ( type, flags, first )
        new B::BINOP  ( type, flags, first, last )
        new B::LOGOP  ( type, flags, first, other )
        new B::LISTOP ( type, flags, first, last )
        new B::SVOP   ( type, flags, sv )
        new B::COP    ( flags, name, first )

    In all of the above constructors, "type" is either a numeric value
    representing the op type (62 is the addition operator in certain perl
    versions, for instance) or the name of the op. ("add")

    Incidentally, if you know about custom ops and have registed them
    properly with the interpreter, you can create custom ops by name: "new
    B::OP("mycustomop",0)", or whatever.

    "first", "last" and "other" are ops to be attached to the current op;
    these should be "B::OP" objects. If you haven't created the ops yet,
    don't worry; give a false value, and fill them in later:

        $x = new B::UNOP("negate", 0, undef);
        # ... create some more ops ...
        $x->first($y);

    In addition, one may create a new "nextstate" operator with

        newstate B::op ( flags, label, op)

    in the same manner as "B::COP::new" - this will also, however, add the
    "lineseq" op.

    Finally, you can set the main root and the starting op by passing ops to
    the "B::main_root" and "B::main_start" functions.

    This module can obviously be used for all sorts of fun and
    optimizational purposes. One example will be in conjuction with source
    filters; have your source filter parse an input file in a foreign
    language, create an op tree for it and get Perl to execute it. Then
    email me and tell me how you did it. And why.

  OTHER METHODS
    B::SVOP->sv()
       Returns the SV value instead of the "B::SV" object. For instance:

           $b_sv = $svop->sv;
           if ($b_sv->sv == 3) {
               print "SVOP's SV has an IV of 3\n"
           }

       But to set the SV you need a proper B::SV object.

    $op->dump
       Runs "Perl_op_dump" on an op; this is roughly equivalent to
       "B::Debug", but not quite.

    $b_sv->dump
       Runs "Perl_sv_dump" on an SV; this is exactly equivalent to
       "Devel::Peek::dump($b_sv->sv)"

    $b_op->linklist
       Sets the "op_next" pointers in the tree in correct execution order,
       overwriting the old "next" pointers. You need to do this once you've
       created an op tree for execution, unless you've carefully threaded it
       together yourself.

    $b_op->scope
       Create a surrounding scope for the b_op, "parenthesize" it.

       Creates on OPf_PARENS (alerady parenthesized by the parser) a full
       lineseq, enter, b_op, leave sequence.

       Otherwise just scope, b_op.

    B::SVOP->new_svrv ( type, flags, sv )
       Similar to B::SVOP->new ( type, flags, sv ), it just creates a new
       SVOP with an attached sv as SvRV to the given sv.

    $cv->NEW_with_start (root, start)
       Clone the "cv" with new root and start ops. Note that contrary to
       "cv_clone", the PADLIST and pad index is kept, but the index might
       point to a different lexical, because the PADLIST indices will be
       different. See t/new_cv.t.

       Warning: "$cv-"NEW_with_start> is disabled on some strict platforms,
       like MSWin32. See CPAN RT#28912.

    $b_op->targ ( [ targ] )
       Get or set the PADOFFSET.

  EXPORT
    None.

AUTHOR
    Simon Cozens, "simon@cpan.org"

MAINTAINERS
    Currently maintained by Reini Urban.

    This is just a list of people who have submitted patches to the module.
    You may also try contacting perl5-porters.

    Josh Jore, Michael Schwern, Jim Cromie, Scott Walters, Reini Urban,
    Anton Berezin, Dmitry Karasik.

    Maintainership permissions do have: Artur Bergman, Chia-liang Kao, Anton
    Berezin, Jim Cromie, Joshua ben Jore, Michael G Schwern, Matt S Trout,
    Reini Urban, Scott Walters.

LICENSE
    This module is available under the same licences as perl, the Artistic
    license and the GPL.

SEE ALSO
    B, perlguts, op.c, perloptree with B::C

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