Skip to content


Switch branches/tags

Name already in use

A tag already exists with the provided branch name. Many Git commands accept both tag and branch names, so creating this branch may cause unexpected behavior. Are you sure you want to create this branch?

Latest commit


Git stats


Failed to load latest commit information.
Latest commit message
Commit time

iconographer Build Status

iconographer is a tool to extract a representative frame from videos. This is done as a two stage process the first produces an image with a scanline per frame in the original the second analyses this data dump aiming to get a good salient/representative frame suitable for use for example as a thumbnail.

Example analysis

Iconographer works by extracting data for each frame of video, capturing an 3d RGB histogram for the color distribution, the audio magnitude and total squared pixel difference. The analysis phase can be used to extract visual single frame video thumbnails usable for data in for example video seekbars.

Iconographer makes used of the extracted data in a second pass, weighing criteria like good distribution of colors, not too early perhaps where the audio track is quite load, soon after a scene change to determine a representative frame to select.

Example usage:

Create frame.png from video.ogv

$ iconographer video.ogv frame.png

Create frame.png from video.ogv, and store analysis in analysis.png if analysis.png already exists it will be reused instead of recreated.

$ iconographer video.ogv -a analysis.png frame.png

Stop analysing after 120 seconds if video is not done yet, store resulting frame in frame.png

$ iconographer video.ogv frame.png -t 120

Make last frame for analysis/consideration be frame number 420

$ iconographer video.ogv frame.png -e 420

The image strip above was created with:

$ iconographer sintel-1024-surround.mp4 -p -h -f 'thumb 64' -s 1024 -e 2048 -a sintel-horizontal.png 

Optional arguments can be passed in addition

 -p  show progress in terminal
 -t  timeout, in seconds - only keep extracting frame data until this much time
     has passed
 -s  start-frame first frame in video to extract
 -e  end-frame last frame in video to extract, 0; the default means all frames
     of input video
 -h, --horizontal   store a horizontal strata instead of vertical.
 -f  format string, specify which forms of analysis to put in the analysis file,
     the default format is: "histogram audio 4 thumb 40 mid-col 20"

The analysis images contain a scanline per frame of the original video, interpreted as 24bit (8bpc) RGB data, or just as visual thumbnail references for the video. Valid entries in the format string are:

audio 4
thumb 50
mid-row 20
mid-col 30

where the numbers represents the number of pixels to store from the video per frame.

A run with the default settings on the same segment of Sintel that was used above.

Example analysis

For representative frame extraction to work properly the first element of the format string should be the "histogram", the expected default format maps to the following c in-memory structure.

#define RGB_HIST_DIM    6 
typedef struct FrameInfo
  uint8_t rgb_hist[RGB_HIST_SLOTS];
  uint8_t rgb_square_diff[3];
  uint8_t audio_energy[3];
  uint8_t thumb[3 * 40];
  uint8_t mid_col[3 * 20];
} FrameInfo;


tool to extract an representative frame from video







No packages published

Contributors 4