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Max Prokhorov edited this page Dec 24, 2021 · 15 revisions

Flash a binary image


You will need the latest version of the tool. From now on I will assume you have it somewhere on your path, otherwise use the absolute path to it in the commands below.

Examples below are for Linux and assume USB2UART adapter dev path is /dev/ttyUSB0. Normal user may not have access to the /dev/ttyUSB# by default. Make sure to follow this guide if you are having trouble accessing it.

Of course, you will also need a binary image of the ESPurna firmware. Pre-built binary images based on the master branch are available on the releases page. If you want to try out latest changes from dev, please visit espurna-nightly-builder releases page. Pick the one for your device and save it locally.

Set up your device

If you haven't already, consider backing up your stock firmware! Backup the stock firmware

To flash the image you will need to start your board in bootloader mode. The procedure is exactly the same as when you are getting ready to flash a new image and it will depend on your device. Check the supported hardware page for instructions.

You will need to connect GPIO0 with the GND, power the device ON and disconnect the GPIO0. After that, the device should be ready to flash. However, in case you are using a development board like the NodeMCU or Wemos, will be able to automatically put the board in the bootloader mode when issuing any command and there is no need to wire GPIO0 manually.

Note that will hard reset after each operation and the device needs to be reset to enter the bootloader mode again. To disable this behaviour, add --after no_reset to the arguments list.

Refer to ESP8266 Arduino Core documentation for more info about the serial connection:

Erase the flash

Erasing a flash is not dangerous, you can always boot into flash mode and flash a new firmware.

Erasing is important as it nullifies the current flash, removing any leftover data from the previous firmware (which -probably won't effect but- may render your device unstable.)

If the device becomes unstable or you want a fresh install you will have to first erase the flash image using this command: --chip esp8266 --port /dev/ttyUSB0 erase_flash

Flash the binary

To flash the binary into your device go into flash mode and run the next command replacing firmware.bin with the path (relative or absolute) to the pre-built image you previously downloaded. --chip esp8266 --port /dev/ttyUSB0 write_flash --flash_size 1MB --flash_mode dout 0x00000 firmware.bin

Flash size is set to 1 megabyte - it is the standard size for most of Sonoff devices. If you are using a 4 megabyte module you might want to change this value to "4MB" (this maybe important as extra space will be used by SPIFFS and you'll larger storage. this maybe crucial, e.g if you want to add some SPIFFS based logging system). DOUT flash mode should work for all devices.

You can also let esptool autodetect the flash size based on SPI flash ID by using --flash_size detect or omitting the switch altogether. If esptool fails to detect to size, it will show a warning and use default value of 4MB (4 megabytes). --chip8266 --port /dev/ttyUSB0 write_flash --flash_mode dout 0x00000 firmware.bin

Change log

Getting started

Supported hardware and options





More around ESPurna

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