A modern operating system for Kubernetes.
Talos is a modern operating system for Kubernetes that provides a number of capabilities. A few are:
- Security: reduce your attack surface by practicing the Principle of Least Privilege (PoLP) and enforcing mutual TLS (mTLS).
- Predictability: remove needless variables and reduce unknown factors from your environment using immutable infrastructure.
- Evolvability: simplify and increase your ability to easily accommodate future changes to your architecture.
For details on the design and usage of Talos, see the documentation.
$ kubectl get nodes -o wide NAME STATUS ROLES AGE VERSION INTERNAL-IP EXTERNAL-IP OS-IMAGE KERNEL-VERSION CONTAINER-RUNTIME 192.168.124.200 Ready master 50s v1.13.2 192.168.124.200 <none> Talos (v0.1.0-alpha.16) by Autonomy 4.19.10-talos containerd://1.2.2 192.168.124.201 Ready worker 26s v1.13.2 192.168.124.201 <none> Talos (v0.1.0-alpha.16) by Autonomy 4.19.10-talos containerd://1.2.2
- musl-libc: uses musl as the C standard library
- golang: implements a pure golang
- gRPC: exposes a secure gRPC API
- containerd: runs containerd for
systemservices in tandem with the builtin
CRIruntime for Kubernetes pods
- kubeadm: uses
kubeadmto create conformant Kubernetes clusters
Talos takes a defense in depth approach to security. Below, we touch on a few of the measures taken to increase the security posture of Talos.
Talos is a minimalistic distribution that consists of only a handful of binaries and shared libraries.
Just enough to run
containerd and a small set of
This aligns with NIST's recommendation in the Application Container Security Guide:
Whenever possible, organizations should use these minimalistic OSs to reduce their attack surfaces and mitigate the typical risks and hardening activities associated with general-purpose OSs.
Talos differentiates itself and improves on this since it is built for one purpose — to run Kubernetes.
There are a number of ways that Talos provides added hardening:
- employs the recommended configuration and runtime settings outlined in the Kernel Self Protection Project
- enables mutual TLS for the API
- enforces the settings and configurations described in the CIS guidelines
Talos improves its security posture further by mounting the root filesystem as read-only and removing any host-level access by traditional means such as a shell and SSH.
Stay current with our commitment to an
n-1 adoption rate of upstream Kubernetes.
Additionally, the latest LTS Linux kernel will always be used.
Each Talos node exposes an API designed with cluster administrators in mind.
It provides just enough to debug and remediate issues.
Using the provided CLI (
osctl), you can:
- restart a node (
- get CPU and memory usage of a container (
- view kernel buffer logs (
- restart a container (
- tail container logs (
$ osctl ps NAMESPACE ID IMAGE PID STATUS system blockd talos/blockd 1461 RUNNING system osd talos/osd 1449 RUNNING system proxyd talos/proxyd 2754 RUNNING system trustd talos/trustd 1451 RUNNING
or query the containers in the
$ osctl ps -k NAMESPACE ID IMAGE PID STATUS k8s.io 0ca1fc5944d6ed075a33197921e0ca4dd4937ae243e428b570fea87ff34f1811 sha256:da86e6ba6ca197bf6bc5e9d900febd906b133eaa4750e6bed647b0fbe50ed43e 2341 RUNNING k8s.io 356fc70fa1ba691deadf544b9ab4ade2256084a090a711eec3e70fc810709374 sha256:da86e6ba6ca197bf6bc5e9d900febd906b133eaa4750e6bed647b0fbe50ed43e 2342 RUNNING ... k8s.io e42ec788edc1e3af71cb6fa151dd8cc1076906dbe09d7099697f36069e38b5a8 sha256:4ff8d484069d463252df6a461ba13f073b247a4f19e421b3117c584d39b4a67f 2508 RUNNING k8s.io kubelet k8s.gcr.io/hyperkube:v1.13.2 2068 RUNNING
Follow us on Twitter for the latest on Talos, or join our slack for in-depth discussions!
Talos was an automaton created by the Greek God of the forge to protect the island of Crete. He would patrol the coast and enforce laws throughout the land. We felt it was a fitting name for a security focused operating system designed to run Kubernetes.
Why no shell or SSH?
We would like for Talos users to start thinking about what a "machine" is in the context of a Kubernetes cluster. That is that a Kubernetes cluster can be thought of as one massive machine and the nodes merely as additional resources. We don't want humans to focus on the nodes, but rather the machine that is the Kubernetes cluster. Should an issue arise at the node level, osctl should provide the necessary tooling to assist in the identification, debugging, and remediation of the issue. However, the API is based on the Principle of Least Privilege, and exposes only a limited set of methods. We aren't quite there yet, but we envision Talos being a great place for the application of control theory in order to provide a self-healing platform.
How is Talos different than CoreOS/RancherOS/Linuxkit?
Talos is similar in many ways, but there are some differences that make it unique. You can imagine Talos as a container image, in that it is immutable and built with a single purpose in mind. In this case, that purpose is Kubernetes. Talos tightly integrates with Kubernetes, and is not meant to be a general use operating system. This allows us to dramatically decrease the footprint of Talos, and in turn improve a number of other areas like security, predictability, and reliability. In addition to this, interaction with the host is done through a secure gRPC API. If you want to run Kubernetes with zero cruft, Talos is the perect fit.