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The Famigo tech stack

Ever wonder what happens when you point your browser to Famigo? An array of no fewer than 20 technologies work together to bring you the requested page. The best way to explain it is to follow the request from start to finish.

  1. The first thing the request hits is our load balancer, which is powered by Amazon's Elastic Load Balancing service. This decides which server should handle the request by picking the one that's least busy.

  2. We have two identical servers for the load balancer to pick from. They both run the 64-bit version of Ubuntu Server 11.04 hosted on Amazon's Elastic Compute Cloud, also known as EC2. That means we don't have any physical servers in the Famigo offices; everything's in the cloud.

  3. After arriving on the server, the first program the request runs into is lighttpd, our web server. It serves static files like images and stylesheets. (Actually, most of our static files are served from Amazon's Simple Storage Service (S3) through their CloudFront content delivery network. It's a lot faster.)

  4. For requests that aren't static, lighttpd hands things over to flup, which in turn gives it to Python 2.7.1. All of our server-side code is written in Python and uses Django 1.3, a web framework.

  5. Most dynamic requests can be saved and returned later without doing any extra work. This saves us from computing a page twice if we know the results are going to be the same. Memcached handles caching the pages and getting them from memory.

  6. Pages that aren't in the cache probably require reading or writing from the database. We store everything in MongoDB and retrieve it with MongoEngine, which maps database documents to Python objects.

That covers almost everything required to process a request and return a web page. There are still a couple stones left to turn, though.

Back End

We use a lot of things on the back end that aren't directly involved with processing requests but are nonetheless essential.

  • Rackspace manages DNS for all our servers as well as forwarding old domains like famigogames.com.
  • We store our data in Amazon's Elastic Block Store (EBS). That handles the server images; the actual databases are in ephemeral storage.
  • Our Python environment requires more than 40 dependencies, which are managed by virtualenv. It's hard to overstate the importance and ease of using virtualenv.
  • Solr powers site search. We speak to Solr through pysolr.
  • For long-running or periodic tasks, we use Celery. It's a distributed task queue backed by Redis.
  • All of our code is managed with Git and hosted on GitHub in a private repository. Jenkins handles continuous integration whenever we push to GitHub.

Monitoring

In addition to all that, we use a few things to make sure everything else is running smoothly.

  • Every one of our servers runs Monit to make sure everything behaves. As soon as anything out of the ordinary happens, we get an email with a description of the offense.
  • We have one sentinel server that keeps an eye on the others using Nagios. It's important for us not to put all our eggs in one basket, especially when it comes to monitoring.
  • Just in case everything goes belly-up, we use CopperEgg and 10get's MMS for external monitoring.