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JavaScript shims and shams for making IE8-9 behave reasonably
JavaScript Makefile

README.md

aight

travis build status

Aight is a collection of shims and polyfills that get IE8 (and IE9) up to speed with a bare minimum of HTML5 compatibility, providing all of the interfaces necessary to do HTML-only* DOM manipulation with D3 and other libraries that rely on them. It includes:

  • es5-shim, which implements all of the Array prototype methods in the ES5 spec, and other goodies. Both the shims and shams are included.

  • The ie8 and dom4 collections, courtesy of Andrea Giammarchi. My fork of ie8 maintains compatibility with IE9, and dom4 provides Event and DOM JavaScript interface compatibility for any browser.

  • A simple shim for CSSStyleDeclaration's setProperty() and removeProperty() methods.

  • A shim for document.createElementNS(), which throws an error if you pass it an actual namespace (which IE8 doesn't support). This merely provides a facade of interoperability with D3, which calls document.createElementNS() even in cases where the parent's namespaceURI is undefined (as is the case in HTML5, but not XHTML).

  • html5shiv, which monkeypatches IE6-8 to enable manipulation of HTML5 elements in the DOM and applies basic styling for them in IE6-9. If you need to be able to print these elements you will need to bring your own html5shiv-printshiv.js.

  • An IE8-friendly build of D3.

Installation

You have some options:

  1. Download the latest release or grab the latest from GitHub:

    curl -O https://raw.githubusercontent.com/shawnbot/aight/master/aight.js
    # or minified:
    curl -O https://raw.githubusercontent.com/shawnbot/aight/master/aight.min.js
  2. Clone this repository with git:

    git clone https://github.com/shawnbot/aight.git
  3. Install with bower:

    bower init # if you haven't already
    bower install aight#~2.0
    # then copy it from the bower_components directory
    cp bower_components/aight/aight*.js path/to/js
  4. Install with npm:

    npm install aight
    # then copy it from the node_modules directory
    cp node_modules/aight/aight*.js path/to/js

Usage

First off, ensure that you're using the right DOCTYPE in your HTML:

<!DOCTYPE html>

And in your <head>, include the following <meta> tag:

<meta http-equiv="X-UA-Compatible" content="IE=Edge">

These two steps ensure that IE8 will run in standards mode. Finally, include aight.min.js (or the un-minified version, aight.js, if you're debugging aight itself) in a conditional comment inside the <head>:

<!--[if lte IE 9]>
<script src="aight.min.js"></script>
<![endif]-->

Bringing it all together, you end up with:

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
  <head>
    <meta charset="utf-8">
    <meta http-equiv="X-UA-Compatible" content="IE=Edge">
    <!--[if lte IE 9]>
    <script src="aight.min.js"></script>
    <![endif]-->
  </head>
  <body>
  </body>
</html>

For your convenience, this snippet is included with aight in template.html.

D3 for IE8

IE8 barfs on some parts of D3's JavaScript. The included d3.ie8.js and minified d3.ie8.min.js (in the d3 directory) are IE8-friendly builds of d3.v3.js with shams for some CSS properties, namely opacity. You'll need to tweak your HTML to use these, e.g.:

<!--[if lte IE 9]><script src="aight.js"></script><![endif]-->
<script src="http://d3js.org/d3.v3.min.js"></script>
<!--[if IE 8]><script src="d3.ie8.js"></script><![endif]-->

Since conditional comments are inaccessible to other browsers, we have to download the "modern" d3.js (which will throw errors in IE8) and the shimmed one (which won't). It's an imperfect solution, obviously. You may serve d3.ie8.js to modern browsers, but there will probably be performance implications depending on how you use D3.

What about SVG?

Shimming SVG support is tricky business. If you need to support IE8, my suggestion is either to degrade gracefully using HTML elements or to try one of the following:

  • Raphaël, the SVG-friendly abstraction that falls back to VML support in IE8.
  • r2d3 uses Raphaël under the hood to provide SVG rendering support to D3.
  • svgweb is a Flash-based SVG renderer. This is beta software which lacks full SVG 1.1 support and will not allow you to style SVG with CSS.

IE9 has great SVG support, though.

aight: the command line tool

As of version 2.0.5, aight comes with a handy command-line script that rewrites JavaScript (specifically, the stuff that shims and shams can't reach) to be IE8-friendly. Just install aight via npm:

npm install -g aight
# leave off the -g to install locally

Then run aight and give it a JavaScript filename (or source via stdin), and it will print JavaScript to stdout:

aight modern.js > ie8-friendly.js
cat modern.js | aight > ie8-friendly.js

You can see how it works by piping in a simple for..in loop:

echo "var obj = {}; for (var key in obj) console.log(key, obj[key]);" | aight

which outputs (with whitespace, for clarity):

var obj = {};
for (var key in obj) if (obj.hasOwnProperty(key)) {
  console.log(key, obj[key]);
}
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