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use strict;
# this file is commonly used using "require". It is not required to use "use"
# (because it doesn't live in a different package)
# warning: preceding para requires 4th attribute of a programmer after
# laziness, impatience, and hubris: sense of humour :-)
# WARNING
# -------
# the name of this file will change as soon as its function/feature set
# stabilises enough ;-)
# right now all it does is
# - define a function that tells you where to find the rc file
# - define a function that creates a new repo and give it our update hook
# ----------------------------------------------------------------------------
# common definitions
# ----------------------------------------------------------------------------
our $ABRT = "\n\t\t***** ABORTING *****\n ";
our $WARN = "\n\t\t***** WARNING *****\n ";
# commands we're expecting
our $R_COMMANDS=qr/^(git[ -]upload-pack|git[ -]upload-archive)$/;
our $W_COMMANDS=qr/^git[ -]receive-pack$/;
# note that REPONAME_PATT allows "/", while USERNAME_PATT does not
# also, the reason REPONAME_PATT is a superset of USERNAME_PATT is (duh!)
# because in this version, a repo can have "CREATER" in the name (see docs)
our $REPONAME_PATT=qr(^\@?[0-9a-zA-Z][0-9a-zA-Z._\@/+-]*$); # very simple pattern
our $USERNAME_PATT=qr(^\@?[0-9a-zA-Z][0-9a-zA-Z._\@+-]*$); # very simple pattern
# same as REPONAME, plus some common regex metas
our $REPOPATT_PATT=qr(^\@?[0-9a-zA-Z][\\^.$|()[\]*+?{}0-9a-zA-Z._\@/-]*$);
# these come from the RC file
our ($REPO_UMASK, $GL_WILDREPOS, $GL_PACKAGE_CONF, $GL_PACKAGE_HOOKS);
our %repos;
# ----------------------------------------------------------------------------
# convenience subs
# ----------------------------------------------------------------------------
sub wrap_chdir {
chdir($_[0]) or die "$ABRT chdir $_[0] failed: $! at ", (caller)[1], " line ", (caller)[2], "\n";
}
sub wrap_open {
open (my $fh, $_[0], $_[1]) or die "$ABRT open $_[1] failed: $! at ", (caller)[1], " line ", (caller)[2], "\n" .
( $_[2] || '' ); # suffix custom error message if given
return $fh;
}
sub log_it {
open my $log_fh, ">>", $ENV{GL_LOG} or die "open log failed: $!\n";
print $log_fh @_;
close $log_fh or die "close log failed: $!\n";
}
# check one ref
sub check_ref {
# normally, the $ref will be whatever ref the commit is trying to update
# (like refs/heads/master or whatever). At least one of the refexes that
# pertain to this user must match this ref **and** the corresponding
# permission must also match the action (W or +) being attempted. If none
# of them match, the access is denied.
# Notice that the function DIES!!! Any future changes that require more
# work to be done *after* this, even on failure, can start using return
# codes etc., but for now we're happy to just die.
my ($allowed_refs, $repo, $ref, $perm) = @_;
for my $ar (@{$allowed_refs}) {
my $refex = (keys %$ar)[0];
# refex? sure -- a regex to match a ref against :)
next unless $ref =~ /^$refex/;
die "$perm $ref $ENV{GL_USER} DENIED by $refex\n" if $ar->{$refex} eq '-';
# as far as *this* ref is concerned we're ok
return $refex if ($ar->{$refex} =~ /\Q$perm/);
}
die "$perm $ref $repo $ENV{GL_USER} DENIED by fallthru\n";
}
# ln -sf :-)
sub ln_sf
{
my($srcdir, $glob, $dstdir) = @_;
for my $hook ( glob("$srcdir/$glob") ) {
$hook =~ s/$srcdir\///;
unlink "$dstdir/$hook";
symlink "$srcdir/$hook", "$dstdir/$hook" or die "could not symlink $hook\n";
}
}
# ----------------------------------------------------------------------------
# where is the rc file hiding?
# ----------------------------------------------------------------------------
sub where_is_rc
{
# till now, the rc file was in one fixed place: .gitolite.rc in $HOME of
# the user hosting the gitolite repos. This was fine, because gitolite is
# all about empowering non-root users :-)
# then we wanted to make a debian package out of it (thank you, Rhonda!)
# which means (a) it's going to be installed by root anyway and (b) any
# config files have to be in /etc/<something>
# the only way to resolve this in a backward compat way is to look for the
# $HOME one, and if you don't find it look for the /etc one
# this common routine does that, setting an env var for the first one it
# finds
return if $ENV{GL_RC};
for my $glrc ( $ENV{HOME} . "/.gitolite.rc", "/etc/gitolite/gitolite.rc" ) {
if (-f $glrc) {
$ENV{GL_RC} = $glrc;
return;
}
}
}
# ----------------------------------------------------------------------------
# create a new repository
# ----------------------------------------------------------------------------
# NOTE: this sub will change your cwd; caller beware!
sub new_repo
{
my ($repo, $hooks_dir, $creater) = @_;
umask($REPO_UMASK);
die "wildrepos disabled, can't set creater $creater on new repo $repo\n"
if $creater and not $GL_WILDREPOS;
system("mkdir", "-p", "$repo.git") and die "$ABRT mkdir $repo.git failed: $!\n";
# erm, note that's "and die" not "or die" as is normal in perl
wrap_chdir("$repo.git");
system("git --bare init >&2");
if ($creater) {
system("echo $creater > gl-creater");
system("git", "config", "gitweb.owner", $creater);
}
# propagate our own, plus any local admin-defined, hooks
ln_sf($hooks_dir, "*", "hooks");
# in case of package install, GL_ADMINDIR is no longer the top cop;
# override with the package hooks
ln_sf("$GL_PACKAGE_HOOKS/common", "*", "hooks") if $GL_PACKAGE_HOOKS;
chmod 0755, "hooks/update";
}
# ----------------------------------------------------------------------------
# metaphysics (like, "is there a god?", "who created me?", etc)
# ----------------------------------------------------------------------------
# "who created this repo", "am I on the R list", and "am I on the RW list"?
sub repo_rights
{
my ($repo_base_abs, $repo, $user) = @_;
# creater
my $c = '';
if ( -f "$repo_base_abs/$repo.git/gl-creater") {
my $fh = wrap_open("<", "$repo_base_abs/$repo.git/gl-creater");
chomp($c = <$fh>);
}
# $user's R and W rights
my ($r, $w); $r = ''; $w = '';
if ($user and -f "$repo_base_abs/$repo.git/gl-perms") {
my $fh = wrap_open("<", "$repo_base_abs/$repo.git/gl-perms");
my $perms = join ("", <$fh>);
if ($perms) {
$r = $user if $perms =~ /^\s*R(?=\s).*\s$user(\s|$)/m;
$w = $user if $perms =~ /^\s*RW(?=\s).*\s$user(\s|$)/m;
}
}
return ($c, $r, $w);
}
# ----------------------------------------------------------------------------
# getperms and setperms
# ----------------------------------------------------------------------------
sub get_set_perms
{
my($repo_base_abs, $repo, $verb, $user) = @_;
my ($creater, $dummy, $dummy2) = &repo_rights($repo_base_abs, $repo, "");
die "$repo doesnt exist or is not yours\n" unless $user eq $creater;
wrap_chdir("$repo_base_abs");
wrap_chdir("$repo.git");
if ($verb eq 'getperms') {
system("cat", "gl-perms") if -f "gl-perms";
} else {
system("cat > gl-perms");
print "New perms are:\n";
system("cat", "gl-perms");
}
}
# ----------------------------------------------------------------------------
# getdesc and setdesc
# ----------------------------------------------------------------------------
sub get_set_desc
{
my($repo_base_abs, $repo, $verb, $user) = @_;
my ($creater, $dummy, $dummy2) = &repo_rights($repo_base_abs, $repo, "");
die "$repo doesnt exist or is not yours\n" unless $user eq $creater;
wrap_chdir("$repo_base_abs");
wrap_chdir("$repo.git");
if ($verb eq 'getdesc') {
system("cat", "description") if -f "description";
} else {
system("cat > description");
print "New description is:\n";
system("cat", "description");
}
}
# ----------------------------------------------------------------------------
# parse the compiled acl
# ----------------------------------------------------------------------------
sub parse_acl
{
# IMPLEMENTATION NOTE: a wee bit of this is duplicated in the update hook;
# please update that also if the interface or the env vars change
my ($GL_CONF_COMPILED, $repo, $c, $r, $w) = @_;
$c = $r = $w = "NOBODY" unless $GL_WILDREPOS;
# void $r if same as $w (otherwise "readers" overrides "writers"; this is
# the same problem that needed a sort sub for the Dumper in the compile
# script, but in this case it's limited to just $readers and $writers)
$r = "NOBODY" if $r eq $w;
# set up the variables for a parse to interpolate stuff from the dumped
# hash (remember the selective conversion of single to double quotes?).
# if they're not passed in, then we look for an env var of that name, else
# we default to "NOBODY" (we hope there isn't a real user called NOBODY!)
# And in any case, we set those env vars so level 2 can redo the last
# parse without any special code
our $creater = $ENV{GL_CREATER} = $c || $ENV{GL_CREATER} || "NOBODY";
our $readers = $ENV{GL_READERS} = $r || $ENV{GL_READERS} || "NOBODY";
our $writers = $ENV{GL_WRITERS} = $w || $ENV{GL_WRITERS} || "NOBODY";
die "parse $GL_CONF_COMPILED failed: " . ($! or $@) unless do $GL_CONF_COMPILED;
# basic access reporting doesn't send $repo, and doesn't need to; you just
# want the config dumped as is, really
return unless $repo;
return $ENV{GL_REPOPATT} = "" if $repos{$repo};
# didn't find it, but wild is off? too bad, die!!! muahahaha
die "$repo not found in compiled config\n" unless $GL_WILDREPOS;
# didn't find $repo in %repos, so it must be a wildcard-match case
my @matched = grep { $repo =~ /^$_$/ } sort keys %repos;
die "$repo has no matches\n" unless @matched;
die "$repo has multiple matches\n@matched\n" if @matched > 1;
# found exactly one pattern that matched, copy its ACL
$repos{$repo} = $repos{$matched[0]};
# and return the pattern
return $ENV{GL_REPOPATT} = $matched[0];
}
# ----------------------------------------------------------------------------
# print a report of $user's basic permissions
# ----------------------------------------------------------------------------
# basic means wildcards will be shown as wildcards; this is pretty much what
# got parsed by the compile script
sub report_basic
{
my($GL_ADMINDIR, $GL_CONF_COMPILED, $user) = @_;
&parse_acl($GL_CONF_COMPILED, "", "CREATER", "READERS", "WRITERS");
# send back some useful info if no command was given
print "hello $user, the gitolite version here is ";
system("cat", ($GL_PACKAGE_CONF || "$GL_ADMINDIR/conf") . "/VERSION");
print "\ryou have the following permissions:\r\n";
for my $r (sort keys %repos) {
my $perm .= ( $repos{$r}{C}{'@all'} ? ' @' : ( $repos{$r}{C}{$user} ? ' C' : ' ' ) );
$perm .= ( $repos{$r}{R}{'@all'} ? ' @' : ( $repos{$r}{R}{$user} ? ' R' : ' ' ) );
$perm .= ( $repos{$r}{W}{'@all'} ? ' @' : ( $repos{$r}{W}{$user} ? ' W' : ' ' ) );
print "$perm\t$r\r\n" if $perm =~ /\S/;
}
}
# ----------------------------------------------------------------------------
# print a report of $user's basic permissions
# ----------------------------------------------------------------------------
sub expand_wild
{
my($GL_CONF_COMPILED, $repo_base_abs, $repo, $user) = @_;
# this is for convenience; he can copy-paste the output of the basic
# access report instead of having to manually change CREATER to his name
$repo =~ s/\bCREAT[EO]R\b/$user/g;
# get the list of repo patterns
&parse_acl($GL_CONF_COMPILED, "", "NOBODY", "NOBODY", "NOBODY");
my %normal_repos = %repos;
# display matching repos (from *all* the repos in the system) that $user
# has at least "R" access to
chdir("$repo_base_abs") or die "chdir $repo_base_abs failed: $!\n";
for my $actual_repo (`find . -type d -name "*.git"|sort`) {
chomp ($actual_repo);
$actual_repo =~ s/^\.\///;
$actual_repo =~ s/\.git$//;
# actual_repo has to match the pattern being expanded
next unless $actual_repo =~ /$repo/;
# if actual_repo is present "as is" in the config, those
# permissions will override anything inherited from a
# wildcard that also happens to match
my $creater;
if ($normal_repos{$actual_repo}) {
%repos = %normal_repos;
$creater = '<gitolite>';
} else {
# find the creater and subsitute in repos
my ($read, $write);
($creater, $read, $write) = &repo_rights($repo_base_abs, $actual_repo, $user);
# get access list with this
&parse_acl($GL_CONF_COMPILED, $actual_repo, $creater, $read || "NOBODY", $write || "NOBODY");
$creater = "($creater)";
}
my $perm = ' ';
$perm .= ( $repos{$actual_repo}{R}{'@all'} ? ' @' : ( $repos{$actual_repo}{R}{$user} ? ' R' : ' ' ) );
$perm .= ( $repos{$actual_repo}{W}{'@all'} ? ' @' : ( $repos{$actual_repo}{W}{$user} ? ' W' : ' ' ) );
next if $perm eq ' ';
print "$perm\t$creater\t$actual_repo\n";
}
}
# ----------------------------------------------------------------------------
# S P E C I A L C O M M A N D S
# ----------------------------------------------------------------------------
sub special_cmd
{
my ($GL_ADMINDIR, $GL_CONF_COMPILED, $shell_allowed, $RSYNC_BASE, $HTPASSWD_FILE) = @_;
my $cmd = $ENV{SSH_ORIGINAL_COMMAND};
my $user = $ENV{GL_USER};
# check each special command we know about and call it if enabled
if ($cmd eq 'info') {
&report_basic($GL_ADMINDIR, $GL_CONF_COMPILED, $user);
print "you also have shell access\r\n" if $shell_allowed;
} elsif ($cmd =~ /^info\s+(.+)$/) {
my @otherusers = split ' ', $1;
&parse_acl($GL_CONF_COMPILED);
die "you can't ask for others' permissions\n" unless $repos{'gitolite-admin'}{'R'}{$user};
for my $otheruser (@otherusers) {
warn("ignoring illegal username $otheruser\n"), next unless $otheruser =~ $USERNAME_PATT;
&report_basic($GL_ADMINDIR, $GL_CONF_COMPILED, $otheruser);
}
} elsif ($HTPASSWD_FILE and $cmd eq 'htpasswd') {
&ext_cmd_htpasswd($HTPASSWD_FILE);
} elsif ($RSYNC_BASE and $cmd =~ /^rsync /) {
&ext_cmd_rsync($GL_CONF_COMPILED, $RSYNC_BASE, $cmd);
} else {
# if the user is allowed a shell, just run the command
exec $ENV{SHELL}, "-c", $cmd if $shell_allowed;
die "bad command: $cmd\n";
}
}
# ----------------------------------------------------------------------------
# generic check access routine
# ----------------------------------------------------------------------------
sub check_access
{
my ($GL_CONF_COMPILED, $repo, $path, $perm) = @_;
my $ref = "NAME/$path";
&parse_acl($GL_CONF_COMPILED);
# until I do some major refactoring (which will bloat the update hook a
# bit, sadly), this code duplicates stuff in the current update hook.
my @allowed_refs;
# we want specific perms to override @all, so they come first
push @allowed_refs, @ { $repos{$repo}{$ENV{GL_USER}} || [] };
push @allowed_refs, @ { $repos{$repo}{'@all'} || [] };
for my $ar (@allowed_refs) {
my $refex = (keys %$ar)[0];
next unless $ref =~ /^$refex/;
die "$perm $ref $ENV{GL_USER} DENIED by $refex\n" if $ar->{$refex} eq '-';
return if ($ar->{$refex} =~ /\Q$perm/);
}
die "$perm $ref $ENV{GL_REPO} $ENV{GL_USER} DENIED by fallthru\n";
}
# ----------------------------------------------------------------------------
# external command helper: rsync
# ----------------------------------------------------------------------------
sub ext_cmd_rsync
{
my ($GL_CONF_COMPILED, $RSYNC_BASE, $cmd) = @_;
# test the command patterns; reject if they don't fit. Rsync sends
# commands that looks like one of these to the server (the first one is
# for a read, the second for a write)
# rsync --server --sender -some.flags . some/path
# rsync --server -some.flags . some/path
die "bad rsync command: $cmd"
unless $cmd =~ /^rsync --server( --sender)? -[\w.]+(?: --(?:delete|partial))* \. (\S+)$/;
my $perm = "W";
$perm = "R" if $1;
my $path = $2;
die "I dont like some of the characters in $path\n" unless $path =~ $REPOPATT_PATT;
# XXX make a better pattern for this if people complain ;-)
die "I dont like absolute paths in $cmd\n" if $path =~ /^\//;
die "I dont like '..' paths in $cmd\n" if $path =~ /\.\./;
# ok now check if we're permitted to execute a $perm action on $path
# (taken as a refex) using rsync.
&check_access($GL_CONF_COMPILED, 'EXTCMD/rsync', $path, $perm);
# that should "die" if there's a problem
wrap_chdir($RSYNC_BASE);
&log_it("$ENV{GL_TS}\t$ENV{SSH_ORIGINAL_COMMAND}\t$ENV{USER}\n");
exec $ENV{SHELL}, "-c", $ENV{SSH_ORIGINAL_COMMAND};
}
# ----------------------------------------------------------------------------
# external command helper: htpasswd
# ----------------------------------------------------------------------------
sub ext_cmd_htpasswd
{
my $HTPASSWD_FILE = shift;
die "$HTPASSWD_FILE doesn't exist or is not writable\n" unless -w $HTPASSWD_FILE;
$|++;
print <<EOFhtp;
Please type in your new htpasswd at the prompt. You only have to type it once.
NOTE THAT THE PASSWORD WILL BE ECHOED, so please make sure no one is
shoulder-surfing, and make sure you clear your screen as well as scrollback
history after you're done (or close your terminal instance).
EOFhtp
print "new htpasswd:";
my $password = <>;
$password =~ s/[\n\r]*$//;
die "empty passwords are not allowed\n" unless $password;
my $rc = system("htpasswd", "-b", $HTPASSWD_FILE, $ENV{GL_USER}, $password);
die "htpasswd command seems to have failed with $rc return code...\n" if $rc;
}
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