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Simple scala wrapper for HttpURLConnection. OAuth included.

README.md

Build Status

Simplified Http

This is a fully featured http client for Scala which wraps java.net.HttpURLConnection

Features:

  • Zero dependencies
  • Cross compiled for Scala 2.9.3, 2.10 and 2.11
  • OAuth v1 request signing
  • Automatic support of gzip and deflate encodings from server
  • Easy to add querystring or form params. URL encoding is handled for you.
  • Multipart file uploads

Non-Features:

  • Async execution
    • The library is thread safe. HttpRequest and HttpResponse are immutable. So it should be easy to wrap in an execution framework of your choice.

Works in Google AppEngine and Android environments.

Note: 1.x.x is a new major version which is both syntactically and behaviorally different than the 0.x.x version.

Previous version is branched here: https://github.com/scalaj/scalaj-http/tree/0.3.x

Big differences:

  • Executing the request always returns a HttpResponse[T] instance that contains the response-code, headers, and body
  • Exceptions are no longer thrown for 4xx and 5xx response codes. Yay!
  • Http(url) is the starting point for every type of request (post, get, multi, etc)
  • You can easily create your own singleton instance to set your own defaults (timeouts, proxies, etc)
  • Sends "Accept-Encoding: gzip,deflate" request header and decompresses based on Content-Encoding (configurable)
  • Redirects are no longer followed by default. Use .option(HttpOptions.followRedirects(true)) to change.

Installation

in your build.sbt

libraryDependencies +=  "org.scalaj" %% "scalaj-http" % "1.1.4"

maven

<dependency>
  <groupId>org.scalaj</groupId>
  <artifactId>scalaj-http_${scala.version}</artifactId>
  <version>1.1.4</version>
</dependency>  

If you're including this in some other public library. Do your users a favor and change the fully qualified name so they don't have version conflicts if they're using a different version of this library. The easiest way to do that is just to copy the source into your project :)

Usage

Simple Get

import scalaj.http._

val response: HttpResponse[String] = Http("http://foo.com/search").param("q","monkeys").asString
response.body
response.code
response.headers

Immutable Request

Http(url) is just shorthead for a Http.apply which returns an immutable instance of HttpRequest.
You can create a HttpRequest and reuse it:

val request: HttpRequest = Http("http://date.jsontest.com/")

val responseOne = request.asString
val responseTwo = request.asString

Additive Request

All the "modification" methods of a HttpRequest are actually returning a new instance. The param(s), option(s), header(s) methods always add to their respective sets. So calling .headers(newHeaders) will return a HttpRequest instance that has newHeaders appended to the previous req.headers

Simple form encoded POST

Http("http://foo.com/add").postForm(Seq("name" -> "jon", "age" -> "29")).asString

OAuth v1 Dance and Request

import scalaj.http.{Http, Token}

val consumer = Token("key", "secret")
val response = Http("https://api.twitter.com/oauth/request_token").postForm(Seq("oauth_callback" -> "oob"))
  .oauth(consumer).asToken

println("Go to https://api.twitter.com/oauth/authorize?oauth_token=" + response.body.key)

val verifier = Console.readLine("Enter verifier: ").trim

val accessToken = Http("https://api.twitter.com/oauth/access_token").postForm.
  .oauth(consumer, token, verifier).asToken

println(Http("https://api.twitter.com/1.1/account/settings.json").oauth(consumer, accessToken.body).asString)

Parsing the response

Http("http://foo.com").{asString, asBytes, asParams}

Those methods will return an HttpResponse[String | Array[Byte] | Seq[(String, String)]] respectively

Advanced Usage Examples

Parse the response InputStream directly

val response: HttpResponse[Map[String,String]] = Http("http://foo.com").execute(parser = {inputStream =>
  Json.parse[Map[String,String]](inputStream)
})

Post raw Array[Byte] or String data and get response code

Http(url).postData(data).header("content-type", "application/json").asString.code

Post multipart/form-data

Http(url).postMulti(MultiPart("photo", "headshot.png", "image/png", fileBytes)).asString

You can also stream uploads and get a callback on progress:

Http(url).postMulti(MultiPart("photo", "headshot.png", "image/png", inputStream, bytesInStream, 
  lenWritten => {
    println("Wrote %d bytes out of %d total for headshot.png".format(lenWritten, bytesInStream))
  })).asString

Send https request to site with self-signed or otherwise shady certificate

Http("https://localhost/").option(HttpOptions.allowUnsafeSSL).asString

Do a HEAD request

Http(url).method("HEAD").asString

Custom connect and read timeouts

These are set to 1000 and 5000 milliseconds respectively by default

Http(url).timeout(connTimeoutMs = 1000, readTimeoutMs = 5000).asString

Get request via a proxy

val response = Http(url).proxy(proxyHost, proxyPort).asString

Other custom options

The .option() method takes a function of type HttpURLConnection => Unit so you can manipulate the connection in whatever way you want before the request executes.

Change the Charset

By default, the charset for all param encoding and string response parsing is UTF-8. You can override with charset of your choice:

Http(url).charset("ISO-8859-1").asString

Create your own HttpRequest builder

You don't have to use the default Http singleton. Create your own:

object MyHttp extends BaseHttp (
  proxy: Proxy = Proxy.NO_PROXY, 
  options: Seq[HttpOptions.HttpOption] = HttpConstants.defaultOptions,
  charset: String = HttpConstants.utf8,
  sendBufferSize: Int = 4096,
  userAgent: String = "scalaj-http/1.0"
)

Full API documentation

scaladocs here

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