Skip to content
This repository has been archived by the owner on Feb 15, 2022. It is now read-only.


Folders and files

Last commit message
Last commit date

Latest commit



16 Commits

Repository files navigation

ECMAScript Proposal: export ns from

Stage: N/A - this instead became a "needs consensus" PR, and is merged into ECMA-262!

Champion: Valerie Young

Author: Lee Byron


  • Caridy Patiño
  • John-David Dalton
  • Leo Balter



Transpiler: See Babel's export-namespace-from plugin.

NOTE: Closely related to the export-default-from proposal.

Problem statement and rationale

The export ___ from "module" statements are a very useful mechanism for building up "package" modules in a declarative way. In the ECMAScript 2015 spec, we can:

  • export through a single export with export {x} from "mod"
  • ...optionally renaming it with export {x as v} from "mod".
  • We can also spread all exports with export * from "mod".

These three export-from statements are easy to understand if you understand the semantics of the similar looking import statements.

However there is an import statement which does not have corresponding export-from statement, exporting the ModuleNameSpace object as a named export.


export * as someIdentifier from "someModule";

Current ECMAScript 2015 Modules:

Import Statement Form [[ModuleRequest]] [[ImportName]] [[LocalName]]
import v from "mod"; "mod" "default" "v"
import * as ns from "mod"; "mod" "*" "ns"
import {x} from "mod"; "mod" "x" "x"
import {x as v} from "mod"; "mod" "x" "v"
import "mod";
Export Statement Form [[ModuleRequest]] [[ImportName]] [[LocalName]] [[ExportName]]
export var v; null null "v" "v"
export default function f(){}; null null "f" "default"
export default function(){}; null null "*default*" "default"
export default 42; null null "*default*" "default"
export {x}; null null "x" "x"
export {x as v}; null null "x" "v"
export {x} from "mod"; "mod" "x" null "x"
export {x as v} from "mod"; "mod" "x" null "v"
export * from "mod"; "mod" "*" null null

Proposed addition:

Export Statement Form [[ModuleRequest]] [[ImportName]] [[LocalName]] [[ExportName]]
export * as ns from "mod"; "mod" "*" null "ns"

Symmetry between import and export

There's a syntactic symmetry between the export-from statements and the import statements they resemble. There is also a semantic symmetry; where import creates a locally named binding, export-from creates an export entry.

As an existing example:

import {v} from "mod";

If then v should be exported, this can be followed by an export. However, if v is unused in the local scope, then it has introduced a name to the local scope unnecessarily.

import {v} from "mod";
export {v};

A single "export from" line directly creates an export entry, and does not alter the local scope. It is symmetric to the similar "import from" statement.

export {v} from "mod";

This presents a developer experience where it is expected that replacing the word import with export will always provide this symmetric behavior.

However, when there is a gap in this symmetry, it can lead to confusing behavior:

"I would like to chime in with use-case evidence. When I began using ES6 (via babel) and discovered imports could be re-exported I assumed the feature set would be symmetrical only to find out quite surprisingly that it was not. I would love to see this spec round out what I believe is a slightly incomplete feature set in ES6."

  • @jasonkuhrt

"I also bumped into this and even thought this was a bug in Babel."

  • @gaearon

Proposed addition:

The proposed addition follows this same symmetric pattern:

Importing a namespace exotic object (existing):

import * as ns from "mod";

Exporting that name (existing):

import * as ns from "mod";
export {ns};

Symmetric "export from" (proposed):

export * as ns from "mod";

Table showing symmetry

Using the terminology of Table 40 and Table 42 in ECMAScript 2015, the export-from form can be created from the symmetric import form by setting export-from's [[ExportName]] to import's [[LocalName]] and export-from's [[LocalName]] to null.

Statement Form [[ModuleRequest]] [[ImportName]] [[LocalName]] [[ExportName]]
import v from "mod"; "mod" "default" "v"
import {x} from "mod"; "mod" "x" "x"
export {x} from "mod"; "mod" "x" null "x"
import {x as v} from "mod"; "mod" "x" "v"
export {x as v} from "mod"; "mod" "x" null "v"
import * as ns from "mod"; "mod" "*" "ns"
export * as ns from "mod"; "mod" "*" null "ns"
export * from "mod"; "mod" "*" null null (many)