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Linux-2.6.12-rc2

Initial git repository build. I'm not bothering with the full history,
even though we have it. We can create a separate "historical" git
archive of that later if we want to, and in the meantime it's about
3.2GB when imported into git - space that would just make the early
git days unnecessarily complicated, when we don't have a lot of good
infrastructure for it.

Let it rip!
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Linus Torvalds
Linus Torvalds committed Apr 16, 2005
0 parents commit 1da177e4c3f41524e886b7f1b8a0c1fc7321cac2
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This is a brief list of all the files in ./linux/Documentation and what
they contain. If you add a documentation file, please list it here in
alphabetical order as well, or risk being hunted down like a rabid dog.
Please try and keep the descriptions small enough to fit on one line.
Thanks -- Paul G.

Following translations are available on the WWW:

- Japanese, maintained by the JF Project (JF@linux.or.jp), at
http://www.linux.or.jp/JF/

00-INDEX
- this file.
BK-usage/
- directory with info on BitKeeper.
BUG-HUNTING
- brute force method of doing binary search of patches to find bug.
Changes
- list of changes that break older software packages.
CodingStyle
- how the boss likes the C code in the kernel to look.
DMA-API.txt
- DMA API, pci_ API & extensions for non-consistent memory machines.
DMA-mapping.txt
- info for PCI drivers using DMA portably across all platforms.
DocBook/
- directory with DocBook templates etc. for kernel documentation.
IO-mapping.txt
- how to access I/O mapped memory from within device drivers.
IPMI.txt
- info on Linux Intelligent Platform Management Interface (IPMI) Driver.
IRQ-affinity.txt
- how to select which CPU(s) handle which interrupt events on SMP.
ManagementStyle
- how to (attempt to) manage kernel hackers.
MSI-HOWTO.txt
- the Message Signaled Interrupts (MSI) Driver Guide HOWTO and FAQ.
RCU/
- directory with info on RCU (read-copy update).
README.DAC960
- info on Mylex DAC960/DAC1100 PCI RAID Controller Driver for Linux.
SAK.txt
- info on Secure Attention Keys.
SubmittingDrivers
- procedure to get a new driver source included into the kernel tree.
SubmittingPatches
- procedure to get a source patch included into the kernel tree.
VGA-softcursor.txt
- how to change your VGA cursor from a blinking underscore.
arm/
- directory with info about Linux on the ARM architecture.
basic_profiling.txt
- basic instructions for those who wants to profile Linux kernel.
binfmt_misc.txt
- info on the kernel support for extra binary formats.
block/
- info on the Block I/O (BIO) layer.
cachetlb.txt
- describes the cache/TLB flushing interfaces Linux uses.
cciss.txt
- info, major/minor #'s for Compaq's SMART Array Controllers.
cdrom/
- directory with information on the CD-ROM drivers that Linux has.
cli-sti-removal.txt
- cli()/sti() removal guide.
computone.txt
- info on Computone Intelliport II/Plus Multiport Serial Driver.
cpqarray.txt
- info on using Compaq's SMART2 Intelligent Disk Array Controllers.
cpu-freq/
- info on CPU frequency and voltage scaling.
cris/
- directory with info about Linux on CRIS architecture.
crypto/
- directory with info on the Crypto API.
debugging-modules.txt
- some notes on debugging modules after Linux 2.6.3.
device-mapper/
- directory with info on Device Mapper.
devices.txt
- plain ASCII listing of all the nodes in /dev/ with major minor #'s.
digiepca.txt
- info on Digi Intl. {PC,PCI,EISA}Xx and Xem series cards.
dnotify.txt
- info about directory notification in Linux.
driver-model/
- directory with info about Linux driver model.
dvb/
- info on Linux Digital Video Broadcast (DVB) subsystem.
early-userspace/
- info about initramfs, klibc, and userspace early during boot.
eisa.txt
- info on EISA bus support.
exception.txt
- how Linux v2.2 handles exceptions without verify_area etc.
fb/
- directory with info on the frame buffer graphics abstraction layer.
filesystems/
- directory with info on the various filesystems that Linux supports.
firmware_class/
- request_firmware() hotplug interface info.
floppy.txt
- notes and driver options for the floppy disk driver.
ftape.txt
- notes about the floppy tape device driver.
hayes-esp.txt
- info on using the Hayes ESP serial driver.
highuid.txt
- notes on the change from 16 bit to 32 bit user/group IDs.
hpet.txt
- High Precision Event Timer Driver for Linux.
hw_random.txt
- info on Linux support for random number generator in i8xx chipsets.
i2c/
- directory with info about the I2C bus/protocol (2 wire, kHz speed).
i2o/
- directory with info about the Linux I2O subsystem.
i386/
- directory with info about Linux on Intel 32 bit architecture.
ia64/
- directory with info about Linux on Intel 64 bit architecture.
ide.txt
- important info for users of ATA devices (IDE/EIDE disks and CD-ROMS).
initrd.txt
- how to use the RAM disk as an initial/temporary root filesystem.
input/
- info on Linux input device support.
io_ordering.txt
- info on ordering I/O writes to memory-mapped addresses.
ioctl-number.txt
- how to implement and register device/driver ioctl calls.
iostats.txt
- info on I/O statistics Linux kernel provides.
isapnp.txt
- info on Linux ISA Plug & Play support.
isdn/
- directory with info on the Linux ISDN support, and supported cards.
java.txt
- info on the in-kernel binary support for Java(tm).
kbuild/
- directory with info about the kernel build process.
kernel-doc-nano-HOWTO.txt
- mini HowTo on generation and location of kernel documentation files.
kernel-docs.txt
- listing of various WWW + books that document kernel internals.
kernel-parameters.txt
- summary listing of command line / boot prompt args for the kernel.
kobject.txt
- info of the kobject infrastructure of the Linux kernel.
laptop-mode.txt
- How to conserve battery power using laptop-mode.
ldm.txt
- a brief description of LDM (Windows Dynamic Disks).
locks.txt
- info on file locking implementations, flock() vs. fcntl(), etc.
logo.gif
- Full colour GIF image of Linux logo (penguin).
logo.txt
- Info on creator of above logo & site to get additional images from.
m68k/
- directory with info about Linux on Motorola 68k architecture.
magic-number.txt
- list of magic numbers used to mark/protect kernel data structures.
mandatory.txt
- info on the Linux implementation of Sys V mandatory file locking.
mca.txt
- info on supporting Micro Channel Architecture (e.g. PS/2) systems.
md.txt
- info on boot arguments for the multiple devices driver.
memory.txt
- info on typical Linux memory problems.
mips/
- directory with info about Linux on MIPS architecture.
mono.txt
- how to execute Mono-based .NET binaries with the help of BINFMT_MISC.
moxa-smartio
- info on installing/using Moxa multiport serial driver.
mtrr.txt
- how to use PPro Memory Type Range Registers to increase performance.
nbd.txt
- info on a TCP implementation of a network block device.
networking/
- directory with info on various aspects of networking with Linux.
nfsroot.txt
- short guide on setting up a diskless box with NFS root filesystem.
nmi_watchdog.txt
- info on NMI watchdog for SMP systems.
numastat.txt
- info on how to read Numa policy hit/miss statistics in sysfs.
oops-tracing.txt
- how to decode those nasty internal kernel error dump messages.
paride.txt
- information about the parallel port IDE subsystem.
parisc/
- directory with info on using Linux on PA-RISC architecture.
parport.txt
- how to use the parallel-port driver.
parport-lowlevel.txt
- description and usage of the low level parallel port functions.
pci.txt
- info on the PCI subsystem for device driver authors.
pm.txt
- info on Linux power management support.
pnp.txt
- Linux Plug and Play documentation.
power/
- directory with info on Linux PCI power management.
powerpc/
- directory with info on using Linux with the PowerPC.
preempt-locking.txt
- info on locking under a preemptive kernel.
ramdisk.txt
- short guide on how to set up and use the RAM disk.
riscom8.txt
- notes on using the RISCom/8 multi-port serial driver.
rocket.txt
- info on the Comtrol RocketPort multiport serial driver.
rpc-cache.txt
- introduction to the caching mechanisms in the sunrpc layer.
rtc.txt
- notes on how to use the Real Time Clock (aka CMOS clock) driver.
s390/
- directory with info on using Linux on the IBM S390.
sched-coding.txt
- reference for various scheduler-related methods in the O(1) scheduler.
sched-design.txt
- goals, design and implementation of the Linux O(1) scheduler.
sched-domains.txt
- information on scheduling domains.
sched-stats.txt
- information on schedstats (Linux Scheduler Statistics).
scsi/
- directory with info on Linux scsi support.
serial/
- directory with info on the low level serial API.
serial-console.txt
- how to set up Linux with a serial line console as the default.
sgi-visws.txt
- short blurb on the SGI Visual Workstations.
sh/
- directory with info on porting Linux to a new architecture.
smart-config.txt
- description of the Smart Config makefile feature.
smp.txt
- a few notes on symmetric multi-processing.
sonypi.txt
- info on Linux Sony Programmable I/O Device support.
sound/
- directory with info on sound card support.
sparc/
- directory with info on using Linux on Sparc architecture.
specialix.txt
- info on hardware/driver for specialix IO8+ multiport serial card.
spinlocks.txt
- info on using spinlocks to provide exclusive access in kernel.
stallion.txt
- info on using the Stallion multiport serial driver.
svga.txt
- short guide on selecting video modes at boot via VGA BIOS.
sx.txt
- info on the Specialix SX/SI multiport serial driver.
sysctl/
- directory with info on the /proc/sys/* files.
sysrq.txt
- info on the magic SysRq key.
telephony/
- directory with info on telephony (e.g. voice over IP) support.
time_interpolators.txt
- info on time interpolators.
tipar.txt
- information about Parallel link cable for Texas Instruments handhelds.
tty.txt
- guide to the locking policies of the tty layer.
unicode.txt
- info on the Unicode character/font mapping used in Linux.
uml/
- directory with infomation about User Mode Linux.
usb/
- directory with info regarding the Universal Serial Bus.
video4linux/
- directory with info regarding video/TV/radio cards and linux.
vm/
- directory with info on the Linux vm code.
voyager.txt
- guide to running Linux on the Voyager architecture.
watchdog/
- how to auto-reboot Linux if it has "fallen and can't get up". ;-)
x86_64/
- directory with info on Linux support for AMD x86-64 (Hammer) machines.
xterm-linux.xpm
- XPM image of penguin logo (see logo.txt) sitting on an xterm.
zorro.txt
- info on writing drivers for Zorro bus devices found on Amigas.
@@ -0,0 +1,51 @@
bk-kernel-howto.txt: Description of kernel workflow under BitKeeper

bk-make-sum: Create summary of changesets in one repository and not
another, typically in preparation to be sent to an upstream maintainer.
Typical usage:
cd my-updated-repo
bk-make-sum ~/repo/original-repo
mv /tmp/linus.txt ../original-repo.txt

bksend: Create readable text output containing summary of changes, GNU
patch of the changes, and BK metadata of changes (as needed for proper
importing into BitKeeper by an upstream maintainer). This output is
suitable for emailing BitKeeper changes. The recipient of this output
may pipe it directly to 'bk receive'.

bz64wrap: helper script. Uncompressed input is piped to this script,
which compresses its input, and then outputs the uu-/base64-encoded
version of the compressed input.

cpcset: Copy changeset between unrelated repositories.
Attempts to preserve changeset user, user address, description, in
addition to the changeset (the patch) itself.
Typical usage:
cd my-updated-repo
bk changes # looking for a changeset...
cpcset 1.1511 . ../another-repo

csets-to-patches: Produces a delta of two BK repositories, in the form
of individual files, each containing a single cset as a GNU patch.
Output is several files, each with the filename "/tmp/rev-$REV.patch"
Typical usage:
cd my-updated-repo
bk changes -L ~/repo/original-repo 2>&1 | \
perl csets-to-patches

cset-to-linus: Produces a delta of two BK repositories, in the form of
changeset descriptions, with 'diffstat' output created for each
individual changset.
Typical usage:
cd my-updated-repo
bk changes -L ~/repo/original-repo 2>&1 | \
perl cset-to-linus > summary.txt

gcapatch: Generates patch containing changes in local repository.
Typical usage:
cd my-updated-repo
gcapatch > foo.patch

unbz64wrap: Reverse an encoded, compressed data stream created by
bz64wrap into an uncompressed, typically text/plain output.

119 comments on commit 1da177e

@anttiviljami

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replied Jul 9, 2015

Made my pilgrimage here. Hi all!

@mnach

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replied Jul 20, 2015

Wow! A lot of comments here! This is another one.

@alexhulbert

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replied Aug 2, 2015

I've taken the journey to this holy commit to give my thanks to Torvalds and the almighty Open Source Community.

@Noble-Mushtak

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replied Aug 10, 2015

0 score and 10 years ago, our father Linus Torvalds brought forth, upon this GitHub, a new repo, conceived so long ago, and dedicated to the proposition that "GNU/Linux is awesome."

@hephaex

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replied Aug 10, 2015

@RamonSmit

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replied Aug 25, 2015

Loved to read all those comments! 😄

@yivo

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replied Aug 28, 2015

Checked in

@IBeRamen

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replied Sep 16, 2015

Open Source Community is the best community.

@sandstrom

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replied Sep 27, 2015

✔️

@marctmiller

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replied Sep 27, 2015

@MSeven

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replied Oct 18, 2015

👍

@nkeck720

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replied Oct 21, 2015

@f123h456

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replied Nov 3, 2015

Thanks

@RichVillage

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replied Nov 3, 2015

@paralin

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replied Nov 3, 2015

@almaruf

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replied Nov 3, 2015

@marcomontes

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replied Nov 6, 2015

💚

@xr

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replied Nov 30, 2015

+1

@jamesqo

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replied Dec 5, 2015

Cool!

@paperbound

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replied Dec 16, 2015

santhosham

@silverbux

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replied Dec 17, 2015

came this far just to see the initial commit message lol

@oxalorg

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replied Jan 10, 2016

We all did. 😝 !

@osdeverr

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replied Jan 24, 2016

Thanks to Torvalds and GNU. Linux is the best OS!

@tolak

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replied Jan 25, 2016

Thanks to Torvalds, i love Linux.

@aeramos

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replied Jan 31, 2016

After all that effort we don't even get the actual first commit lol. It was worth it

@atkrad

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replied Feb 22, 2016

👍

@omid

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replied Feb 22, 2016

🤘

@stephen199174

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replied Feb 23, 2016

👍

@jakesyl

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replied Mar 15, 2016

✌️

@mariogamer2

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replied Mar 27, 2016

👍

@LiJohnson

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replied Apr 11, 2016

👍🏻

@leijurv

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replied Apr 11, 2016

👍🏻

@jakesyl

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replied Apr 11, 2016

k

@CCYD

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replied Apr 13, 2016

👌

@pspchucky

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replied Apr 21, 2016

Thank you for everything Torvalds.

@BDHU

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replied Apr 21, 2016

👍🏻

@shetyeshail

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replied Apr 28, 2016

@silverbux

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replied Apr 28, 2016

@briandiaz

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replied Apr 28, 2016

Awesome!

@turtleDev

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replied Apr 28, 2016

Linux is love, Linux is life.

@xun404

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replied May 13, 2016

love

@Wruczek

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replied May 19, 2016

Browser-breaking commit.
I love it!

@devyn

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replied May 24, 2016

I didn't expect this many comments all the way back here, hah

@mseymour

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replied May 31, 2016

Nice.

@crazywolf132

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replied Jun 3, 2016

LOOK HOW MANY PAGES THERE ARE!

@crazywolf132

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replied Jun 3, 2016

WHY SO MANY PAGES!?!?!?!

17195!?!?!?!? WHY!?!?!?! https://github.com/torvalds/linux/commits/master?page=17195 @torvalds

@RigoTheDev

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replied Jun 23, 2016

Finally here!

@Arignir

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replied Jul 27, 2016

17338 pages later, here i am !

@linsoong

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replied Sep 6, 2016

ha

@tudorbeleuta

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replied Sep 22, 2016

Binary search applied irl YEAAAH

@mandulaj

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replied Jan 29, 2017

Check as well 👍 This is like going back to the big bang of modern computing!

@Technoguyfication

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replied Mar 11, 2017

👍

@ekardian

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replied Mar 12, 2017

@IsaacVazquez

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replied Mar 28, 2017

I went back in time

@ddwwcruz

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replied Mar 29, 2017

I'm here to do my pilgrimage. 👍

@BDHU

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replied Apr 6, 2017

aye

@ShapeShifter499

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replied Apr 7, 2017

Thank you for all that you did for Linux and the world Linus.

@trishmapow

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replied Apr 17, 2017

This is a historical moment right here, the legend Linus and Linux - his gift to the world. Finally got here after +663441 on GitHub url.

@Aishou

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replied Apr 18, 2017

Just loving Linux. Thanks Torvalds and this great Community. <3

@BloodShura

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replied Apr 18, 2017

<3

@jpfilevich

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replied Apr 18, 2017

yet another comment. 😄

@daneelrakow

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replied Apr 18, 2017

Thanks to everyone to has contributed to Linux and open source in general!

@zlaja

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replied Apr 18, 2017

Thank you Linus for software that runs on most of the electronic devices today!

@Dillonb

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replied Apr 18, 2017

Checking in!

@nutritiousreject

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replied Apr 18, 2017

first

@Lmy0217

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replied Jun 22, 2017

👍

@johnchen902

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replied Jun 23, 2017

朝聖

@MaxValue

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replied Aug 2, 2017

This was a triumph.
I'm making a note here:
HUGE SUCCESS.

@iamsubhranil

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replied Aug 2, 2017

Yup, a giant win of free software and open source community.

@albusshin

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replied Aug 22, 2017

A holy moment in the history of information technology

@cthpw103

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replied Oct 6, 2017

woah, my pc fan

@mtawil

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replied Oct 11, 2017

This commit like "Entry of the Gods Into Valhalla".

@joaofranco

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replied Oct 17, 2017

love it ❤️

@richardsonlima

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replied Oct 18, 2017

Ty Linus!

@MedicineYeh

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replied Nov 10, 2017

Many thanks!! This is like the epoch of OS.

@marcus-crane

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replied Nov 14, 2017

Nice

@GalvinGao

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replied Nov 21, 2017

check in~

@skielred

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replied Feb 7, 2018

Thank you for Linux ❤️

(ps: vim > emacs)

@Louprenard

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replied Feb 7, 2018

I did it ! I reach the bottom of this page !

Oh, and thanks Linus for your work.

@puterfly

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replied Feb 8, 2018

Extremely grateful!

@chenchuxin

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replied Feb 23, 2018

Love Linux!

@Dentrax

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replied Mar 15, 2018

The birth of a legend!

@robinbraemer

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replied May 2, 2018

Thanks for the future created by Linux!

@amarlearning

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replied May 17, 2018

marking my presence over here!

@huangzonghao

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replied May 23, 2018

It feels so great to witness the history!

@alair-tavares-avalara

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replied May 23, 2018

Thanks Linus, you're awesome!

@iErcann

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replied Sep 2, 2018

This is art.

@luisfarfan

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replied Sep 27, 2018

awesome ! Linux!!

@srcanseco

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replied Oct 14, 2018

Is this mirror #movingtogitlab ?

@Merwanedr

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replied Dec 20, 2018

This is like visiting a historic place! What a time to be alive!

@JushBJJ

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replied Dec 26, 2018

Marking my presence here.

@billgates10

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replied Dec 28, 2018

okay, wierd.

@LplusKira

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replied Jan 10, 2019

Marking my presence here!

@JesseTheRobot

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replied Jan 24, 2019

Truly a Historic Moment.

@devsebb

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replied Feb 27, 2019

Thanks, Linus.

@OscarMulder

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replied Mar 22, 2019

So this is a thing? I'll just say hi!

Hi!

@bkunzhang

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replied Mar 31, 2019

Hello World!

@simonasposka

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replied Apr 10, 2019

Simas was here with @mantasdaraciunas @laurynasgadl

@simonasposka

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replied Apr 10, 2019

@torvalds Could we arrange a meeting?

@tdh8316

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replied May 19, 2019

NVIDIA dislikes this commit.

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