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Functional Modifiers for Ember
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README.md

ember-functional-modifiers

This addon provides a useLayoutEffect-like API for adding modifiers to elements in Ember.

For more information on modifiers, please check out @pzuraq's wonderful blog post.

Compatibility

This is currently compatible with:

  • Ember.js v2.18 or above
  • Ember CLI v2.13 or above

Installation

ember install ember-functional-modifiers

Usage

This addon does not provide any modifiers out of the box; instead (like Helpers), this library allows you to write your own.

Generating a Functional Modifier

To create a modifier (and a corresponding integration test), run:

ember new functional-modifier scroll-top

Example without Cleanup

For example, if you wanted to implement your own scrollTop modifier (similar to this), you may do something like this:

// app/modifiers/scroll-top.js
import makeFunctionalModifier from 'ember-functional-modifiers';

export default makeFunctionalModifier((element, [scrollPosition]) => {
  element.scrollTop = scrollPosition;
})

Then, use it in your template:

<div class="scroll-container" {{scroll-top @scrollPosition}}>
  {{yield}}
</div>

Example with Cleanup

If the functionality you add in the modifier needs to be torn down when the element is removed, you can return a function for the teardown method.

For example, if you wanted to have your elements dance randomly on the page using setInterval, but you wanted to make sure that was canceled when the element was removed, you could do:

// app/modifiers/move-randomly.js
import makeFunctionalModifier from 'ember-functional-modifiers';

const { random, round } = Math;

export default makeFunctionalModifier(element => {
  const id = setInterval(() => {
    const top = round(random() * 500);
    const left = round(random() * 500);
    element.style.transform = `translate(${left}px, ${top}px)`;
  }, 1000);

  return () => clearInterval(id);
});
<button {{move-randomly}}>
  {{yield}}
</button>

Example with Cleanup (on destroy)

By default, a functional modifier that returns a cleanup method will trigger the cleanup on each change — the reason for this is similar to the reason for the same behavior with useEffect in React.

If, however, unsubscribing/resubscribing on every change is a particularly expensive action, you may only want to cleanup when the element is about to be removed, not when it updates. (An aside: Because you have to track some state between modifier calls, a better solution may be to use ember-oo-modifiers instead).

But you can do it with a functional modifier. For example, let's imagine that we're using an RxJS observable-like thing that lets us hot-swap the action it fires. That may look something like:

// app/modifiers/my-rx-thing.js
import makeFunctionalModifier from 'ember-functional-modifiers';
import subscribe from './my-rx-js-observer';

const OBSERVERS = new WeakMap();

export default makeFunctionalModifier((element, [action]) => {
  const observer = OBSERVERS.has(element) ? OBSERVERS.get(element) : subscribe(element);

  observer.updateAction(action);

  OBSERVERS.set(element, observer);

  return (isRemoving) => {
    if (isRemoving) {
      observer.unsubscribe();
    }
  };
});
<button {{my-rx-thing (action "handleAction")}}>
  Click Me!
</button>

Example with Service Injection

You may also want to inject a service into your modifier.

You can do that by supplying an injection object before the the modifier function. For example, suppose you wanted to track click events with ember-metrics:

// app/modifiers/track-click.js
import makeFunctionalModifier from 'ember-functional-modifiers';

function trackClick(metrics, element, [eventName], options) {
  const callback = () => metrics.trackEvent(eventName, options);

  element.addEventListener('click', callback, true);

  return () => element.removeEventListener('click', callback);
}

export default makeFunctionalModifier(
  { services: ['metrics'] },
  trackClick
);

Then, you could use this in your template:

<button {{track-click "Clicked the THING!"}}>
  Click Me!
</button>

NOTE: Because we are not observing the properties in the service in any way, if we are reading a property on a service, the modifier will not recompute if that value changes. If that's the behavior you need, you probably want to pass that value into the modifier as an argument, rather than injecting it.

Contributing

See the Contributing guide for details.

Releasing

yarn release

License

This project is licensed under the MIT License.

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