Package releasing made easy: zest.releaser overview and installation
zest.releaser is collection of command-line programs to help you automate the task of releasing a Python project.
It does away with all the boring bits. This is what zest.releaser automates for you:
- It updates the version number. The version number can either be in setup.py or version.txt (or in a __versions__ attribute in a Python file). For example, it switches you from 0.3.dev0 (current development version) to 0.3 (release) to 0.4.dev0 (new development version).
- It updates the history/changes file. It logs the release date on release and adds a new heading for the upcoming changes (new development version).
- It tags the release. It creates a tag in your version control system named after the released version number.
- It optionally uploads a source release to PyPI. It will only do this if the package is already registered there (else it will ask, defaulting to 'no'); zest releaser is careful not to publish your private projects!
Most important URLs
First the three most important links:
- The full documentation is at zestreleaser.readthedocs.org.
- We're on PyPI, so we're only an pip install zest.releaser away from installation on your computer.
- The code is at github.com/zestsoftware/zest.releaser.
And... we're automatically being tested by Travis:
Just a simple pip install zest.releaser or easy_install zest.releaser is enough.
Alternatively, buildout users can install zest.releaser as part of a specific project's buildout, by having a buildout configuration such as:
[buildout] parts = scripts [scripts] recipe = zc.recipe.egg eggs = zest.releaser
Version control systems: svn, hg, git, bzr
Of course you must have a version control system installed. zest.releaser currently supports:
- Subversion (svn).
- Mercurial (hg).
- Git (git).
- Bazaar (bzr).
Others could be added if there are volunteers! Git and mercurial support have been contributed years ago when we were working with bzr and subversion, for instance.
Zest.releaser gives you four commands to help in releasing python packages. They must be run in a version controlled checkout. The commands are:
- prerelease: asks you for a version number (defaults to the current version minus a 'dev' or so), updates the setup.py or version.txt and the CHANGES/HISTORY/CHANGELOG file (with either .rst/.txt/.markdown or no extension) with this new version number and offers to commit those changes to subversion (or bzr or hg or git)
- release: copies the the trunk or branch of the current checkout and creates a version control tag of it. Makes a checkout of the tag in a temporary directory. Offers to register and upload a source dist of this package to PyPI (Python Package Index). Note: if the package has not been registered yet, it will not do that for you. You must register the package manually (python setup.py register) so this remains a conscious decision. The main reason is that you want to avoid having to say: "Oops, I uploaded our client code to the internet; and this is the initial version with the plaintext root passwords."
- postrelease: asks you for a version number (gives a sane default), adds a development marker to it, updates the setup.py or version.txt and the CHANGES/HISTORY/CHANGELOG file with this and offers to commit those changes to version control. Note that with git and hg, you'd also be asked to push your changes (since 3.27). Otherwise the release and tag only live in your local hg/git repository and not on the server.
- fullrelease: all of the above in order.
There are two additional tools:
- longtest: small tool that renders a setup.py's long description and opens it in a web browser. This assumes an installed docutils (as it needs rst2html.py).
- lasttagdiff: small tool that shows the diff of the currently committed trunk with the last released tag. Handy for checking whether all the changes are adequately described in the changes file.