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Application Specification

We have created this short spec to help you create awesome and consistent todo apps. Make sure to not only read it but to understand it as well.

Template Application

Our template should be used as the base when implementing a todo app. Before implementing, we recommend that you interact with some of the other apps to see how they're built and how they behave. Check out the Backbone app if you need a reference implementation. If something is unclear or could be improved, let us know.


Directory Structure

Recommended file structure:

└── app.css
├── app.js
├── controllers/
└── models/

Try to follow this structure as close as possible while still keeping to the framework’s best practices.

Components should be split up into separate files and placed into folders where it makes the most sense.


├── app.js
├── controllers/
│   └── todos.js
└── models/
    └── todo.js

Keep in mind that the framework’s best practices on how to structure your app come first.


All examples must include a README describing the framework, the general implementation, and the build process if required. There is an example readme included in the template.

Dependency Management

Unless it conflicts with the project's best practices, your example should use npm for package management. Specify your dependencies in a package.json file in the root directory of your app. The file must include todomvc-common and todomvc-app-css as dependencies. An example package.json could look like this:

  "private": true,
  "dependencies": {
    "backbone": "^1.1.2",
    "todomvc-app-css": "^1.0.0",
    "todomvc-common": "^1.0.1"

You should .gitignore everything in node_modules except the files actually used by your example. That means that documentation, READMEs and tests should not be included in the pull request.


Please try to keep the HTML as close to the template as possible. Remove the comments from the HTML when you are finished. The base.css file should be referenced from the assets folder and should not be touched. If you need to change some styles, use the app.css file, but try to keep changes to a minimum. Remember to update the relative paths when using the template.

Make sure to follow these:

  • Follow our code style.
  • Use double-quotes in HTML and single-quotes in JS and CSS.
  • Use npm packages for your third-party dependencies and manually remove files that aren't required for your app to run.
  • Use a constant instead of the keyCode directly: var ENTER_KEY = 13;
  • Apps should be written without any preprocessors (Sass/CoffeeScript/..) to reach the largest audience.
  • To make it easy to compare frameworks, the app should look and behave exactly like the template and the other examples.
  • We require apps to work in every browser we support.


No todos

When there are no todos, #main and #footer should be hidden.

New todo

New todos are entered in the input at the top of the app. The input element should be focused when the page is loaded, preferably by using the autofocus input attribute. Pressing Enter creates the todo, appends it to the todo list, and clears the input. Make sure to .trim() the input and then check that it's not empty before creating a new todo.

Mark all as complete

This checkbox toggles all the todos to the same state as itself. Make sure to clear the checked state after the "Clear completed" button is clicked. The "Mark all as complete" checkbox should also be updated when single todo items are checked/unchecked. Eg. When all the todos are checked it should also get checked.


A todo item has three possible interactions:

  1. Clicking the checkbox marks the todo as complete by updating its completed value and toggling the class completed on its parent <li>

  2. Double-clicking the <label> activates editing mode, by toggling the .editing class on its <li>

  3. Hovering over the todo shows the remove button (.destroy)


When editing mode is activated it will hide the other controls and bring forward an input that contains the todo title, which should be focused (.focus()). The edit should be saved on both blur and enter, and the editing class should be removed. Make sure to .trim() the input and then check that it's not empty. If it's empty the todo should instead be destroyed. If escape is pressed during the edit, the edit state should be left and any changes be discarded.


Displays the number of active todos in a pluralized form. Make sure the number is wrapped by a <strong> tag. Also make sure to pluralize the item word correctly: 0 items, 1 item, 2 items. Example: 2 items left

Clear completed button

Removes completed todos when clicked. Should be hidden when there are no completed todos.


Your app should dynamically persist the todos to localStorage. If the framework has capabilities for persisting data (e.g. Backbone.sync), use that. Otherwise, use vanilla localStorage. If possible, use the keys id, title, completed for each item. Make sure to use this format for the localStorage name: todos-[framework]. Editing mode should not be persisted.


Routing is required for all implementations. If supported by the framework, use its built-in capabilities. Otherwise, use the Flatiron Director routing library located in the /assets folder. The following routes should be implemented: #/ (all - default), #/active and #/completed (#!/ is also allowed). When the route changes, the todo list should be filtered on a model level and the selected class on the filter links should be toggled. When an item is updated while in a filtered state, it should be updated accordingly. E.g. if the filter is Active and the item is checked, it should be hidden. Make sure the active filter is persisted on reload.