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module ThoughtBot # :nodoc:
module Shoulda # :nodoc:
module ActiveRecord # :nodoc:
module MacroHelpers # :nodoc:
# Helper method that determines the default error message used by Active
# Record. Works for both existing Rails 2.1 and Rails 2.2 with the newly
# introduced I18n module used for localization.
#
# default_error_message(:blank)
# default_error_message(:too_short, :count => 5)
# default_error_message(:too_long, :count => 60)
def default_error_message(key, values = {})
if Object.const_defined?(:I18n) # Rails >= 2.2
I18n.translate("activerecord.errors.messages.#{key}", values)
else # Rails <= 2.1.x
::ActiveRecord::Errors.default_error_messages[key] % values[:count]
end
end
end
# = Macro test helpers for your active record models
#
# These helpers will test most of the validations and associations for your ActiveRecord models.
#
# class UserTest < Test::Unit::TestCase
# should_require_attributes :name, :phone_number
# should_not_allow_values_for :phone_number, "abcd", "1234"
# should_allow_values_for :phone_number, "(123) 456-7890"
#
# should_protect_attributes :password
#
# should_have_one :profile
# should_have_many :dogs
# should_have_many :messes, :through => :dogs
# should_belong_to :lover
# end
#
# For all of these helpers, the last parameter may be a hash of options.
#
module Macros
include MacroHelpers
# <b>DEPRECATED:</b> Use <tt>fixtures :all</tt> instead
#
# Loads all fixture files (<tt>test/fixtures/*.yml</tt>)
def load_all_fixtures
warn "[DEPRECATION] load_all_fixtures is deprecated. Use `fixtures :all` instead."
fixtures :all
end
# Ensures that the model cannot be saved if one of the attributes listed is not present.
#
# If an instance variable has been created in the setup named after the
# model being tested, then this method will use that. Otherwise, it will
# create a new instance to test against.
#
# Options:
# * <tt>:message</tt> - value the test expects to find in <tt>errors.on(:attribute)</tt>.
# Regexp or string. Default = <tt>I18n.translate('activerecord.errors.messages.blank')</tt>
#
# Example:
# should_require_attributes :name, :phone_number
#
def should_require_attributes(*attributes)
message = get_options!(attributes, :message)
message ||= default_error_message(:blank)
klass = model_class
attributes.each do |attribute|
should "require #{attribute} to be set" do
assert_bad_value(klass, attribute, nil, message)
end
end
end
# Ensures that the model cannot be saved if one of the attributes listed is not unique.
# Requires an existing record
#
# Options:
# * <tt>:message</tt> - value the test expects to find in <tt>errors.on(:attribute)</tt>.
# Regexp or string. Default = <tt>I18n.translate('activerecord.errors.messages.taken')</tt>
# * <tt>:scoped_to</tt> - field(s) to scope the uniqueness to.
#
# Examples:
# should_require_unique_attributes :keyword, :username
# should_require_unique_attributes :name, :message => "O NOES! SOMEONE STOELED YER NAME!"
# should_require_unique_attributes :email, :scoped_to => :name
# should_require_unique_attributes :address, :scoped_to => [:first_name, :last_name]
#
def should_require_unique_attributes(*attributes)
message, scope = get_options!(attributes, :message, :scoped_to)
scope = [*scope].compact
message ||= default_error_message(:taken)
klass = model_class
attributes.each do |attribute|
attribute = attribute.to_sym
should "require unique value for #{attribute}#{" scoped to #{scope.join(', ')}" unless scope.blank?}" do
assert existing = klass.find(:first), "Can't find first #{klass}"
object = klass.new
existing_value = existing.send(attribute)
if !scope.blank?
scope.each do |s|
assert_respond_to object, :"#{s}=", "#{klass.name} doesn't seem to have a #{s} attribute."
object.send("#{s}=", existing.send(s))
end
end
assert_bad_value(object, attribute, existing_value, message)
# Now test that the object is valid when changing the scoped attribute
# TODO: There is a chance that we could change the scoped field
# to a value that's already taken. An alternative implementation
# could actually find all values for scope and create a unique
# one.
if !scope.blank?
scope.each do |s|
# Assume the scope is a foreign key if the field is nil
object.send("#{s}=", existing.send(s).nil? ? 1 : existing.send(s).next)
assert_good_value(object, attribute, existing_value, message)
end
end
end
end
end
# Ensures that the attribute cannot be set on mass update.
#
# should_protect_attributes :password, :admin_flag
#
def should_protect_attributes(*attributes)
get_options!(attributes)
klass = model_class
attributes.each do |attribute|
attribute = attribute.to_sym
should "protect #{attribute} from mass updates" do
protected = klass.protected_attributes || []
accessible = klass.accessible_attributes || []
assert protected.include?(attribute.to_s) ||
(!accessible.empty? && !accessible.include?(attribute.to_s)),
(accessible.empty? ?
"#{klass} is protecting #{protected.to_a.to_sentence}, but not #{attribute}." :
"#{klass} has made #{attribute} accessible")
end
end
end
# Ensures that the attribute cannot be changed once the record has been created.
#
# should_have_readonly_attributes :password, :admin_flag
#
def should_have_readonly_attributes(*attributes)
get_options!(attributes)
klass = model_class
attributes.each do |attribute|
attribute = attribute.to_sym
should "make #{attribute} read-only" do
readonly = klass.readonly_attributes || []
assert readonly.include?(attribute.to_s),
(readonly.empty? ?
"#{klass} attribute #{attribute} is not read-only" :
"#{klass} is making #{readonly.to_a.to_sentence} read-only, but not #{attribute}.")
end
end
end
# Ensures that the attribute cannot be set to the given values
#
# If an instance variable has been created in the setup named after the
# model being tested, then this method will use that. Otherwise, it will
# create a new instance to test against.
#
# Options:
# * <tt>:message</tt> - value the test expects to find in <tt>errors.on(:attribute)</tt>.
# Regexp or string. Default = <tt>I18n.translate('activerecord.errors.messages.invalid')</tt>
#
# Example:
# should_not_allow_values_for :isbn, "bad 1", "bad 2"
#
def should_not_allow_values_for(attribute, *bad_values)
message = get_options!(bad_values, :message)
message ||= default_error_message(:invalid)
klass = model_class
bad_values.each do |v|
should "not allow #{attribute} to be set to #{v.inspect}" do
assert_bad_value(klass, attribute, v, message)
end
end
end
# Ensures that the attribute can be set to the given values.
#
# If an instance variable has been created in the setup named after the
# model being tested, then this method will use that. Otherwise, it will
# create a new instance to test against.
#
# Example:
# should_allow_values_for :isbn, "isbn 1 2345 6789 0", "ISBN 1-2345-6789-0"
#
def should_allow_values_for(attribute, *good_values)
get_options!(good_values)
klass = model_class
good_values.each do |v|
should "allow #{attribute} to be set to #{v.inspect}" do
assert_good_value(klass, attribute, v)
end
end
end
# Ensures that the length of the attribute is in the given range
#
# If an instance variable has been created in the setup named after the
# model being tested, then this method will use that. Otherwise, it will
# create a new instance to test against.
#
# Options:
# * <tt>:short_message</tt> - value the test expects to find in <tt>errors.on(:attribute)</tt>.
# Regexp or string. Default = <tt>I18n.translate('activerecord.errors.messages.too_short') % range.first</tt>
# * <tt>:long_message</tt> - value the test expects to find in <tt>errors.on(:attribute)</tt>.
# Regexp or string. Default = <tt>I18n.translate('activerecord.errors.messages.too_long') % range.last</tt>
#
# Example:
# should_ensure_length_in_range :password, (6..20)
#
def should_ensure_length_in_range(attribute, range, opts = {})
short_message, long_message = get_options!([opts], :short_message, :long_message)
short_message ||= default_error_message(:too_short, :count => range.first)
long_message ||= default_error_message(:too_long, :count => range.last)
klass = model_class
min_length = range.first
max_length = range.last
same_length = (min_length == max_length)
if min_length > 0
should "not allow #{attribute} to be less than #{min_length} chars long" do
min_value = "x" * (min_length - 1)
assert_bad_value(klass, attribute, min_value, short_message)
end
end
if min_length > 0
should "allow #{attribute} to be exactly #{min_length} chars long" do
min_value = "x" * min_length
assert_good_value(klass, attribute, min_value, short_message)
end
end
should "not allow #{attribute} to be more than #{max_length} chars long" do
max_value = "x" * (max_length + 1)
assert_bad_value(klass, attribute, max_value, long_message)
end
unless same_length
should "allow #{attribute} to be exactly #{max_length} chars long" do
max_value = "x" * max_length
assert_good_value(klass, attribute, max_value, long_message)
end
end
end
# Ensures that the length of the attribute is at least a certain length
#
# If an instance variable has been created in the setup named after the
# model being tested, then this method will use that. Otherwise, it will
# create a new instance to test against.
#
# Options:
# * <tt>:short_message</tt> - value the test expects to find in <tt>errors.on(:attribute)</tt>.
# Regexp or string. Default = <tt>I18n.translate('activerecord.errors.messages.too_short') % min_length</tt>
#
# Example:
# should_ensure_length_at_least :name, 3
#
def should_ensure_length_at_least(attribute, min_length, opts = {})
short_message = get_options!([opts], :short_message)
short_message ||= default_error_message(:too_short, :count => min_length)
klass = model_class
if min_length > 0
min_value = "x" * (min_length - 1)
should "not allow #{attribute} to be less than #{min_length} chars long" do
assert_bad_value(klass, attribute, min_value, short_message)
end
end
should "allow #{attribute} to be at least #{min_length} chars long" do
valid_value = "x" * (min_length)
assert_good_value(klass, attribute, valid_value, short_message)
end
end
# Ensures that the length of the attribute is exactly a certain length
#
# If an instance variable has been created in the setup named after the
# model being tested, then this method will use that. Otherwise, it will
# create a new instance to test against.
#
# Options:
# * <tt>:message</tt> - value the test expects to find in <tt>errors.on(:attribute)</tt>.
# Regexp or string. Default = <tt>I18n.translate('activerecord.errors.messages.wrong_length') % length</tt>
#
# Example:
# should_ensure_length_is :ssn, 9
#
def should_ensure_length_is(attribute, length, opts = {})
message = get_options!([opts], :message)
message ||= default_error_message(:wrong_length, :count => length)
klass = model_class
should "not allow #{attribute} to be less than #{length} chars long" do
min_value = "x" * (length - 1)
assert_bad_value(klass, attribute, min_value, message)
end
should "not allow #{attribute} to be greater than #{length} chars long" do
max_value = "x" * (length + 1)
assert_bad_value(klass, attribute, max_value, message)
end
should "allow #{attribute} to be #{length} chars long" do
valid_value = "x" * (length)
assert_good_value(klass, attribute, valid_value, message)
end
end
# Ensure that the attribute is in the range specified
#
# If an instance variable has been created in the setup named after the
# model being tested, then this method will use that. Otherwise, it will
# create a new instance to test against.
#
# Options:
# * <tt>:low_message</tt> - value the test expects to find in <tt>errors.on(:attribute)</tt>.
# Regexp or string. Default = <tt>I18n.translate('activerecord.errors.messages.inclusion')</tt>
# * <tt>:high_message</tt> - value the test expects to find in <tt>errors.on(:attribute)</tt>.
# Regexp or string. Default = <tt>I18n.translate('activerecord.errors.messages.inclusion')</tt>
#
# Example:
# should_ensure_value_in_range :age, (0..100)
#
def should_ensure_value_in_range(attribute, range, opts = {})
low_message, high_message = get_options!([opts], :low_message, :high_message)
low_message ||= default_error_message(:inclusion)
high_message ||= default_error_message(:inclusion)
klass = model_class
min = range.first
max = range.last
should "not allow #{attribute} to be less than #{min}" do
v = min - 1
assert_bad_value(klass, attribute, v, low_message)
end
should "allow #{attribute} to be #{min}" do
v = min
assert_good_value(klass, attribute, v, low_message)
end
should "not allow #{attribute} to be more than #{max}" do
v = max + 1
assert_bad_value(klass, attribute, v, high_message)
end
should "allow #{attribute} to be #{max}" do
v = max
assert_good_value(klass, attribute, v, high_message)
end
end
# Ensure that the attribute is numeric
#
# If an instance variable has been created in the setup named after the
# model being tested, then this method will use that. Otherwise, it will
# create a new instance to test against.
#
# Options:
# * <tt>:message</tt> - value the test expects to find in <tt>errors.on(:attribute)</tt>.
# Regexp or string. Default = <tt>I18n.translate('activerecord.errors.messages.not_a_number')</tt>
#
# Example:
# should_only_allow_numeric_values_for :age
#
def should_only_allow_numeric_values_for(*attributes)
message = get_options!(attributes, :message)
message ||= default_error_message(:not_a_number)
klass = model_class
attributes.each do |attribute|
attribute = attribute.to_sym
should "only allow numeric values for #{attribute}" do
assert_bad_value(klass, attribute, "abcd", message)
end
end
end
# Ensures that the has_many relationship exists. Will also test that the
# associated table has the required columns. Works with polymorphic
# associations.
#
# Options:
# * <tt>:through</tt> - association name for <tt>has_many :through</tt>
# * <tt>:dependent</tt> - tests that the association makes use of the dependent option.
#
# Example:
# should_have_many :friends
# should_have_many :enemies, :through => :friends
# should_have_many :enemies, :dependent => :destroy
#
def should_have_many(*associations)
through, dependent = get_options!(associations, :through, :dependent)
klass = model_class
associations.each do |association|
name = "have many #{association}"
name += " through #{through}" if through
name += " dependent => #{dependent}" if dependent
should name do
reflection = klass.reflect_on_association(association)
assert reflection, "#{klass.name} does not have any relationship to #{association}"
assert_equal :has_many, reflection.macro
if through
through_reflection = klass.reflect_on_association(through)
assert through_reflection, "#{klass.name} does not have any relationship to #{through}"
assert_equal(through, reflection.options[:through])
end
if dependent
assert_equal dependent.to_s,
reflection.options[:dependent].to_s,
"#{association} should have #{dependent} dependency"
end
# Check for the existence of the foreign key on the other table
unless reflection.options[:through]
if reflection.options[:foreign_key]
fk = reflection.options[:foreign_key]
elsif reflection.options[:as]
fk = reflection.options[:as].to_s.foreign_key
else
fk = reflection.primary_key_name
end
associated_klass_name = (reflection.options[:class_name] || association.to_s.classify)
associated_klass = associated_klass_name.constantize
assert associated_klass.column_names.include?(fk.to_s),
"#{associated_klass.name} does not have a #{fk} foreign key."
end
end
end
end
# Ensure that the has_one relationship exists. Will also test that the
# associated table has the required columns. Works with polymorphic
# associations.
#
# Options:
# * <tt>:dependent</tt> - tests that the association makes use of the dependent option.
#
# Example:
# should_have_one :god # unless hindu
#
def should_have_one(*associations)
dependent = get_options!(associations, :dependent)
klass = model_class
associations.each do |association|
name = "have one #{association}"
name += " dependent => #{dependent}" if dependent
should name do
reflection = klass.reflect_on_association(association)
assert reflection, "#{klass.name} does not have any relationship to #{association}"
assert_equal :has_one, reflection.macro
associated_klass = (reflection.options[:class_name] || association.to_s.camelize).constantize
if reflection.options[:foreign_key]
fk = reflection.options[:foreign_key]
elsif reflection.options[:as]
fk = reflection.options[:as].to_s.foreign_key
fk_type = fk.gsub(/_id$/, '_type')
assert associated_klass.column_names.include?(fk_type),
"#{associated_klass.name} does not have a #{fk_type} column."
else
fk = klass.name.foreign_key
end
assert associated_klass.column_names.include?(fk.to_s),
"#{associated_klass.name} does not have a #{fk} foreign key."
if dependent
assert_equal dependent.to_s,
reflection.options[:dependent].to_s,
"#{association} should have #{dependent} dependency"
end
end
end
end
# Ensures that the has_and_belongs_to_many relationship exists, and that the join
# table is in place.
#
# should_have_and_belong_to_many :posts, :cars
#
def should_have_and_belong_to_many(*associations)
get_options!(associations)
klass = model_class
associations.each do |association|
should "should have and belong to many #{association}" do
reflection = klass.reflect_on_association(association)
assert reflection, "#{klass.name} does not have any relationship to #{association}"
assert_equal :has_and_belongs_to_many, reflection.macro
table = reflection.options[:join_table]
assert ::ActiveRecord::Base.connection.tables.include?(table), "table #{table} doesn't exist"
end
end
end
# Ensure that the belongs_to relationship exists.
#
# should_belong_to :parent
#
def should_belong_to(*associations)
get_options!(associations)
klass = model_class
associations.each do |association|
should "belong_to #{association}" do
reflection = klass.reflect_on_association(association)
assert reflection, "#{klass.name} does not have any relationship to #{association}"
assert_equal :belongs_to, reflection.macro
unless reflection.options[:polymorphic]
associated_klass = (reflection.options[:class_name] || association.to_s.camelize).constantize
fk = reflection.options[:foreign_key] || reflection.primary_key_name
assert klass.column_names.include?(fk.to_s), "#{klass.name} does not have a #{fk} foreign key."
end
end
end
end
# Ensure that the given class methods are defined on the model.
#
# should_have_class_methods :find, :destroy
#
def should_have_class_methods(*methods)
get_options!(methods)
klass = model_class
methods.each do |method|
should "respond to class method ##{method}" do
assert_respond_to klass, method, "#{klass.name} does not have class method #{method}"
end
end
end
# Ensure that the given instance methods are defined on the model.
#
# should_have_instance_methods :email, :name, :name=
#
def should_have_instance_methods(*methods)
get_options!(methods)
klass = model_class
methods.each do |method|
should "respond to instance method ##{method}" do
assert_respond_to klass.new, method, "#{klass.name} does not have instance method #{method}"
end
end
end
# Ensure that the given columns are defined on the models backing SQL table.
#
# should_have_db_columns :id, :email, :name, :created_at
#
def should_have_db_columns(*columns)
column_type = get_options!(columns, :type)
klass = model_class
columns.each do |name|
test_name = "have column #{name}"
test_name += " of type #{column_type}" if column_type
should test_name do
column = klass.columns.detect {|c| c.name == name.to_s }
assert column, "#{klass.name} does not have column #{name}"
end
end
end
# Ensure that the given column is defined on the models backing SQL table. The options are the same as
# the instance variables defined on the column definition: :precision, :limit, :default, :null,
# :primary, :type, :scale, and :sql_type.
#
# should_have_db_column :email, :type => "string", :default => nil, :precision => nil, :limit => 255,
# :null => true, :primary => false, :scale => nil, :sql_type => 'varchar(255)'
#
def should_have_db_column(name, opts = {})
klass = model_class
test_name = "have column named :#{name}"
test_name += " with options " + opts.inspect unless opts.empty?
should test_name do
column = klass.columns.detect {|c| c.name == name.to_s }
assert column, "#{klass.name} does not have column #{name}"
opts.each do |k, v|
assert_equal column.instance_variable_get("@#{k}").to_s, v.to_s, ":#{name} column on table for #{klass} does not match option :#{k}"
end
end
end
# Ensures that there are DB indices on the given columns or tuples of columns.
# Also aliased to should_have_index for readability
#
# should_have_indices :email, :name, [:commentable_type, :commentable_id]
# should_have_index :age
#
def should_have_indices(*columns)
table = model_class.table_name
indices = ::ActiveRecord::Base.connection.indexes(table).map(&:columns)
columns.each do |column|
should "have index on #{table} for #{column.inspect}" do
columns = [column].flatten.map(&:to_s)
assert_contains(indices, columns)
end
end
end
alias_method :should_have_index, :should_have_indices
# Ensures that the model cannot be saved if one of the attributes listed is not accepted.
#
# If an instance variable has been created in the setup named after the
# model being tested, then this method will use that. Otherwise, it will
# create a new instance to test against.
#
# Options:
# * <tt>:message</tt> - value the test expects to find in <tt>errors.on(:attribute)</tt>.
# Regexp or string. Default = <tt>I18n.translate('activerecord.errors.messages.accepted')</tt>
#
# Example:
# should_require_acceptance_of :eula
#
def should_require_acceptance_of(*attributes)
message = get_options!(attributes, :message)
message ||= default_error_message(:accepted)
klass = model_class
attributes.each do |attribute|
should "require #{attribute} to be accepted" do
assert_bad_value(klass, attribute, false, message)
end
end
end
# Ensures that the model has a method named scope_name that returns a NamedScope object with the
# proxy options set to the options you supply. scope_name can be either a symbol, or a method
# call which will be evaled against the model. The eval'd method call has access to all the same
# instance variables that a should statement would.
#
# Options: Any of the options that the named scope would pass on to find.
#
# Example:
#
# should_have_named_scope :visible, :conditions => {:visible => true}
#
# Passes for
#
# named_scope :visible, :conditions => {:visible => true}
#
# Or for
#
# def self.visible
# scoped(:conditions => {:visible => true})
# end
#
# You can test lambdas or methods that return ActiveRecord#scoped calls:
#
# should_have_named_scope 'recent(5)', :limit => 5
# should_have_named_scope 'recent(1)', :limit => 1
#
# Passes for
# named_scope :recent, lambda {|c| {:limit => c}}
#
# Or for
#
# def self.recent(c)
# scoped(:limit => c)
# end
#
def should_have_named_scope(scope_call, *args)
klass = model_class
scope_opts = args.extract_options!
scope_call = scope_call.to_s
context scope_call do
setup do
@scope = eval("#{klass}.#{scope_call}")
end
should "return a scope object" do
assert_equal ::ActiveRecord::NamedScope::Scope, @scope.class
end
unless scope_opts.empty?
should "scope itself to #{scope_opts.inspect}" do
assert_equal scope_opts, @scope.proxy_options
end
end
end
end
end
end
end
end
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