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JonathanO Fix 4xx inverted, set some defaults. (#1)
* 4xx % was accidentally inverted.
* Default all y axis mins to 0 since nothing can go -ve
* Use response_code_class!="5" for Success Rate to avoid null = 100%.
* Use null = 0 for 4xx and success rate graph. Envoy doesn't have counters
for e.g. response_code_class=4 if there haven't been any of that class yet,
so we end up with null data if no requests result in 4xx (or !5xx for
success rate.) ie if they should be 0%. Downside is that no requests at
all also leads to a 0% 4xx/success rate, but I'll accept that for now.
Latest commit f851ee3 May 30, 2018
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README.md

Grafana-Prometheus Envoy Dashboards

Ported from the Lyft Envoy dashboards

These Envoy Grafana dashboards use a Prometheus datasource.

I've tried to use the native Envoy stats endpoint for most of the data, but the timers aren't currently exposed that way. As a result to get the timing data you need to run a prometheus statsd exporter locally to your Envoy, with the mapping config from statsd_exporter.yml and Enovy pushing stats into that. We can then use the statsd exporter to get the histogram data and the native stats endpoint for everything else.

The example prometheus.yml uses Consul for service discovery, and does a whole bunch of relabeling. There's also prometheus-no-consul.yml which doesn't use Consol and relies on our host naming conventions to work out what labels to add.

Histograms vs Summary

The statsd exporter config uses histograms (currently with default bucketing, you can change this if you need to) rather than summary. This is because the dashboard expects to be able to aggregate across multiple instances of the same service. You cannot do that with summaries since e.g. avg(99th %ile) across multiple instances is completely meaningless.

The choices were to either have various tiers of statsd receiver performing the summary at the different aggregation levels we want (per instance, per source service, per destination service, and every combination of the above) or to give up and use histograms which do allow aggregation. The big downside of histograms is that granularity is limited to your buckets. As long as you configure your buckets sanely for your application this ought to be fine, but be warned that the largest number you'll see on your response time graphs will be the top bound of the highest non +Inf bucket!

Obviously if Envoy starts supporting the histograms in the stats output then they absolutely have to be histograms rather than summaries!

What isn't there?

  • Canary stats. We don't use them yet.
  • Cross zone stats. We don't use them yet.
  • External Ingress stats. We don't use it that way yet.

TODO

Other than the obvious "finish this porting exercise" work:

  • Remove statsd exporter usage completely once Enovy stats endpoint supports histograms
  • Use Prometheus recording rules for some of the more expensive to calculate aggregations
  • Work out how to deal with metrics that haven't been initialized yet (e.g. avoiding Success Rate no data when the response_code_class=5 label doesn't exist yet.)