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bpf: introduce function calls (function boundaries)
Allow arbitrary function calls from bpf function to another bpf function. Since the beginning of bpf all bpf programs were represented as a single function and program authors were forced to use always_inline for all functions in their C code. That was causing llvm to unnecessary inflate the code size and forcing developers to move code to header files with little code reuse. With a bit of additional complexity teach verifier to recognize arbitrary function calls from one bpf function to another as long as all of functions are presented to the verifier as a single bpf program. New program layout: r6 = r1 // some code .. r1 = .. // arg1 r2 = .. // arg2 call pc+1 // function call pc-relative exit .. = r1 // access arg1 .. = r2 // access arg2 .. call pc+20 // second level of function call ... It allows for better optimized code and finally allows to introduce the core bpf libraries that can be reused in different projects, since programs are no longer limited by single elf file. With function calls bpf can be compiled into multiple .o files. This patch is the first step. It detects programs that contain multiple functions and checks that calls between them are valid. It splits the sequence of bpf instructions (one program) into a set of bpf functions that call each other. Calls to only known functions are allowed. In the future the verifier may allow calls to unresolved functions and will do dynamic linking. This logic supports statically linked bpf functions only. Such function boundary detection could have been done as part of control flow graph building in check_cfg(), but it's cleaner to separate function boundary detection vs control flow checks within a subprogram (function) into logically indepedent steps. Follow up patches may split check_cfg() further, but not check_subprogs(). Only allow bpf-to-bpf calls for root only and for non-hw-offloaded programs. These restrictions can be relaxed in the future. Signed-off-by: Alexei Starovoitov <email@example.com> Acked-by: Daniel Borkmann <firstname.lastname@example.org> Signed-off-by: Daniel Borkmann <email@example.com>
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