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README.md

serf client for python Build Status Latest Version

serf-python is the python client for serf (python3.x not yet).

serf is the simple and lightweight clustering software, you can easily create the cluster for your own application. For more details on serf, please visit, http://www.serfdom.io/ . serf is still in early stage of development, but has already the necessary features for production environment.

Installation

$ pip install serf-python

or, from source.

$ git clone git@github.com:spikeekips/serf-python.git
$ cd serf-python
$ python setup.py install

Usage

serf provides the commands to communicate with serf agent thru RPC, based on msgpack. Naturally serf-python use the RPC protocol. serf-python supports these serf commands,

  • handshake
  • auth
  • event
  • force-leave
  • join
  • members
  • stream
  • monitor
  • stop
  • leave
  • query
  • respond

serf provides some more commands like auth, these will be supported as soon as possible. :) serf-python is supporting all the available commands of serf, you can find the all the supported commands in http://www.serfdom.io/docs/agent/rpc.html .

Each command has it's own arguments, which are described in RPC command page http://www.serfdom.io/docs/agent/rpc.html . serf-python exactly follows naming and rules of these arguments, including case-sensitive, so you can use the same arguments of the RPC commands in serf.

Basic Usage

To connect to your serf agent,

>>> import serf
>>> _client = serf.Client('127.0.0.1:7373,127.0.0.1:7374', auto_reconnect=False, )

The above example, 127.0.0.1:7373,127.0.0.1:7374 is the two agent addresses,

  • 127.0.0.1:7373: host: localhost, port: 7373
  • 127.0.0.1:7374: host: localhost, port: 7374

You can address the multiple agent addresses as long as you want, just seperates by comma(,), so it will automatically try to reconnect to the next another agent address when accidentally lose connection. This feature will be enabled by auto_reconnect=True option, default is False.

At this stage, Client does not connect to the agent, if you want connect manually,

>>> _client = serf.Client('127.0.0.1:7373,127.0.0.1:7374', auto_reconnect=False, )
>>> _client.connect()

disconnect

>>> _client.disconnect()

How To Request Command

>>> _client.<command name>()
>>> _client.<another command name>()
>>> _responses = _client.request()
[
    <Response: <Request: ...>, {'Seq': 0, 'Error': ''}>,
    <Response: <Request: ...>, {'Seq': 1, 'Error': ''}>
]

Before call request() or watch(), any command will not be delivered to the agent.

Response

The response, _responses is list type, which is ordered by Seq and the Response has the following attributes,

attribute type description
header dict response header, {'Error': '', 'Seq': 1}
body - body message
seq int requested Seq
error str error message
is_success bool command is successful or not(contextual).
>>> _responses[0].seq
0
>>> _responses[1].seq
1
>>> _responses[0].header
{'Error': '', 'Seq': 0}
>>> _responses[1].header
{'Error': '', 'Seq': 1}
>>> _responses[0].body
{...}
>>> _responses[1].body
{...}

timeout

>>> _client.<command>.request(timeout=5, )

Using callback

You can manually assign the callback for specific command like this,

>>> _callback_member_one (response, ) :
...     print response

>>> _callback_member_two (response, ) :
...     print response

>>> _callback_join (response, ) :
...     print response

>>> _client.members().add_callback(_callback_member_one, _callback_member_two, )
>>> _client.join(Existing=('127.0.0.1:7902', ), Replay=True,).add_callback(_callback_join,)
>>> _client.request()

The callbacks will be executed by order.

Streaming Response

For streaming command like stream or monitor, you can use watch. watch will wait and stream the response from serf agent until you manually stop it using stop command, and your callback will be executed in every response.

>>> def _callback (response, ) :
...     if not response.is_success :
...         raise ValueError(response.error, )
...
...     print response.body

>>> _client.stream().add_callback(_callback, ).watch()
>>> # or
>>> _client.stream().add_callback(_callback, ).request(watch=True, )

To handle the responses for the stream commands, you can set the callbacks by add_callback() method, which will handle the each response by command.

If you use request for the stream commands, the responses will wait until the timeout you set, the default timeout is 2 seconds, whcih is defined in serf.constant.DEFAULT_TIMEOUT.

Commands

The description and arguments for each command, please refer this page, http://www.serfdom.io/docs/agent/rpc.html .

handshake

In serf thru RPC, you must request the handshake command ahead of any other commands, so serf-python will automatically request handshake even you omit it.

>>> _client = serf.Client()
>>> _responses = _client.handshake().request()
[
    <ResponseHandshake: <RequestHandshake: handshake, 0, {'Version': 1}>, {'Seq': 0, 'Error': ''}>
]
>>> _responses[0].is_success
True

You can bypass the handshake command for convenience, this is safe and easy way.

>>> _client = serf.Client()
>>> _responses = _client.members().request()

auth

>>> _responses = _client.auth(AuthKey='valid-authkey', ).request()
>>> _responses
[
    <ResponseHandshake: <RequestHandshake: handshake, 0, {'Version': 1}>, {'Seq': 0, 'Error': ''}>,
    <ResponseAuth: <RequestAuth: auth, 1, {'AuthKey': 'valid-authkey'}>, {'Seq': 1, 'Error': ''}>
]
>>> _responses[1].seq
1
>>> _responses[1].error
''
>>> _responses[1].header
{'Error': '', 'Seq': 1}
>>> _responses[1].body
None

If error occured, it will raise serf.AuthenticationError.

>>> _responses = _client.auth(AuthKey='bad-authkey', ).request()
Traceback (most recent call last):
...
serf.AuthenticationError: failed to authed, ('127.0.0.1', 7374, {}).

You can set the AuthKey in hosts url, and then you can ommit this auth command like handshake.

>>> _client = serf.Client('serf://127.0.0.1:7373?AuthKey=valid-authkey', )
>>> _responses = _client.members().request()

See below in this page about the hosts url.

event

>>> _responses = _client.event(
...         Name='event-name',
...         Payload='this is payload to be broadcasted to all members',
...         Coalesce=True,
...     ).request()
>>> _responses[0]
<ResponseEvent: <RequestEvent: event, 1, {'Coalesce': True, 'Name': 'test-event', 'Payload': 'test message'}>, {'Seq': 1, 'Error': ''}>
>>> _responses[0].seq
1
>>> _responses[0].error
''
>>> _responses[0].header
{'Error': '', 'Seq': 1}
>>> _responses[0].body
None

NOTE:

    In serf, the payload size has limitation, you can send event message up to 1KB, see 'Custom Event Limitations' section in http://www.serfdom.io/intro/getting-started/user-events.html . Manually tune the payload size limit, see serf.constant.PAYLOAD_SIZE_LIMIT.

join

>>> _responses = _client.join(
...        Existing=('127.0.0.1:7900', ),
...        Replay=False,
...    ).request()
>>> _responses
[
    <ResponseJoin: <RequestJoin: join, 1, {'Replay': False, 'Existing': ('127.0.0.1:7900',)}>, {'Seq': 1, 'Error': ''}>
]
>>> _responses[0].seq
1
>>> _responses[0].error
''
>>> _responses[0].header
{'Error': '', 'Seq': 1}
>>> _responses[0].body
{'Num': 1}

If the Num is less than 1 in the response body, is_success will be False.

members

You can get all the members without any filtered arguments.

>>> _responses = _client.members().request()
>>> _responses[0]
<ResponseMembers: <RequestMembers: members, 2, >, {'Seq': 2, 'Error': ''}>
>>> _responses[0].seq
1
>>> _responses[0].error
''
>>> _responses[0].header
{'Error': '', 'Seq': 1}
>>> _responses[0].body
{'Members': [{'Addr': [127, 0, 0, 1],
              'DelegateCur': 4,
              'DelegateMax': 4,
              'DelegateMin': 2,
              'Name': 'node3',
              'Port': 7900,
              'ProtocolCur': 2,
              'ProtocolMax': 2,
              'ProtocolMin': 1,
              'Status': 'alive',
              'Tags': {'role': 'dummy'}},
             ...
             {'Addr': [127, 0, 0, 1],
              'DelegateCur': 4,
              'DelegateMax': 4,
              'DelegateMin': 2,
              'Name': 'node1',
              'Port': 7901,
              'ProtocolCur': 2,
              'ProtocolMax': 2,
              'ProtocolMin': 1,
              'Status': 'alive',
              'Tags': {}}]}

You also can filter the members with filtered arguments. With filters, it will use the members-filtered command instead of members command.

>>> _responses = _client.members(Status='alive', Tags=dict(role='dummy', ), ).request()
>>> _responses[0]
<ResponseMembers: <RequestMembers: members, 2, >, {'Seq': 2, 'Error': ''}>
>>> _responses[0].seq
1
>>> _responses[0].error
''
>>> _responses[0].header
{'Error': '', 'Seq': 1}
>>> _responses[0].body
{'Members': [{'Addr': [127, 0, 0, 1],
              'DelegateCur': 4,
              'DelegateMax': 4,
              'DelegateMin': 2,
              'Name': 'node3',
              'Port': 7900,
              'ProtocolCur': 2,
              'ProtocolMax': 2,
              'ProtocolMin': 1,
              'Status': 'alive',
              'Tags': {'role': 'dummy'}}]}

The filtering conditions will be joined as AND (&) operator, that is, serf will return the members, which are satisfied to all the filter condition.

You can find the available Status at https://github.com/hashicorp/serf/blob/master/serf/serf.go#L101 .

tags

>>> _responses = _client.tags(
...        Tags=dict(role='dummy', ),
...        DeleteTags=('critical', ),
...    ).request()
>>> _responses[0]
<ResponseTags: <RequestTags: tags, 1, {'DeleteTags': ('critical',), 'Tags': {'role': 'dummy'}}>, {'Seq': 1, 'Error': ''}>
>>> _responses[0].seq
1
>>> _responses[0].is_success
''
>>> _responses[0].header
{'Error': '', 'Seq': 1}

stream

>>> def _callback_stream (response, ) :
...     print '> got stream response.'
...
...     print 'response:', response
...     print 'seq:', response.seq
...     print 'error:', (response.error, )
...     print 'header:',
...     pprint.pprint(response.header, )
...
...     print 'events:'
...     pprint.pprint(response.body, )
...     
...     return

>>> _client.stream(Type='*', ).add_callback(_callback_stream, ).watch()
>>> # or
>>> _client.stream(Type='*', ).add_callback(_callback_stream, )..request()

When the new event is occured, you will get these kind of messages,

response: <ResponseStreamResult: <RequestStream: stream, 3, {'Type': '*'}>, {'Seq': 3, 'Error': ''}>
seq: 3
error: ('',)
header:{'Error': '', 'Seq': 3}
events:
{'Coalesce': True,
 'Event': 'user',
 'LTime': 13,
 'Name': 'test-event',
 'Payload': 'test message'}

You can filter the stream event using Type, for details, see stream section in http://www.serfdom.io/docs/agent/rpc.html .

monitor

>>> def _callback_monitor (response, ) :
...      print response

>>> _client.monitor(LogLevel='DEBUG', ).add_callback(_callback_monitor, ).request()

You can find the available LogLevel at https://github.com/hashicorp/serf/blob/a7d854a1b598975f687771e8975d32c8dfbc8319/command/agent/log_levels.go#L12 .

With request(), you can just get the latest log messages. With watch() like stream().watch(), you can get the continuous log messages.

stop

>>> def _callback_stream (response, ) :
...     # get `Seq` for `stop`
...     _seq = response.seq
...     _client.stop(Stop=_seq, )
...     return

>>> _client.stream(Type='*', ).add_callback(_callback_stream, ).watch()

leave

>>> _client.connect().force_leave().request()

force-leave

>>> _client.connect().force_leave(Node='node1', ).request()

or as a Node value, you can use the node name, which is the Name value in the response of members command.

query

>>> def _callback_query (response, ) :
...     if not response.is_success :
...         raise ValueError(response.error, )
...
...     print response
...     return

>>> _response = _client.query(
...        Name='response-me',
...        Payload='this is payload of `response-me` query event',
...    ).add_callback(_callback_query, ).request()

>>> _response.is_success
True
>>> len(_response)
3
>>> for i in _response :
...     print i.body
{'From': 'node0', 'Payload': None, 'Type': 'ack'}
{'From': 'node0', 'Payload': '.......', 'Type': 'response'}
{'From': '', 'Payload': None, 'Type': 'done'}

In this example, we use request(), but query command will wait until the done response is received.

respond

>>> def _callback_respond (response, ) :
...     if not response.is_success :
...         raise ValueError(response.error, )
...
...     return
...
>>> def _callback_stream (response, ) :
...     print '> got stream response.'
... 
...     if response.body :
...         if response.body.get('Event') in ('query', ) :
...             # send respond back.
...             _client.respond(
...                     ID=response.body.get('ID'),
...                     Payload='this is payload',
...                     Timeout=10,
...                 ).add_callback(_callback_respond, ).request()
... 
>>> _client.stream(Type='query', ).add_callback(_callback_stream, ).watch()

Tips and Tricks

Chaining Commands

You can request multiple command at once like this,

>>> _responses = _client.members().join(Existing=('127.0.0.1:7902', ),Replay=True, ).request()

This chains two commands, members and join.

Disconnect After Getting Response

If you disconnect after getting the responses,

>>> _responses = _client.members(
...     ).join(
...         Existing=('127.0.0.1:7902', ),
...         Replay=True,
...     ).disconnect(wait=True, ).request()
>>> _responses

Without wait=True, it will just close the connection before sending requests.

Stop watching

Basically watch will keep receiving response until you manually disconnect or exception is occured. If you want to stop watching in specific condition, you can raise _exception.StopReceiveData.

>>> def _callback_stream (response, ) :
...     print '> got stream response.'
... 
...     if response.body :
...         if response.body.get('Event') in ('query', ) :
...             _client.stop(Stop=response.seq, )
...             raise _exception.StopReceiveData
... 
>>> _client.stream(Type='*', ).add_callback(_callback_stream, ).watch()

This will stop watching when query event is received, but stop request will not send automatically.

Use with Statement For One Time Request

>>> with serf.Client('127.0.0.1:7373,127.0.0.1:7374', ) as _client :
...     _client.members().request()

The outside of with block, the _client will be automatically be disconnect after getting response for members.

Host URL

To connect to the serf agent, you need to set the host url in the Client like this,

>>> serf.Client()

This will connect to the default RPC host, 127.0.0.1 and port, 7373.

>>> serf.Client('127.0.0.1:7373,127.0.0.1:7374', )

This will connect to the 127.0.0.1:7373 at first, if it is failed, try to the next one, 127.0.0.1:7374.

>>> serf.Client('serf://127.0.0.1:7373?AuthKey=valid-authkey', )

If your agent needs RPC auth_token, you can set the AuthKey in the host url. As you see, this is valid URI format.

serf://<host>:<port>?AuthKey=<auth key>

Todo and Next...

  • support the missing command, auth, etc.
  • support various environment, Django, flask, etc.

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Please share where and how you are using the serf-python.

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