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mempool: don't over-size the free block bitmap

Currently, the free block bitmap is roughly 4 times larger than it
needs to, wasting memory.

Let's assume maxsz = 128, minsz = 8 and n_max = 40.

Z_MPOOL_LVLS(128, 8) returns 3. The block size for level #0 is 128,
the block size for level #1 is 128/4 = 32, and the block size for
level #2 is 32/4 = 8. Hence levels 0, 1, and 2 for a total of 3 levels.
So far so good.

Now let's look at Z_MPOOL_LBIT_WORDS(). We get:

Z_MPOOL_LBIT_WORDS_UNCLAMPED(40, 0) = ((40 << 0) + 31) / 32 = 2
Z_MPOOL_LBIT_WORDS_UNCLAMPED(40, 1) = ((40 << 2) + 31) / 32 = 5
Z_MPOOL_LBIT_WORDS_UNCLAMPED(40, 2) = ((40 << 4) + 31) / 32 = 20

None of those are < 2 so Z_MPOOL_LBIT_WORDS() takes the results from
Z_MPOOL_LBIT_WORDS_UNCLAMPED().

Finally, let's look at _MPOOL_BITS_SIZE(. It sums all possible levels
with Z_MPOOL_LBIT_BYTES() which is:

  #define Z_MPOOL_LBIT_BYTES(maxsz, minsz, l, n_max)    \
        (Z_MPOOL_LVLS((maxsz), (minsz)) >= (l) ?        \
         4 * Z_MPOOL_LBIT_WORDS((n_max), l) : 0)

Or given what we already have:

Z_MPOOL_LBIT_BYTES(128, 8, 0, 40) = (3 >= 0) ? 4 * 2  : 0 = 8
Z_MPOOL_LBIT_BYTES(128, 8, 1, 40) = (3 >= 1) ? 4 * 5  : 0 = 20
Z_MPOOL_LBIT_BYTES(128, 8, 2, 40) = (3 >= 2) ? 4 * 20 : 0 = 80
Z_MPOOL_LBIT_BYTES(128, 8, 3, 40) = (3 >= 3) ? 4 * ??

Wait... we're missing this one:

Z_MPOOL_LBIT_WORDS_UNCLAMPED(40, 3) = ((40 << 6) + 31) / 32 = 80

then:

Z_MPOOL_LBIT_BYTES(128, 8, 3, 40) = (3 >= 3) ? 4 * 80 : 0 = 320

Further levels yeld (3 >= 4), (3 >= 5), etc. so they're all false and
produce 0.

So this means that we're statically allocating 428 bytes to the bitmap
when clearly only the first 3 Z_MPOOL_LBIT_BYTES() results for the
corresponding 3 levels that we have should be summed e.g. only
108 bytes.

Here the code logic gets confused between level numbers and the number
levels, hence the extra allocation which happens to be exponential.

Signed-off-by: Nicolas Pitre <npitre@baylibre.com>
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Nicolas Pitre authored and nashif committed Jun 22, 2019
1 parent 1140bd0 commit 744df1ef822f88a4c647ab003989fa277af2603b
Showing with 1 addition and 1 deletion.
  1. +1 −1 include/misc/mempool_base.h
@@ -78,7 +78,7 @@ struct sys_mem_pool_base {

/* How many bytes for the bitfields of a single level? */
#define Z_MPOOL_LBIT_BYTES(maxsz, minsz, l, n_max) \
(Z_MPOOL_LVLS((maxsz), (minsz)) >= (l) ? \
(Z_MPOOL_LVLS((maxsz), (minsz)) > (l) ? \
4 * Z_MPOOL_LBIT_WORDS((n_max), l) : 0)

/* Size of the bitmap array that follows the buffer in allocated memory */

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