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Flexible and feature-complete PHP client library for Redis

README.md

Predis

Predis is a flexible and feature-complete PHP (>= 5.3) client library for the Redis key-value store.

For a list of frequently asked questions about Predis, see the FAQ file in the root of the repository. For a version compatible with PHP 5.2 you must use the backported version from the latest release in the 0.6.x series. More details are available on the official wiki of the project,

Main features

  • Complete support for Redis from 1.2 to 2.4 and the current development versions using different server profiles.
  • Client-side sharding with support for consistent hashing or custom distribution strategies.
  • Support for master / slave replication configurations (write on master, read from slaves).
  • Command pipelining on single and aggregated connections.
  • Transparent key prefixing strategy capable of handling any command known that has keys in its arguments.
  • Abstraction for Redis transactions (Redis >= 2.0) with support for CAS operations (Redis >= 2.2).
  • Connections to Redis instances are automatically and lazily estabilished upon the first call to a command.
  • Ability to connect to Redis using TCP/IP or UNIX domain sockets with support for persistent connections.
  • Ability to use alternative connection classes to use different types of network or protocol backends.
  • Flexible system to define and register your own set of commands or server profiles to client instances.

How to use Predis

Predis is available on Packagist for an easy installation using Composer. Composer helps you manage dependencies for your projects and libraries without much hassle which makes it the preferred way to get up and running with new applications. Alternatively, the library is available on our own PEAR channel for a more traditional installation via PEAR. Zip and tar.gz archives are also downloadable from GitHub by browsing the list of tagged releases.

Loading the library

To automatically load all of its files, Predis relies on the autoloading features of PHP and complies with the PSR-0 standard for interoperability with most of the major frameworks and libraries. Everything is transparently handled for you when installing the library using Composer, but you can also leverage its own autoloader class if you are going to use it in a project or script without any PSR-0 compliant autoloading facility:

<?php
// prepend a base path if Predis is not present in your "include_path".
require 'Predis/Autoloader.php';

Predis\Autoloader::register();

You can create a single Phar archive from the repository just by launching the bin/create-phar.php executable script. The generated Phar archive ships with a stub defining an autoloader function for Predis, so you just need to require the Phar to be able to use the library.

Alternatively you can generate a single PHP file that holds every class, just like older versions of Predis, using the bin/create-single-file.php executable script. In this way you can load Predis in your scripts simply by using functions such as require and include, but this practice is not encouraged.

Connecting to a local instance of Redis

When connecting to local instance of Redis (127.0.0.1 on port 6379), you do not have to specify any additional parameter to create a new client instance:

<?php
$redis = new Predis\Client();
$redis->set('foo', 'bar');
$value = $redis->get('foo');

However you can use an URI string or a named array to specify the needed connection parameters:

<?php
$redis = new Predis\Client('tcp://10.0.0.1:6379');

// is equivalent to:

$redis = new Predis\Client(array(
    'scheme' => 'tcp',
    'host'   => '10.0.0.1',
    'port'   => 6379,
));

Pipelining multiple commands to multiple instances of Redis with client-side sharding

Pipelining helps with performances when there is the need to send many commands to a server in one go. Furthermore, pipelining works transparently even on aggregated connections. To achieve this, Predis supports client-side sharding using consistent-hashing on keys while clustered connections are supported natively by the client class.

<?php
$redis = new Predis\Client(array(
    array('host' => '10.0.0.1', 'port' => 6379),
    array('host' => '10.0.0.2', 'port' => 6379)
));

$replies = $redis->pipeline(function($pipe) {
    for ($i = 0; $i < 1000; $i++) {
        $pipe->set("key:$i", str_pad($i, 4, '0', 0));
        $pipe->get("key:$i");
    }
});

Overriding standard connection classes with custom ones

Predis allows developers to create new connection classes to add support for new protocols or override the existing ones and provide a different implementation compared to the default classes. This can be obtained by subclassing the Predis\Network\IConnectionSingle interface.

<?php
class MyConnectionClass implements Predis\Network\IConnectionSingle
{
    // implementation goes here
}

// Let Predis automatically use your own class to handle connections identified by the tcp scheme.
$client = new Predis\Client('tcp://127.0.0.1', array(
    'connections' => array('tcp' => 'MyConnectionClass')
));

The classes contained in the Predis\Network namespace give you a better insight with actual code on how to create new connection classes.

Defining and registering new commands on the client at runtime

Let's suppose Redis just added the support for a brand new feature associated with a new command. If you want to start using the above mentioned new feature right away without messing with Predis source code or waiting for it to find its way into a stable Predis release, then you can start off by creating a new class that matches the command type and its behaviour and then bind it to a client instance at runtime. Actually, it is easier done than said:

<?php
class BrandNewRedisCommand extends Predis\Commands\Command
{
    public function getId()
    {
        return 'NEWCMD';
    }
}

$redis = new Predis\Client();
$redis->getProfile()->defineCommand('newcmd', 'BrandNewRedisCommand');
$redis->newcmd();

Test suite

ATTENTION: Do not ever run the test suite shipped with Predis against instances of Redis running in production environments or containing data you are interested in!

Predis has a comprehensive test suite covering every aspect of the library. The suite performs integration tests against a running instance of Redis (>= 2.4.0 is required) to verify the correct behaviour of the implementation of each command and automatically skips commands not defined in the selected version of Redis. If you do not have Redis up and running, integration tests can be disabled. By default, the test suite is configured to execute integration tests using the server profile for Redis v2.4 (which is the current stable version of Redis). You can optionally run the suite against a Redis instance built from the unstable branch with the development profile by changing the REDIS_SERVER_VERSION to dev in the phpunit.xml file. More details about testing Predis are available in tests/README.md.

Predis uses Travis CI for continuous integration. You can find the results of the test suite and the build history on its project page.

Contributing

If you want to work on Predis, it is highly recommended that you first run the test suite in order to check that everything is OK, and report strange behaviours or bugs. When modifying Predis please make sure that no warnings or notices are emitted by PHP by running the interpreter in your development environment with the error_reporting variable set to E_ALL | E_STRICT.

The recommended way to contribute to Predis is to fork the project on GitHub, create new topic branches on your newly created repository to fix or add features (possibly with tests covering your modifications) and then open a new pull request with a description of the applied changes. Obviously you can use any other Git hosting provider of your preference.

Dependencies

  • PHP >= 5.3.2
  • PHPUnit >= 3.5.0 (needed to run the test suite)

Links

Project

Related

Author

Contributors

License

The code for Predis is distributed under the terms of the MIT license (see LICENSE).

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