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bpf: introduce BPF_MAP_TYPE_PERCPU_HASH map

Introduce BPF_MAP_TYPE_PERCPU_HASH map type which is used to do
accurate counters without need to use BPF_XADD instruction which turned
out to be too costly for high-performance network monitoring.
In the typical use case the 'key' is the flow tuple or other long
living object that sees a lot of events per second.

bpf_map_lookup_elem() returns per-cpu area.
struct {
  u32 packets;
  u32 bytes;
} * ptr = bpf_map_lookup_elem(&map, &key);
/* ptr points to this_cpu area of the value, so the following
 * increments will not collide with other cpus
ptr->packets ++;
ptr->bytes += skb->len;

bpf_update_elem() atomically creates a new element where all per-cpu
values are zero initialized and this_cpu value is populated with
given 'value'.
Note that non-per-cpu hash map always allocates new element
and then deletes old after rcu grace period to maintain atomicity
of update. Per-cpu hash map updates element values in-place.

Signed-off-by: Alexei Starovoitov <>
Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <>
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4ast authored and davem330 committed Feb 2, 2016
1 parent ba905f5 commit 824bd0ce6c7c43a9e1e210abf124958e54d88342
Showing with 229 additions and 47 deletions.
  1. +1 −0 include/uapi/linux/bpf.h
  2. +228 −47 kernel/bpf/hashtab.c
@@ -81,6 +81,7 @@ enum bpf_map_type {
enum bpf_prog_type {
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