Server monitoring for memory, swap, process monitoring, storage check, and more.
Without an agent based monitoring system, monitoring your servers internals for items such as CPU, memory, storage, processes, etc becomes very difficult without manually checking. There are many reputable monitoring services on the web such as Pingdom (www.pingdom.com), and most hosting providers provide a monitoring system, but they do not provide an agent. Therefore, you can only do basic external checks such as ping, port, and http content checks. There is no way to report if your MySQL replication has failed, some critical process has stopped running, or if your about to max out your / partition.
This simple bash script is meant to compliment these types of monitoring services. Just drop the script into a web accessible directory, configure a few options and thresholds, setup a URL content check that looks at the status page searching for the string 'OK', and then you can rest easy at night that your monitoring service will alert you if any of the scripts conditions are triggered.
Security note: To avoid revealing information about your system, it is strongly recommended that you place this and all web based monitoring scripts behind a htaccess file that has authentication, whitelisting your monitoring servers IP addresses if they are known.
- Memory Check
- Swap Check
- Load Check
- Storage Check
- Process Check
- Replication Check
- HTTP Content Check
The currently configurable options and thresholds are listed below:
# Status page status_page=/var/www/system-health-check.html # Enable / Disable Checks memory_check=off swap_check=on load_check=on storage_check=on process_check=on replication_check=off http_content_check=off # Configure partitions for storage check partitions=( / ) # Configure process(es) to check process_names=( httpd mysqld postfix ) # Configure Thresholds memory_threshold=99 swap_threshold=80 load_threshold=10 storage_threshold=80
Download script to desired directory and set it to be executable:
cd /root git clone https://github.com/stephenlang/system-health-check chmod 755 system-health-check/system-health-check.sh
After configuring the tunables in the script (see above), create a cron job to execute the script every 5 minutes:
crontab -e */5 * * * * /root/system-health-check/system-health-check.sh
Now configure a URL content check with your monitoring providers tools check the status page searching for the string "OK". Below are two examples:
It is critical that you test this monitoring script before you rely on it. Bugs always exist somewhere, so test this before you implement it on your production systems! Here are some basic ways to test:
Configure all the thresholds really low so they will create an alarm. Manually run the script or wait for the cronjob to fire it off, then check the status page to see if it reports your checks are now in alarm.
To test out the process monitoring (assuming the system is not in production), configure the processes you want the script to check, then stop the process you are testing, and check the status page after the script runs to see if it reports your process is not running.
To test out the replication monitoring (assuming the system is not in production), log onto your MySQL slave server and run 'stop slave;'. Then check the status page after the script runs to see if it reports an error on replication.