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HowTo Setup a Local YUM/DNF RPM Repository

Note: This document is mere scratch notes at the moment. I.e. a work in progress.

  1. Create a directory for the repository: Example, ~/repo
cd ~
mkdir repo

Note: If you are sharing this with many users, you make want to do this as root and in the /var directory.

  1. Install the tool needed to create repos...
sudo dnf install createrepo_c
  1. Copy the RPMs you want to include in the repo, into the repo...
cp /path/to/rpms/*.rpm repo/
  1. Create the repo metadata...
cd repo
createrepo_c .

And, of course, if you did this in /var/repo you will want to do this as root: sudo createrepo_c .

  1. Create the yum .repo configuration file so that your linux system will now be able to fetch things from that repository...

Using a text editor as root create and edit /etc/yum.repo_d/my-rpms.repo and add this text to it and then save...

[my-rpms]
# No spaces allowed in that [repo-name] or you get a "bad id for repo" error
name=My RPMs $releasever - $basearch
baseurl=/home/<USERNAME>/repo
enabled=1
metadata_expire=1d
gpgcheck=0
#gpgcheck=1
#gpgkey=file:///<path to GPG key>/key.asc
#gpgkey=https://<URL to GPG key>/key.asc

Save that.

Notes:

  • Replace "" with your username -- if using the /var directory, that doesn't apply, of course.
  • If you didn't sign your packages, make sure the "gpgcheck" flag is off. Signing packages is beyond the scope of this document.
  1. Check that it yum/dnf knows about your repository...
sudo dnf repolist

Your repository should show on in the list.

  1. Install your RPM...

Note: For the first run, you will likely have to use the --refresh flag and any time you add more RPMs and refresh that repository.

sudo dnf install the-rpm-i-want-to-install
  1. Adding RPMs to that repository...

Just go through the same process starting at step 3. To install anything though you will definitely have to add --refresh to the dnf install commandline unless you wait the time needed for the metadata to expire.

cd ~/repo
cp /path/to/new-rpms/*.rpm ./
createrepo_c .
sudo dnf install the-rpm-i-want-to-install --refresh

Really, that is all there is to it. You can also make RPMs from a /var/repo repo available via HTTP. To do that, this reference may help you out: http://www.remotecto.net/2009/10/20/creating-a-local-and-http-redhat-yum-repository/

Good luck!