A simple rating system for the Eye Of Gnome image viewer. You can set star ratings (between 0-3), and tags (comma-separated).
This data is stored both as
xattr metadata on each file for interoperability / convenience / locality, and as a plain JSON file (one per directory) for resilience against backup or transport systems that don't preserve
xattr metadata. Read up on dumbattr for the technical details (including a command to bulk-restore xattrs from the JSON serialization after such an event).
eog-rate comes with a command-line tool which can be used to find files (recursively) with ratings or tags that satisfy specific criteria. But you can use the
dumbattr library (or xattr / JSON directly) to do whatever you want - it's your data.