Malfunctional Programming
OCaml
Latest commit f9d5625 Feb 12, 2017 Stephen Dolan Support OCaml 4.04.0
Closes #11

README.md

Malfunction is a high-performance, low-level untyped program representation, designed as a target for compilers of functional programming languages.

Malfunction is a revolting hack, exposing bits of the OCaml compiler's guts that were never meant to see the light of day.

"Hello, World" looks like this:

(module
  (_ (apply (global $Pervasives $print_string) "Hello, world!\n"))
  (export))

Malfunction requires OCaml 4.03 with flambda enabled, which you can get by doing:

opam switch 4.03.0+flambda

Then, install malfunction using:

opam pin add malfunction git://github.com/stedolan/malfunction.git

You can then compile and run the above example with:

malfunction compile docs/helloworld.mlf -o hello
./hello

The syntax is based on s-expressions, and is designed to be easy to correctly generate, rather than to be particularly beautiful. For instance, there are no reserved words: all user-defined identifiers must be prefixed with $.

Files are compiled as OCaml modules, and may import values from OCaml (e.g. Pervasives.print_string in the example above) and export values to OCaml (using the export form). Modules written in malfunction may be combined with an mli file written in OCaml.

Malfunction makes no effort to check types. Typical programs do go wrong. Compilers targeting Malfunction need to convince themselves that their output won't go wrong, but don't need to explain their reasoning.

For more, read the spec, or the abstract submitted to the ML Workshop, or some examples

There's also an experimental backend for the dependently typed language Idris.