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Abbott-Smith's Manual Greek Lexicon
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Abbott-Smith - Summary

Abbott-Smith is a project to mark up the G. Abbott-Smith's A Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament (New York: Scribner's, 1922) using TEI. Contributors are welcome. This document records important source information and markup standards.

Source and Copyright

The PDF file with a text layer (manualgreeklexic00abborich.pdf) was obtained from Certain restrictions apply to the use of this file. These are included in the PDF file.

The lexicon (abbott-smith.tei.xml), including the marked up version in this repository, is in the public domain.

Viewing and Downloading

It is not recommended that you use abbott-smith.tei.xml in this folder for anything but cleaning up and marking up entries because it contains text recognized by OCR that needs to be cleaned up. To use the lexicon, view the current release online or download any release from the Downloads page.


All are welcome to contribute to this project by:

  • Proofreading marked up entries
  • Improving the XSL and CSS stylestheets
  • Forking the lexicon and translating it into another language

Those interested should send an email to editors at textonline dot org (deleting the spaces and replacing "at" and "dot" with the appropriate characters).

We keep track of what pages contributors are working on at the Task Assignments page on the wiki.

Current contributors include:

  • Daniel Owens
  • Dardo Sordi
  • Chuck Bearden
  • Patrick Durusau
  • Jonathan Robie
  • Stephen Hughes (aka Στέφανος)

Markup Information

All text from the lexicon will be included and marked up using's iteration of TEI XML, which supports several features of OSIS XML that are relevant to biblical studies (especially biblical references). For helpful documentation on this iteration of TEI, see For the schema definition, see For detailed documentation on TEI dictionaries, see

If you want just the basics or a handy cheatsheet, see

Note that until markup is complete, the file will not validate because the <body> and <div> elements cannot contain text (only certain elements), but the text layer provides such text. However, a validator can be used to identify other problems in the document and the raw text be deleted if one wishes to work with text that has already been cleaned up.


2013/12/12 - Release of v. 0.5: This release contains the majority of entries in Abbott-Smith, some of which have been marked up very carefully but many others that require manual editing. The release includes numerous fixes to the data from DSAW's version, particularly correcting references and restoring <div> elements and page numbers. Also added: <etym> for etymological data and <re> for related entry information (mostly for synonyms). Many thanks to Jonathan Robie and Patrick Durusau for collating the data and to Dardo Sordi for working countless hours to improve the data. From this point forward we will use the Github release feature since there is no longer any nonsense OCR text to remove before release. However, much editing remains to be done, and there may be errors. Note the Total entries: 5,726. Total pages checked: 4/526.

2013/12/04 - Replaced all missing entries with entries generated from DSAW's version using an XQuery, added Hebrew text to DSAW's entries. Initially complete. We still plan to restructure the entries and verify a number of things.

2012/12/12 - Release of v. 0.15: Includes pages iii-16 and entries for words occurring 100 times or more in the Greek NT. Total entries: 555.

2012/10/01 - Release of v. 0.14: Includes pages iii-9 and entries for words occurring 100 times or more in the Greek NT. Also moved markup instructions to markdown file instead of PDF. Total entries: 299.

2012/09/07 - Release of v. 0.13: Includes pages iii-5 and entries for words occurring 200 times or more in the Greek NT. Total entries: 148.

2012/09/01 - Release of v. 0.12: Includes pages iii-4 and entries for words occurring 300 times or more in the Greek NT. Total entries: 110.

2012/08/07 - Release of v. 0.11: Includes pages iii-4 and entries for words occurring 500 times or more in the Greek NT. Also changed to using <gloss> instead of <def>. Many thanks to Dardo Sordi for corrections and additional entries. Total entries: 85.

2012/07/27 - First Release (v. 0.1): Includes pages iii-3 and entries for words occurring 1,000 times or more in the Greek NT. Total entries: 50.

2012/05/10 - Moved markup instructions to PDF file

2012/05/09 - Initial upload with frontmatter and page numbers marked up

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