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x86/mm/32: Enable full randomization on i386 and X86_32

Currently on i386 and on X86_64 when emulating X86_32 in legacy mode, only
the stack and the executable are randomized but not other mmapped files
(libraries, vDSO, etc.). This patch enables randomization for the
libraries, vDSO and mmap requests on i386 and in X86_32 in legacy mode.

By default on i386 there are 8 bits for the randomization of the libraries,
vDSO and mmaps which only uses 1MB of VA.

This patch preserves the original randomness, using 1MB of VA out of 3GB or
4GB. We think that 1MB out of 3GB is not a big cost for having the ASLR.

The first obvious security benefit is that all objects are randomized (not
only the stack and the executable) in legacy mode which highly increases
the ASLR effectiveness, otherwise the attackers may use these
non-randomized areas. But also sensitive setuid/setgid applications are
more secure because currently, attackers can disable the randomization of
these applications by setting the ulimit stack to "unlimited". This is a
very old and widely known trick to disable the ASLR in i386 which has been
allowed for too long.

Another trick used to disable the ASLR was to set the ADDR_NO_RANDOMIZE
personality flag, but fortunately this doesn't work on setuid/setgid
applications because there is security checks which clear Security-relevant

This patch always randomizes the mmap_legacy_base address, removing the
possibility to disable the ASLR by setting the stack to "unlimited".

Signed-off-by: Hector Marco-Gisbert <>
Acked-by: Ismael Ripoll Ripoll <>
Acked-by: Kees Cook <>
Acked-by: Arjan van de Ven <>
Cc: Linus Torvalds <>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <>
Cc: Thomas Gleixner <>
Cc: kees Cook <>
Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <>
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Hector Marco-Gisbert authored and Ingo Molnar committed Mar 11, 2016
1 parent cfa52c0 commit 8b8addf891de8a00e4d39fc32f93f7c5eb8feceb
Showing with 1 addition and 13 deletions.
  1. +1 −13 arch/x86/mm/mmap.c
@@ -93,18 +93,6 @@ static unsigned long mmap_base(unsigned long rnd)
return PAGE_ALIGN(TASK_SIZE - gap - rnd);

* Bottom-up (legacy) layout on X86_32 did not support randomization, X86_64
* does, but not when emulating X86_32
static unsigned long mmap_legacy_base(unsigned long rnd)
if (mmap_is_ia32())
return TASK_UNMAPPED_BASE + rnd;

* This function, called very early during the creation of a new
* process VM image, sets up which VM layout function to use:
@@ -116,7 +104,7 @@ void arch_pick_mmap_layout(struct mm_struct *mm)
if (current->flags & PF_RANDOMIZE)
random_factor = arch_mmap_rnd();

mm->mmap_legacy_base = mmap_legacy_base(random_factor);
mm->mmap_legacy_base = TASK_UNMAPPED_BASE + random_factor;

if (mmap_is_legacy()) {
mm->mmap_base = mm->mmap_legacy_base;

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