Self Balancing Grid Demonstrator
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README.md

IOTA Self Balancing Grid

Self Balancing Grid

How devices can balance the grid themselves

Background

In 2017 when we started to develop the Electric Vehicle charger that was solely using IOTA as a payment solution and communication solution, and in beginning 2018 when we created the world’s first IOTA Smart Charging station we already had in mind that this charger was only one part of the vision we had in mind.

A charge station is the first device in our grid that consumes a lot of energy, is connected, and is probably used on a massive scale in the future. For the last decade we tried to use less energy in our homes, but we have to admit that we’ve be using more and more electric energy. Heat pumps, electric cars and other electricity powered devices will only add more to that.

This means that we’ll start using the grid more, and probably reach the limits of our grids. Back in the days when the cables were put in the ground, we weren’t thinking about heat pumps, electric cars and other high power devices that we are going to use today. The challenge is not that we can’t deliver the energy required, but the challenge is that we use that energy all at the same time of the day; usually in the morning around 8 and in the evening around 7. Our grid is not capable of handling that peak demand, and it’s pretty useless to invest lots of money to deal with the peak for let’s say 30 to 60 minutes a day, while we have the technology to spread the energy usage over time.

We built a demonstrator to show a solution where devices adjust their power usage based on messages from a transformer.

Technicals

Read our blogpost to find out how it works and why we chose to do stuff a certain way. Below you will find the steps to run the code!

Raspberry Pi

Run the install_deps_pi.sh script to install all dependencies. After that, copy the contents of the src-trafo or src-cp to the ~/electron folder on the Raspberry Pi.

Make sure to create a config file based on our template!

Backend

Copy the src-api folder to a vps and run npm install to install all dependencies. Then simply run node server.js to get started!