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Interested in upgrading from Leiningen 1 to Leiningen 2? I don't blame you! Look at all those great features. Let me offer some tips for getting started.


If you installed Leiningen 1.x by hand, move it out of the way first:

$ mv ~/bin/lein ~/bin/lein1

Download bin/lein from the stable branch:

$ wget -O ~/bin/lein
$ chmod 755 ~/bin/lein

Ensure ~/bin is on your $PATH.


The most noticeable change in Leiningen 2 is that the way plugins work has been totally revamped. It's much more reliable, but it might take a bit of adjustment. Firstly, all your user-level plugins are now stored in the :user profile instead of being manually installed. So if you have the following:

$ ls ~/.lein/plugins
lein-difftest-1.3.8.jar  lein-marginalia-0.7.1.jar lein-swank-1.4.4.jar

You'll have to translate that into a ~/.lein/profiles.clj file that looks like this:

{:user {:plugins [[lein-difftest "1.3.8"]
                  [lein-marginalia "0.7.1"]
                  [lein-pprint "1.1.1"]
                  [lein-swank "1.4.4"] ]}}

This mechanism means that there is only ever one list of plugins, so de-duplication issues between user-level plugins and project-level plugins will never be a problem. It also means your configuration can be checked into version control easily instead of having to re-run lein1 plugin install [...] on every new machine on which you work.

For more details on the :user profile see lein help profiles.

You may run into issues since not all plugins out there have been upgraded to work with Leiningen 2 yet. Please report such issues with the plugin author and/or the Leiningen mailing list. If the installation instructions for a plugin haven't been updated yet, you can try replacing "lein plugin install [...]" with just adding the corresponding name/version to the :plugins vector in your :user profile. This won't work for all plugins since some of them rely on violating the project/plugin isolation, but it will work for the simpler ones.


Now that your :user profile is in place, it's time to focus on the project which you plan to upgrade. We'll install a plugin (using Leiningen 1) to help with the process:

$ lein1 plugin install lein-precate 0.3.1

Precate, of course, is the opposite of deprecate. Running lein1 precate in your project will show you a suggested configuration which should be compatible with Leiningen 2, so it should just be a matter of copying the output to project.clj. Of course, no automated refactoring is perfect, so be sure to review it for a basic sanity check. But it should cover the majority of cases.

User-level Settings

The ~/.lein/init.clj file is still loaded at Leiningen startup, but it's no longer checked for settings. Most user-level settings should be moved to the :user profile:

{:user {:plugins [[lein-difftest "1.3.8"]
                  [lein-marginalia "0.7.1"]
                  [lein-pprint "1.1.1"]
                  [lein-swank "1.4.4"]]
        :search-page-size 30
        :repl-options {:prompt (fn [ns] (str "your command, master? "))}}}

The exception is the leiningen-auth map, which should be copied and encrypted in ~/.lein/credentials.clj.gpg. See lein help deploying under "Authentication" for details.


Leiningen 2 uses jars straight from the local maven repository (~/.m2), rather than also copying jars into the project's lib directory as 1.x does.

You may find the lein-pprint plugin useful for debugging your project, especially the effect of various profiles being applied.

Please report any issues you run into to the mailing list or the #leiningen channel on Freenode.

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