Stochastic Gradient Boosted Decision Trees as Standalone, TMVAPlugin and Python-Interface
C++ Python CMake C
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Latest commit e67f715 Jan 19, 2018


Stochastic Gradient Boosted Decision Trees, usable standalone, and via Python Interface.

Paper on ArXiv:

FastBDT: A speed-optimized and cache-friendly implementation of stochastic gradient-boosted decision trees for multivariate classification

Stochastic gradient-boosted decision trees are widely employed for multivariate classification and regression tasks. This paper presents a speed-optimized and cache-friendly implementation for multivariate classification called FastBDT. FastBDT is one order of magnitude faster during the fitting-phase and application-phase, in comparison with popular implementations in software frameworks like TMVA, scikit-learn and XGBoost. The concepts used to optimize the execution time and performance studies are discussed in detail in this paper. The key ideas include: An equal-frequency binning on the input data, which allows replacing expensive floating-point with integer operations, while at the same time increasing the quality of the classification; a cache-friendly linear access pattern to the input data, in contrast to usual implementations, which exhibit a random access pattern. FastBDT provides interfaces to C/C++ and Python. It is extensively used in the field of high energy physics by the Belle II experiment.


  • cmake .
  • make
  • make install
  • make package (optional to build rpm, deb packages)
  • python3 install (optional to install the python package)


Before you do anything you want to execute the unittests:

  • ./unittest

But usually it should be more convinient to use FastBDT as a library and integrate FastBDT directly into your application using

  • the C++ shared/static library (see example/CPPExample.cxx),
  • the C shared library,
  • or the Python3 library python/ (see example/ ).

Further reading

This work is mostly based on the papers by Jerome H. Friedman

FastBDT also implements the uGB techniques to boost to flatness: