An Android bridge for sending messages between Java and JavaScript in WebView. and this is also a mirror of https://github.com/marcuswestin/WebViewJavascriptBridge which supports IOS platforms.
Switch branches/tags
Nothing to show
Clone or download
Fetching latest commit…
Cannot retrieve the latest commit at this time.
Permalink
Type Name Latest commit message Commit time
Failed to load latest commit information.
.idea
app delete "label" attribute of "application" tag in xml Jun 21, 2018
gradle/wrapper
webviewjavascriptbridge
.gitignore
.travis.yml
build.gradle Add MIT license Jan 19, 2018
gradle.properties
gradlew first commit Jan 2, 2017
gradlew.bat
readme.md
settings.gradle

readme.md

重要通知

由于DSBridge(笔者开发的一个更强大的跨平台JavaScript Bridge)目前已取得大量用户,由于笔者精力有限,为了集中精力打造精品,此项目将不再维护,笔者将把主要精力放到DSBridge的维护与支持上,也欢迎大家使用DSBridge。

DSBridge for Android: https://github.com/wendux/DSBridge-Android

DSBridge for iOS: https://github.com/wendux/DSBridge-IOS

WebViewJavascriptBridge

language license GitHub last commit

An Android bridge for sending messages between Java and JavaScript in WebView. and It is a mirror of marcuswestin/WebViewJavascriptBridge (object-c) and Lision/WKWebViewJavascriptBridge(swift) which supports IOS platforms.

Introduction

This Android version project is a mirror of marcuswestin/WebViewJavascriptBridge (object-c) and Lision/WKWebViewJavascriptBridge(swift), so there are some similarities between the two project , such as API design, native code, and the Javascript code is exactly the same.

Notice

If you are a new user, I strongly suggest that you use DSBridge instead. DSBridge is a modern cross-platform Javascript bridge, it is more powerful than WebViewJavascriptBridge.

Installation

  1. Add the JitPack repository to your build file

    allprojects {
      repositories {
        ...
        maven { url 'https://jitpack.io' }
      }
    }
  2. Add the dependency

    dependencies {
      compile 'com.github.wendux:WebViewJavascriptBridge:master-SNAPSHOT'
    }

Examples

See the wendu.jsbdemo/ folder. run the app project and to see it in action.

To use a WebViewJavascriptBridge in your own project:

Usage

  1. Use WVJBWebView instead of WebView:
import wendu.webviewjavascriptbridge.WVJBWebView

...

WVJBWebView webView = (WVJBWebView) findViewById(R.id.webview);
  1. Register a handler in Java, and call a JS handler:
webView.registerHandler("Java Echo", new WVJBWebView.WVJBHandler() {
  @Override
  public void handler(Object data, WVJBWebView.WVJBResponseCallback callback) {
    Log.d("wvjsblog", "Java Echo called with: "+data.toString());
    callback.onResult(data);
  }
});

webView.callHandler("JS Echo", null, new WVJBWebView.WVJBResponseCallback() {
  @Override
  public void onResult(Object data) {
    Log.d("wvjsblog", "Java received response: "+data.toString());
  }
});
  1. Copy and paste setupWebViewJavascriptBridge into your JS:
function setupWebViewJavascriptBridge(callback) {
  var bridge = window.WebViewJavascriptBridge || window.WKWebViewJavascriptBridge;
  if (bridge) { return callback(bridge); }
  var callbacks = window.WVJBCallbacks || window.WKWVJBCallbacks;
  if (callbacks) { return callbacks.push(callback); }
  window.WVJBCallbacks = window.WKWVJBCallbacks = [callback];
  if (window.WKWebViewJavascriptBridge) {
    //for https://github.com/Lision/WKWebViewJavascriptBridge
    window.webkit.messageHandlers.iOS_Native_InjectJavascript.postMessage(null);
  } else {
    //for https://github.com/marcuswestin/WebViewJavascriptBridge
    var WVJBIframe = document.createElement('iframe');
    WVJBIframe.style.display = 'none';
    WVJBIframe.src = 'https://__bridge_loaded__';
    document.documentElement.appendChild(WVJBIframe);
    setTimeout(function() { document.documentElement.removeChild(WVJBIframe) }, 0);
	}
}
  1. Finally, call setupWebViewJavascriptBridge and then use the bridge to register handlers and call Java handlers:
setupWebViewJavascriptBridge(function(bridge) {

  /* Initialize your app here */

  bridge.registerHandler('JS Echo', function(data, responseCallback) {
    console.log("JS Echo called with:", data);
    responseCallback(data);
  });
  bridge.callHandler('Java Echo', {'key': 'value'}, function responseCallback(responseData) {
    console.log("JS received response:", responseData);
  });
});

API Reference

Java API

webview.registerHandler(String handlerName, WVJBHandler handler);

Register a handler called handlerName. The javascript can then call this handler with WebViewJavascriptBridge.callHandler("handlerName").

Example:

webView.registerHandler("getScreenHeight", new WVJBWebView.WVJBHandler() {
  @Override
  public void handler(Object data, WVJBWebView.WVJBResponseCallback callback) {
    //wm is WindowManager
    callback.onResult(wm.getDefaultDisplay().getHeight());
  }
});

webView.registerHandler("log", new WVJBWebView.WVJBHandler() {
  @Override
  public void handler(Object data, WVJBWebView.WVJBResponseCallback callback) {
    Log.d("wvjsblog", "Log: "+data.toString());
  }
});
webview.callHandler(String handlerName, WVJBResponseCallback responseCallback)
webview.callHandler(String handlerName, Object data,WVJBResponseCallback responseCallback)

Call the javascript handler called handlerName. If a responseCallback is given, the javascript handler can respond.

Example:

webview.callHandler("showAlert", "Hi from Java to JS!");
webview.callHandler("getCurrentPageUrl", null, new WVJBWebView.WVJBResponseCallback() {
  @Override
    public void onResult(Object data) {
    Log.d("wvjsblog", "Current WVJBWebView page URL is: %@"+data.toString());
  }
});
webview.disableJavascriptAlertBoxSafetyTimeout(bool disable)

UNSAFE. Speed up bridge message passing by disabling the setTimeout safety check. It is only safe to disable this safety check if you do not call any of the javascript popup box functions (alert, confirm, and prompt). If you call any of these functions from the bridged javascript code, the app will hang.

Example:

webview.disableJavascriptAlertBoxSafetyTimeout(true);

Javascript API

bridge.registerHandler("handlerName", function(responseData) { ... })

Register a handler called handlerName. The Java can then call this handler with webview callHandler("handlerName","Foo") and webview.callHandler("handlerName", "Foo", new WVJBWebView.WVJBResponseCallback() {...})

Example:

bridge.registerHandler("showAlert", function(data) { alert(data) })
bridge.registerHandler("getCurrentPageUrl", function(data, responseCallback) {
  responseCallback(document.location.toString())
})
bridge.callHandler("handlerName", data)
bridge.callHandler("handlerName", data, function responseCallback(responseData) { ... })

Call an Java handler called handlerName. If a responseCallback function is given the Java handler can respond.

Example:

bridge.callHandler("Log", "Foo")
bridge.callHandler("getScreenHeight", null, function(response) {
  alert('Screen height:' + response)
})
bridge.disableJavascriptAlertBoxSafetyTimeout(...)

Calling bridge.disableJavascriptAlertBoxSafetyTimeout(...) has the same effect as calling webview disableJavscriptAlertBoxSafetyTimeout(...) in Java.

Example:

//disable
bridge.disableJavascriptAlertBoxSafetyTimeout()
//enable
bridge.disableJavascriptAlertBoxSafetyTimeout(false)

Expansion For Android

In this Android version, I have added a way to judge whether the handler (Javascript and java) exists.

In Java

webview.hasJavascriptMethod(String handlerName,  WVJBMethodExistCallback callback)

For example:

webView.hasJavascriptMethod("echoHandler", new WVJBWebView.WVJBMethodExistCallback() {
  @Override
  public void onResult(boolean exist) {
    if(exist) {
      Log.d("wvjsblog", "Javascript handler 'echoHandler' exist. ");
    }
  }
});

In Javascript

bridge.hasNativeMethod("handlerName", function responseCallback(responseData){...})

For example:

bridge.hasNativeMethod('javaEchoToJs', function(exist){
  if(exist){
    console.log("Native method 'javaEchoToJs' exist! ")
  }
})

Compare with DSBridge

DSBridge is a modern cross-platform JavaScript bridge, through which you can invoke each other's functions synchronously or asynchronously between JavaScript and native applications. On the whole, DSBridge is more powerful than WebViewJavascriptBridge. If you are a new user, I strongly suggest that you use DSBridge instead. More details please rerfer to https://github.com/wendux/DSBridge-Android.