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/*
* Copyright (C) 2008 Mathieu Desnoyers
*
* This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
* it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
* the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
* (at your option) any later version.
*
* This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
* but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
* MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
* GNU General Public License for more details.
*
* You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
* along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
* Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place - Suite 330, Boston, MA 02111-1307, USA.
*/
#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/mutex.h>
#include <linux/types.h>
#include <linux/jhash.h>
#include <linux/list.h>
#include <linux/rcupdate.h>
#include <linux/tracepoint.h>
#include <linux/err.h>
#include <linux/slab.h>
#include <linux/sched.h>
#include <linux/static_key.h>
extern struct tracepoint * const __start___tracepoints_ptrs[];
extern struct tracepoint * const __stop___tracepoints_ptrs[];
/* Set to 1 to enable tracepoint debug output */
static const int tracepoint_debug;
/*
* Tracepoints mutex protects the builtin and module tracepoints and the hash
* table, as well as the local module list.
*/
static DEFINE_MUTEX(tracepoints_mutex);
#ifdef CONFIG_MODULES
/* Local list of struct module */
static LIST_HEAD(tracepoint_module_list);
#endif /* CONFIG_MODULES */
/*
* Tracepoint hash table, containing the active tracepoints.
* Protected by tracepoints_mutex.
*/
#define TRACEPOINT_HASH_BITS 6
#define TRACEPOINT_TABLE_SIZE (1 << TRACEPOINT_HASH_BITS)
static struct hlist_head tracepoint_table[TRACEPOINT_TABLE_SIZE];
/*
* Note about RCU :
* It is used to delay the free of multiple probes array until a quiescent
* state is reached.
* Tracepoint entries modifications are protected by the tracepoints_mutex.
*/
struct tracepoint_entry {
struct hlist_node hlist;
struct tracepoint_func *funcs;
int refcount; /* Number of times armed. 0 if disarmed. */
char name[0];
};
struct tp_probes {
union {
struct rcu_head rcu;
struct list_head list;
} u;
struct tracepoint_func probes[0];
};
static inline void *allocate_probes(int count)
{
struct tp_probes *p = kmalloc(count * sizeof(struct tracepoint_func)
+ sizeof(struct tp_probes), GFP_KERNEL);
return p == NULL ? NULL : p->probes;
}
static void rcu_free_old_probes(struct rcu_head *head)
{
kfree(container_of(head, struct tp_probes, u.rcu));
}
static inline void release_probes(struct tracepoint_func *old)
{
if (old) {
struct tp_probes *tp_probes = container_of(old,
struct tp_probes, probes[0]);
call_rcu_sched(&tp_probes->u.rcu, rcu_free_old_probes);
}
}
static void debug_print_probes(struct tracepoint_entry *entry)
{
int i;
if (!tracepoint_debug || !entry->funcs)
return;
for (i = 0; entry->funcs[i].func; i++)
printk(KERN_DEBUG "Probe %d : %p\n", i, entry->funcs[i].func);
}
static struct tracepoint_func *
tracepoint_entry_add_probe(struct tracepoint_entry *entry,
void *probe, void *data)
{
int nr_probes = 0;
struct tracepoint_func *old, *new;
WARN_ON(!probe);
debug_print_probes(entry);
old = entry->funcs;
if (old) {
/* (N -> N+1), (N != 0, 1) probes */
for (nr_probes = 0; old[nr_probes].func; nr_probes++)
if (old[nr_probes].func == probe &&
old[nr_probes].data == data)
return ERR_PTR(-EEXIST);
}
/* + 2 : one for new probe, one for NULL func */
new = allocate_probes(nr_probes + 2);
if (new == NULL)
return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
if (old)
memcpy(new, old, nr_probes * sizeof(struct tracepoint_func));
new[nr_probes].func = probe;
new[nr_probes].data = data;
new[nr_probes + 1].func = NULL;
entry->refcount = nr_probes + 1;
entry->funcs = new;
debug_print_probes(entry);
return old;
}
static void *
tracepoint_entry_remove_probe(struct tracepoint_entry *entry,
void *probe, void *data)
{
int nr_probes = 0, nr_del = 0, i;
struct tracepoint_func *old, *new;
old = entry->funcs;
if (!old)
return ERR_PTR(-ENOENT);
debug_print_probes(entry);
/* (N -> M), (N > 1, M >= 0) probes */
for (nr_probes = 0; old[nr_probes].func; nr_probes++) {
if (!probe ||
(old[nr_probes].func == probe &&
old[nr_probes].data == data))
nr_del++;
}
if (nr_probes - nr_del == 0) {
/* N -> 0, (N > 1) */
entry->funcs = NULL;
entry->refcount = 0;
debug_print_probes(entry);
return old;
} else {
int j = 0;
/* N -> M, (N > 1, M > 0) */
/* + 1 for NULL */
new = allocate_probes(nr_probes - nr_del + 1);
if (new == NULL)
return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
for (i = 0; old[i].func; i++)
if (probe &&
(old[i].func != probe || old[i].data != data))
new[j++] = old[i];
new[nr_probes - nr_del].func = NULL;
entry->refcount = nr_probes - nr_del;
entry->funcs = new;
}
debug_print_probes(entry);
return old;
}
/*
* Get tracepoint if the tracepoint is present in the tracepoint hash table.
* Must be called with tracepoints_mutex held.
* Returns NULL if not present.
*/
static struct tracepoint_entry *get_tracepoint(const char *name)
{
struct hlist_head *head;
struct hlist_node *node;
struct tracepoint_entry *e;
u32 hash = jhash(name, strlen(name), 0);
head = &tracepoint_table[hash & (TRACEPOINT_TABLE_SIZE - 1)];
hlist_for_each_entry(e, node, head, hlist) {
if (!strcmp(name, e->name))
return e;
}
return NULL;
}
/*
* Add the tracepoint to the tracepoint hash table. Must be called with
* tracepoints_mutex held.
*/
static struct tracepoint_entry *add_tracepoint(const char *name)
{
struct hlist_head *head;
struct hlist_node *node;
struct tracepoint_entry *e;
size_t name_len = strlen(name) + 1;
u32 hash = jhash(name, name_len-1, 0);
head = &tracepoint_table[hash & (TRACEPOINT_TABLE_SIZE - 1)];
hlist_for_each_entry(e, node, head, hlist) {
if (!strcmp(name, e->name)) {
printk(KERN_NOTICE
"tracepoint %s busy\n", name);
return ERR_PTR(-EEXIST); /* Already there */
}
}
/*
* Using kmalloc here to allocate a variable length element. Could
* cause some memory fragmentation if overused.
*/
e = kmalloc(sizeof(struct tracepoint_entry) + name_len, GFP_KERNEL);
if (!e)
return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
memcpy(&e->name[0], name, name_len);
e->funcs = NULL;
e->refcount = 0;
hlist_add_head(&e->hlist, head);
return e;
}
/*
* Remove the tracepoint from the tracepoint hash table. Must be called with
* mutex_lock held.
*/
static inline void remove_tracepoint(struct tracepoint_entry *e)
{
hlist_del(&e->hlist);
kfree(e);
}
/*
* Sets the probe callback corresponding to one tracepoint.
*/
static void set_tracepoint(struct tracepoint_entry **entry,
struct tracepoint *elem, int active)
{
WARN_ON(strcmp((*entry)->name, elem->name) != 0);
if (elem->regfunc && !static_key_enabled(&elem->key) && active)
elem->regfunc();
else if (elem->unregfunc && static_key_enabled(&elem->key) && !active)
elem->unregfunc();
/*
* rcu_assign_pointer has a smp_wmb() which makes sure that the new
* probe callbacks array is consistent before setting a pointer to it.
* This array is referenced by __DO_TRACE from
* include/linux/tracepoints.h. A matching smp_read_barrier_depends()
* is used.
*/
rcu_assign_pointer(elem->funcs, (*entry)->funcs);
if (active && !static_key_enabled(&elem->key))
static_key_slow_inc(&elem->key);
else if (!active && static_key_enabled(&elem->key))
static_key_slow_dec(&elem->key);
}
/*
* Disable a tracepoint and its probe callback.
* Note: only waiting an RCU period after setting elem->call to the empty
* function insures that the original callback is not used anymore. This insured
* by preempt_disable around the call site.
*/
static void disable_tracepoint(struct tracepoint *elem)
{
if (elem->unregfunc && static_key_enabled(&elem->key))
elem->unregfunc();
if (static_key_enabled(&elem->key))
static_key_slow_dec(&elem->key);
rcu_assign_pointer(elem->funcs, NULL);
}
/**
* tracepoint_update_probe_range - Update a probe range
* @begin: beginning of the range
* @end: end of the range
*
* Updates the probe callback corresponding to a range of tracepoints.
* Called with tracepoints_mutex held.
*/
static void tracepoint_update_probe_range(struct tracepoint * const *begin,
struct tracepoint * const *end)
{
struct tracepoint * const *iter;
struct tracepoint_entry *mark_entry;
if (!begin)
return;
for (iter = begin; iter < end; iter++) {
mark_entry = get_tracepoint((*iter)->name);
if (mark_entry) {
set_tracepoint(&mark_entry, *iter,
!!mark_entry->refcount);
} else {
disable_tracepoint(*iter);
}
}
}
#ifdef CONFIG_MODULES
void module_update_tracepoints(void)
{
struct tp_module *tp_mod;
list_for_each_entry(tp_mod, &tracepoint_module_list, list)
tracepoint_update_probe_range(tp_mod->tracepoints_ptrs,
tp_mod->tracepoints_ptrs + tp_mod->num_tracepoints);
}
#else /* CONFIG_MODULES */
void module_update_tracepoints(void)
{
}
#endif /* CONFIG_MODULES */
/*
* Update probes, removing the faulty probes.
* Called with tracepoints_mutex held.
*/
static void tracepoint_update_probes(void)
{
/* Core kernel tracepoints */
tracepoint_update_probe_range(__start___tracepoints_ptrs,
__stop___tracepoints_ptrs);
/* tracepoints in modules. */
module_update_tracepoints();
}
static struct tracepoint_func *
tracepoint_add_probe(const char *name, void *probe, void *data)
{
struct tracepoint_entry *entry;
struct tracepoint_func *old;
entry = get_tracepoint(name);
if (!entry) {
entry = add_tracepoint(name);
if (IS_ERR(entry))
return (struct tracepoint_func *)entry;
}
old = tracepoint_entry_add_probe(entry, probe, data);
if (IS_ERR(old) && !entry->refcount)
remove_tracepoint(entry);
return old;
}
/**
* tracepoint_probe_register - Connect a probe to a tracepoint
* @name: tracepoint name
* @probe: probe handler
*
* Returns 0 if ok, error value on error.
* The probe address must at least be aligned on the architecture pointer size.
*/
int tracepoint_probe_register(const char *name, void *probe, void *data)
{
struct tracepoint_func *old;
mutex_lock(&tracepoints_mutex);
old = tracepoint_add_probe(name, probe, data);
if (IS_ERR(old)) {
mutex_unlock(&tracepoints_mutex);
return PTR_ERR(old);
}
tracepoint_update_probes(); /* may update entry */
mutex_unlock(&tracepoints_mutex);
release_probes(old);
return 0;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(tracepoint_probe_register);
static struct tracepoint_func *
tracepoint_remove_probe(const char *name, void *probe, void *data)
{
struct tracepoint_entry *entry;
struct tracepoint_func *old;
entry = get_tracepoint(name);
if (!entry)
return ERR_PTR(-ENOENT);
old = tracepoint_entry_remove_probe(entry, probe, data);
if (IS_ERR(old))
return old;
if (!entry->refcount)
remove_tracepoint(entry);
return old;
}
/**
* tracepoint_probe_unregister - Disconnect a probe from a tracepoint
* @name: tracepoint name
* @probe: probe function pointer
*
* We do not need to call a synchronize_sched to make sure the probes have
* finished running before doing a module unload, because the module unload
* itself uses stop_machine(), which insures that every preempt disabled section
* have finished.
*/
int tracepoint_probe_unregister(const char *name, void *probe, void *data)
{
struct tracepoint_func *old;
mutex_lock(&tracepoints_mutex);
old = tracepoint_remove_probe(name, probe, data);
if (IS_ERR(old)) {
mutex_unlock(&tracepoints_mutex);
return PTR_ERR(old);
}
tracepoint_update_probes(); /* may update entry */
mutex_unlock(&tracepoints_mutex);
release_probes(old);
return 0;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(tracepoint_probe_unregister);
static LIST_HEAD(old_probes);
static int need_update;
static void tracepoint_add_old_probes(void *old)
{
need_update = 1;
if (old) {
struct tp_probes *tp_probes = container_of(old,
struct tp_probes, probes[0]);
list_add(&tp_probes->u.list, &old_probes);
}
}
/**
* tracepoint_probe_register_noupdate - register a probe but not connect
* @name: tracepoint name
* @probe: probe handler
*
* caller must call tracepoint_probe_update_all()
*/
int tracepoint_probe_register_noupdate(const char *name, void *probe,
void *data)
{
struct tracepoint_func *old;
mutex_lock(&tracepoints_mutex);
old = tracepoint_add_probe(name, probe, data);
if (IS_ERR(old)) {
mutex_unlock(&tracepoints_mutex);
return PTR_ERR(old);
}
tracepoint_add_old_probes(old);
mutex_unlock(&tracepoints_mutex);
return 0;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(tracepoint_probe_register_noupdate);
/**
* tracepoint_probe_unregister_noupdate - remove a probe but not disconnect
* @name: tracepoint name
* @probe: probe function pointer
*
* caller must call tracepoint_probe_update_all()
*/
int tracepoint_probe_unregister_noupdate(const char *name, void *probe,
void *data)
{
struct tracepoint_func *old;
mutex_lock(&tracepoints_mutex);
old = tracepoint_remove_probe(name, probe, data);
if (IS_ERR(old)) {
mutex_unlock(&tracepoints_mutex);
return PTR_ERR(old);
}
tracepoint_add_old_probes(old);
mutex_unlock(&tracepoints_mutex);
return 0;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(tracepoint_probe_unregister_noupdate);
/**
* tracepoint_probe_update_all - update tracepoints
*/
void tracepoint_probe_update_all(void)
{
LIST_HEAD(release_probes);
struct tp_probes *pos, *next;
mutex_lock(&tracepoints_mutex);
if (!need_update) {
mutex_unlock(&tracepoints_mutex);
return;
}
if (!list_empty(&old_probes))
list_replace_init(&old_probes, &release_probes);
need_update = 0;
tracepoint_update_probes();
mutex_unlock(&tracepoints_mutex);
list_for_each_entry_safe(pos, next, &release_probes, u.list) {
list_del(&pos->u.list);
call_rcu_sched(&pos->u.rcu, rcu_free_old_probes);
}
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(tracepoint_probe_update_all);
/**
* tracepoint_get_iter_range - Get a next tracepoint iterator given a range.
* @tracepoint: current tracepoints (in), next tracepoint (out)
* @begin: beginning of the range
* @end: end of the range
*
* Returns whether a next tracepoint has been found (1) or not (0).
* Will return the first tracepoint in the range if the input tracepoint is
* NULL.
*/
static int tracepoint_get_iter_range(struct tracepoint * const **tracepoint,
struct tracepoint * const *begin, struct tracepoint * const *end)
{
if (!*tracepoint && begin != end) {
*tracepoint = begin;
return 1;
}
if (*tracepoint >= begin && *tracepoint < end)
return 1;
return 0;
}
#ifdef CONFIG_MODULES
static void tracepoint_get_iter(struct tracepoint_iter *iter)
{
int found = 0;
struct tp_module *iter_mod;
/* Core kernel tracepoints */
if (!iter->module) {
found = tracepoint_get_iter_range(&iter->tracepoint,
__start___tracepoints_ptrs,
__stop___tracepoints_ptrs);
if (found)
goto end;
}
/* Tracepoints in modules */
mutex_lock(&tracepoints_mutex);
list_for_each_entry(iter_mod, &tracepoint_module_list, list) {
/*
* Sorted module list
*/
if (iter_mod < iter->module)
continue;
else if (iter_mod > iter->module)
iter->tracepoint = NULL;
found = tracepoint_get_iter_range(&iter->tracepoint,
iter_mod->tracepoints_ptrs,
iter_mod->tracepoints_ptrs
+ iter_mod->num_tracepoints);
if (found) {
iter->module = iter_mod;
break;
}
}
mutex_unlock(&tracepoints_mutex);
end:
if (!found)
tracepoint_iter_reset(iter);
}
#else /* CONFIG_MODULES */
static void tracepoint_get_iter(struct tracepoint_iter *iter)
{
int found = 0;
/* Core kernel tracepoints */
found = tracepoint_get_iter_range(&iter->tracepoint,
__start___tracepoints_ptrs,
__stop___tracepoints_ptrs);
if (!found)
tracepoint_iter_reset(iter);
}
#endif /* CONFIG_MODULES */
void tracepoint_iter_start(struct tracepoint_iter *iter)
{
tracepoint_get_iter(iter);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(tracepoint_iter_start);
void tracepoint_iter_next(struct tracepoint_iter *iter)
{
iter->tracepoint++;
/*
* iter->tracepoint may be invalid because we blindly incremented it.
* Make sure it is valid by marshalling on the tracepoints, getting the
* tracepoints from following modules if necessary.
*/
tracepoint_get_iter(iter);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(tracepoint_iter_next);
void tracepoint_iter_stop(struct tracepoint_iter *iter)
{
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(tracepoint_iter_stop);
void tracepoint_iter_reset(struct tracepoint_iter *iter)
{
#ifdef CONFIG_MODULES
iter->module = NULL;
#endif /* CONFIG_MODULES */
iter->tracepoint = NULL;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(tracepoint_iter_reset);
#ifdef CONFIG_MODULES
static int tracepoint_module_coming(struct module *mod)
{
struct tp_module *tp_mod, *iter;
int ret = 0;
/*
* We skip modules that taint the kernel, especially those with different
* module headers (for forced load), to make sure we don't cause a crash.
* Staging and out-of-tree GPL modules are fine.
*/
if (mod->taints & ~((1 << TAINT_OOT_MODULE) | (1 << TAINT_CRAP)))
return 0;
mutex_lock(&tracepoints_mutex);
tp_mod = kmalloc(sizeof(struct tp_module), GFP_KERNEL);
if (!tp_mod) {
ret = -ENOMEM;
goto end;
}
tp_mod->num_tracepoints = mod->num_tracepoints;
tp_mod->tracepoints_ptrs = mod->tracepoints_ptrs;
/*
* tracepoint_module_list is kept sorted by struct module pointer
* address for iteration on tracepoints from a seq_file that can release
* the mutex between calls.
*/
list_for_each_entry_reverse(iter, &tracepoint_module_list, list) {
BUG_ON(iter == tp_mod); /* Should never be in the list twice */
if (iter < tp_mod) {
/* We belong to the location right after iter. */
list_add(&tp_mod->list, &iter->list);
goto module_added;
}
}
/* We belong to the beginning of the list */
list_add(&tp_mod->list, &tracepoint_module_list);
module_added:
tracepoint_update_probe_range(mod->tracepoints_ptrs,
mod->tracepoints_ptrs + mod->num_tracepoints);
end:
mutex_unlock(&tracepoints_mutex);
return ret;
}
static int tracepoint_module_going(struct module *mod)
{
struct tp_module *pos;
mutex_lock(&tracepoints_mutex);
tracepoint_update_probe_range(mod->tracepoints_ptrs,
mod->tracepoints_ptrs + mod->num_tracepoints);
list_for_each_entry(pos, &tracepoint_module_list, list) {
if (pos->tracepoints_ptrs == mod->tracepoints_ptrs) {
list_del(&pos->list);
kfree(pos);
break;
}
}
/*
* In the case of modules that were tainted at "coming", we'll simply
* walk through the list without finding it. We cannot use the "tainted"
* flag on "going", in case a module taints the kernel only after being
* loaded.
*/
mutex_unlock(&tracepoints_mutex);
return 0;
}
int tracepoint_module_notify(struct notifier_block *self,
unsigned long val, void *data)
{
struct module *mod = data;
int ret = 0;
switch (val) {
case MODULE_STATE_COMING:
ret = tracepoint_module_coming(mod);
break;
case MODULE_STATE_LIVE:
break;
case MODULE_STATE_GOING:
ret = tracepoint_module_going(mod);
break;
}
return ret;
}
struct notifier_block tracepoint_module_nb = {
.notifier_call = tracepoint_module_notify,
.priority = 0,
};
static int init_tracepoints(void)
{
return register_module_notifier(&tracepoint_module_nb);
}
__initcall(init_tracepoints);
#endif /* CONFIG_MODULES */
#ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_SYSCALL_TRACEPOINTS
/* NB: reg/unreg are called while guarded with the tracepoints_mutex */
static int sys_tracepoint_refcount;
void syscall_regfunc(void)
{
unsigned long flags;
struct task_struct *g, *t;
if (!sys_tracepoint_refcount) {
read_lock_irqsave(&tasklist_lock, flags);
do_each_thread(g, t) {
/* Skip kernel threads. */
if (t->mm)
set_tsk_thread_flag(t, TIF_SYSCALL_TRACEPOINT);
} while_each_thread(g, t);
read_unlock_irqrestore(&tasklist_lock, flags);
}
sys_tracepoint_refcount++;
}
void syscall_unregfunc(void)
{
unsigned long flags;
struct task_struct *g, *t;
sys_tracepoint_refcount--;
if (!sys_tracepoint_refcount) {
read_lock_irqsave(&tasklist_lock, flags);
do_each_thread(g, t) {
clear_tsk_thread_flag(t, TIF_SYSCALL_TRACEPOINT);
} while_each_thread(g, t);
read_unlock_irqrestore(&tasklist_lock, flags);
}
}
#endif
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