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sshuttle: where transparent proxy meets VPN meets ssh

As far as I know, sshuttle is the only program that solves the following common case:

  • Your client machine (or router) is Linux, FreeBSD, or MacOS.
  • You have access to a remote network via ssh.
  • You don't necessarily have admin access on the remote network.
  • The remote network has no VPN, or only stupid/complex VPN protocols (IPsec, PPTP, etc). Or maybe you are the admin and you just got frustrated with the awful state of VPN tools.
  • You don't want to create an ssh port forward for every single host/port on the remote network.
  • You hate openssh's port forwarding because it's randomly slow and/or stupid.
  • You can't use openssh's PermitTunnel feature because it's disabled by default on openssh servers; plus it does TCP-over-TCP, which has terrible performance.

Obtaining sshuttle

  • Ubuntu 16.04 or later:

    apt-get install sshuttle
  • Debian stretch or later:

    apt-get install sshuttle
  • Arch Linux:

    pacman -S sshuttle
  • Fedora:

    dnf install sshuttle
  • openSUSE:

    zypper in sshuttle
  • Gentoo:

    emerge -av net-proxy/sshuttle
  • NixOS:

    nix-env -iA nixos.sshuttle
  • From PyPI:

    sudo pip install sshuttle
  • Clone:

    git clone
    cd sshuttle
    sudo ./ install
  • FreeBSD:

    # ports
    cd /usr/ports/net/py-sshuttle && make install clean
    # pkg
    pkg install py36-sshuttle
  • macOS, via MacPorts:

    sudo port selfupdate
    sudo port install sshuttle

It is also possible to install into a virtualenv as a non-root user.

  • From PyPI:

    virtualenv -p python3 /tmp/sshuttle
    . /tmp/sshuttle/bin/activate
    pip install sshuttle
  • Clone:

    virtualenv -p python3 /tmp/sshuttle
    . /tmp/sshuttle/bin/activate
    git clone
    cd sshuttle
    ./ install
  • Homebrew:

    brew install sshuttle
  • Nix:

    nix-env -iA nixpkgs.sshuttle


The documentation for the stable version is available at:

The documentation for the latest development version is available at:

Running as a service

Sshuttle can also be run as a service and configured using a config management system:


Transparent proxy server that works as a poor man's VPN. Forwards over ssh. Doesn't require admin. Works with Linux and MacOS. Supports DNS tunneling.







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